C

CADS, The
Bag Asteroid
(vocals) / Chick Splatt (guitar) / Owen Burgess (rhythm guitar, backing vocals) / John Ford (guitar) /  Glen Binmore (guitar) / Jacky Dave (bass) / Riki Slain (bass) / John Korvette (bass) / Chris Terry [aka X. Perry Mental] (drums, backing vocals)
Toronto band with a penchant for Diodes-styled art punk.

Singles
1978 Do the Crabwalk/Born Yesterday//Over My Dead Body/Sex Was the Only Way Out (B.I.R.) Bi-R-001


CAMERIN, Sandro Carlos
Vancouver-based alternative jazz guitarist.  His first solo album, ‘Real to Real’ in 1984, featured Ron Johnstone (keyboards), Graham Ord (tenor saxophone), Paul Blaney (upright and electric bass) and Ian Hood (drums). It became a College radio favourite and Toronto’s CFNY-FM Nominated it for a CASBY independent music award. The album was also nominated for two West Coast Music Awards. His sophomore effort was ‘Shadows in the Dark’ in 1987 produced by the Henri Lorieau (who also played keyboards) and featured bassist Doug Edwards (ex-Skylark) and Jerry Adolf (drums). The album also received two West Coast Music Awards nominations. His most recent work is a compilation called ‘Once In a While’ featuring remixes of some of his previous songs and four brand new compositions. Currently, performs as a soloist and with several Vancouver acts. Camerin also runs a  recording studio and teaches guitar.

Albums
1984 Real To Reel (n/a) SCC-001
1987 Shadows in the Dark (n/a)
2010 Once in a While (n/a)


CAMERON, “Little” Johnny
Born: John Kerr Barr in 1943 in High Blantyre, Scotland
Died: October 11, 2002
“Little” John Cameron grew up in the Glasgow area suburb of High Blantyre, Scotland. He became a folk singer in Glasgow’s pubs and clubs around 1966 – usually at his favourite haunt called Hasties Farm. After his mother remarried he traveled on his own by motorcycle landing in London, England in 1967. In 1968 he relocated to Toronto, Ontario but after finding that there was a Maritime Celtic singer named John Allan Cameron, he added “Little” to the beginning of his name and was signed, first, to Audat Records for his eponymous debut in 1970 and then to Cynda where his ‘Sit Down, Mr. Music Man’ album spawned several singles (including the title track) in 1971. In the 1980s he ended up in Newfoundland as a member of the band Sons of Erin. When he left that group, he became a popular entertainer in the St. John’s club scene and frequently toured the coastal ferry route in small rural communities as a soloist. He retired in 1998 due to poor health and passed away in October 2002.

Singles
1971
Sit Down, Mr. Music Man (Cynda)  CN-006
1972 Fiddler’s Green/I’ve Enjoyed As Much of This As I Can Stand (Cynda) CN-012
1972 Jimmy’ Last Christmas/Write Me a Picture (Cynda) CN-018

Albums
1970
“Little” Johnny Cameron (Audat)  477-9059
1971
Sit Down, Mr. Music Man (Cynda)  CNS-1005


CAMERON, Doug
Former bassist for The Ceedees , singer/songwriter Doug Cameron released an independent single in 1984 and was signed to True North Records as their newest folk troubadour.  Cameron’s first album, ‘Mona with the Children’, was produced by Jack Lenz. The title track became a hit single on Canadian radio and a hit video on MuchMusic. Cameron would then become an independent artist again and released the song “Fool For Love” on Jack Lenz’s Don’t Blink Music label and several other singles in 1986.

Singles
1984 Forever Together/Don’t Tell Me (Water Music) WMR-001
1985
Mona with the Children/The Hand That Rocks the Cradle (True North) TN4-201
1985 Don’t Tell Me/Get Up (True North) TN4-205
1986 If You Only Knew/Si seulement tu savais (Don’t Blink) DBMI-01
1986 Fool For Love/One Moment To Love (Don’t Blink) DBMI-02
1986 Lonely at Christmas/Say A Prayer (Don’t Blink) DBMI-03

Albums
1985 Mona with The Children (True North) TN-63


CAMERON, John Allan
Born: December 16, 1938 in Inverness, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia
Died: November 22, 2006 in Toronto, Ontario
John Allan Cameron was considered the Godfather of East Coast Celtic music for his ability to popularize jigs and reels commercially across international waters. His uncle Dan Rory MacDonald was a famed fiddler whose sister, Cameron’s mother, was also a fiddler. She passed the tradition on to Cameron and his older brother, John Donald. However, at the age of 12, John Allan began accompanying John Donald at local dances as his brother’s guitarist. By 1957, John Allan was studying to be a priest with the Order of the Oblate Fathers in Ottawa until his love of music took precedent. He needed special papal dispensation in 1964 to get the blessing of the church in order to pursue a music career. He would continue his formal educational studies at St. Francis Xavier University in Nova Scotia but began making musical appearances on CJFX radio in Antigonish, Nova Scotia. He also made appearances on TV shows like ‘Singalong Jubilee’ and ‘Celeidh’ where he attracted the attention of Apex Records and releasing two albums for them in 1968 and 1969. A highlight from this period included an appearance at the Grand Ole Opry in 1970. Following his tenure with Apex, he was signed to Columbia Records from 1971-1976 where he released three albums, several charting singles and had his own CTV-TV show through the 1975-1976 season. His brother John Donald was producer and arranger of a string quartet that accompanied John Allan on the show. Cameron established his own record label called Glencoe in 1978 and used a series of several CBC TV specials from 1979-1981 to promote his own music and that of his musical friends. During this time he was also producer of entertainment shows that performed at Canadian military bases in Germany. By the late ‘80s he was indulging his love for acting with performances at the Stephenville Festival in Newfoundland and the Neptune Theatre in Halifax. His last studio album was entitled ‘Glencoe Station’ and featured guest appearances by Natalie MacMaster (fiddle), Ashley MacIsaac (fiddle, stepdancing), J P Cormier (fiddle, mandolin, banjo, guitar), Seumas MacNeil (piano), Tom Roach (drums), Al Bennett (bass), Gordie Samson (guitars), Stewart MacNeill (accordion) and Declan O’Doherty (keyboards). Cameron received the Order of Canada in 2003. He is also credited as the co-creator of the Cape Breton Symphony along with his brother John Donald. In 2001 Cameron was diagnosed with Leukemia and died in November 2006. His funeral in Pickering, Ontario was attended by more than 500 people including musicians Tom Cochrane and Greg Keelor of Blue Rodeo. Many east coast musicians such as Jimmy Rankin, Ashley MacIsaac and Mary Jane Lamond paid tribute to the late artist on a 40 song CD set called ‘Yes! Let’s Hear It For John Allan Cameron’.

Singles
1969
The Minstrel of Cranberry Lane/Village of Brambleshire Wood (Apex) 77105
1972 Streets of London/Liverpool Lou (Columbia) C4-3028
1972 Get There By Dawn/King George V’s Army (Columbia) C4-3052
1973 I Can’t Tell You/Lord of the Dance (Columbia) C4-4014
1976 Tie Me Down/Welcome to the Trossack’s (Columbia) C4-4135
1976 Anne/Please Don’t Bury Me (Columbia) C4-4162
1978 Be My Friend Tonight/Overnight Success (NSD) NSD-143
1986 Good Time In the Maritimes/Peter Behind the Wheel (Freedom) FR-45-042
1987 There Is Comfort/[same] (Freedom) FR-45-052

Albums
1968 Here Comes…John Allan Cameron (Apex) AL7-1645
1969 The Minstrel of Cranberry Lane (Apex) AL7-1650
1971 Get There By Dawn (Columbia) ES-90089
1972 Lord of the Dance (Columbia) ES-90102
1976 Weddings, Wakes and Other Things (Columbia) 2-GES-90343
1978 Fiddle (Glencoe) GMI-001
1979 Freeborn Man (Glencoe) GMI-002
1981 Song for the Mira (Glencoe) GMI-003
1987 Good Times (Freedom) FR-019
1991 Wind Willow (Margaree) MSCD-9128
1992 Classic John Allan Volume 1
1992 Classic John Allan Volume 2
1997 Glencoe Station (Atlantica) 5049


CANADA
Paul Dean
(guitar, vocals) / Clyde Harvey (organ, lead vocals) / Billy McBeth (drums, lead vocals) / Brian Newcombe (bass)
During the psychedelic late ’60s, Vancouver band The Fox were playing original music, peppered with some cover tunes at Pop festivals & nightclubs around town. In the summer of 1969, they went to Edmonton, Alberta to play the Orange County Pop Festival and stole the show.  While in Alberta, over the period of 1969 to 1971, they evolved into the legendary Top Band. Their manager at the time, Lou Blair, went with them to Toronto, as it was the place to pursue a record deal.  In 1970, under their new name CANADA, they signed with RCA Records in Toronto. The label released their first single, “I Don’t Believe”, with little fanfare and little promotion. The record flopped and a second single, “La La Love You”, did just as poorly. With internal restructuring at RCA, the label did not renew the band’s option.  The summer of ’70 was still a successful time for the band live back in Alberta. They performed at the “The Festival Train” Stadium Show in Calgary alongside acts like Janis Joplin and The Band! Canada played many times at Club Apollo in Calgary and appeared on the CTV “Come Together” TV Show. At The Coral, in Calgary, the band opened for Steppenwolf.  They also played featured shows at Edmonton’s Club Zorba’s, as well as high schools & lake dances in Alberta. By the late fall of 1970 they were back east playing the high school circuit in Ontario.  By early 1971, they switched home base to Edmonton with Lou Blair back in Vancouver. Paul Dean left that summer for Calgaryand teamed up with Henry Small for the beginnings of a new band called Scrubbaloe Caine. The remaining trio, moved back to Vancouver in January 1972, but disbanded by spring of that year.  McBeth went on to join Scrubbaloe Caine soon after; Dean would play in Streetheart and then have international success as a founding member of Loverboy; Newcombe was a member of Chilliwack from 1984-1986, but is best known as a successful session player having recorded with names like Heart, 98 Degrees, Jessica Simpson, and Michelle Wright to name but a few. He has also performed with such acts as David Foster, Celine Dion, Bryan Adams, Kenny Logins, and Chicago; Harvey briefly performed the lounge circuit but has been leading a successful solo career with his own independent label (Harvey Music) and touring the Pacific Rim. with notes from Brian Newcombe and Clyde Harvey.

Singles

1970 I Don’t Believe/Coochy Coo (RCA) 75-1035      
1970 La La Love You/Feeling In My Bones (RCA) 75-1045


CANADA GOOSE
Barbra Bullard (vocals) / John Matthews (vocals)  / Gary Comeau (lead, steel guitar) / Paul Huot (guitar, vocals) / Wayne Leslie (bass, vocals)  / Richard Patterson (drums) / Lach MacFadyen (guitar, vocals) / Daryl “D” Wadsworth (piano) / Valerie “Val” Tuck (vocals) / Derek O’Neil (guitar, vocals) / Rick Lemieux (bass, vocals)
In 1970 three founding members of the Esquires – Gary Comeau, Paul Huot and Richard Patterson – reunited to form a weekend band. Patterson was the only working musician at the time, and had just returned home to Ottawa after three years with the band 3’s A Crowd. Comeau & Huot had left music and had gone on to raise familys and take on day gigs full-time. At that time there were few spots in the Ottawa downtown area where adults could enjoy commercial Pop music and Oldies that also boasted a dance floor, making The Tabu Room in Ottawa’s Beacon Arms Hotel a perfect place. The trio was soon joined by other members of mid-1960’s Ottawa bands along with newcomer Barbra Bullard on vocals. With that, they decided to cash in on their previous success as the Esquires and rename themselves The New Esquires. With only weekend gigs at the venue, eventually Wednesday nights were also added to accomodate the full house every night the band played. In 1970 local music impresario Harvey Glatt, who had been manager of both The Esquires and 3’s A Crowd, suggested that the band make a recording to sell at the club. Glatt paid for a three song session and shopped the demo tape around for reaction in the music industry itself. The best response came from New York producer/songwriter Jerry Ragavoy who was doing A & R work for a new American  label called Tonsil Records. The act was soon signed. Due to the success of a Black American R & B group called The Esquires, it was decided the act should find a new name for the release of the first single. During Patterson’s days living in Yorkville Village in Toronto while a member of 3’s A Crowd, he had become a fan of the folk jugband The Dirty Shames that featured guitarist Amos Garrett. Garrett once said, jokingly, that if he ever put a rock group together he was going to call it The Toronto Maple leafs or possibly Canada Goose. Patterson had remembered the Garrett quote and suggested it to the New Esquires members. Following approval from Garrett himself for the use of the name, the group became Canada Goose. The success of the recording “Higher And Higher” placed the band in high demand and they had to turn down regular work at their hotspot, The Tabu Room, as they started accepting concert engagements in Ontario, Québec, and the Northern USA. The highlight of the American dates came while playing in Burlington, Vermont at a local College club. After the second night of performances, the manager asked the band if they would do him a favour and play for the President of the United States during his visit to Burlington that weekend. The Canadian group obliged and Richard Nixon’s office sent the members a thank you letter for their efforts. However, soon Patterson received a call from former 3’s A Crowd member Trevor Veitch and working with American Folk legend Tom Rush who needed a drummer for a fall tour of North America. Patterson accepted the offer and left the band. It wasn’t long before Canada Goose called it quits due to conflicts in scheduling surrounding the personal lives of the various members. But, months later, one of the last members to join, Daryl Wadsworth formed a new band under the name Canada Goose to continue the success of the original band and accept another house gig at an Ottawa club. The new Canada Goose featured lead singers Paul Huot and Barbara Bullard, former Liverpool Set member Lach MacFadyen (guitar), Wadsworth (piano), Barry Gosselin (bass) and Phil Downey (drums). They played at The Plaza on Sparks Street in Ottawa. Various line-up changes followed and the band would finally call it quits in 1973. Garry Comeau and Val Tuck joined GRT recording band James Leroy And Denim; Wayne Leslie went on to play with Wells Fargo and did a tour with Tom Rush; Derek O’Neil went on to become a successful studio musician, writer, and producer in Los Angeles; Patterson went on to tour & record with Tom Rush, David Wiffen, Ian & Sylvia’s Great Speckled Bird, American Pop legend Bobby Vee, and then onto a 16 year contract with CBC Radio & TV in Ottawa. He died after a prolonged illness in 2011; Lach MacFadyen (who had been in The Liverpool Set with future producer Jack Douglas) went on to produce Harlequin, Joe Hall & the Continental Drift, and others. Comeau, Huot and Patterson reunited in 1987 with other members of The Esquires for their 25th anniversary concert and charity event for the Eastern Ontario Children’s Hospital. The City of Ottawa proclaimed it Esquires Day; Wayne Leslie died April 7, 2016; Richard Patterson died April 3, 2011. with notes from Richard Patterson, Gary Comeau, Daryl Wadsworth and Doug Grose.

Singles
1970 Higher And Higher/Answer Man (Tonsil/Quality) T-0002X


CANADIAN ACES
Scott Cushnie (piano, vocals) / Mitchell Lewis (guitar) / Terry Wilkins (bass) / Bucky Berger (drums) / Jody Golick (saxophone) / Chris Whiteley (trumpet) / Wayne Mills (saxophone) / Marian Tobin (vocals) / Eileen Tobin (vocals)
The Canadian Aces front man Scott Cushnie (aka Professor Piano) – of The Rocking Deltoids fame – along with guitarist Mitchell Lewis and the Tobin Sisters (Marian and Eileen) drew their influences from the ’30’s and ’40’s swing and jazz styles. Their debut album, ‘Modern Primitive featuring The Tobin Sisters’, was recorded in 1985 and featured guest appearances by a whistling Murray McLauchlan and some rootsy calypso percussion on the title cut by Quammie. Two live CDs of Canadian Aces material were finally unearthed and restored by Cushnie from the mid-80s. One was their SRO performance at Albert’s Hall and the other with The Honolulu Heartbreakers. with notes from Scott Cushnie.

Singles
1986 You’re My Dish/Modern Primitive (Axe) AXE-92

Albums
1982 Canadian Aces [4 song EP] (independent) 773188
1986 Modern Primitive (Axe) AXS-526
2009 Live at Albert’s Hall (Pacemaker)  PACE-058
2009 Professor Piano and the Canadian Aces with the Honolulu Heartbreakers

as CANADIAN ACES/TACO
1987
Killin’ Jive (BBC Radioplay) TAIR-87052


CANADIAN BEADLES [see VIC, PAUL & BRUCE]


CANADIAN CONSPIRACY
Alex Glover (vocals)/ Dan Desmond (lead guitar) / Mike Heath (bass) / Brian Galange (drums) / Stan Plocinik (trumpet) / Trevor Gloyn (saxophone) /
Andy Evans
(trumpet) / Don MacTavish (organ)
The band started in the late ‘60s as The Blues Syndicate and became The Canadian Conspiracy at the start of the ‘70s. Their first single, “Change of Life” b/w “Love is Where You Find It” was recorded at the Toronto Sound Studio and was produced by Kenny Marco (Motherlode, Dr. Music, etc.) and supervised by studio owners Terry Brown and Doug Riley. A full length LP was recorded in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. by a later version of the band. Several members would go on to sign with Capitol Records as Conspiracy. with notes from Barry Haugen [also see CONSPIRACY]

Singles
1974
A Change of Life/Love Is Where You Find It (Poverty) QC-847

Albums
1974
Canadian Conspiracy (Poverty) QCS-1207


CANADIAN SWEETHEARTS
Bob Regan [aka Robert Frederickson]  (guitar) / Lucille Starr [aka Lucille Marie Raymonde Savoie] (vocals)Robert Frederickson was born near the Canadian-Alaskan border March 13, 1931. He was a childhood musical prodigy who accomplished harmonica, guitar, mandolin and fiddle at an early age. Following school he joined his one of his brothers on the road who called himself Keray Regan. Frederickson adopted the name as well under the handle Bob Regan. He made his first recording as lead guitarist with Keray’s band, the Peace River Rangers, in 1953. It was an instrumental called “Teenage Boogie” for  Aragon records. The flipside featured a duet with Bob and his sister Fern entitled “I Will Never Hold Another”. Following Fern’s marriage in 1955 she left the music business and Bob Regan found a new singer partner in a young Lucille Starr. Lucille Marie Raymonde Savoie was born May 13, 1938 in St. Boniface, Manitoba, but raised near Port Coquitlam, British Columbia. She grew up listening to Hank Snow and Peggy Lee and in her teens she sang with a French ensemble, Les Hirondelles. She began using the name Lucille Starr in 1954 when she began playing around the bar circuit in Vancouver. Starr met Bob Regan who was performing at a wedding party she attended. As ‘Bob & Lucille’ they became a popular live duo. In 1958, they were married and headed for California to try and catch a break. In Los Angeles they met promoter and former Hank Williams and Hank Snow manager Norm Riley in Nashville, Tennessee. Riley was co-owner of country music bar the Riverside Rancho. He also ran Ditto Records out of Hollywood. The duo was soon signed to Ditto and released two singles: 1958’s “Eeny-Meeny Miney Moe” and “The Big Kiss” in 1959. The records did nothing to help their career outside of the folks that saw them in bars. In 1961 they signed with SOMA stateside for one release called “No Help Wanted” in 1961 but it too failed to light the charts or their popularity on fire. It would take two more years slogging it out in California to bring them to the attention of Jerry Moss and Herb Alpert and their label A & M Records. They were finally signed by the team in 1963 under the name The Canadian Sweethearts. They managed nine singles and two LPs which were distributed in Canada by Quality Records. Starr also made solo records shortly thereafter and managed an international hit with “The French Song” (“Quand le Soleil Dit Bonjour Aux Montagnes”). The bilingual tune hit No.54 on the Billboard country singles chart, and managed to reach No.1 in several territories including Canada.  Her 1964 A & M album of the same name sold millions of copies and spawned several other singles including “Colinda” (peaking at No.3 in Europe) and “Jolie Jacqueline”. During this period Regan recorded one guitar instrumental single for Challenge Records called Tarantula” b/w “Highland Lassie”. Following their deal with A & M they released an album and several singles for Epic Records. The couple divorced in 1967 but would continue to perform together on occasion until 1977. Starr would carry on with her solo career, having hits right into the 1980s. She became the first woman inducted into the Canadian Country Music Association Hall of Honour (1987) and became a member of the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame (1989). Bob Regan carried on performing stateside with new singer Keree Rose until his passing in California on March 5, 1990. Bob & Lucille’s son, Bob Frederickson, played guitar for a late version of Buffalo Springfield. with notes from John Thompson.

Singles
as BOB & LUCILLE
1958
Eeny-Meeny-Miney-Moe/Demon Lover (Ditto – US) DT-121-45
1959
What’s the Password/The Big Kiss (Ditto – US) DT-126-45
1961 No Help Wanted/The Flirtin’ Kind (Soma) 1156

as CANADIAN SWEETHEARTS
1963
Freight Train/Out for Fun (Quality) 1553X
1963 Hootennay Express/Half-Breed (Quality) 1591X
1964 Rocky Mountain Special/Love (Quality) 1627X
1964 Don’t Let the Stars Get In Your Eyes/Yodel Love Call (Quality) 1661X
1964 We’re Gonna Stand Up On the Mountain/Blowin’ In the Wind (Quality) 1694X
1965 Looking Back To See/Wayward Wind (Quality) 1742X
1965 Don’t Knock On My Door/Torture Me (Quality) 1779X
1965 Soldier Boy/Haunting Me (Quality) 1795X
1965 Adios, Aloha/Too Far Between Kisses (A & M/Quality) 798X
1967 Too Far Gone/Looking Back to See (Epic) 5-10205
1967 Let’s Wait a Little Longer/More Than Money Can Buy (Epic) 5-10258
1967 Hey Sue!/ You Were Worth the Wait (Epic) 5-10377
1969 Dream Baby/Southbound Plane (Dot) 17327

Albums
as BOB & LUCILLE
1962
Say You Love Me (Ditto – US)

as THE CANADIAN SWEETHEARTS
1964 The Canadian Sweethearts (Quality) V-1743
1966 Introducing the Canadian Sweethearts (Quality) V-1745
1967 Side by Side (Epic) 26243
1998 The Canadian Sweethearts – Bob & Lucille: Eeny-Meeny-Miney-Moe (Hydra – EU)  BCK-27106


CANADIAN ZEPHYR
John Hayman
(vocals, guitars) / Bill Meens (bass, drums) / Marty Stager / Chris Pluis / Garth Bourne (lead vocals, bass; replaced Stager & Pluis 1971) / Gord Logan (drums; replaced Meen 1973) / John Howard (vocals, keyboards) / Joe Linge (drums; replaced Logan) / Carl Toth (bass; replaced Bourne 1981) / Dario Cingilani (drums; replaced Linge 1981)
Long running Canadian folk-country act whose roots date back to 1969 when John Hayman, Bill Meens, Marty Stager, and Chris Pluis performed as The Four Jacks. Based out of Richmond Hill, Ontario, they became Canadian Zephyr in 1971. Following the release of their first single, “Cheap Lowdown Wine”, on Cynda Records, Stager and Pluis left and was replaced by Pickering, Ontario native Garth Bourne who was doing a regular solo routine at the Robin Hood Inn. In late 1972 they signed to Bronco Records (home of Lisle), and released their debut album ‘Bringin’ the House Down’ the following year. Meen left that year as well and was replaced by Gord Logan. The signed a new deal with United Artists in 1974 and released two albums ‘In The Zephyr Style’ (1974) and ‘It Just So Happens’ (1976). Howard joined as keyboardist in 1975. Their run of successful singles carried on as they switched to RCA Records in 1977. They continued on with RCA into 1980 with a full-length LP produced by Craig Ruhnke at Phase One Studio called, simply, ‘Zephyr’. Guests on the release included Peter Appleyard, Bob Lucier, Debbie Fleming, Jamie Ray, Tommy Graham, Gareth Powell and Mike Thompson. Bourne left in 1981 and was replaced by Carl Toth. Drummer Joe Linge was replaced by Dario Cingilani. with notes from Mark Logan, M. Reardon and Geordie Howard.

Singles

1972 Cheap Lowdown Wine/On The Lamb (Cynda) CN-011
1972 Boys In The Band/World Of Make Believe (Bronco) BR-2702
1973 World of Make Believe (Bronco) BR-2707
1973 Leaving Blues/My Sweet Caroline (Bronco) BR-2709
1973 Lovin’ My Lady/Toronto City Blues (Bronco) BR-2719
1974 Me and The Devil (United Artists) UAXW-441W
1975 She Loves Away The Blues/Bad Times (United Artists) UAXW-558X
1975 Someone Special/Olena (United Artists) UAXW-620X
1975 Four Walls/She’s A Woman (United Artists) UAXW-699Y
1976 Highway To Drive/Up & Away (United Artists) UAXW-772Y
1976 Breaking Up With Brenda/Ride With Me (United Artists) UAXW-828Y
1976 No Love At All/’Til The River Runs Dry (United Artists) UAXW-876Y
1977 For All I Care/Gonna Make It Alright (United Artists) UAXW-981Y
1977 Stop Right There/Any Old Train (RCA) PB-50392
1978 Here’s Your Watch, John/A Thousand Miles North Of Nashville (RCA) PB-50422
1978 A Country Mile Better/That’s the Way It Always Seems To Go (RCA) PB-50463
1978 You Made My Day Tonight/You Look So Much Like Her (RCA) PB-50487
1979 Love When It Leaves Here/Cabbagetown Prophet (RCA) PB-50515
1979 Don’t Ask The Question/Husky Dog (RCA) PB-50546
1980 Guess I Went Crazy/Help Me Make It Through The Night (RCA) PB-50572
1980 The Time It Takes To Leave/That’s All Right Mama (RCA) PB-50597
1981 Watching It Die/Rock ‘n’ Roll Lady (RCA) PB-50631
1981 Lawanda/Joanna (Artists Alliance) AAR-811S
1982 Took You Back Again/Honky Tonk Barrooms (Artists Alliance) AAR-821S
1983 Blonde And Down (From A Rodeo Town)/Mama’s Last Ride (Artists Alliance) AAR-831S
1983 California Blankets/All of My Life I’ve Been Crazy (Artists Alliance) AAR-833S
1983 Shake This Rock/Just Like Strangers (Artists Alliance) AAR-851S

Albums
1973 Bringin’ The House Down (Bronco) BR-212005
1974 In The Zephyr Style (United Artists) UALA-266
1976 It Just So Happens (United Artists) UALA-599
1978 A Country Mile Better (RCA) KKL1-0256
1979 Best Of Canadian Zephyr (RCA) KXL1-0315
1980 Zephyr (RCA) KKL1-0356
1983 The Songwriters (Artists Alliance) AAA-832


CANDI & THE BACKBEAT
Candita Pennella (lead vocals) / Nino Milazzo (bass, backing vocals) / Paul Russo (drums, percussion) / Rich Imbrogno (keyboards)
Originally known as Sensation, the group started out as an Italian wedding band in Québec. With their original song “Dancing Under a Latin Moon” being released by Toronto’s Somersault Records (also home of Tall New Buildings), the label parlayed the catchy song into a full album deal with I.R.S. Records. The debut album entitled ‘Candi’ spawned several charting hits including “Dancing Under A Latin Moon” and “Under Your Spell”. The former would crack the Billboard Hot100 in the US peaking at No. 68. Candi Pennella was nominated for a‘Female Artist of the Year’ JUNO Award in 1990. “Under Your Spell” was nominated for ‘Single of the Year’ and also ‘Best Dance Recording’ along with the album’s third single – “Missing You” at the same JUNO Awards ceremony. With a name change to Candi & The Backbeat for their sophomore effort ‘World Keeps On Turning’ they garnered another ‘Best Dance Recording’ JUNO Award nomination in 1991 for the title track. With disappointing sales and chart action, the group retired. Candi Pennella married Paul Russo and left the business. Pennella is currently a school teacher in Toronto.

Singles
as CANDI
1988
Dancing Under A Latin Moon/Bonus Beats (Somersault) SOM7-112
1988 Dancing Under A Latin Moon/Bonus Beats (Somersault/IRS/MCA) 53421
1988 Under Your Spell/Dance With Me (Somersault/IRS/MCA) 53458
1989 Love Makes No Promises (Edited Version)/Love Makes No Promises (Instrumental) (Somersault/IRS/MCA) 53622
1989 Missing You/Lucky Night (Somersault/IRS/MCA) 53668

as CANDI & THE BACKBEAT
1990
The World Just Keeps On Turning/Someone Like You (IRS/MCA) X2-13045
1991 Friends Forever (Extended Club Mix) [12”] (IRS/MCA) V-13838
1991 Good Together/You and Me [12”] (IRS/MCA – UK) CANDIT2

Albums
as CANDI
1988
Candi (IRS/MCA) IRSD-42260

as CANDI & THE BACKBEAT
1990
World Keeps On Turning (IRS/MCA) 78925


CANO
André Paiement (vocals, guitar; 1975 -1978) / Rachel Paiement (lead vocals, acoustic guitar; 1975-1980) / Marcel Aymar (lead vocals, acoustic guitar) / David C. Burt (electric & acoustic guitar) / Michel Dasti (drums, percussion) / John W. Doerr (electric bass, trombone, synthesizer) / Michel Kendel (vocals, keyboards)  / Wasyl Kohut (violin; 1975-1981)
In 1971 some sixty five artisans met in Sudbury, Ontario to form a French/English artistic collective under one identity which they called the Cooperative des Artistes de Nouvel Ontario (CANO) and launched a musical group as part of the pilot project.  By 1975 CANO had signed to A & M and began releasing french language albums albums to critical success though commercial sales eluded them. In 1978 founding member Andre Paiement committed suicide. It wasn’t until 1979’s ‘Rendezvous’, produced by Jim Vallance (Bryan Adams, Prism), and a switch to predominantly English language material that the records began to sell – though still not in the quantities warranting a ‘hit record’. They temporarily split up with some members appearing as Masque a few years later. They reunited in 1985 with a new record. The guitar and keyboard sounds are rooted in jazz/rock fusion. Ben Mink (FM, k.d.lang) adds violin. In 1994 Marcel Aymar scored the soundtrack to the Canadian movie ‘le Secret de Jerome’; David Burt was working with Neil Merryweather; Rachel Paiment married Jim Vallance. with notes from Glen Bourgeois.

Singles
1976 Dimanche aprés-midi/Le vieux Médéric (Cano) CN-3
1976 Les rues d’Ottawa/Le vieux Médéric (A & M) AM-428
1976 Pluie Estivale/Dimanche aprés-midi (A & M) AM-441
1977 Automne/Frère Jacques (A & M) AM-454
1978 Ryshnychok (Earthly Mother)/[same] (A & M) AM-470
1979
Rebound/ L’autobus de la Pluie (A & M) AM-483
1979 Carrie/Spirit of the North (A & M) AM-487
1980 Rendez-vous/Long Way (A & M) AM-499
1980 Feel Your Fire/Sometimes the Blues (A & M) AM-510
1985 Mets tes Gants/Lac du Corbeau noir (Ready) SR-541

Albums
1976 Tous dans l’même bateau (A & M) SP-9024
1977 Au nord de votre vie (A & M) SP-9028
1978 Eclipse (A & M) SP-9033
1979 Rendezvous (A & M) SP-9037
1980 Spirit Of The North (A & M) SP-9040
1985 Visible (Ready) LR-054
2003 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection – The Best of CANO (Universal)


CANUCKS LTD.
Ed Isaak (vocals, bass) / Ray Park (piano, vocals) / Red Lewis (drums, vocals)
Formed in 1956 in Vancouver, B.C., Canucks Ltd. recorded a debut single in 1958 of their customized version of the chestnut standard “Old MacDonald”. Canucks Ltd. arrived in Yukon in 1966 and had the house gig in the Rainbow Room at the Whitehorse Inn where they played for many years. Back then Yukon was in the midst of a boom and it was here that Park, Lewis, and Isaak had the opportunity to take over The Rainbow Room. Their popularity lead to line-ups down the block and standing-room only attendance most nights of the week. It was in this era they made music and memories with friends such as Al Oster, Hank Karr, Bill & Rusty Reid and The Northernaires to name a few. Radio was the cornerstone of communication and entertainment and it was through this medium the Canucks logged many countless hours recording and performing at the CBC with the likes of Les McLaughlin, Cal Waddington, Tim Kinvig and Terry Delaney, all who were huge catalysts in helping to develop the Yukon music scene as we know it today. Canucks Ltd. have played from Alaska to the southern USA alongside countless legendary performers such as Waylon Jennings, Loretta Lynne, Sam Butara, Ernest Tubb, Jimmy Duranty, Doris Day, Hank Snow, Buddy Knox and The Coasters, among others. Revered as the godfathers of live music in Yukon, they are one of the few remaining groups still together. 2007 marked the release of a brand new CD mainly filled with pre-1955 standards. with notes from Brandon Isaak .

Singles
1958 Old Macdonald/Never Before (Diadon)
1958 Rock Around the Barn/Never Before (Diadon) 116
1970 Sunshine Girl/Don’t Stop Loving Me Now (6th Avenue) AV-610
1971 Yukon Song/Everybody’s Talkin’ (6th Avenue)

Albums

1978 Gold Fever (Damon)
2007 Ain’t Misbehavin’ (Blue-Star)


CAPITALIST ALIENATION
Tamiko Watanabe (vocals) / Carl Bouchard (guitar) / Joël Tremblay (bass) / Eric Bourque (drums)
Formed in Montréal, Québec in 1987.

Albums
1987 Capitalist Alienation (Alienation) UR-1244


CARDBOARD BRAINS
John Paul Young
(vocals, keyboards) / Vincent Carlucci (guitar, vocals) / Richard Miller (drums) / Paul O’Connell (bass) / Patrick Gregory (bass, vocals; replaced O’Connell 1978) / Mickel Keena (drums; replaced Miller 1978) / John Thomas (bass; replaced Gregory 1979) / Dave Richardson (drums; 1979)
Formed in 1977, The Cardboard Brains helped define the Toronto Queen Street circuit with their tireless work ethic playing clubs like The Edge and The Horseshoe Tavern. The band released a 7″ four song EP called, simply, ‘The White EP’ in 1977 as they performed alongside such notorious acts as The Viletones, Teenage Head and The Ugly among other notables. With several line-up changes the band continued developing its unique cross of King Crimson-inspired art-punk which led to the release of a 12″ 1979’s four song follow-up called ‘The Black EP’ — which contained the 7″ single as a free bonus. That same year the band would achieve its biggest claim to fame when they were immortalized on film and record for their performance as part of the ‘The Last Pogo’ movie and soundtrack recording. But, by the following year, John Paul Young yearned for a more stable and reliable format to produce his music and went solo at which time he performed all his own instrumentation in a new set of recordings in 1980 entitled ‘The Life Of Ermie Scub’ which won a CASBY Award. The band reunited for The Edge’s brief resurrection and anniversary celebration April 26, 1981. Recordings from this performance were released as a live album in 1982 before the band split up for good. Patrick Gregory went on to become a member of Woods Are Full of Cuckoos and The Lawn; Vincent Carlucci would form Station Twang with Carl Tafel of Terraced Garden fame; John Paul Young is a successful actor in many Canadian television productions and has contributed to movie soundtracks such as ‘The Gate’. He has since resurrected the Cardboard Brains on several occasions for club dates in Toronto, initially to coincide with the John Paul Young And Cardboard Brains ‘best of’ compilation CD, and then in 2000 as a prelude to a possible new Cardboard Brains recording project. with notes from John Paul Young, Vince Carlucci, and Paul O’Connell. [also see JOHN PAUL YOUNG]

Singles
1977
The White EP [4 song EP] (Brainco/Guilt) CB-7779

Albums
1979
The Black EP [4 song 12″] (Brainco/Guilt) CB-7979
1982 Live At The Edge (Canadian Music Development Corporation) SC-7811
1998
John Paul Young and Cardboard Brains (MEG Entertainment)


CARGO
Mike Proudfoot
(guitar) / Ray Parker (organ) / Garth Vogan (bass) / Norm Foster (drums) / Les Judson
Cargo was formed in West Hill, Ontario in 1968as a five piece (Judson would leave the band following his graduation from West Hill Collegiate in 1969). They were initially signed by Merv Buchanan to Trend Records for their 1969 debut album ‘Front Side, Back Side’ featuring the single “Once a Proud Man’. Their follow-up was 1970’s was ‘Simple Things’. Parker would become a Toronto studio session player; Proudfoot now lives in Orangeville, Ontario. with notes from Merv Buchanan.

Singles
1969
Once a Proud Man (Trend)

Albums
1969
Front Side, Back Side (Trend ) T-1006
1970 Simple Things (Ringside) RS-104


CARISSE, Terry
Born: Terrance (Terry) Victor Carisse on July 11, 1942  in Ottawa, Ontario
Died: May 22, 2005
Ottawa’s Terry Carisse discovered music at a very early age and by the time he was 14 he had already sung at local talent shows and festivals. He learned to play guitar shortly thereafter and was soon performing in a band on weekends at dances and clubs in the Ottawa Valley,. It was at this time that he began to develop his songwriting skills but it wasn’t until a chance meeting with fellow songwriter Bruce Rawlins in 1969 that Carisse began to actively pursue a singer/songwriter career. The duo’s first break as songwriters was penning the song “Hello Mom” for the Mercey Brothers in 1971. The song topped the country and MOR charts across Canada for three weeks which gave the songwriters inspiration to pursue more work. They landed three tunes on the ‘Rowdyman’ soundtrack and Carisse performed four numbers in the movie itself. The Merceys called on the team again for a string of hit singles — “Who Wrote The Words” (1972), “Kentucky Turn Your Back” (1973), “Old Loves Never Die” (1976), and “If I Believed In Myself” (1977). Up until this point Carisse had remained holed-up in Ottawa working strictly on his songwriting skills, but in 1978 he joined Carroll Baker’s band, Tenderfoot, and toured throughout Canada and the UK the highlight of which was a stop at the Palladium in London, England.  When he returned the Mercey Brothers decided to return the favour for Carisse’s continued hard work on their behalf and signed him to their own MBS Records. A string on singles was released throughout 1978 and early 1979, the best of which were compiled and released as Carisse’s debut album ‘The Story of the Year’. Every single from the album went Top-20 on the national charts with “Sparkle In Her Eyes” hitting #1. ‘The Story of the Year’ LP won nominations as ‘Album Of The Year’ at the 1979 Big Country Awards, the title track was nominated as ‘Single Of The Year’ and a nomination in the ‘Top Country Male Vocalist’ category. The momentum of several more singles and a high public profile touring with his own band, Tracks, landed him the ‘Male Vocalist’ win in 1980. 1981 saw the release of his second MBS album, ‘We Could Make Beautiful Music Together’, which won ‘Album of the Year’, and the single “Windship” won ‘Top Country Single of the Year’ while Carisse himself was a repeat winner in the ‘Male Vocalist’ category. He would repeat the latter win in 1982 to make it a hat trick. He was also nominated for a Juno Award in 1983 for ‘Male Country Vocalist’ as well. However, there had been no album in 1982, merely the single “Nevada”, due to the dismantling of the Mercey Brothers record label and a follow-up production deal with a US based company that went bankrupt after sending Carisse to Nashville left him in litigation for nearly 18 months.  During his down time, Carisse to a swing at his other love, gospel, and finally released his next album featuring songs in that vein with 1983’s ‘A Gospel Gathering’ featuring an all-star guest list of Carroll Baker, Larry Mercey, Tracey Prescott and Lawanda Brown (from The Family Brown), Johnny Burke and Ted Daigle. This time the Country Music News voted him ‘Country Male Vocalist of the Year’. With a chance meeting during Country Music Week in Nashville with Savannah Records’ Brian Ferriman, Carisse had a new record deal by the end of 1983. His first album for the label was 1984’s ‘The Closest Thing To You’, which spawned two hit singles which both made the Top-20 in Canada and won ‘Male Vocalist Of The Year’ for the fourth year straight. The publishing company set up by Carisse and Rawlins also won ‘Music Publisher of the Year’ at the 1984 Academy Of Country Music Entertainment Awards. Carisse hit the road with a new edition of Tracks – Dusty King Jr. (bass), Steve Piticco (guitar), Sam Henry (drums) and the year was capped by Carisse receiving another nominational nod as ‘Country Male Vocalist’ at the Juno Awards. 1985 was a repeat performance — 5th ‘Male Country Vocalist’ Award at Canadian Country Music Awards; the single “Counting the I Love Yous” was voted ‘Song of  the Year’; ‘Album of the Year’ for ‘The Closest Thing To You’. He also received a Citation Award as ‘Producer of  the Year’ and Tracks were honoured as ‘Backing Band Of The Year’ with guitarist Steve Piticco getting the award for ‘Instrumentalist Of The Year’. 1985 closed with Carisse receiving his 9th PROCAN Certificate Of Honour for his “The Closest Thing To You” single which was the most performed country song in Canada in 1984. The capper was another hit single (the fourth) called “Sweet Blue” which went Top-10 on the country charts and found Carisse crossing over onto Adult Contemporary playlists. He also received his third nomination as ‘Outstanding Country Male Vocalist’. Carisse finally released his next album, ‘None of  the Feeling Is Gone’, in the summer of 1986 and its hit single “Love Sweet Love” which peaked at #6 on the national charts. This was followed up with a tour featuring an expanded line-up of backing band Tracks and another win at the first ever broadcast of the Canadian Country Music Awards for ‘Male Vocalist of The Year’. A second single followed. In 1987, following a win for Carisse and Rawlins as the Canadian Music Publisher’s Association ‘Country Composers of The Year’, Rawlings died of cancer. The loss of Carisse’s long-time songwriting partner was devastating to the performer and it hardened his resolve to continue his exposure of the duo’s songwriting. In 1989 Carisse spent time in Nashville collaborating with some of country’s top songwriters (Carl Jackson, Don Pfrimmer, Dickey Lee, Tommy Rocco, Jim Rushing), with the results appearing on the album ‘That Was A Long Time Ago’. It would be Carisse’s final recording as a major artist on the Canadian music scene. Carisse’s remarkable career in Canadian country music was formally acknowledged in 1989 with his induction into the Ottawa Valley Country Music Hall Of Fame. During the 1990’s, he let his music take more of a back seat in his life, and although he continued to make occasional guest appearances on the Ottawa Valley music scene, and continued to pursue his craft as a songwriter (most notably teaming with local songwriter Jim Cass), he also found a new interest as a dog breeder, working alongside his wife Aija in their very successful business, as well as participating in various capacities for the Ottawa Kennel Club Association. Carisse died May 22, 2005 in Ottawa of cancer at the age of 62. Terry is survived by his wife Aija (Skadins) and sons Stephen, Chris and Sean and a brother, Stephen. He was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall Of Fame in 2006; Bow Park in Nepean was renamed Terry Carisse Park in September 2006. with notes from Ron Neville.

Singles
1975 The Spirit Lives On/[split w/Bobby Lalonde] (Boy Scouts of Canada) BSC-75E
1976
Been Thinking/Leaving (Rejoice) RJ-106
1978 Lonely Highway Blues/Velvet Nights (MBS) MBS-1001
1979 The Story of the Year/The Story of the Year (Album Preview) (MBS) MBS-1013
1979 Time To Go/The Story of the Year (Album Preview) (MBS) MBS-1015
1979 Sparkle In Your Eyes/The Story of the Year (Album Preview) (MBS) MBS-1018
1980
All Her Letters /The Story of the Year (Album Preview) (MBS) MBS-1023
1980 We Could Make Beautiful Music Together/Cowboy Corner (MBS) MBS-1024
1981 Windship/If Dreams Do Come True (MBS) MBS-1029
1981 Ode To An Outlaw’s Lady/Your Eyes Don’t Lie To Me (MBS) MBS-1032
1982 Coming Undone Again/If Dreams Do Come True (MBS) MBS-1034
1982 Nevada/[same]  (MBS) MBS-1037
1982 We Could Make Beautiful Music Together/Cowboy Corner (MBS) MBS-1060
1983 Love Blind/[same] (Cara)  CR-1001
1984 The Closest Thing To You/Southern Star Plantation (Savannah/Quality) SRS-825
1984 Two Broken Hearts/Runaway Dreams (Savannah/Quality) SRS-827
1985 Counting the I Love You’s/Love Blind (Savannah/Quality) SRS-829
1985 Sweet Blue/Hallelujah I’m Ready (Savannah/Quality) SRS-833
1985 I Wish I Had You Here Again (Savannah/Quality)
1986 Love Sweet Love/When It Comes To Love (Savannah/Quality) SRS-841
1986 It Must Be October/Give In (Savannah/Quality) SRS-848
1987 Old Photographs/Postcards (Savannah/Quality) SRS-852
1987 Starting Forever Again/Love Sweet Love (Savannah/Quality) SRS-858
1987 None of the Feeling is Gone/[split w/ Michelle Wright] (Savannah/Quality) SRS-860
1987 Give In/Starting Forever Again (Savannah/Quality) SRS-864
1987 I Thought Leaving Would Be Easy/Give In (Savannah/Quality) SRS-869
1989 Loveproof Heart/[same]  (Savannah/Quality) PRO-648
1989 What About Her (Savannah/Quality)
1990 The Start of Something New [duet w/ Tracey Brown] (Savannah/Quality)
1990 Is Your Heart Taken (Savannah/Quality)
1991 That Was A Long Time Ago (Savannah/Quality)
1992 My Old Man (BMG)
1994 Daddy’s Girl (Hillcrest)
2005 Because of You

as RAY GRIFF & TERRY CARISSE
1988 Moonlight/[same] (WEA) PRO-653

Albums
1978 Terry Carisse (Radio Canada) RCI-490
1979 The Story Of The Year (MBS) MBS-2002
1981 We Could Make Beautiful Music Together (MBS) MBS-2005
1983 A Gospel Gathering (Cara) CR-2001
1984 The Closest Thing To You (Savannah/Quality) SRL-9822
1986 None of the Feeling is Gone (Savannah/Quality) SRL-9827
1989 That Was A Long Time Ago (Savannah/Quality) SRL-9835


CARLTON SHOWBAND
Chris O’Toole (drums; 1963) / Christy McLaughlin (vocals; 1963-1981) / Edwin “Mitch” McCoy (vocal, guitar) / Seamus Grew (accordion, keyboards) / Sean McManus (guitar, banjo; 1964) / Fred White (guitar, bass, banjo, mandolin) / Mike Feeney (vocals) / Bob Lewis (guitar, piano, bass, vocals) / Marty “Shaw” Warshawski (5 string fiddle/violin) / Johnny Patterson (vocals; 1967-1975) / Gregory Donaghey (lead vocals; 1974) / Roddie “Lee” Le Prieur  (drums) / Robert Benoit / Larris Benoit (drums; 1989) / Aaron Lewis (keyboards)
The Carlton Showband were formed in November 1963 in Brampton, Ontario, by a group of Irish-Canadians who were thrown together during a St. Patrick’s Day party. White, O’Toole, McLaughlin, Grew and McManus comprised the original line-up, but Mike Feeney, Johnny Patterson and Bob Lewis joined soon after. Some of the members were lost in front of Maple Leaf Gardens in downtown Toronto one night which is located on Carlton Street and so they decided to adopt the name as the Carlton Danceband. This name was later changed to the more familiar Showband.  After two popular singles for Quality Records (“The Merry Ploughboy” and “Up Went Nelson”), their self-titled debut appeared in 1966 on CASL Records. The following year, they became the houseband for CTV’s ‘Pig and Whistle Show’; a gig they would maintain for ten year until the show went off the air. 1973 saw the Best of the Carlton Showband Volume I. They recorded such an abundance of new material in those twelve months that a second volume was released in 1974 along with new vocalist Gregory Donaghey. Singles stormed the airwaves – “March of the Maple Leaf”, “Biddy McGaw”, “Half An Hour Later In Newfoundland”, and “Mother”. The next decade wouldn’t be as kind but they found their niche in TV advertising, selling albums on K-Tel and Quality Records. But the touring never stopped. The group retired in 1996 after being together 33 years and releasing 34 albums but revived a new version of the band that toured Casinos and Fairs in 2010.

Singles
1966 The Merry Ploughboy [w/ARLENE KING]/Reilly’s Daughter (CASL/Quality) 2106X
1966
Up Went Nelson/Quiet Land of Erin (CASL/Quality) 2107X
1966 Bonnie Wee Jennie McCall/Come Back To Erin (RCA Victor Canada International) 57-3418
1968 White Wash Gable/Black Velvet Band (RCA Victor Canada International) 57-3451
1968 March of  the Maple Leaf (RCA)
1968 Westmeath Bachelor (RCA)
1971The Leprechaun/Myles Song (RCA) 75-1057
1972 Roll it Around In Your Mind/Jigs (RCA) 75-1086
1972 Red Haired Mary/Will Ye Go Lassie Go (RCA) 75-1109
1973 Old Johnny Bucka/Waitress Waitress (RCA) SPS-45-104
1974 There’s Nothing Like A Newfoundlander/March Hare (RCA)  PB-50024
1975 Any Dream Will Do/Mike’s Kathleen (RCA) PB-50044
1975 The Gypsy/Amazing Grace (RCA) PB-50077
1975 Biddy McGraw/Maids When You’re Young (RCA) PB-50245
1975 Sadie the Cleaning Lady/My Song for the Miner (RCA) PB-50259
1976 Harpers Ferry/Love Is Teasing (RCA) PB-50156
1976 One Up On The World/Belfast City (RCA) PB-50229
1977 More Than Yesterday/Laughing Policeman (RCA) PB-50386
1977 Christmas In Killarney/Silent Night (RCA) PB-50403
1977 Here We Go Again Celeidhe/A Melody You Will Never Forget (RCA) PB-50405
1977 1/2 Hour Later In Newfoundland/Young And Beautiful (RCA) PB-50467
1978 More Than Yesterday/Any Dream Will Do (RCA Golden Greats) GB-50486
1978 Hard Times (Comin’ Down Again)/The Ring Your Mother Wore (RCA) PB-50531
1979 He Believes In Me/Hunting the Wren (RCA) PB-50541
1980
Dear Old Donegal /Christy’s Reel (RCA) PB-50561
1982 Three Steps To Heaven/Christmas Time In Innishfree (CSB) WRC3-1946
1983 Mother /Among the Wicklow Hills (CSB) WRC3-4498
1983 The Bangin’ In Ye’r Head/River Rat John (CSB) CSB-1001
1984 What’s A Nice Guy (Like Me Doin’ In a Place Like This) (CSB) CSB-8402

Albums
1966 We’re Off To Dublin On The Green (Mala – US) LP-4004
1966 The Carlton Showband (RCA) PCS-1173
1967 A Night At the Pub with the Carlton Showband (RCA) KCL1-0025
1968 The Carlton Showband On Tour (RCA) PCS-1203
1969 The Carlton Showband At The Pig And Whistle (ARC) ACS-5022
1970 Time Gentlemen Please (RCA) KCL1-0037
1971 Best Of Carlton Showband (RCA-Camden) CAS-2483
1971 Carlton Showband Special CAS-2597
1972 Sing Irishman Sing (RCA-Camden) CASX-2539
1973 If You’re Irish (Carlton Showband By Request)
1974 Any Dream Will Do (RCA) KCL1-0083
1975 Best Of The Carlton Showband Volume II (RCA) KCL1-7002
1975 Carlton Showband First Choice
1976 One Up On The World (RCA) KXL1-0142
1977 Best of the Carlton Showband Volume III (RCA) KNL1-0218
1977 20 Gospel Favourites (RCA) KSL1-7064
1978 Sixteen Most Requested Songs (RCA) KSL1-7067
1979 Hard Times (RCA) ACL1-0333
1980 Back To The Sod (RCA) APL1-0362
1982 Three Steps To Heaven (World) WRC1-2634
1985 Reflections (World) WRC1-4047
1986 We Wish You A Merry Christmas
1988 Carlton Showband’s 25th Anniversary (independent) 2588
1990 Catch The Spirit
1993 25 All-Time Favourites


CARNIVAL
Tim Hallman
(piano) / Don Pellow (organ) / Bill Wells (bass) / Bob Brownscombe (guitar) / Mike T. Oberle (drums)
Hallman and Oberle were from Waterloo while Pellow, Brownscombe, and Wells were from Woodstock. In 1968, out of the ashes of The Flying Dutchman Drum and Bugle Corp., the band settled in Kitchener-Waterloo as The Trendsetters. Hallman, stayed in high school making the band a four-piece. That year they played on CTV’s ‘After 4’ show in Toronto. They would do five of these appearances and from that show won the audition for ‘It’s Happening’ starring Robbie Lane to replace his backing band The Disciples. The producer of the TV show, Mike Steele, wanted five bodies on the stage, so Tim Hallman got the call and walked straight into a national TV contract. The production, a 26 week run, was standard for its day. The Carnival taped at CFTO Studios on 13 alternating Fridays (two shows per session). By this time the band lived in Don Mills, Ontario and pre-recorded the backing music at Chelsea Sound on Mount Pleasant Ave. in Toronto – a four-track facility – where it was necessary to pre-record between 18-20 tracks every two weeks as backing tracks for feature artists as a means of keeping up with the pace of the show. The performances on the show featured Robbie Lane singing live while the band, now calling themselves The Carnival, lip-synced – vocally and instrumentally. On occasion the band became a ‘featured act’ on the show. The young band got to meet, among others, Andy Kim, Eddie Floyd (“Knock on Wood”), and Grant Smith (minus his band The Power). They were working towards releasing an album (tentatively titled ‘Keil Heil Kelly’) but split up before it could be completed. Hallman enrolled at Queen’s University where he earned his Bachelor of Music degree and taught school music. He now plays around Kingston, Ontario and occasionally teaches; Pellow became an architect and lives near Milton, Ontario and sticks mainly to church organ; Wells was last known to work for the former Ontario Hydro Company at the Bruce Nuclear Plant near Southampton; Oberle recorded and toured around the Ontario bar circuit with Ian Thomas for many years and would become leader and manager of The Lulu’s Roadhouse House Band in Kitchener. They are still playing between 35 and 50 corporate gigs a year as well as off-shoots of duos, trios and up to an 11-piece band with horn line-up; Brownscombe worked as a printing press mechanic and operator  in Calgary and continued playing guitar and recording songs as a hobbiest. He died of a heart attack January 21, 1997. with notes from Tim Hallman, Michael Woodhead, Marti Shollenburg,  Michael T. Oberle.

Singles
1968 Doot Doot Doo Doo/Dark Star (Columbia) C4-2782
1968 Out Of My Life/Four Seasons (Columbia) C4-2789
1968 Hi Ho Silver Lining/I’m Going Home Tomorrow (Columbia) C4-2816


CARNIVAL CONNECTION
Allan Nicholls (vocals) / Bill Hill (guitar) / J.P. Lauzon (guitar) / Gaetan Danis (drums) / Pete Carson (bass) / Nicky Katsos (drums; replaced Danis 1967) / Les Leroux (bass; replaced Carson 1968)
From the ashes of J.B. & The Playboys, the band became The Jaybees in 1966 and the Peter & The Pipers before settling in as Carnival Connection in August 1967. Their new identity would be short lived, however, following the low-charting single on Capitol called “Poster Man” (hitting No.67 in December 1968). The band split up in early 1969.  Nicholls would join Mashmakhan briefly before heading off to New York and then Los Angeles for a successful career on stage and in film/TV. He currently lives in the United Arab Emirates; Hill went on to form Freedom North; Lauzon joined the band Life and has had a modest solo career through the years. with notes from Shawn Nagy. [also see J.B. & THE PLAYBOYS,  ALLAN NICHOLLS]

Singles
1968 Poster Man/Alfred Appleby (Capitol) 2244


CARONE, George
Thunder Bay country artist who was signed to Gaeity Records in the early 1970s before starting his own label – Golden Eagle.

Singles
1972 The Country Way/Memories of You (Gaiety) G-733
1973
It’s Time/Got to Get Back (Gaiety) G-740
1973 Walking the Dog (Gaiety) G-753
1985 We Can Only Pretend (Golden Eagle) GE-135
1985 I’ll Take Her Love Anytime (Golden Eagle) GE-139
1986
You’re A Country Woman (Golden Eagle) GE-143
1986 Mem’ries Are the Hardest Part (Golden Eagle) GE-146
1989 When Is the Right Time (Golden Eagle) GE-155
1989 One Way Ticket To a Lady/[same] (Golden Eagle) GE-156
1990 She Doesn’t Matter Anymore/[same] (Golden Eagle) GE-158


CARTER, Wilf (aka MONTANA SLIM)
Born: Wilfred Arthur Charles Carter on December 18, 1904, in Port Hilford, Nova Scotia

Died: December 5, 1996, in Scottsdale, Arizona
Wilf Carter was the second youngest of eight children born to British immigrants Reverend Henry Carter and Rose Stone who settled in Port Hilford, Guysborough, Nova Scotia. At an early age, Carter was inspired by “The Yodeling Fool” who was passing through Canning, Nova Scotia, so he began to practice his technique and soon discovered his own unique “three-in-one” or “echo” yodel. Carter worked as a lumber worker in the woods of West Leichester, Nova Scotia. After working as a lumberjack and singing with hobos on freight trains he moved to the Alberta grain fields in 1923. While out west he began singing at rodeos and local dances. In 1929 he went to a Calgary radio station to audition as a performer on live radio broadcasts. Management saw potential in the “green” musician and told him to return in a year after gaining some experience. Carter’s own determination saw him return the following year – but auditioned for a different radio station, CFCN, where he was hired to sing on their Friday night hoedowns called ‘The Old Timers’. The shows were broadcast nationally on CRBC. Fan mail began to arrive at the radio station and Carter soon became one of the station’s most prized entertainers. In 1930 Carter was approached by a Brewster Transport Company executive and signed on as part of the company’s entertainment team for the Canadian Pacific Railways’ trail rides through the Rockies. For several years Carter accompanied the trail riders on their summer packing trips. At night, they would sit around the campfire and listen to Wilf tell stories, sing, and yodel. In 1933 Carter was hired as the entertainment on the maiden voyage of the British ship S.S. Empress. While traveling through Montreal to get to the east coast to meet the voyage, he stopped at RCA’s recording studio there. On December 20, 1933 he sang two original compositions, “Swiss Moonlight Lullaby” and “The Capture of Albert Johnson” which were produced by Hugh Joseph. It was some time later while back on the trail rides that Carter was able to touch base with RCA and soon discovered that his audition had been released as a 78 RPM single. In early 1934 the song became a huge hit. Things soon started to roll as Carter met a gentleman on the trail rides who introduced him to New York executives at NBC Radio and CBS Radio where, after 15 minutes of singing and yodelling, he was offered a contract to star in his own show. He left for New York on December 27, 1935 to star in ‘The Wilf Carter Show’ for CBS. It was Bert Parks (long-time host of ‘The Miss America Pageant’) who nick-named him Montana Slim so as to not confuse audiences with famed country group The Carter Family. Some time later, a New York secretary who was typing the lyrics to his song “A Cowboy’s High – Toned Dance” at the publishing house that bought Carter’s songs, asked him “What name do I put on it?”. “Anyone’ll do”, replied Carter. The young woman typed his nickname, Montana Slim, as the author and Wilf Carter soon became an American singing legend under that name.  In 1937 Carter left New York and bought a ranch near Calgary. He appeared regularly on both American and Canadian network radio, but in October 1940 he sustained a severe back injury in an automobile accident near Sweetgrass, Montana. He retired from touring until 1949 but continued releasing records. At this time he sold the ranch in Calgary and bought a 180 acre farm in Clinton New Jersey called Quarry Ridge Farm. He went back to the US with his entire family on February 25, 1949 to resume his CBS show. Carter returned to the road in 1950 for his first ever cross-Canada tour. It included a stop at Toronto’s Canadian National Exhibition where he drew more than 70,000 people during a week-long set of shows. In 1952, Carter relocated his family to Orlando, Florida where he opened the Wilf Carter Motor Lodge — though that operation only lasted two years. Also in the early 1950s Wilf incorporated his daughters into his act he now dubbed “The Family Show with the Folks You Know” to sing and dance. They toured Australia in 1953.  He remained one of the nation’s most popular country entertainers through the ’60s but as the years went by, he began limiting his appearances to about 20 a year. He played at the Calgary Stampede Grandstand Show in 1964 and returned many times over the years.  In 1971 he was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters’ Hall of Fame. Carter was also made Honourary Chief of the Stony Indian Tribe as well as Honourary Citizen of Winnipeg, Tennessee, and Canning, Nova Scotia.  In 1984 Carter was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Association Hall of Honour and the following year was inducted into the Juno Awards Canadian Music Hall of Fame.In 1989 he was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame. He recorded his final album at the age of 86 entitled ‘Whatever Happened to All Those Years’ and followed it up with his final tour called ‘The Last Round-Up Tour’ in 1991. Carter retired soon after due to poor hearing. He died in 1996 just short of his 92nd birthday in Scottsdale, Arizona of a stomach tumor. Though his wife, Melinda, died in 1989, Carter was survived by two daughters – Sheila Rose and Carol Joyce.

Singles [78 RPM]
1934 My Swiss Moonlight Lullaby/The Capture of Albert Johnson (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4966
1934 The Hobo’s Blues/A Cowboy’s Best Friend Is His Pony (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4968
1934 Twilight On the Prairie/Little Silver-Haired Sweetheart of Mine (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4969
1934 The Round-Up In the Fall/Dear Old Dad of Mine (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4972
1934 He Rode The Strawberry Roan/Take Me Back to Old Montana (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4974
1934 My Little Gray-Haired Mother In the West/A Little Log Shack I Can Always Call My Home (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4975
1934 A Cowboy’s Blues/Cowboy Don’t Forget Your Mother (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4979
1934 Lovers Lullaby Yodel/Moonlight Prison Blues (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4980
1934 I Miss My Swiss/Sway Back, Pinto Pete (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4982
1934 The Life and Death of John Dillinger/Awaiting the Chair (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4983
1934 The Yodeling Trail Rider/Prairie Blues (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4985
1934 The Hobo’s Dream of Heaven/The Cowhand’s Guiding Star (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)  B-4986
1934 Down the Old Cattle Trail/The Hobo’s Song to the Mounties (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4988
1934 The Calgary Round-Up/Pete Knight, The King of the Cowboys (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4989
1934 Cowboys High-Toned Dance/By the Silv’ry Moonlight Trail (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4991
1934 Trail To Home Sweet Home/Returning to My Old Prairie Home (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4993
1934 My Blues Have Turned To Sunshine/The Dying Mother’s Prayer (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4995
1934 Cowboy’s Mother/The Smoke Went Up the Chimney (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4997
1935 I’m Gonna Ride to Heaven on a Streamlined Train/The Two-Gun Cowboy (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-5871
1935 Sundown Blues/Cowboy Lullaby (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6107
1935 Lonesome for Baby Tonight/Hillbilly Valley (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6208
1935 My Swiss Moonlight Lullaby/Midnight, The Unconquered Outlaw (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6515
1935 Prairie Sunset/I Just Can’t Forget You, Old Pal (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6814
1936 Round-Up Time In Heaven/Dreamy Prairie Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6826
1936 Roamin’ My Whole Life Away/Yodeling Cowgirl (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-6827
1936 I Long For Old Wyoming/My Little Swiss and Me (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4600
1936 The Rescue from Moose River Gold Mine/Keep Smiling Old Pal (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4601
1936 The Fate of Old Strawberry Roan/Yodeling Hillbilly (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4602
1936 Old Barn Dance/Broken-Down Cowboy (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4603
1936 Dreamy Prairie Moon/Sweetheart of My Childhood Days (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4604
1936 Midnight the Unconquered Outlaw/The Fate of the Sunset Trail (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4605
1936 Roll Along Moonlight Yodel/Memories of My Gray-Haired Mother (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4608
1936 The Hobo’s Yodel/Goodbye, Little Pal of My Dreams (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4610
1936 Rose of My Heart/Under the Light of the Texas Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4616
1936 Put My Little Shoes Away/Round-Up Time In Heaven (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4617
1936 There’s a Love-Knot in My Lariat/My Little Yoho Lady (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4619
1936 Where Is My Boy Tonight?/Answer to Swiss Moonlight Lullaby (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4620
1937 The Hindenburg Disaster/When the Sun Says Goodnight to the Prairie (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4621
1937 Covered Wagon Headin’ West/How My Yodeling Days Began (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4622
1937 Pete Knight’s Last Ride/The Last Ride Down Lariat Trail (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4623
1937 Old Alberta Plains/Won’t You Be the Same Old Pal (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4624
1937 My Faithful Pinto Pal/I Loved Her Till She Done Me Wrong (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4627
1937 The Preacher and the Cowboy/Roll On Dreamy Texas Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4632
1937 Everybody’s Been Some Mother’s Darling/Dusty Trails (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4634
1937 I Wish I Had Never Seen Sunshine/You’ll Always Be Mine In My Dreams (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4636
1937 The Cowboy Wedding In May/I’m Still Waiting For You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4639
1937 When The Bright Pairie Moon/Round Up Time In Sunny Old Alberta (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4641
1937 By the Grave of Nobody’s Darling/There’ll Be No Blues Up Yonder (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4642
1937 Longing For My Mississippi Home/Don’t Let Me Down, Old Pal (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4645
1937 Ridin’ A Maverick/The Cowboy’s Heavenly Dream (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4646
1937 My Old Montana Home/That Tumble-Down Shack By the Trail (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4647
1938 Down the Yodeling Trail at Twilight/What a Friend We Have in Mother (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4648
1938 Rootin’, Tootin’ Cowboy/Little Red Patch On the Seat of My Trousers (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4649
1938 It Makes No Difference Now/We’ll Meet Again in Peaceful Valley (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4650
1938 I’m Only a Dude In Cowboy Clothes/My Honeymoon Bridge Broke Down (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4652
1938 I’m Hittin’ the Trail/My Brown-Eyed Prairie Rose (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4654
1938 Golden Lariat/Yodeling Love Call (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4656
1938 What Difference Does it Make?/Yodeling Memories (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4658
1938 The Cowboy’s Airplane Ride/My Dreams Come True (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4659
1938 When I Say Hello To The Rockies/Golden Memories of Mother and Dad (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4663
1938 When I Bid the Prairie Good-Bye/Memories of My Little Log Shack (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4665
1938 Wilf Carter Blues/My Only Romance Is Memories of You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4667
1938 Headin’ For That Land of Gold/Down On The Prairie (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4669
1938 You Left Your Band on My Heart/When It’s Twilight Over Texas (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4672
1938 My Yodeling Sweetheart/A Cowboy Who Never Returned (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4675
1938 My Lulu/I’ll Meet You At the Round-up in the Spring (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4676
1938 When the White Azaleas Start Blooming/My Ramblin’ Days Are Through (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4677
1939 My Old Canadian Home/Echoing Hills Yodel Back To Me (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4682
1939 Let’s Go Back To the Bible/Old Chuck Wagon Days (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4687
1939 My Missoula Valley Moon/The Last Letter (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4695
1939 Back Ridin’ Old Trails Again/I Still Think of You, Sweet Nellie Dean (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4697
1939 My Texas Sweetheart/If You Don’t Really Care (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4727
1939 My True and Earnest Prayer/Why Did We Ever Part (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4728
1939 West of Rainbow Trail/Old Buddies (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-4734
1939 I’m Thinking Tonight of My Blues Eyes/Just One More Ride (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4735
1939 I’ll Always Keep Smiling For You/Sweetheart’s Farewell (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-4740
1939 The Round-Up In the Fall/Take Me Back To Old Montana (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) 
B-5545
1939 I’m Gonna Ride To Heaven On A Streamline Train/The Two-Gun Cowboy (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-5871
1939 By The Grave of Nobody’s Darling/Talking to the River (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-7618
1939 There’s a Love-Knot in My Lariat/My Little Yoho Lady (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8111
1939 Answer To “It Makes No Difference Now”/Roll Along Kentucky Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8149
1939 What Difference Does It Make?/Golden Lariat (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8150
1939 What A Friend We Have In Mother/Where Is My Boy Tonight? (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8157
1939 Answer To “Swiss Moonlight Lullaby”/Down On the Yodeling Trail at Twilight (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8181
1939 When It’s Twilight Over Texas/Memories of My Little Old Log Shack (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8202
1939 The Preacher and the Cowboy/Roll On Dreamy Texas Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8241
1939 When I Say Hello to the Rockies/My Only Romance Is Memories of You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8284
1940 I’m Only a Dude In Cowboy Clothes/My Honeymoon Bridge Broke Down (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8313
1940 The Cowboy Wedding In May/I’m Still Waiting For You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8329
1940 Rootin’ Tootin’ Cowboy/That Little Red Patch On the Seat of My Trousers (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8361
1940 Old Barn Dance/Broken-Down Cowboy (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8374
1940 The Fate of Old Strawberry Roan/Yodeling Hillbilly (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8389
1940 It’s All Over Now (I Won’t Worry) Rattlin’ Cannonball (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8425
1940 It’s Cowboy’s Night to Howl/Red River Valley Blues (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8441
1940 When the White Azaleas Start Blooming/My Ramblin’ Days Are Through (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8456
1940 Why Should I Feel Sorry For You Now?/Beautiful Girl of the Prairie (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8472
1940 What A Wonderful Mother of Mine/You Are My Sunshine (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-8491
1940 I Still Think Of You, Sweet Nellie Dean/My True and Earnest Prayer (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8517
1940 He Left the One Who Loved Him For Another/My Old Lasso is Headed Straight For You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8531
1940 When It’s Roll-Call in the Bunk House Tonight/I’ll Get Mine Bye-and-Bye (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8548
1940 Back Ridin’ the Old Trails Again/My Old Canadian Home (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-8566
1940 Dad’s Little Texas Lad/Thinking (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8591
1941 Echoing Hills Yodel Back To Me/My Texas Sweetheart (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8616
1941 You Were With Me In the Waltz of My Dreams/When That Somebody Else Was You (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8641
1941 Old Chuck Wagon Days/My Missoula Valley Moon (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8661
1941 I Bought a Rock For a Rocky Mountain Gal/Streamlined Yodel Song (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8696
1941 It’s Great to Be Back in the Saddle Again/Call of the Range (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
B-8753
1941 La Verne, Brown-Eyed Rose/Ride for the Open Range (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8800
1941 My Lulu/If You Don’t Really Care (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8924
1941 West of Rainbow Trail/Headin’ for That Land of Gold (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-8983
1941 I’m Thinking Tonight of My Blue Eyes/Put My Little Shoes Away (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) B-9032
1942 The Prisoner’s Song/We’ll Meet Again in Peaceful Valley (RCA-Victor/Bluebird)
33-0505
1942 Sittin’ by the Old Corral/That First Love of Mine (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) 33-0517
1942 Just One More Ride/It Makes No Difference Now (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) 33-0519
1942 Memories That Never Die/I May Be Wrong (RCA-Victor/Bluebird) 33-0539
1943 The First Love of Mine/Waiting For a Train (RCA-Victor) 55-3201
1943 The Prisoner’s Song/Sitting By the Old Corral (RCA-Victor) 55-3202
1944 My Yodeling Days Are Through/I May Be Wrong (RCA-Victor) 55-3209
1944 Our Canadian Flag/There’s A Gold Star In Her Window (RCA-Victor) 55-3212
1945 No Letter Today/Dreaming of Blue Eyes (RCA-Victor) 55-3213
1945 You’ll Get Used To It/Put Me In Your Pocket (RCA-Victor) 55-3215
1945 Smiling Thru’ Tears/So Hard To Start Over Again (RCA-Victor) 55-3217
1945 Old Shep/My Queen of the Prairies (RCA-Victor) 55-3219
1945 I’ll Never Die of a Broken Heart/Born to Lose (RCA-Victor) 55-3221
1945 Plant Some Flowers By My Graveside/Farewell, Sweetheart, Farewell (RCA-Victor) 55-3223
1945 I Ain’t Gonna Be a Hobo No More/A Sinner’s Prayer (RCA) 55-3225
1945 My Blue Skies/Don’t Be Mean, I Wasn’t Mean To You (RCA-Victor) 55-3229
1945 I’ve Hung Up My Chaps and Saddle/Memories Bring Heartaches To Me (RCA-Victor) 55-3231
1946 Too Many Blues/Singin’ On Borrowed Time (RCA-Victor) 58-0041
1946 Don’t Wait Till Judgment Day/Sharing Your Love With Somebody New (RCA-Victor) 58-0050
1947 Hang the Key on the Bunkhouse Door/Rye Whiskey (RCA-Victor) 58-0058
1947 I’m Gonna Tear Down the Mailbox/’Neath a Blanket of Stars (RCA-Victor) 58-0081
1948 The Midnight Train/The Tramp’s Mother (RCA-Victor) 58-0090
1948 She Lost Her Cowboy Pal/Don’t Cry Over Me (RCA-Victor) 58-0108

78 RPM/7″
1949 All I Need Is Some More Lovin’/There’s a Bluebird on Your Windowsill (RCA-Victor) 58-0111
1949 Just An Old Forgotten Letter/If We Can’t Be Sweethearts, Why Can’t We Be Friends (RCA-Victor) 58-0126
1949 When the Ice Worms Nest Again/Shackles and Chains (RCA-Victor) 58-0129
1949 Unfaithful One/Give a Little, Take a Little (RCA-Victor) 58-0141
1950 Apple, Cherry, Mince and Choc’late Cream/Take It Easy Blues (RCA-Victor) 21-0352
1950 Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer/Jolly Old St. Nicholas (RCA-Victor) 21-0392
1951 Just A Woman’s Smile/My Heart’s Closed (RCA-Victor) 21-0419
1954 Maple Leaf Waltz/The Sunshine Bird (Decca) 9-29535
1954 Dynamite Trail (Decca) 9-29585
1954 The Alpine Milkman/There’s a Tree On Every Road 9-29671
1955 One Golden Curl/I’m Gonna Tear Down the Mailbox//I Bought a Rock for a Rocky Mountain Gal/The Alpine Milkman [EP] (Decca) ED-2204
1955 I’m Ragged But I’m Right/The Yodelin’ Song (Decca)  9-29942
1956 Away Out On the Mountain/There’s a Padlock on Your Heart (Decca) 9-30340
1956 X’s From Down in Texas/Let a Little Sunshine in Your Heart (Decca) 9-30633
1957 My French Canadian Girl/My Prairie Rose (Deccas) 9-30907
1962 Calgary Round Up/I Remember the Rodeo (Apex) 76691
1963 Huggin’ Squeezin’ Kissin’ Teasin’/Sweet Little Lover (RCA-Victor) 47-5045
1964 32 Wonderful Years/A Cashbox For a Heart (RCA-Victor) 47-8205
1967 God Bless Our Canada/The Old Rugged Cross (RCA) 57-3419
1967 Waitin’ For The Maple Leaves To Fall (RCA) 57-3432
1967 I Wish There Were Only Three Days In The Year/My Oklahoma Rose (RCA) 57-4446
1968 Goodbye Maria/Driftwood On the River (RCA) 57-4523
1968 Man Hunt (RCA) 57-4846
1969 Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer/Jolly Old St. Nicholas (RCA) 57-5013
1972 Mockin’ Bird Hill/Shoo Shoo Shoo Sha-la-la (RCA) SPS-45-105
1975 Unfaithful One (RCA) PB-50180
1976 Have A Nice Day/Keep Smiling Old Pal (RCA) PB-50252
1978 My Alberta Rose/Walkin’ the Streets of Calgary (RCA) PB-50462
1978 Sick, Sober And Sorry (RCA) PB-50477
1988 Whatever Happened (RCA)

as WILF CARTER & THE CALGARY STAMPEDERS
1948
One Golden Curl/I’m A Fool for Foolin’ Around (RCA) 58-0100
1970 The Blue Canadian Rockies/When That Love Bug Bites You (RCA) 57-5024

Albums
1954 The Dynamite Trail (Decca) DL-4092
1956 I’m Ragged But I’m Right (Decca) DL-8917
1957
Living Legend (Sparton) SLP-300
1958
Montana Slim/Wilf Carter (RCA-Camden) CAL-527
1962 Songs of the Calgary Stampede (Apex)  AL-1615
1962 Reminiscin’ With Wilf Carter (RCA-Camden) CAL-668
1963 Wilf Carter’s West, Wilf Carter’s Best (Apex) AL-1635
1964 By Request (RCA-Camden) CAL-701
1964 32 Wonderful Years (RCA-Camden) CAL-787
1964 Let’s Go Back To the Bible (RCA-Camden) CAL-814
1964 Nuggets of the Golden West (RCA-Camden) CAL-840
1964 Yodeling Memories (RCA-Camden) CAL-875
1965 Christmas In Canada (RCA-Camden) CAL-889
1966 Montana Slim (Starday – US) STR-668
1966 Calgary Horseman’s Hall of Fame (RCA-Camden) CAL-943
1966 Balladeer of the Golden West (RCA-Camden) CAL-944
1966 Golden Memories (RCA-Camden) CAL-2110
1967 God Bless Our Canada (RCA-Camden) CAL-2111
1967 Waitin’ For the Maple Leaves To Fall (RCA-Camden) CAL-2168
1967 No Letter Today and Other Country and Western Songs (RCA-Camden) CAL-2171
1967 Old Prairie Melodies (RCA-Camden) CAL-2175
1969 If It Wasn’t For Farmers What Would City Slickers Do? (RCA-Camden) CAS-2112
1969 Songs of the Rail and Range (RCA-Camden) CAS-2208
1970 How My Yodeling Days Began (RCA-Camden) CAS-2222
1970 Hittin’ the Track (RCA-Camden) CAS-2272
1970 The Best of Wilf Carter (RCA-Camden) CAS-2286
1970 Sings Jimmie Rodgers (RCA-Camden) CAS-2300
1970 Sings Songs of Australia (RCA-Camden) CAS-2362
1970 Away Out There (RCA-Camden) CAS-2414
1971 The Yodeling Swiss (RCA-Camden) CAS-2448
1971 Walls of Memory (RCA-Camden) CAS-2490
1972 Bridle Hangin’ On the Wall (RCA-Camden) CASX-2520
1972 A Message from Home Sweet Home (RCA-Camden) CASX-2570
1972 My Heart Ache’s Your Happiness (RCA-Camden) CASX-2616
1973 40th Anniversary Special (RCA-Camden) KDL1-0009
1974 Montana Slim’s Greatest Hits (RCA-Camden)  ADL2-0694
1974 My Old Canadian Home (RCA) KCL1-7007
1974 The Wilf Carter Souvenir Album (MCA) MCA2-4065
1976 Have A Nice Day (RCA) KXL1-0157
1977 Songs I Love to Sing (RCA) KKL1-0219
1977 The Hits of Wilf Carter (RCA) KEL1-8099
1978 Walkin’ the Streets of Calgary (RCA) KXL1-0280
1979 I’m Happy Today (RCA) ACL-0322
1980 My Home on the Range (RCA) KXL1-0366
1981 Chinook Winds (RCA) KXL1-0416
1982 All Time Favourites (RCA) DVL1-0584
1983 50 Golden Years (RCA) KXL1-5020
1985 Collector’s Series (RCA) KPL1-7129
1988 Whatever Happened to All Those Years (RCA)
1990 Dynamite Trail – The Decca Years: 1954-1958 (MCA)
1994 Country Kicks (BMG) 212092
1996 A Prairie Legend [4 CD] (Bear Family – GER) BEAO-15754
1997 Cowboy Songs [8 CD] (Bear Family – GER) BEAO-15939
2004 I’m Hittin’ the Trail


CASH, Andrew
Born: January 22, 1962 in Toronto, Ontario
Andrew Cash was born in Toronto and one of seven children. His mother passed away when he was ten years old and his father was left raising seven children. Cash went to Toronto’s Neil McNeil Catholic High School where he met Charlie “Chuck” Angus where their interest in punk rock and politics led them to form the band L’etranger (after the Albert Camus novel of the same name). L’etranger became a stable fixture on Toronto’s Queen Street circuit. Over six years they released 3 records and garnered media praise and respect before grinding to a halt as the music industry itself all but ignored them. With the demise of the L’etranger in June 1986, Cash formed The Andrew Cash Band featuring Andy Maize on vocals (Direktive 17, Skydiggers), Peter Duffin on drums (L’etranger), Chris Stanford on bass (Ministry Of Love), and Graydon Nichols on guitar (High Noon, Willie English). The band set up a steady house band gig at the late-lamented Spadina Hotel. While in town searching for acts and a home to expand the Island Records empire, president of the record company Chris Blackwell discovered Cash and signed him as a solo artist. Cash became the first Canadian artist to be signed to Island Records in 1987. His first full-length album was 1988’s ‘Time and Place’ which established Cash as a roots rocker. The follow-up was ‘Boomtown’ which was recorded in Charlotte, North Carolina with REM producer Don Dixon. He toured with his band, The Ambassadors, as opening act for labelmate Melissa Etheridge. After 1989’s ‘Boomtown’ Cash decided to take a break after his relationship with Island’s Chris Blackwell dissolved and he needed to rethink his life and musical direction. He kept a low profile and occasionally performed with his brother, Peter Cash, in the Skydiggers and even launched a pick-up tour called ‘Hang Loose In Tough Times Tour ’91’ just to break out of a rut. During the four years between ‘Boomtown’ and 1993’s ‘Hi’ album for MCA he decided to bury his ‘roots rock’ image and dedicate his life to raising a family.  In 1995 he recorded a one-off band project known as Ursula featuring Jason Collett (bass, vocals), Randy Curnew (drums), and Kevin Fox (guitar, vocals). Their only album was called ‘Happy to Be Outraged’. In 1996 he formed the Cash Brothers, with his brother Peter Cash, for several albums. In 2009, his desire to push for social justice led to a nomination for MP in the Davenport riding of Toronto. In 2011 Andrew Cash, along with his former L’etranger band mate Chuck Angus, became a Member of Parliament in the House of Commons for the NDP. [also see L’ETRANGER, URSULA]

Singles
1986 Trail Of Tears (Fringe Product)
1988 Time And Place/Do Not Adjust Your Set (Island) 97074
1988 Smile Me Down/Places (Island) 97078
1988 It’s Not Forever/[same] (Island)  97088
1989 Boomtown (Radio Edit)/These Days (Island) 97098
1989 What Am I Gonna Do With These Hands/Times Talkin’ Trouble Now (Island) 97103
1989 100 Years/Wishing (Island) 97113
1993 A Lot Of Talk (MCA)

with ANGUS & CASH
2011 Diamonds in the Snow

Albums
1987 Sticks And Stones [EP] (Fringe Product) FPE-3033
1988 Time And Place (Island) ISL-1185
1989 Boomtown (Island) CID-1237
1993 Hi (MCA)
2007 Murder =

with THE CASH BROTHERS
1999 Raceway
2000 Phonebooth Tornado
2001 How Was Tomorrow (Zöe) 1019
2003 A Brand New Night (Zöe) 1034
2006 Skydiggers/Cash Brothers

with BIRD
2000 Chrome Reflection


CAT
Jim “Soupy” Campbell
(percussion, vocals) / Bill Adams (bass; 1967-1970) / Mike McQueen (rhythm guitar) / Rob Mullen (lead guitar) / Vince Doyle (drums) / Mike Dowson (keyboards) / Detty (Detlev) Piekert (lead guitar; replaced Mullen) / Graham Fidler (bass; replaced Adams) / Tony Nolasco (drums; replaced Doyle) / Chuck Slater (drums; replaced Nolasco) / Phil Mulholland (drums; replaced Slater) / Gary O’Connor (guitar, keys replaced Dowson)
Originally known as The Spasstiks (circa 1964) on the high school circuit, this Toronto outfit released a single on Apex entitled “Love’s Got A Hold On Me” in 1967 before  changing their name to The Cat (after a Jimmy Smith album of the same name). Another Apex single, “Doin’ The Best We Can” helped them land impressive opening slots on the US east coast for the likes of The Guess Who, Lighthouse, Neil Diamond and Janis Joplin. The group was soon discovered by Jack Richardson and was signed to a development deal with Richardson’s Nimbus 9 Productions which, in turn, led to a record deal with RCA Records in New York. The first single, “Light Of Love”, failed to make any noise, but the next — “We’re All In This Together” — featuring Richardson’s fledgling engineer, Bob Ezrin on keyboards, helped the band land some chart action. A Festival Express train that took entertainers across Canada from town to town took Cat on tour in 1970 which followed hot on the heels of the single and self-titled debut album. Soon creative differences would eat away at the band and only Fidler, Mulholland and McQueen remained. They carried on with their obligations to RCA Records under the name Fast Eddy for two singles before finally calling it quits in 1972. Jim Campbell began doing jingle and other session work (including a single for Attic under the name Hobo) before heading to BMG Music where he became a prominent executive; Gary O’Connor would end up having the most success with the bands Liverpool and Aerial before embarking on a solo career and writing hits for others. He now resides in Toronto after spending a good part of the 1990’s writing in Nashville and Vancouver; Dowson, who now goes under the professional name Michael Keys, formed the Frenz For Charity band in the ’90s and, until recently, played in Robbie Lane & The Disciples but now performs on his own; McQueen died in 1985; Mullen lives near Keswick, Ontario, is still performing and is involved in producing events in the music business; Piekert is now a successful architect in California; Doyle became a Chef; Nolasco went on to form McKenna-Mendelson Mainline; Slater joined Ocean and is now deceased; Mulholland lives in Vancouver and works for the Long And McQuade music store chain. with notes from Jim Campbell, Gary O’Connor, Mike Dowson and Fred Greenbaum.

Singles
1968 Doin’ the Best We Can/I Believe In You (Apex) 77080
1970 Light of Love/Looking Through A Glass Darkly (RCA/Victor) 74-0279
1970 We’re All In This Together/Solo Flight (RCA/Victor) 74-0331
1970 Funky Sunflower/Take My Life (Nimbus 9/RCA/Victor) 74-0384
1970 Honey In The Sky/Window Of The World (Nimbus 9/RCA/Victor) NNS-9013

as FAST EDDY

1970 Bring on Back the Good Times/Friendship (Nimbus 9/RCA/Victor) 9-9015
1971 Baby Make It Soon/Farewell to Lyla (Nimbus 9/RCA/Victor) 9-9016

as THE SPASSTIKS
1967
Love’s Got A Hold On Me/If That’s What She Wants (Apex) 77057

Albums
1970 Cat (RCA/Victor) LSP-4267


CATASTROPHE THEORY
Jowi Taylor
/ Gord Nicholson
CKLN-FM’s Jowi Taylor and Gord Nicholson’s formed this garage duo in 1985. Their first release ‘Debris’ featured post-80s experimental music and was recorded on a Tascam PortaOne 4-track cassette recorder. They followed it up with better production on the 1987 eight song cassette ‘Day Rides a Tiger’. In 1990 selections from these two cassettes plus several newly penned pieces became the soundtrack to the film ‘The Iconoclast: The Images of Richard Slye’ which was a documentary by Michael Connelly which ran on TVO, TFO, Vision TV, Knowledge Network and the PBS affiliate in Washington, D.C. In 1991-2 the duo completed a single called “Thunderprint” which appeared on the CD sampler for the now defunkt music magazine ‘Impact’. The track was later given a remix treatment by Byron Wong. In 1993, the duo was commissioned by Harbourfront Centre in Toronto to compose original music for the annual Canada Day fireworks display. The resulting piece, ‘Fire:Work’, premiered July 1st, 1993 to an audience of 10,000 people accompanying pyrotechnics by Eric Tucker of Performance Pyrotechnics Associates of Toronto and St. Louis (Batman, Rolling Stones Steel Wheels Tour, Superbowl ’93). Taylor would go on to host the ‘Global Village’ radio show on CBC Radio One. with notes from Jowi Taylor.

Albums
1985 Debris [5 song cassette] (independent)
1987 Day Rides a Tiger [9 song cassette] (independent)

Compilation Tracks
1994 “Thunderprint” on ‘Impact Music Volume V” (Impact/MMS) IM-005


CATS CAN FLY
David Ashley
(bass, lead vocals) / Peter Alexandre (keys, vocals) / Mitchell James (guitars, vocals) / Geoff Geddes (drums) / Phil Knipe (drums) / Bill Hibbs (drums) / Eddie Zeeman (drums)
Peter Alexandre [aka Peter Steele] and Mitchell James were in a North York, Ontario high school band called Ethos starting in 1971. Following confusion with a U.S. band with the same name they changed theirs to Scamp. In 1980 they won the CFTR-AM Talent Search in Toronto with the prize winnings allowing them to record with legendary producer Jack Richardson (Guess Who). A full album was cmpleted but distribution couldn’t be secured and the album was never released. By 1982 they had gone through several drummers – settling, finally, on Eddie Zeeman – and changed their name to Cats Can Fly as a Top40 cover act. Still, they wrote and recorded original material including the 1984 Axe  Records single “Touch, Touch” b/w “Father Was a Foreigner”  from the 12” 7 song EP entitled ‘Touch, Touch’. In 1985 Craven A, the cigarette company, sponsored Talent Quest ’85 which they hoped would lead to underwriting artists tours for in the 18-24 demographic with their cigarette advertising. Two acts emerged from the search  – Belinda Metz and Cats Can Fly. With the Craven A contest helping them offset the expense of touring Cats Can Fly were able to get bigger profile gigs at which time A & R reps were beginning to line up at the door. They were recruited and groomed by CBS Records’ David Bendeth. Their self-titled debut album on CBS’s subsidiary label, Epic Records, in 1986 was produced by Lou Pomanti and Lenny DeRose. The first single, “Flipping to the A-side”, lasted 10 weeks on the CHUM Chart and managed to hit No.15 in March 1986. The follow up single, “Lies Are Gonna Get Ya”, cracked the RPM Top100 Singles Chart between June and August 1986 as did “Cold Hands Warm Heart”. However, in a huge corporate house cleaning, many acts, including Cats Can Fly were dumped by CBS Records and the band soon split up. Eddie Zeeman attempted a short-lived solo career immediately after but would find success as a session player as well as live drummer for Lisa Dalbello and Andy Curran’s bands Soho 69, Drug Plan and Caramel. with notes from Eddie Zeeman and Conrad Zeransky [also see EDDIE ZEEMAN]

Singles
1984 Touch, Touch/ Father Was a Foreigner (Axe)
1986 Flippin’ to the ‘A’ Side/Nothin’ On the ‘B’ Side (Epic/CBS) 7CDN-27
1986
Flippin’ to the ‘A’ Side/One Way or the Other (Epic/CBS) E4-7132
1986 Lies Are Gonna Get Ya/Save It For the Next One [7” & 12”] (Epic/CBS) E4-7154
1986 Cold Hands Warm Heart/Lookin’ For Love (Epic/CBS) E4-7179

Albums
1984 Touch Touch [7 song EP] (CCF Ltd.)
1986 Cats Can Fly [cassette w/one bonus track] (Epic/CBS) PEC-80108


CEE, Joey
Born: 1947 in Malta
Joey Cee grew up in Toronto and started singing at the age of four. After perfecting his chops with the world reknowned St. Michael’s Bous Choir he would tour in his teens as a member of The Regents opening for such international artists as The Righteous Brothers, Andy Kim, and Little Eva. In the 1960s he was often a guest vocalist for artists performing around Yorkville including Steppenwolf. At this point he was a DJ at CKFH and he made sure not to mix the two vocations. However, several industry managers – including Neil Diamond’s manager and Bobby Vinton’s manager encouraged him to step up as a solo artist. After leaving radio he mustered the courage to pursue his singing career and was signed to Capitol Records Canada by Paul White. He released one single under the name Joseph in October 1970 of two Andrew Lloyd Weber/Tim Rice compositions from the music ‘Joseph And The Technicolor Dreamcoat’. In 1973 Cee would sign with A & M Records and release the Ronnie King (Stampeders) penned song “Oh What the Summer Can Do”. The record was produced by Stampeders manager Mel Shaw; Teaming with Mel Shaw again, Cee recorded a cover of Phil Phillips’ “Sea of Love” under the pseudonym The Puppies. The song received positive reviews in trade publications like Billboard and became a moderate hit in Canada and in several US States. The track caught the attention of guitarist Jeff Beck and the arrangement would be replicated on Robert Plant’s Honeydripper’s project five years later. A second The Puppies single was released through London Records of The Troggs’ “Love Is All Around Us” but did not chart. It did appear on the soundtrack to the Jim Carrey movie ‘All In Good Taste’. He would change his pseudonym to Artsy for his next London single and release the Harry Nilsson written “Cuddly Toy” (a hit for The Monkees) which also did not chart; Cee’s next project was a limited edition release on JCO Records with collaborator Tony Micallef to pay tribute to their birth country Malta. Striking out on his own in 1981 Cee released the album ‘Up For Tender’ on Nightflite Records which featured the single “Remember December” about John Lennon; Cee would go on to become a prominent music promoter in Southern Ontario.

Singles
1973
Oh What the Summer Can Do/Hey Mama It’ll Work Out All Right (A & M)
AMX-349
1979 Island of St. Paul/Gzira Ta San Pawl (JCO)
1981
Remember December/You’re My Baby Tonight (Nightflite) NFS-103

as JOSEPH
1970
Any Dream Will Do/Close Every Door (Capitol) 72655

as THE PUPPIES
1976
Sea of Love/Waiting For the Tide (Private Stock/Quality) QA-507
1977 Love Is All Around Us/Little Girl Blue (London)

as ARTSY
1978
Cuddly Toy/Where Did the Summer Go (London) 2637

Albums
1981
Up For Tender (Nightflite)


CEEDEES
1979 Line-up: Curtis Driedger
(guitar, vocals) / Doug Cameron (bass) / Nick Kent (drums) ;
1980 Line-up: Curtis Driedger (guitar, keyboards, violin, vocals) / Ed ‘Sky’ Dick (bass, banjo) / Nick Kent (drums) / Susan Newman (keyboards, percussion, vocals) / Rob Fortin (guitar, vocals) / Jim ‘Guitarwop’ Peccia (guitar) / Glen Johansen (congas) ; 1983/84 Line-up:  Curtis Driedger (guitar, vocals) / Terry Wilkins (bass) / Bucky Berger (drums);
1986 Line-up:  Curtis Driedger (guitar, vocals) / Janice Powers (bass) / Michael Spencer Arcott (drums);
1987 line-up:  Curtis Driedger (guitar, vocals) / Merrie-Ellen Wilcox (bass) / Nick Kent (drums) / Billy Bryans (drums; replaced Kent)
Leamington, Ontario’s Curtis Driedger formed the Ceedees in 1979 with Cameron and Kent. The band released an album in 1980 called ‘Hit the Ditch’ which did nothing to stir the fires of fame. Doug Cameron would leave and find fame with his song ‘Mona With the Children’; Kent became drummer for Martha And The Muffins. By 1983, Dreidger, already a fixture on the Toronto Queen Street circuit had written well over 100 songs and still needed an outlet for his rye, often twisted songs about Eskimos and prairie life. He administered the assistance of Rough Trade’s rhythm section and often rotated many other members over the years based on the hectic schedules of its alumni. The 1987 EP was produced by Steve Webster. The album was followed by a compilation tape by Dreidger of 20 songs with an accompanying 60 page book featuring the lyrics to songs he had yet to record. Dreidger would go on to become a founding member of Lost And Profound.

Albums
1980 The Ceedees Hit The Ditch (Carrot)
1986 Ceedees (5 song EP) (Freedom)

as CURTIS DRIEDGER
1987 Problem A [20 song cassette w/book] (independent)


CELEBRITY DRUNKS
Formed in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1984.

Singles
1988
Holly Jolly/Crack Minded Bill (Amok) AMOK-627

Albums
1986
Beef March


CENTAURS, The
Ron Williams (vocals) / Robert “Bob” Brown (organ) / John Gedak (drums) / Louis Pitre (organ) / Hugh Reilly (guitar) / Al West (bass)
Formed in 1964 and originally from Richmond, British Columbia, The Centaurs became one of the leading bands in the Vancouver music scene in the mid-1960s often cited as influencing future members of Trooper and Prism. Their long hair often kept them from playing more prestigious venues, but they were able to find a big following in Holland and Germany and moved to Europe in 1966 where they set up shop in The Hague. This allowed them to play larger venues with British act The Troggs. They were also able to sign a record deal with Polydor Records in Holland where they released a remake of Paul Revere & The Raiders’ “Kicks”. After 18 months they became homesick and returned to Canada. When Gedak stayed behind in Germany, the band split up in 1968; In 2009 John Gedak and Hugh Reilly reformed The Centaurs along with former The Nocturnals keyboardist Chad Thorp; before leaving Europe in 1968 the band had recorded  some live songs and pressed 20 acetates to try and get more gigs. 50 years later former manager Don Moss presented the tape to Gedak who, in turn, decided that a Centaurs album  might be in order and after meeting Regenerator Records’ Jamie Antsey they put together the band’s debut vinyl album (and CD) ‘From Canada To Europe.’; Ron Williams passed away March 22, 2015. with notes from Ron Williams, Ivan Amirault.

Singles
1967
Kicks/Be Happy (Polydor – Netherlands) S-1231

Albums
2018
From Canada To Europe (Vintage Trax) VTR-1001


CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
Doug Billard
(vocals) / Richard Oakley (bass) / Jim White (guitar) / Bruce Cassidy (trumpet) / Keith Jollimore (saxophone) / Jack S. Lilly (drums)  / Joe Sealy (keyboards – Five Sounds only)
Formed in Halifax, Nova Scotia as The Five Sounds and included keyboardist Joe Sealy. They released two singles in 1965 and 1966 on Epic which charted on Halifax radio station CHNS. In 1968 the Five Sounds were the house band on CBC television’s local segment from the nationally broadcast ‘Where It’s At’. After changing their sound to reflect the times, they were signed to MGM affiliate label Music Factory in 1968. They were sent to New York’s Record Plan studio to record thei debut album ‘I Could Have Danced All Night”. At the suggestion of the studio’s Mark Joseph, they changed the band name to Central Nervous System. The album of Billard/Jollimore originals (and a Lonnie Mack song) was produced by Tom Wilson (Frank Zappa, Bob Dylan) and co-engineered by Eddie Kramer (Jimi Hendrix, Rolling Stones) . Shortly after the album’s release and a planned tour of the US in 1969, the band split up. Doug Billard and Jim White relocated to Alliston, Ontario where they hooked up with Bob Quinn, Tim Garagan and Chris Brockway to form Pepper Tree. After being discovered by a talent scout Billard left for a solo career shortly before Pepper Tree signed to Capitol Records in 1970. He had hit single in 1975 called “I’ve Lost My Place” on United Artists. After a short stint with a later period version of Lighthouse, he eventually became a mailman in  Richmond Hill, Ontario; Oakley switched to lead guitar and was a founding member of Soma and his own band Oakley; Jollimore and Cassidy would both join Lighthouse and  Dr. Music. with notes from Sebastian Agnello, Richard Patterson, Anne Oakley.

Singles
1968
Something Happened/Alice in Wonderland (Laurie) 3446

as THE FIVE SOUNDS
1965
Loadin’Coal/Baby Please Don’t Cry (Epic) 5-9856
1966 Peanut Butter/Miss Anne (Epic) 5-10016

Albums
as CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
1968
I Could Have Danced All Night (Music Factory) MFS-12003


CERAMIC HELLO
Brett Wickens
(synth) / Roger Humphreys (guitar)
Burlington, Ontario synth duo that formed in the late 1970’s following Brett Wickens’ departure from The Spoons.

Singles
1981 Climatic Noveaux-Theatre Matrix (Mannequin)  MAN-003

Albums
1981 The Absence Of A Canary (Mannequin)  MANLP-1


CHAIN OF FUN
Geoff McPeek
(vocals) / Jonathan Clark (bass) / Jerome McPeek (keyboards, vocals)  / Ben McPeek (guitar, vocals) / Gord Pitts (drums)
A Toronto 5-piece formed in 1986 featuring ex-Tame And Talking bassist Clark and the McPeek brothers. The brothers inherited a commercial production recording studio from their late father and spent $5000 recording their debut disc. Shortly after the release of their debut EP they flew to England to shop the disc after response from A & R Reps there showed promise. However, any deal tabled would have involved the band relocating and they opted to stick it out in Canada – minus a deal. The EP received some airplay on CFNY and CKLN (going to No.2 in April 1986) in Toronto and stations in New York State. Geoff and Jerome McPeek would go on to form Daddys of Eden.

Albums
1986 Chain Of Fun [4 song EP] (C of  F) CT-007


CHAIN REACTION
Phil Naro
(vocals) / Warren Barbour (guitar) / Ray Lessard (bass) / John Livingstone (drums)
Following the demise of MCA Recording act Octavian, Lessard, Barbour, and Livingstone searched through 100 auditionees for a vocalist to create a new quartet. They discovered New York native Phil Naro (formerly of Lou Gramm’s Black Sheep) and became Chain Reaction. After a move from Ottawa ot Toronto they released a their independent album ‘X-Rated Dreams’ on the small Trillium label in Toronto. However, the album barely made it out the door when the label ran into financial problems and the band bought the album back and shopped it. After some favourable airplay on Toronto’s monster Rock station Q107, Attic Records scooped the band up. They soon found themselves at the short end of the stick during touring in 1982 as they encountered one mishap after another — a vehicle infraction in Québec forced them to surrender their assets to authorities, an accident involving their touring van left them without wheels, and guitarist Warren Barbour was mistakenly picked up for vagrancy after standing outside the club the band had played. The trials and tribulations did nothing to endear the band to the record buying public and they soon disbanded. Phil Naro would go on to form his own band and released several solo records in the 1990’s; Lessard is now a broker. with notes from Ray Lessard and Ralph Alfonso.

Singles
1982 X-Rated Dream/You Have Gone Too Far (Trillium) TRS-493
1982 X-Rated Dream/You Have Gone Too Far [re-issue] (Attic) AT-266
1982 Looks Like I’m In Love/Sea of Flames (Attic) AT-273

Albums
1982 X-Rated Dream (Trillium) TR-100
1982 X-Rated Dream [re-issue] (Attic) LAT-1135


CHAINS OF LOVE
Nathalia Pizzaro
(vocals) / Felix Fung (guitar) / Henry Beckwith (keys) / Rebecca Marie Law Grey (guitar) / Steve Ferreira (drums) / Brian Nicol (bass)
Chains Of Love started when guitarist Felix Fung, the engineer and owner of Vancouver’s Little Red Sound, who conceived the idea of a 1960s styled modern girl group with Nathalia Pizarro and the harmonic help of Rebecca Marie Law Gray. Using downtime on Tuesday afternoons at the studio they cut their debut album with the help of a number of musical friends.

Singles
2011
You Got It/Black Hearts (Hi-Scores Recording Library – US) SCORE-005
2012
In Between /Breaking My Heart (Manimal Vinyl – US) MANI-711

Albums
2012
Strange Grey Days (Manimal Vinyl – US) MANI-036


CHALK CIRCLE
Chris Tait
(lead vocals, guitars) / Brad Hopkins (bass) / Derrick Murphy (drums) / Tad Winklarz (keyboards)
Newcastle’s Clarke High School was home to a drummer-less band called “The Casualties” featuring Tait (guitar), Hopkins (guitar), Terry Miller (bass) and Stan Veselinovic (vocals). After picking up drummer Derrick Murphy to do a talent show, the band became The Reactors. Their first real gig was opening for Goddo at their high school. With the departure of Miller and Veselinovic, they became a three-piece band (with Hopkins switching to bass) and were introduced facetiously at a school Christmas concert assembly in 1981 as Rudolph And His Fucking Reindeer. They briefly used the name New Addition in 1982 before finally chosing their name from Bertolt Brecht’s play ‘The Caucasian Chalk Circle’ in 1983. They made their way through the Toronto club circuit hocking their demo single “The World/Black Pit” and won Most Promising Non-Recording Act in CFNY-FM’s CASBY Awards for 1985. The band decided to augment their straight ahead three-piece rock and roll line-up with keyboardist Tad Winklarz, a classically trained pianist and Polish refugee, who escaped to Canada shortly before martial law was declared in his homeland. This recognition brought them to the attention of Duke Street Records who signed the band in 1986. The label wanted to test the public waters and released the 6 song ‘Great Lake’ EP. As it turned out, the EP sold in excess of 35,000 copies. The label’s biggest selling record at the time. “April Fool” and “Me, Myself and I” became Top-10 hits and so Chalk Circle had to rush back into the studio to capitalize on the their new found success. ‘Mending Wall’ was released in 1987 to critical acclaim and spawned a Top-10 hit with “This Mourning”. A throw away cover version of T.Rex’s “20th Century Boy” became a surprise hit and also went Top-10. Duke Street decided to cash in on this single and re-issued the ‘Great Lake’ EP on CD with “20th Century Boy” as a bonus track. This success allowed them to open shows for major touring acts including Rush and Crowded House. In 1988 the band landed a German distribution deal where they were able to promote the ‘Mending Wall’ on TV and radio. The band was actually a success in Europe before ever playing in the US. 1989’s ‘As the Crow Flies’, produced by Michael Phillip Wojewoda, saw a more mature Chalk Circle who enlisted the help of fellow Duke Street alumni Jane Siberry, Hugh Marsh and Moe Koffman. Former Vital Sines guitarist Kurt Swinghammer also made a sneak appearance. Tait would leave Chalk Circle at the end of 1990 after the band’s career hit an iceberg. He would form Big Faith with Fergus Marsh, Hugh Marsh and Mike Sloski. In early 2006 the band reunited in Toronto for their ‘greatest hits’ CD launch. with notes from Terry Miller, Chris Tait,  Brad Hopkins.

Singles
1985 The World/Black Pit [cassette] (SFTS Recordings) SFTS-003
1986 April Fool/Big White Clouds (Acoustic Mix) (Duke Street)  DSR-71024
1986 April Fool [3 song 12″] (Duke Street)
1986 Me, Myself And I/Me, Myself & I (Precious Mix) (Duke Street)  DSR-81024
1987 This Mourning/Village (Duke Street) 71035
1987 This Mourning [3 song 12″] (Duke Street)
1987 20th Century Boy/Blame It On The Moon (Duke Street) 81035
1987 N.I.M.B.Y./Who Can Say (Duke Street) 91035
1989 Out of Control (Duke Street) DSRD-8935

Albums

1986 The Great Lake (Duke Street) DSRD-41024
1987 Mending Wall (Duke Street) DSRD-31035
1987 Mending Wall [re-issue w/”20th Century Boy”] (Duke Street) DSMD-31035
1988 The Great Lake [CD re-issue 3 bonus tracks] (Duke Street) DSMD-41024
1989 As The Crow Flies (Duke Street) DSMD-31049
2006 20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Chalk Circle (Universal) 602498333815


CHAMPAGNE SYSTEM, Lou
Lou Champagne System is the one-man-band brainchild of multi-instrumentalist Lou Chamgagne whose 1984 LP ‘No Visible Means’ was a unique guitar/synth dominated pop style a la Nash The Slash. Later he would play with the act Wild Abandon (Russ Watson and Tony Wachnuick) as well as The Scientists (Brian Docherty and Tony Wachnuick) in the Hamilton and Southern Ontario region. Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in his music in Europe thanks to some devoted fans and the inclusion on ‘Reminscent’ a German compilation of popular 80s indie synth bands. Sealed copies of ‘No Visible Means’ have sold for  $200 on Ebay. Champagne currently runs the Lou Champagne Systems Inc. technologies company in Oakville, Ontario. with notes from Lou Champagne.

Albums
1984 No Visible Means (Pterodactyl) PR-001-01


CHAMPION
Alex Machin
(vocals) / John Duva (guitar) / Ashley Mulford (guitar) / Brian Allen (guitar, keyboards)  / Dave Rose (bass)  / Mike Gingrich (bass) / Paul Hannah (drums) / Leo Sullivan (sax)
Following a 4 year stint with Daffodil recording artists A Foot In Cold Water, Alex Machin tried unsuccessfully to put together several acts that could match the intensity and popularity of his previous act. With Brian Allen of Toronto as producer, Machin put together a studio project called Champion that had one self-titled album 1984 on the Solid Gold Records and featured a handful of the industry’s best musicians supporting it. The lone single from the record, “I Would Lie to You for Your Love (and that’s the Truth)” reached FM airwaves but the album bombed. Machin instead has helped in several reformations of A Foot In Coldwater and spent the better part of the 1990’s on his ranch in the Canadian Rocky Mountains. In the mid-2000s he did a brief stint as lead singer for Moxy. with notes from Peter Akerboom, Francis W. Davies.

Singles
1984 I Would Lie to You For Your Love (and that’s the Truth)/You Can’t Go Back (Solid Gold/CBS) SGS-754

Albums
1984 Champion (Solid Gold/CBS) SGR-1026


CHANDELLS, The
Al Gibson
(vocals) / Don Gowan (guitar) / Rick Hiscox (guitar) / Gary Stasiuk (bass) / Norm Hess (drums) / Terry Whitford (guitar). Considered one of Calgary’s pre-eminent rock bands back in the early ’60’s, The Chandells performed their first professional gig in 1962 and survived as a fixture on the Alberta club circuit until 1969 at which time the group split up. Hiscox went to Europe and Hess took his bar exam to become a lawyer and eventually married. In 1978 the band reunited on the urging of Hess’ wife as a four-piece of Gibson, Hiscox, Hess and new guitarist Terry Whitford. They performed cover tune material from their early ’60’s heyday. With Danny Lowe (Painter, 49th Parallel) they produced a 7″ single of the old Knickerbockers classic “One Track Mind” backed with The Kinks’ “Tired of Waiting” in March 1980.

Singles
1980 One Track Mind/Tired of Waiting (Rant) RT-1000


CHANGE OF HEART
Rob Taylor
(bass) / Ron Duffy (drums) / Mike Armstrong (percussion) / Ian Blurton (guitar, vocals) / John Borra (bass; replaced Taylor) / John Richardson (drums; replaced Duffy) / Burhard Maiezza (keyboards)
Toronto’s Change Of Heart formed in 1982 and featured former members of A Neon Rome, Blurton, Borra and Maiezza. In 1986 they released a lo-fi cassette called ‘Northwinds’ which gained them some buzz on College radio. New start-up label, Primitive Records, released a full album called ’50 Ft. Up’ later that year. The band did a six city tour of Western Canada in 1986 plus an opening spot in Toronto for the BoDeans. They also released a video in ’86 for the song “Ten Miles”. They moved to the Fringe Product label in 1987 for the album ‘Slowdance’ and to Montréal’s Cargo Records for their next two albums – 1989’s Soapbox and 1992’s ‘Smile. They toured the album as openers for Sloan with new drummer John Richardson. In 1995 Borra quit in a surprise decision only one month before the major label US re-release of their breakthrough independent record ‘Tummysuckle’ on Virgin Records. The band carried on and released one more album with EMI Canada called ‘Steel Teeth’. Borra joined a reformed version of The Viletones in the ’90s and currently plays with Cleave Anderson (Battered Wives, Sharks, Blue Rodeo) in Toronto punk cover band The Screwed; Blurton continues to re-invent  himself in various solo and band incarnations including the popular act Blurtonia.

Singles
1989
Winter’s Over/[split w/ASEXUALS](Cargo) CAR-701
1991
Tired of Waking Up Tired/Mythology//[split w/SHADOWY MEN ON A SHADOWY PLANET] (Cargo) CAR-702

Albums
1986 Northwinds [cassette]  (independent)
1986 50 Ft. Up (Primitive/Subcanus) PR-86001
1987 Slowdance (Fringe Product) FPL-3038
1989 Soapbox (Cargo) CARGO-8
1992 Smile (Cargo) CARGO-15
1994 Tummysuckle (Lunamoth)
1995 Tummysuckle [re-issue] (Lunamoth/Virgin/EMI) 600002
1997 Steel Teeth (Virgin/EMI) V21S-41635


CHANGING FACES
Daniel Alexander
(vocals) / Q.T. Grant (vocals) / Jeremy Lacy (guitar) / Dennis Anthony (bass) / Michael Dante (keyboards) / Kerlan McLean (drums) / Curtis Armorer (saxophone)
Toronto funk and soul act with an emphasis on vocals. Their debut dance record, “I’m Gonna Make You Love Me”, was produced by Crack of Dawn’s Carl Otway and engineered by Tod Cutler.

Singles
1986 I’m Gonna Make You Love Me (Radio Edit)/I’m Gonna Make You Love Me (Extended Mix) [12”] (Cherry Beach) FI-01
1987 I Wanna Love You/Let Me Be the One [12”] (Cherry Beach) FICB-2000


CHANNEL 5
Ricky Rose
(lead vocals) / Jeff Danna (guitar, vocals) / Gene Goral (keyboards, vocals) / Doug Barlett (bass) / Dave Massey (drums, percussion) / Scott Graham (vocals; replaced Rose)
Burlington band with modern pop appeal and a strong Mod influence. with notes from Vicki Tudor

Albums
1982 Channel 5 [4 song 12″] (Rooftop)


CHANTAL
Québéc’s Chantal was signed to Columbia Records based on marketing her as a ‘mall-pop’ teen singer. Her debut album was produced by Peter Wood.

Singles
1988
A Little Lovin’/Sometimes Love Can Heal A Broken Heart (Columbia/CBS)
C4-3067
1989
Angel In Your Eyes/Sometimes Love Can Heal A Broken Heart (Columbia/CBS) C4-3093

Albums
1989
Chantal (Columbia/CBS)  PC-80133


CHANTECLAIRS, The
Beverlie Sammons [aka Beverlie Robertson] (vocals) / Klaas Van Graft  (guitar) / Alan MacRae (guitar) / Ken Duncan (replaced MacRae; bass, flute, vocals) / Joe Hampson (bass, vocals)
Toronto folk act formed in the early 1960s. They did regular performances at Moorings and the Embassy Tavern. They also performed at Maple Leaf Gardens in 1962 on a bill with David Wiffen. MacRae would go on to record as a solo artist. with notes from Beverlie Robertson. [also see Alan MacRae]

Singles
1963
Bay of Biscay’o/P.G.E. (Continental Maple-Leaf) 45-5008

Albums
1963
Just For A Lark (Continental Maple-Leaf) CML-1000


CHANTONES, The
Roy Lesperance
(vocals – bass)  / Jim Nantais (vocals – baritone)  / Irving Hansen (vocals) / Frank Menard (vocals) / Orval Marentette (vocals)  / Larry Desjarlais (vocals – tenor) / Jack Grenier (vocals)  Windsor’s The Chantones were originally known as The Teen Tones when the quartet first began singing together in the summer of 1953 for the Catholic Youth Organization sponsored talent contest which they won with their rendition of The Four Lads’ “Have You Talked To The Man Upstairs”. A lucky break came after meeting Wally Spitzig who knew the Four Lads and arranged for the quartet to sing his arrangement of “You’ll Never Walk Alone” at the Michigan State Fair. Soon they were substituting for a cancelled act at Windsor’s Metropole supper club. Following this show they were able to get bookings throughout Windsor including the Elmwood Casino. With the departure of Menard and Marentette (who were replaced by Desjarlais and Grenier) the group changed their name to The Chantones. Sparton Records signed them and released one single in 1957 – “Anne Marie” – which gave them some national attention on the charts. In 1958 renowned Windsor star Jack Scott was looking for backing vocalists for his song “My True Love” and used the Chantones to great effect. However, his label, ABC Records, rejected the single and it languished until Carlton Records bought the recording for $4800 and released it with heavy promotion. The record went Top 5. The Chantones released six singles with Scott on the Carlton label and their own single “It Was…Just A Summer Love”. With the records reaching higher chart positions and selling more, Top Rank Records offered Carlton Records’ Joe Carlton $50,000 to buy Jack Scott (and the Chantones) out of their contract. The Chantones continued making records with Jack Scott – over 150 songs in all – and even released two of their own singles with Top Rank: “Five Little Numbers” (1959) and “Tangerock” (1960). In 1961 the group moved to Capitol Records for the single “Stormy Weather”.  By 1962 Lesperance had left for family life. The act, now a trio of Nantais, Desjarlais and Grenier, released their first full-length album called ‘More of the Chantones’ for the Jay-Ell label stateside. They carried on as a revue until 1976. Lesperance, who was born with a congenital cataract visual impairment, eventually went blind and was an employee for the Canadian National Institute for the Blind. The other three members all settled in Michigan. with notes from Ann Menard Horodyski, Lady Bailey, James Natzke

Singles
1957 Anne Marie/Storm In My Heart (Sparton) 491-R
1958
It Was…Just A Summer Love/Five Little Numbers (Carlton) 458
1959
Five Little Numbers/If I Loved You (Top Rank)
1960 Tangerock/Don’t Open That Door (Top Rank)  RA-2066
1961 Stormy Weather/Sweet Georgia Brown (Capitol) 4661
1966 Talkin’/I Remember You (Sidra – US) S-9008

with JACK SCOTT & THE CHANTONES
1958 My True Love/Leroy (Carlton) 462
1958 With Your Love/Geraldine (Carlton) 483
1959 Goodbye Baby/Save My Soul (Carlton) 493
1959 I Never Felt Like This/Bella (Carlton) 504
1959 The Way I Walk/Midge (Cartlon) 514
1959 There Comes a Time/Baby Marie (Carlton) 519

Albums
1962 More of the Chantones (Jay-Ell – US) 1640

with JACK SCOTT & THE CHANTONES

1961 The Spirit Moves Me (Top Rank) RM-348
1994 Classic Scott [4 CD Box] (Bear Family)


CHAPTER V
Brian Ahern
(lead guitar, vocals) / John Redmond (bass) / Jamie Piers (vocals) / Michael Ahern (guitar) / Ken Tobias (drums) / Steve Rhymer (guitar; replaced M.Ahern) / Norman Calp (drums; added) / Bruce MacFarland (guitar; replaced B.Ahern)
Originally known as The Badd Cedes, this Halifax, Nova Scotia act formed in 1966. The band played sock-hops, dance parties and socials locally and was one of three projects Brian Ahern was performing in while performing on the summer replacement TV show ‘Singalong’ Jubilee (where he would discover Anne Murray). After getting signed to Verve/Folkways they recorded a number of demos at the CBC in Halifax and relocated to Toronto to record several sessions for the label. There was an existing band called The Bad Seeds so it was at this point they changed their name to Chapter V and released their only single, “Dolly’s Magic” in 1967. Brian Ahern wrote both songs and sang “Dolly’s Magic”. Tobias moved up front – and drummer Calp was added – and sang the flip side. They promoted the record with appearances on Canadian television including CBC-TV’s ‘Music Hop’. After the initial buzz of the single wore off, the group relocated once again – this time to Ottawa – and added Bruce MacFarland on guitar. The changed their name to ELIZABETH but failed to make any headway and split up by 1969. Tobias would go on to be a successful singer-songwriter in his own right both as a solo artist and writing for others. He would pen The Bells’ million seller “Stay Awhile”; Redmond would go on to be an executive for Polygram Music Publishing; Brian Ahern produced and recorded for Anne Murray and managed her early career including getting her deal with Capitol Records. He moved to the USA and went on to produce several country artist including Emmylou Harris (who he married), Rosanne Cash, Ricky Skaggs, Karen Brooks, and George Jones among others; Calp performed with the likes of Hagood Hardy, Terry Black, Anne Murray, Ronnie Hawkins, Sugar Shoppe and Ken Tobias before returning to Nova Scotia to form SOMA with former members of A Stitch ‘n’ Tyme. He teaches drums and his most recent students include David Langguth (Nelly Furtado, Jeff Jones) and New York jazz drummer Greg Ritchie; Rhymer went on to be a successful songwriter for the likes of Emmylou Harris, Anne Murray and others. with notes from Brian Ahern, Joel Zemel, Jim Rice, Ken Tobias, and Richard Patterson.

Singles
1967 Dolly’s Magic/The Sun Is Green (Verve/Folkways) 5046   
1967 Dolly’s Magic/Headshrinker (Verve/Folkways) 5057


courtesy David Sampson

CHARACTERS, The
Bruce Ireland (lead guitar) / Gilbert “Gibby” Rozon (rhythm guitar, lead vocals) / Randy Shipclark (bass) / Pierre Lalond (drums; 1962-1963)  / Raymond Legault (drums; 1963-1967)  / Richard Cousineau (sax, vocals)
Randy Shipclark had played with future Esquires drummer Richard Patterson in The Electrons in 1961 before joining the Imperial Five in 1962. This Ottawa band re-christened themselves The Characters in 1964 at the suggestion of manager Sandy Gardiner to avoid conflict with an American act with the same name. The Characters were also used as the backing band for singer Dave Britten (who would later be signed to Capitol in 1965). The Characters were a British Invasion-styled pop & blues act who managed a small chart showing with two singles on the Red Leaf label. 1966’s “Tell Me” reached No. 65 in the fall of that year. The group split up in 1967; Gib Rozon still lives in Ottawa and played in the Dillon-Ross Band and The Ryvyls. He is currently playing in a duo with his son, Al. with additional notes by Dave Griffith, Richard Patterson and Bruce Ireland.

Singles
1966 Tell Me/There’s Always Time for Love (Red Leaf) TTM-624  
1966 Daddy Rolling Stone/I’m Gonna Win You Back (Red Leaf) TTM-631


CHARLEBOIS, Robert
Born: June 25, 1945 in Montréal, Québec
Bilingual singer/songwriter/guitarist Robert Charlebois was born in Montréal and studied piano for six years. In his teens he attended the National Theatre School Montréal from 1962 to 1965. In 1965 he attracted the attention of Select Records and they soon released ‘Robert Charlebois Volume I’. In 1966 the sequel, ‘Volume II’ was released as Charlebois began setting himself up as a force to be reckoned with. In 1968 he moved over to Gamma Records with another self-titled debut but it was the song he’d written with Claude Peloquin called “Lindbergh” and sang with Louise Forestier which earned him the grand prize at the Fifth International Festival of French Song in Spa, Belgium, and the Prix-Leclerc at Festival du Disque. By the late 1960s he was being recognized as the ‘Superfrog’ with his patriotic apparel and slang bilingual songs (known as joual). Along with his band and frequent female backing vocalists such as Louise Forestier and Mouffe, Charlebois had managed to become a true Francophone pop star. His first appearance outside Québec was at the Toronto Pop Festival in 1969 (the same Festival that produced John Lennon’s ‘Live Peace in Toronto’ LP). And a year later was a member of the Festival Express which traveled across Canada by train entertaining Canadians with its wide variety of top name Canadian performers. Following a succession of hit singles in Québec in 1969 and 1970, Charlebois started writing film scores such as ‘Jusqu’an coeur’ (1969), ‘A Soir, on fait peur au monde’ (1969), ‘Deux femmes en or’ (1970) and ‘Bulldozer’ (1971). More singles followed in a newly discovered crossover to Cajun and Acadian music. In 1972 Charlebois released his first record in English – “The Greatest Idea”. Following two successive albums in 1974, Charlebois took a break to act in the films ‘Sombre vacances’ (1975) and Spaghetti Western director Sergio Leone’s  ‘Un genie, deux associes un cloche’ (1976). By year’s end he began performing again and has maintained his status as the father of the electric chansonnier style of music. A succession of independent releases on Solution Records in the ’80’s helped Charlebois wade out the tide of shifting musical tastes and in 1992 he released ‘Immensement’, which received France’s Victoire (a French Grammy Award). He also recorded his first rock opera, ‘Cartier: l’opéra rock’, which was also performed live on French radio. Charlebois owns the largest independent micro-brewery in Québec called Unibroue. with notes from Robert Helie and Natasha Gauthier.

Singles
1967 Demain l’hiver/C’est pour ça (Gamma)  AA-1020
1967 Lindbergh/Californi [w/ Louise Forestier] (Gamma) AA-1026
1968 Down in the South/La fin du monde (Gamma) AA-1034
1968 Jusqu’au coeur /Coeur en Chomage (Gamma)  AA-1036
1968 Tout écartillé/Phébus et Borée (Gamma) AA-1044
1969 Marie Noel/Demain L’hiver (Gamma) AA-1058
1969 Te V’la/Les Ailes d’un Ange (Gamma) AA-1063
1969 Miss Pepsi/Deux Femmes en Or (Gamma)  AA-1076
1970 Ordinaire/Mon pays (Gamma)  AA-1081
1970 La Solitudine/1941 [avec Patty Pravo] (RCA – Italy) 
1971 Beige neige/Le violent seul (Gamma) AA-1108
1971 Ya sa pichou/Dolorès (Gamma) AA-1130
1971 Complainte de Presqu’ Amerique/La valse Reno (Gamma) AA-1139
1971 Limoilou/Parle-moi (Gamma) AA-2000
1971 Autre chanson pour la meme Mouffe/C’est pour ça (Gamma) AA-606
1971 Sensation/Les ailes d’un ange (Gamma) AA-607
1972 Conception/Le mur du son (Barclay – France) 61.552
1973 Madame Bertrand/Chante avec Mouffe  (Barclay – France)  61.151
1973 The Greatest Idea/Halloween In Hollywood (Barclay)  30014
1973 Cauchemar /Adieu Alouette (Barclay)  60257
1974 La Marche du Président [Charlebois, Vigneault, Leclerc]/Mon pays (L’escargot – France) ESC-17659
1974 Avril Sur Mars / Entre Deux Joints, Entre Dorval Et Mirabel (Barclay) 60273
1974 Je Rêve à Rio/Manche de Pelle (Barclay)  60300
1974 Urgence/Je rêve à Rio (Barclay – France)  620.097
1975 Je reviendrai à Montréal/Discobol (Kèbec-Disc) KD-4005
1975 L’agression [Motion Picture Soundtrack]  (AZ – France)
1976 The Frog Song/Wasichu (homme barbu qui vient de l’est) (Kèbec-Disc/RCA) KD-4007
1979 Super Baby/J’veux de l’amour (RCA) 110
1981 Meurs Pas/Amour fiction (RCA – France) PB-8685
1981 Pobre Julio/Non B Side (RCA – France) DB-8815
1982 News/J’ai de la misère avec les femmes (RCA – France) DB-61052
1982 J’t’aime comme un fou/J’ai de la misère avec les femmes (RCA – France) PB-61082
1985 Honeymoon [Extrait de la bande originale du film “Lune de Miel”]/Honeymoon (instrumental)  (Philips – France) 884.214
1984 C’est pas physique c’est électrique/Je ne pense qu’à toi (Solution) SN-8303
1984 Juke Box/Tout Nucleaire (Solution) SN-8304
1984 Saute Vite A Mon Cou/Zoo Diac (Solution) SN-8305
1984 Piano Bar/Yuppie (Solution) SN-8308
1985 Le P’tit Bonhomme Gris/Silence on Danse (Solution) SN-8310
1985 J’savais Pas/Vous Me Manquerez (Solution) SN-8312
1985 Madonna Tremblay/[same] (Solution) SN-8313
1985 Cette Chanson La/[same] (Solution) SN-8314
1986 Je reviendrai à Montréal/Mon ami Fidel (Solution) SN-9008
1986 Coup d’soleil/Une autre (Solution) SN-9024
1986 Je L’savais/Le Tango A Carreaux (Solution) SN-9034
1986 Super Baby/J’t’haïs (Solution) SN-9053
1986 Moi Tarzan, toi Jane/Moi Tarzan, toi Jane (version instrumentale) (Solution) SN-9101
1987 Faut Qu’ca Change/Les Chiffres Parlent (Solution) SN-9141
1987 Les Talons Hauts/Pile Ou Face (Solution) SN-9157
1987 Champion/Champion (Solution) SN-8036
1987 Juste Pour Ritz/Tarari (Films Rozon) RITZ-1987
1992 Immensément
1992 L’Indépendantriste/La valse des cocotiers (WEA)
1995 L’autoroute
1997 Le batteur du diable/Le vent (WEA – Europe) PRCD-813

Albums
1965 Robert Charlebois Volume I (Select) SSP-24-131
1966 Robert Charlebois Volume II (Select) SSP-24-147
1968 Robert Charlebois (Gamma)  GS-115
1969 Robert Charlebois avec Louise Forestier (Gamma)  GS-120
1970 Québec Love (Gamma)  GS-136
1971 Les Grands Succès de Robert Charlebois (Gamma)  G-2-1003
1971 Un gars ben ordinaire (Gamma)  GS-144
1972 Robert Charlebois: l’histoire de Robert Charlebois [2LPs] (Gamma)  G-3-601
1973 Charlebois (Barclay – France)  80123
1973 Solidaritude (Barclay – France)  80179
1974 Charlebois [re-issue] (Barclay – France)  80200
1975 Les Grands Succès Barclay: Robert Charlebois, Vol.21 [2LPs)] (Barclay – France) 
2-75201
1976 Longue Distance (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-905
1976 Live de Paris [2LPs] (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) 2-SN-925/926
1977 Swing Charlebois Swing (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-939
1978 Disque d’or (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SNX-926
1978 Disque d’or Volume 2 (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SNX-945
1979 Cauchemar [2LPs] (Solet/Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SNA-947-948
1979 Solide (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SNL-964
1980 Émilie Jolie (RCA) PL-37338
1982 Heureux en amour (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-531
1983 Robert Charlebois (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-801
1984 Super Position (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-802
1987 Charlebois Volume Un (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-803
1988 Dense (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-804
1991 Première Période (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) 3-SNC-975-3
1992 Le Meilleur de Charlebois (FNAC) 662014
1992 Immensément
1993 Cartier: l’opéra rock
1995 La maudite tournée (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SNC-2-809
1996 Le chanteur masque  (Solution/Kèbec-Disc) SN-810
2001 Doux sauvage
2005 Tout Écartillé – Le meilleur de Charlebois
2010 Tuot est bien (Tribu) TRICD-7305


CHARLEE
Walter Rossi
(guitar, vocals) / Jack Geisinger (bass) / Mike Driscoll (drums) / George Gardos (bass)
Montréal hard-rock trio formed by Walter Rossi following his stint with Influence.

Singles
1972 Lord Knows I’ve Won/Wizard (RCA/Victor) 75-1090
1972 Je veux te dire/Wizard (RCA/Victor) 75-5106

Albums
1972 Charlee (RCA/Victor) LSP-4809


CHARLOTTE ET HÉRVE
One-off act to promote the Hervé Doucet written song sponsored by the Olympic Lottery to raise funds for Canadian athletes at the 1976 Montréal Olympics.

Singles
1976 Si la chance te sourit/Si la chance te sourit (Instrumentale) (Lottery Canada)


CHECKERLADS, The
Bob Stevens
(vocals) / Bobby Edwards (keys, vocals) / Harvey Frasz (drums) /  Larry Reich (guitar) / Arnie Sanns [aka Arnie Ripplinger] (bass; vocals)
From Regina, Saskatchewan. Edwards would go on to a solo career.

Singles
1966 Baby Send for Me/Shake Yourself Down (Gaiety) G-116
1967 You Just Can’t Hide/Dreamer (Gaiety) G-123
1967 My Time Is Comin’/Behind Ev’ry Man (RCA Victor Canada International) 57-3443


CHECKERS, The

Singles
1961
Chinook/Stormin’ (Barry) B-3054X


CHEER, The
Lloyd Peterson
(guitar, keybs, vocals) / Chris Maxfield (drums, vocals) / Randy Hadubiak (bass, vocals)  / Stan Lee Sandblaste (guitar)
Winnipeg 4-piece formed by Peterson and Maxfield in Niagara Falls before relocating to Manitoba in 1982. They started playing mostly cover tunes and before long were opening for name brand acts such as Nazareth and k.d. lang. By 1984 they had tired of the cover tune scene and headed into the studio with some original material to produce 1985’s ‘Swimming To Work’. The Bob Rock produced single, “Shot With Our Own Guns”, about racial violence in South Africa, was released in 1986 and featured an independently financed video which saw some airplay in the Prairies. The Cheer continued their association with Bob Rock & Paul Hyde (Payolas) and apparently produced another full-length album with them in the late 1980’s.

Singles
1986 Shot With Our Own Guns (Rotifer) RR-86-2

Albums
1985 Swimming To Work (Rotifer) RR-8501


CHĖRI
Rosalind Hunt (vocals) / Lise Cullerier (vocals) / Amy Roslyn (replaced Cullerier)
Chéri was a short-lived Canadian dance music duo from Montreal, consisting of American Rosalind Hunt (daughter of R & B singer Geraldine Hunt) and Canadian Lise Cullerier. The friends began to singing together after being encouraged by Geraldine. In 1982, they released the single “Murphy’s Law” on 6 A.M./RIO Records which peaked at #39 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart though it did hit #1 on the Billboard Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart. The second single was “Give It To Me Baby” which peaked at #53 on the Billboard charts and both songs would appear on their self-titled debut album in 1982 on 21 Records which was produced by Geraldine Hunt and Freddie James (her son/Rosalind’s brother). In 1983, the group released their sophomore album “Love Stew” with Amy Roslyn replacing Cullerier. The record was produced by Geraldine Hunt and Peter Dowse. The album spawned two minor Top100 hits in the U.S. with “Working Girl” and “Small Town Lover.”

Singles
1982 Murphy’s Law/[same] (6 A.M./RIO) AM-701
1982 Murphy’s Law (4:43)/Murphy’s Law (4:33) [12″] (6 A.M./RIO) AM-61201
1982 Star Struck/Come and Get Memories (21/Polydor) T1-2103
1982 Star Struck (Extended Version)/Give It To Me Baby 12″] (21/Polydor) TIX-2103
1982 Come and Get These Memories (Extended Version)/Star Struck (Extended Version) [12″] (21/Polydor – UK) POSPX-508
1983 Small Town Lover/Midnight Blue (6 A.M./Trans-Canada) SAM-A5
1983 Small Town Lover (Long Version)/Small Town Lover (Short Version) [12″] (6 A.M./Trans-Canada) SAM-12A5
1983 Working Girl (Long Version)/So Sure [12″] (Long Version) (21/Polydor – US) T1D-302
1983 Working Girl/So Sure (21/Polydor – US) T1-107

Albums
1982 Chéri (21/Polydor) T1-1-9001
1983 Love Stew (21/Polydor) T1-1-9005
1993 Murphy’s Law (Unidisc) SPLK-7087


CHELSEA WIND
Larry Lee
[aka Broderick] (vocals) / Sebastian Agnello (guitars) / Paul Clinch (drums) / Peter Goodale (keys) / Don Pavling (bass)
Larry Lee Broderick, from London, Ontario, was the lead singer of Larry Lee and the Leesures. They had a couple of moderate hits in the early ’60s including “Toodle Oo Kangaroo”. Chelsea Wind was a pseudonym to break Lee as a lounge/adult pop artist. Chelsea Wind originally recorded for Greg Hambleton’s Tuesday label, but moved to Celebration Records for their 1973 debut album. All the songs on the album were written by prominent Canadian songwriters — Greg Hambleton, Paul Gross, Rich Dodson (Stampeders), Gary Weeks and Dave Beckett (aka Gary & Dave). Hambleton produced the albumat Toronto Sound with future uber-producer Terry Brown engineering. Hambleton had Lee record the Beau-Marks’ “Clap Your Hands” as Lee had been good friends with Beau-Marks vocalist Ray Hutchinson and the song was adopted by The Leesures as their signature tune. The band on the album is the Sound Canada studio band that was the led by Sebastian Agnello. This is the same band that played on at least 100 albums including Gordie Tapp, Diane Leigh, Jack Baily and Gary & Dave. Agnello was asked to assemble a Chelsea Wind touring band for Lee. Agnello remained on guitar and keyboards, Clint Ryan (of “Hair” and a member of Male Bagg/Spuff) played bass, Sonny Milne (Little Caesar) was on drums, and Yves LeConte (aka “The Evil Count”) played saxophone, flute and keyboards. He was amazing. Milne was replaced by Glenn Brown, who was Male Bagg’s drummer and also the former singer for Leigh Ashford in the late ’60s before Buzz Shearman. This version of Chelsea Wind lasted about a year. Their most prominent performance was at the RPM Music Conference in November 1973. Larry Lee also had a booking agency and managed some acts including vocalist Linda Lane. In the mid- ’70s, he moved to Hendersonville near Nashville (just a few blocks away from Johnny Cash). He started a music publishing company/label called Silver Jingle Music and his office was in the MCA building. with notes from Sebastian Agnello

Singles
1971 I’m Going Back/I’ll Never Forget Her (Tuesday) 108
1971 Only A Friend/Give Me You (Tuesday) 114
1973 Sun Shines In Your Eyes/Out Of My Mind (Celebration/Quality) CEL-2058

Albums

1973 The First Chelsea Wind Album (Celebration/Quality) CEL-1887


CHESSMEN, The
Terry Jacks (guitar, vocals) / Guy Sobell (lead guitar) / Bill Lockie (bass) / Erik Kalaidzis (vocals) / Tom Meikle (drums) / Kenny Moore (drums; replaced Meikle) / Al Wiertz (drums; replaced Moore) / Miles Kingan (drums; replaced Wiertz) / Bruce Peterson (electric accordion; added)  / Larry Borisoff (bass, vocals; replaced Lockie) / Duris Maxwell (drums; replaced Kingan)
Guy Sobell was a guitarist in a Vancouver band, The Ken Clark Trio, and while in Europe, he had heard music by Swedish group The Spotnicks and the English group The Shadows and decided to form his own band after returning to Canada. At the same time, a 17 year old named Terry Jacks had put together a “surf” band”, The Sand Dwellers. When the Sand Dwellers split up, some of the members re-formed as The Vancouver Playboys which left Terry Jacks without a band. Jacks and Sobell were introduced to two fellow University of British Columbia students, Bill Lockie, a guitar player who was learning to play bass, and Erik Kalaidzis, a singer who played chess with Sobell and The Chessmen were born. Initially, they did gigs at UBC fraternity houses for $40 a night without a drummer. Kalaidzis later left the group because his vocal style was more classical and not geared to what the group was doing at the time. So the band became an instrumental group. The band acquired drummer Tom Meikle and began touring motels and hotels in the British Columbia interior through the winter of 1963. Upon their return to Vancouver they replaced Meikle with drummer Kenny Moore. In mid-1964 they recorded three songs at Robin Spurgin’s Vancouver Recording Studio in – “Meadowlands”,”Mustang” and “When I’m Not There”. Vancouver DJ Red Robinson gave the tape to London Records who released the band’s first single – “Meadowlands” – in December 1964. Robinson also had the record released Jerden records stateside but under the title “Mr. Meadowland”. With the success of the London release locally, the band returned to live performances at sock hops, roller rinks, and high school dances across British Columbia throughout the spring of 1965. Jacks wrote a new song for the band – this time with vocals which he supplied (the band was still instrumental at this point) – called “The Way You Fell” which was soon committed to tape at Vancouver Recording Studio along with a b-side called “She Comes By Night”. They also had another new drummer for this session named Al Wiertz. The single was released in April 1965 and managed to hit a peak of No.4 on Vancouver station CFUN-AM’s Top50. After seeing Brenda Lee in Vancouver, Jacks became friends with her manager Dub Allbritten who soon managed The Chessman. He got the band a deal stateside with Mercury Records. In September 1965 they traveled by bus with new drummer Myles Kingan and electric accordian player Bruce Peterson to Nashville. Over two days they recorded four songs with producer Jerry Kennedy (Roger Miller, Jerry Lee Lewis, Charlie Rich) at Fred Foster’s studio. Upon their return to Vancouver, they played The Beach Boys show along with Charlie Rich and The Castaways at the PNE Gardens. This was followed by fall 1965 gigs with Buddy Knox and Roy Orbison between their usual high school and dance hall gigs. Mercury released the new single, “Love Didn’t Die”, in December 1965 and they band closed out the year opening a show for Gary Lewis and The Playboys in Vancouver. In February, 1966 they returned to Nashville – this time by plane – for two more recording sessions featuring new bassist Borisoff. These sessions produced the single “What’s Causing This Sensation” b/w “For Running Wild” which was released in April 1966 on Mercury to little fanfare. The Chessmen continued touring across British Columbia with their new drummer Duris Maxwell. The Chessmen’s final gig was in Ladner, British Columbia on July 15, 1966. Some material from this gig would end up being released in 2010 on Regenerator Records’ ‘Chessmen Collection’. [also see TERRY JACKS]

Singles
1964 Meadowlands/Mustang [instrumental] (London) M-17334
1965 The Way You Fell/She Comes By Night (London) M-17340
1965 Love Didn’t Die/You Lost Your Love (Mercury) M-72498
1966 What’s Causing This Sensation (Mercury) M-72559

Albums

2010 Collection: 1964-1966 (Regenerator)


CHESTER
Jim Mancel
(vocals) / Mel O’Brien (bass) / Mike Argue (guitar, vocals) / Wedge Monroe (drums, piano, guitar) / Glen Morrow (keyboards, guitar, vocals) / Fran Cheslo (vocals; 1977)
Glen Morrow formed Chester in late 1972. The group was together for a mere 7 months when their hit “Make My Life A Little Bit Brighter” stormed up the charts in the summer of 1973. By 1974 Mike Argue left for an ill-fated solo career. The band fell apart in 1975 and after Mancel recorded a single on Celebration under his own name called “Let the Phone Ring” he adopted the Chester name for singles released on Quality in 1977. Morrow attempted to resurrect the act during the disco era by recruiting Fran Cheslo and released one single before finally calling it quits; in 1976 Morrow was approached by the management company for international troubadour Chris DeBurgh about assembling a backing band for the performer. With Morrow’s industry connections he assembled The Band With No Name (which would eventually feature guitarist Danny McBride). When Chris DeBurgh recorded his 1980 album ‘Eastern Wind’ album in Toronto, Morrow was keyboard player for the sessions along with Lisa Dalbello and Colina Phillips (both vocalists). DeBurgh used Morrow on his 1981 ‘Man On the Line’ album and toured with DeBurgh straight through until 1994. Morrow appeared on the 1995 DeBurgh CD ‘High On Emotion: Live From Dublin’; O’Brien currently lives in Ireland; Monroe drummed on Ken Tobias’s 1974 release “Give A Little Love” and was in Tobias’s band.

Singles
1973 Make My Life a Little Bit Brighter/But Maybe Next Time (Celebration) 2078X
1974 Start a Dream/Nothing But a Baby (Celebration) 2092X
1976 Betty Bingo/Nothing But a Baby (Quality) 2152X
1977 You Give Me Strength/Love Signs (Quality) 2209X

Albums
2008 Chester, Mancel, Argue Collection (Unidisc)


CHESTER, David
Chester is a rhythmic rock artist whose debut release was co-produced by Ken Tobias. Chester became owner operator of Chalet Studio in Claremont, Ontario. He was also a member of the band Midlife Crisis. with notes from David Chester.

Albums
1984 Goliath (independent)
1992 Someone Here… (independent)


CHEVY DIRT
Steve Emslie
(guitar, vocals) / Dawn Guthrie (lead vocals) / The Vulture (drums) / Skitz Borderline (bass) / Spike (lead guitar)
1970’s punk act Chevy Dirt & The Perpetrators featured Emslie (as “Chevy Dirt”) and Guthrie (as “Squirrelly Strange”). Their first show was Elliot Lake, Ontario in 1980 and a full schedule of club dates throughout Ontario and Québec kept them busy throughout most of that year. They would eventually tour down east twice and west once.  Chevy Dirt recorded for Myles Cohen’s Change Records label for their self-titled debut which came complete with 3-D glasses. Skitz (aka Fyl Bennett) went on to be a member of such bands as Stranger, The Cardinals, The Rum Runners, Dos Fabulous Swilltones, Steve Lee and the Ride, Black Cat Bone, Blue Highway, The Cheryl Lescomb Band, and Celtic Blue and currently performs as a member of The Dole Tinkers. with notes from Dan Reeves.

Singles
1979
Nothing To Me/G.T.O (Change/MCA) CH-45026

Albums
1980
Western Civilization (Change/MCA) CLP-8009


CHIKKIN
Greg Evans
(bass/synthesizer/vocals) / David Tomlinson (drums/percussion/vocals) / Eddy Valiquette (guitar/vocals)
From Toronto. Tomlinson had done session work in the early 1970s  including an appearance as drummer on Klaatu’s 1974 7” single “Dr. Marvello.”

Singles
1978
I’m Not a Sin/I’m Not a Sin (Egg/A & M) EGS-721
1978 I’m Not a Sin [12”] (Egg/A & M) EGD-1236

Album
1978
Which Came First? (Egg/A & M) EGA-3690


CHIARELLI, Rita
Born: Rita Rondell, Hamilton, Ontario
Rita Chiarelli’s singing/songwriting/guitar playing began while still a student in high school. With her brother , Frank Rondell, Rita Rondell performed light showtunes and alternating psychedelia in the band The Magic Bubble. Many of their original songs were composed by Frank Rondell and Alex MacDougall (Bond, Crowbar) which landed them a record deal in 1970 with Columbia Records. Following Magic Bubble’s demise, Rita would join Battle Axe. Tours of the club circuit in Canada and the US led her to the attention of Ronnie Hawkins while playing at The Black Hawk Motor Inn in Richmond Hill. A year later she left Battle Axe to join Ronnie Hawkins and The Hawks. She soon found the gig and the Canadian music arena for hard rocking female singing blues guitarists restrictive to her career so she quit and moved to Italy where the musical climate was more conducive to her brand of rock and roll. After writing a substantial amount of material, she returned to Canada five years later under the name Rita Chiarelli and released the independent single “Have You Seen My Shoes?” and landing a Toronto Music Award in 1987 for ‘Artist Most Deserving Of A Record Contract’. In 1988 she received another Toronto Music Award for ‘Toronto’s Rising Star’ and soon came to the attention of movie director Bruce McDonald and a spot on the soundtrack to his movie ‘Roadkill’ (and later on ‘Highway 61’). 1991 proved fruitful as she took first place in Q107’s annual ‘Homegrown’ contest with the song “Love Overload” and first prize in the Molson Canadian Rocks Showdown as ‘Canada’s No.1 Homegrown Artist’. She formed the band the Road Rockets and launched her debut album, also called ‘Road Rockets’, on Stony Plain in 1992. Two more guitar driven albums followed including ‘Just Gettin’ Started’ (1994) and her live disc ‘What A Night: Live’ featuring Chiarelli on vocals and guitar, Papa John King (guitar), Pick Withers (drums) and Nigel Portman-Smith (bass). Chiarelli has also been featured in the ‘Celebration of Blues’ compilation series. In 2001 she released ‘Breakfast at Midnight’ CD. with notes from Richard Smith. [also see MAGIC BUBBLE]

Singles
1987 Give Me a Reason to Change (Roto Noto) RN-1037
1987
How Blue Can You Get (Roto Noto) RN-1043
1988
Have You Seen My Shoes?/Nighttime Is the Right Time (R & R) 101
1989 Heaven Too/Our Love is Over (independent) 714
1992 Love Overload (Stony Plain/Warner Music)

Albums

1992 Road Rockets (Stony Plain/Warner Music)  SPCD-1173
1994 Just Gettin’ Started (Stony Plain/Warner Music) SPCD-1197
1997 What a Night: Live (Stony Plain/Warner Music) SPCD-1236
2001 Breakfast at Midnight (Northern Blues) NBM-0003
2004 No One to Blame (Mad Iris) MIM-0002
2008 Cuore: The Italian Sessions (Mad Iris) MIM-0003
2009 Uptown Goes Downtown Tonight (Mad Iris) MIM-0005
2010 Sweet Paradise (Mad Iris)
2011 Music From the Big House (Mad Iris)


CHILD, Jane
Born: Jane Richmond Hyslop on February 15, 1967 in Scarborough, Ontario
A native of Scarborough, Ontario, Child was the daughter of two seasoned classical musicians (Ricky Hyslop and Lorraine Johnson). Her mother taught her to sing and her father taught her violin in an atmosphere that excluded rock music. Her formative years were spent listening to an R & B station from Buffalo, New York and, at age 12, singing in the Canadian Children’s Opera Company. Before long she was attending and then dropping out of the Royal Conservatory of Music to join a rock band at age 15 as their keyboard player. In their first year together they toured for 45 weeks playing every rat infested dive in the sleezy backwaters of the Ontario club circuit. She became involved with a management company who moved her to New York City. But the clear vision of her career path clashed with management and during the falling out they confiscated all her recording equipment. She couldn’t legally work in the US any longer but had already moved to Los Angeles when her 1988 demo sparked a bidding war by some 11 record labels. She finally landed in the hands of Michael Ostin, Vice-President of A & R for Warner Music in the US based on her self-contained musical ability of writing, performing and producing everything on her own. After some trepidation, Child convinced Warner that she needed the freedom to produce her own records. The result was her self-titled debut which landed Child a number one hit with “Don’t Wanna Fall In Love” in the US in 1990 as it shot into the Billboard Top-10 and sold gold. Canada was a different matter but she did get her due in 1991 when she was nominated for four JUNO Awards – ‘Songwriter of  the Year’, ‘Most Promising Female Vocalist’, ‘Best Dance Recording’, and ‘Producer of the Year’. The song eventually was released in half a dozen formats with no less than 13 alternate mixes for dance DJs and radio. The follow-up single and two videos (one which never aired), “Welcome to the Real World”, did nothing to enhance the otherwise prestigious sales of her debut album. Still, she toured faithfully on the strength of her new found fame before returning to LA to start work on a follow-up album. Eighteen months of literal home recording spawned the funk-driven pop and moody power-pop record ‘Here Not There’. Feeling she had been packaged and manipulated into a product sporting long braided hair and a nose ring, rather than emphasizing the music, Child took more control over her public image. To that end she mixed her dance rhythms with ragas and grunge affectations. The album did little to keep her in the limelight despite the Top40 showing of “Do Watcha Do” in the US. Warner let her go in early 1995. Jane Child kept a low profile for the remainder of the decade doing occasional collaborations with Japanese artists. Her third album, ‘Surge,’ was released in 2001 on her own independent label. Following the events of 9/11 she re-recorded  her debut album song “World Lullabye” as a single and donated the proceeds to the Twin Tower Fund. In 2004 she appeared on the Tina Turner tribute album ‘What’s Love?’ performing “We Don’t Need Another Hero.” That same year she married keyboard  player Cat Gray (from the TV shows ‘Wayne’ and ‘Let’s Make a Deal’).

Singles
1989 Don’t Wanna Fall In Love/World Lullabye [8 song 12”] (Warner) 92-15260
1989 Don’t Wanna Fall In Love [5 song 12”] (Warner) PRO-3867
1990 Don’t Wanna Fall In Love (Album Version)/Welcome To the Real World (Album Version)  [7”] (Warner) 7-19428
1990 Welcome To The Real World/Hey Mr. Jones (LP Version) [7 song 12”]  (Warner)  
92-15370
1993 Here Not There (Warner – US) PRO-CD-6462
1993 Do Watcha Do/No Solution (Non Album Track) [5 song 12”]  (Warner – US) 0-41193
1994 All I Do/Do Watcha Do [Nu Extended Dance Mix] [5 song 12”] (Warner – US)  0-41372
2001 World Lullabye (2001)/World Lullabye (2010)/World Lullabye (2100)  (Sugar Wave) 101145-4
2001 Rainbow (Fade) [DigiFile]
2001 No Solution (Fade) [DigiFile]

Albums
1990 Jane Child (Warner) 9-25858
1993 Here Not There (Warner) 9-45296
2001 Surge (Sugar Wave) 101145-1
2001 Surge Remixed (Sugar Wave) 101145-3


CHILLIWACK
Bill Henderson
(lead vocals, guitars, piano)  / Glenn Miller (bass, guitar) / Ross Turney (drums) Clair Lawrence (keyboards, flute, sax, piano; 1970-1972)  / Howard Froese (guitar, backing vocals, keys; joined 1973) / Brian Macleod (lead guitars, vocals; joined in 1977)  / Ab Bryant (bass; replaced Miller) / Rick Taylor (drums; 1979 only)  / John Roles (guitar; 1979 only)  / Skip Layton (drums)
Vancouver’s Bill Henderson grew up in Western Canada and began earning a living as a musician while still in high school. He studied music at the University of British Columbia and in 1964 was asked to join a group of musicians who had previously been in The Classics. After two years of high school and teen hall dances they managed to land a record deal with Valiant Records and after recording their debut single, “Looking at a Baby”, they were given the new name of The Collectors. The group managed two albums and a string of radio singles between 1967 and 1970 before changing their name to Chilliwack, with Henderson assuming lead vocal duties, after the departure of Howie Vickers from the Collectors. The new 4-piece Chilliwack released their self-titled debut on Parrot Records in 1970 and had moderate radio success with “Rain-O” as a single. Glenn Miller left for their follow-up double album set (also self-titled) in 1971, but returned after the departure of Claire Lawrence (who would go on to a solo career), for 1972’s ‘All Over You’. The three member line-up was augmented in 1973 with the addition of Howard Froese as second guitarist and the band hooked up with pop tunesmith and Poppy Family main-man Terry Jacks who produced 1974’s ‘Riding High’ album on his own Goldfish label. The record featured the hit single “Crazy Talk”. 1975 saw the band switch this time to Casino Records for ‘Rockerbox’ which yielded no radio singles. Chilliwack which switch to fledgling Vancouver record label Mushroom in 1976 and struck gold with four singles from that year’s ‘Dreams, Dreams, Dreams’ album including “California Girls” and “Fly At Night”. 1977 saw another line-up shake up with the departure of Howard Froese who was replaced by Brian “Too Loud” MacLeod for the album ‘Lights from the Valley’ in 1978. By the third Mushroom release in 1979 (‘Breakdown In Paradise’) Chilliwack consisted of Bill Henderson and Brian MacLeod and featured a complete line-up change with the addition of Ab Bryant (bass), Rick Taylor (drums) and ex-Bond guitarist John Roles. With the collapse of Mushroom Records due to owner Shelly Siegel’s death in 1979, Chilliwack moved homebase to Solid Gold Records and lost Rick Taylor and John Roles in the process. Their first LP for the label, ‘Wanna Be A Star’, yielded several radio hits in “My Girl (Gone, Gone, Gone)” – which won the band a JUNO Award in 1981, “(Don’t Wanna) Live For A Living”, and “I Believe”. ‘Opus X’ in 1982 continued their hit streak as the trio rode the crest of renewed popularity. A greatest hits called ‘Segue’ was quickly fashioned for 1983 and the band followed that with their final studio release ‘Look In, Look Out’ before Solid Gold Records went bankrupt and took Chilliwack’s good fortunes with it. Brian MacLeod would find similar success with his own act the Headpins before succumbing to cancer in the mid-90s. Henderson’s talents as a record producer have been much sought after. In addition to his work with Chilliwack, he has also produced recordings for The Nylons, Long John Baldry, Jr. Gone Wild, Toronto, The Irish Rovers, and The West End Girls among other. In 1982 he won the JUNO Award for ‘Producer of the Year’. Henderson has also been past president of The Songwriter’s Association of Canada and SOCAN. Glenn Miller lives in the east end of Toronto with his wife, Jackie Cale, and plays bass in The John Bell Band on a part time basis. His day job is working for a market research company and he hand builds furniture in his spare time; Henderson spent the ’90s performing and recording with the acoustic music group Ulrich, Henderson, Forbes (UHF). He still tours Chilliwack and holds positions of prominence of some of Canada’s music organizations such as the Songwriter’s Association; Turney lives in L.A.; Lawrence has become an accomplished producer and solo artist as well; Vickers is semi-retired now and lives in Fort Langley, British Columbia; MacLeod succumbed to cancer on April 25, 1992. with notes from Mark McTaggart, James Schoening and Glenn Miller. [also see THE CLASSICS, THE COLLECTORS]

Singles
1970 Chain Train/Must Have Been Blind (Parrot/London) 350
1970 Chain Train/Osaka (Parrot – USA) 350
1970 Rain-O/I Got You Fixed (Parrot/London) PAR-2535
1970 Everyday/Sundown (A & M) PAR-2536
1971 Lonesome Mary/Ridin’ (A & M) AMX-321
1972 Groundhog/Me and You (A & M) AM-1395
1974 There’s Something I Like About That/In And Out (Goldfish/A & M) GF-105
1974 Crazy Talk/In and Out (Goldfish/A & M) GS-110
1974 Come On Over/Time Don’t Mean A Thing To Ya’ (Goldfish/A & M) GS-114
1974 Last Day of December/Magnolia (Casino) C7-107
1974 Riding High/Train’s A-Coming Back (Casino) C7-110
1977 California Girl/Reach (Mushroom) M-7022
1977 Fly At Night/Mary Lou and Me (Mushroom) M-7024
1977 Something Better/Rain-O (Mushroom) M-7025
1977 Baby Blue/Something Better (Mushroom) M-7028
1978 Arms Of Mary/I Wanna Be The One (Mushroom) M-7033
1978 Never Be The Same/I Wanna Be The One (Mushroom) M-7038
1979 Communication Breakdown/Are You With Me (Mushroom) M-7045
1981 My Girl/Sign Here (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-712
1981 I Believe/(Don’t Wanna) Live For A Living [double A-side] (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-716
1981 I Believe/Living In Stereo (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-716
1982 Whatcha Gonna Do (When I’m Gone)/Really Don’t Mind (Solid Gold/A & M)
SGS-725
1982 Secret Information/You’re Gonna Last (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-729
1982 Lean On Me/Night Time (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-736
1983 Don’t Stop/Lonesome Mary (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-747
1983 Don’t Stop/Got You On My Mind (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-752
1983 Are You Really Gonna Walk Out/Gettin’ Better (Solid Gold/A & M) SGS-757

Albums
1970 Chilliwack (Parrot/London) PAS-71040
1971 Chilliwack [2LP] (A & M) SP-3509
1972 All Over You (A & M) SP-4375
1974 Riding High (Goldfish/A & M) GFLP-1003
1975 Rockerbox (Casino/A & M) CAS-1006
1976 Dreams, Dreams, Dreams (Mushroom) MRS-5006
1978 Lights From The Valley (Mushroom) MRS-5011
1979 Breakdown In Paradise (Mushroom) MRS-5015
1981 Wanna Be A Star (Solid Gold/A & M) SGR-1006
1982 Opus X (Solid Gold/A & M) SGR-1014
1983 Segue (Solid Gold/A & M) SGR-1020
1984 Look In, Look Out (Solid Gold/A & M) SGR-1023
1988 Chilliwack’s Greatest Hits [CD] (CBS)
2003 There and Back [CD] (independent)


CHIMO!
Breen LeBoeuf
(vocals) / John Anthony “Tony” Collacutt (piano) / Jack Mowbray (guitar) / Stewart McCann (bass)  / John Brian Johnson (bass, vocals; replaced McCann)  / Ross Raby (organ, vocals)  / Rick King (drums) / Andy Cree (drums; replaced Little) / Pat Little (drums; replaced King; replaced Cree)
Chimo’s roots can be traced back to Parry Sound band The Georgian IV who formed in 1964 and comprised Ross Raby (vocals, organ, piano), John Johnson (vocals, guitar), Stewart McCann (bass), and Rick King (drums). They toured extensively for several years throughout Ontario, Québec and New York State. Following the break-up of The David Clayton-Thomas Combine (itself a holdover from Clayton-Thomas’s The Bossmen), guitarist Jack Mowbray joined the Georgian IV and they changed their name to The Georgian People. Soon Mowbray called upon his old Bossmen bandmate Tony Collacutt for additional piano chops. The group made the rounds on the Southern Ontario bar scene and in their downtime, worked on a repertoire of original material. Soon, the act was signed to Mort Ross’s new Revolver Records. The line-up changed again when McCann quit John Johnson took over duties, relinquishing his role as guitarist to Mowbray. The band also lost King on drums who was replaced by former Combine member Pat Little. With the final addition of vocalist Breen LeBoeuf and their name was changed to Chimo! (Inuit for ‘hello’) but not before one last member change with Andy Cree replacing Pat Little on drums. In the spring of 1970, Revolver released the band’s remake of the old Bossmen song “Quicksilver Woman”, followed that summer by their original song “Silken Silver Melody”. Neither single did particularly well, but Mort Ross pushed forward and managed to get the band’s self-titled debut released in the US on Epic Records. Cree left after the album’s release to be replaced by the man he had originally replaced , Pat Little. But, cracks were already beginning to show with Johnson and Raby departing at the end of 1971 around the same time as their final single, “Cross Country Man”, was released. It was only a matter of time before Collacutt also skipped out leaving Mowbray, Little and LeBoeuf to carry on briefly. Little went on to become a respected session drummer and a member of such Canadian acts as the Modern Rock Quartet, Fludd and Diamondback; LeBoeuf would move on to a brief reformation of Motherlode, then Southcote, and finally, Offenbach; Mowbray formed a lounge act with his wife and then finally retired from the industry; Stewart McCann left the music business and is now a Professor of Psychology at an east coast University. with notes from Stewart McCann and Breen LeBeouf.

Singles
1970 Quicksilver Woman (Revolver) REVS-006
1970 Silken Silver Melody/Lonely Girl (Revolver) REVS-009
1971 Cross Country Man/In The Sea (RCA/Victor) 75-1070
1971 Cross Country Man/In The Sea (Epic – US) 10770

Albums

1971 Chimo! (Revolver) LSP-4470
1995 Chimo! [re-issue] (Pacemaker) PACE-008


CHINA
Chris Kearney (vocals) / Bill King (keyboards, vocals) / Danny McBride (guitar, vocals) / Bernie LaBarge (guitar) / Kevan McKenzie drums) / Gene Falbo (bass) / John Lowrey (guitar)

From Toronto. China was formed in 1980 and played regularly at Toronto’s El Mocambo. They were discovered and signed out of CBS Records New York by Charlie Daniels’ Sir Charles Productions. The band’s debut album was produced by Bob Johnston and featured musicians Skunk Baxter, Lee Ritenour, and Albert Lee. With notes from Bill King and Danny McBride. [also see CHRIS KEARNEY, BILL KING, DANNY McBRIDE, BERNIE LaBARGE]

Singles
1981 You Can’t Treat Love That Way/Roll Me Over (Epic) 14-02611
1981 Little Dancer/Shootout In the Parking Lot (Epic) 14-02933

Albums
1981 China (Epic) FE-37633


CHINA BLUE
Glen Duley
(vocals) / Nicki Scianna (guitar, backing vocals) / Wayne Ellis (bass, backing vocals) / Jeff Nagazine (drums, percussion)
Vancouver, British Columbia hard rock band China Blue was formed in 1985 by Steelback vocalist Glen Duley. While playing the Vancouver club scene and began writing and recording their own material immediately. In 1986 the band’s song “Deceiver” appeared on the ‘CILQ Homegrown’ compilation. Later the song would appear on 1989’s “Hott Night in the City” released by FM Revolver Records. In 1987 recorded at Glenwood studios in Burnaby, BC with producer Andre Kunkel. They would release a 7-song mini-LP on their own label Nemo Music.

Albums
1987
China Blue (Nemo Music) [no cat.#]


CHOICE
Steve Hasiak
(vocals) / Howard Stroh (guitar) / Brian Gillstrom (drums) / Irving Fines (bass)
Formed in 1977, Choice were a mainstream rock act from Regina. They were contestants on CBC’s “Fame Game” and Regina’s representatives in the ‘Music Express’ Homegrown Competition. with notes from Howard Stroh.

Albums

1984 Choice (independent)


CHOYA
Paul Clinch
(lead vocals, guitar, bass, keyboards) / Joey Dinardo (bass) / Gary Gies (drums) / Bruce Ley (keyboards) / Debbie Schaal (viola, vocals) / Rickie Yorke (congas) / Don Paveling (bass; replaced Dinardo) / Dave Morrison (guitar)
The brainchild of the late Paul Clinch (aka Paul Craig), Choya was actually a third generation version of Clinch’s previous band The Magic Cycle (aka The Cycle). The band got its feet wet as backing musicians for Gary & Dave. They tested the waters with their first independent singles like “Let the Children Boogie” in 1973 and “Linda Write Me A Letter” in 1975, before taking the leap with a major album release ‘Living Like A Rich Man’ on Buddah Records. With the success of Peter Foldy’s singles “Roxanne” and “Julie Ann”, Choya was asked to be his backing act for a national tour opening for legendary British Invasion act The Hollies. Dates included performances at Toronto’s Convocation Hall, The Ottawa National Arts Centre, and Hamilton Place. Personal demons forced Clinch to fold the act in 1977 and he soon returned to being a solo artist occasionally playing around Toronto with Derek Pilgrim in a group called Mistee Morning. Clinch formed his own label, Southside Records, and had attempted to get Australian band Wickkety Wak some attention in North America. There were also discussions about releasing a solo single of a Peter Foldy song. Alas, Clinch died, without completing either project, on November 8, 1988.  Debbie Schaal Ankeny continued as a backing vocalist for many projects including Anne Murray’s ‘What A Wonderful Christmas’and ‘Country Croonin’; Ley worked with Willi Morrison and Ian Guenther of Three Hats Productions and is still a composer living in Shelburne, Ontario and most recently plays in jazz act Trouble And Strife. with notes from Peter Foldy, Sebastian Agnello, Lorna Bryan and David Smith. [also see PAUL CLINCH]

Singles
1974 Let The Children Boogie [Part I]/Let The Children Boogie [Part II] (Cue/Quality)
C-502X
1975 Linda Write Me A Letter/I’d Be Happy (Realistic/Radio Shack/CTI) RS-8200
1976 We Can Make It If We Try/You Can Count On Me (Realistic) RE-102

Albums
1976 Living Like A Rich Man (Buddah) 5678


CHRISTENSON
Terry Christenson (vocals, acoustic guitar) / Mike Blackwell (drums) / David P. Scherer (bass, lap steel) / Peter Christenson (electric guitar; piano, harmonica)
Four-piece from Nobel, Ontario that originally started as The Christenson Brothers. They were discovered in 1974 by Canadian music manager Mel Shaw (Stampeders) who produced their first single, called “Goodbye Old Man”, for Orion Records which reached #16 on the RPM Magazine Country Chart in December 1974. The band soon changed its name to Christenson at the suggestion of Shaw and recorded its debut album ‘First Visit’ with producers Hayward Parrot and George Semkiw. The band split up following the album’s release and Terry Christenson went solo.

Singles
as THE CHRISTENSON BROTHERS
1974
Goodbye Old Man/At Peaceful Times (Orion) 7401X
1975 Loner/Your Heart’s Not Where The Money Is (Corner Store) CSR-7501X

Albums
1975
First Visit (Corner Store/Quality) C-1001


CHRISTENSON, Terry
Former member of The Christenson Brothers/Christenson released his debut solo album ‘The Ghosts of 40 Thieves’ as the second album on his family’s Corner Store label. The album features six new solo songs and six tunes extracted from his former band’s 1975 album ‘First Visit. Terry Christenson would write the soundtrack to the movie ‘Tawna: A Story of the Canadian Wolf ‘ in 1978 and then signed with independent label Harvestholm in 1984. He released his first full solo LP ‘Fire In the Snow’ which featured his first charting hit on RPM Magazine’s Country Singles chart with “Never Feelin’ More At Home”. The single was released in December 1984 and peaked at #53 on January 19, 1985. He would then land a record deal with RCA in 1987 and charted a second time with a previously released song called “Summer Heart” which peaked at #44 on the RPM Magazine Country Singles chart May 16, 1987. The song would also cross-over briefly into the RPM Adult Contemporary Top 30 chart.

Singles
1976
The Ghosts of 40 Thieves/Time To Fall (Corner Store) CSR-7508X
1976 Don’t Wait Up Tonight/Barroom Prophet (Corner Store) CSR-7509X
1983 I’ll Get You By/Over the Blues (MWC) MWC-8311
1984 Never Feelin’ More At Home/[same] (Harvestholm) HHR-001
1985 Stubborn Hearts/You (Harvestholm) HHR-002
1985 Fire In The Snow/Shoulder To Shoulder (Harvestholm) HHR-003
1986 Jack of All Trades/[same] (Harvestholm) HHR-8604
1986 Summer Heart/[same] (Harvestholm) HHR-8605
1987 Runnin’ With The Blues/[same] (RCA Victor) JB-50931
1987 Singin’ Blue/Ghostin’ (RCA) JB-50958
1987 The Moment I’m Gone/[same] (RCA) JB-50985
1987 Ghostown/[same] (RCA Victor) JB-51003

Albums
1976
The Ghosts of 40 Thieves (Corner Store)  C-1002
1978 Tawna: A Story of the Canadian Wolf Soundtrack [2LP] (Radio Canada International) RCI-E-1267
1984 Fire In the Snow (Harvestholm) HHR-85001
1987
Summer Heart (RCA) KKL1-0579

as Befreeyourself
2013
Perspectives (Music At Large) [no cat.#]


CHRISTMAS
Bob Bryden
(vocals, guitar) / Helge ‘Rich’ Richter (drums) / Gary Squires (vocals) / Wolfgang Hryciuk (vocals, tambourine) / Robert Bulger (lead guitar) / Tyler Raizanne (bass) / Preston Wynn (vocals; replaced Squires)
From the ashes of Oshawa’s Reign Ghost members Bryden and Richter jammed with several Oshawa-area musicians to try and convince Paragon Records to sign the band by doing a ‘Top 12 Hits’ session that also included three long original ‘jams’. Initially, nothing came of this session recorded in early 1970. Without the band’s permission, Paragon released the early jam session tape as ‘Christmas’ on the same day as an unauthorized second Reign Ghost album. By this time – July 1970 – Christmas was already recording their official ‘debut’ album for Daffodil. In late 1970 ‘Heritage’ finally saw the light of day and included the first single “Don’t Give It Away”. The record failed to make waves as did the follow-up single “Point Blank”. Daffodil was desperate to break the band commercially and had them record the Neil Sedaka tune “I’m A Song, Sing Me” as a non-album single in 1971. However, it seemed the band’s penchant for bizarre and left field progressive arrangements left Christmas out of the radio loop. The decision was soon made to add vocalist Preston Wynn and a change in name occurred. Because it took nearly two years to record their next album – due to Daffodil’s financial problems – ‘Lies to Live By…’ was finally released in 1974 under the name The Spirit Of Christmas in an attempt to establish both a distinct identity and water down their previously perceived public persona. A remixed version of the album track “Graveyard Face” was released as a single in early 1975 but radio success was not to come their way and the band folded not long after. Bulger joined Moxy’s Buzz Shearman in Buzzsaw; Bryden went on to be in Age Of Mirrors and Benzene Jag, enjoyed a lengthy solo career and produced several alternative acts such as The Forgotten Rebels; Richter was last seen back in Oshawa; Raizanne played in Threshold with Bulger. Christmas saw a cult revival in the early ’90s with two of its three albums re-issued on CD through Laser’s Edge Records in New Jersey. A long sought after live album from a 1971 show opening for Crowbar at Massey Hall was issued by Remember The Alamo/Zapp Records in 1989 on a limited edition 300 autographed copies vinyl LP.
with notes from Bob Bryden and Robert Bulger. [also see BOB BRYDEN]

Singles
1970 Don’t Give it Away/Farewell Sweet Lovin’ (Daffodil/Capitol)  DFS-1002
1971 Point Blank/Goin’ to Oklahoma (Daffodil/Capitol) DFS-1008
1971 I’m A Song, Sing Me/A Part of Our Heritage (Daffodil/Capitol)  DFS-1010

as SPIRIT OF CHRISTMAS
1974 Graveyard Face/Stay Dead Lazarus (Daffodil/Capitol) DIL-1056

Albums
1970 Christmas (Paragon) 18
1970 Heritage (Daffodil/Capitol) SBA-16002
1987 Live At Massey Hall [cassette] (independent)
1990 Christmas Live 1971 [vinyl LP] (Remember The Alamo/ZAPP)
1993 Heritage [re-issue] (Laser’s Edge – US) LE-1009
1998 Heritage [re-issue] (Unidisc) AGEK-2166
1998 Live At Massey Hall [re-issue] (Unidisc) AGEK-2167

as SPIRIT OF CHRISTMAS
1974 Lies To Live By… (Daffodil/Capitol) DAF-10047
1991 Lies To Live By… [re-issue] (Laser’s Edge – US) LE-1001
1998 Lies To Live By… [re-issue] (Unidisc) AGEK-2168

Compilation Tracks
1971 cut on ‘Proven Blooms’ (Daffodil/A & M) SBAO-16009

as SPIRIT OF CHRISTMAS
1974 “Jack Boot” on ‘Naturally’ (Daffodil/A & M) DAF-20049


CHRISTOPHER-EDWARD CAMPAIGN
Doug Brooks (vocals) / Bill Taylor (vocals) / Chris Kellesis (organ) / Gary Wyonch (drums) / Stan Drozdoski (lead guitar) / Alex Lowrie (bass) / Brent Martin (trumpet) / Bob McCumber (saxophone, vocals) / Dave Stasiuk (tenor sax)
Toronto 9-piece act that toured extensively through Southern, Ontario and the upper eastern US states gaining a reputation as a solid live act. In 1968 they were finally recognized by songwriter/producer Barry Keene and recorded  two singles for Quality Records.

Singles
1969
Hard Times/You’re My Life (Quality) 1946X
1969 In Ten Years Time/Singing My Own Sing (Quality) 1947X


CHRONIC SUBMISSION
Tyler
(vocals) / Hamish Young (bass) / Christian (guitar) / Ruston Baldwin (drums)
Wailing punk meets heavy metal from one of Toronto’s 2nd generation post-punk acts. “Empty Heads, Poison Darts” was produced by Youth Youth Youth’s Brian Taylor in 1994. Baldwin would join former Swindled/Was Ist Los? bassist Tim James in 1990 as part of the Toronto trio Pineapple Thunderpussy. The band enjoyed a comeback with their reunion shows in 2011.

Albums
1984 Empty Heads, Poison Darts [cassette] (independent)  NRK-69ER


CHURLS, The
Bob O’Neill (vocals) / John Barr (bass) / Brad Fowles (drums) / Sam Hurrie (guitar) / Harry Southworth Ames (guitar)
In the summer/fall of 1967 The Churls played eight weeks as the house band at The Penny Farthing plus gigs at The Strawberry Patch, Charlie Brown’s and The Rock Pile. The Churls were discovered by the Everly Brothers who were in Toronto playing at the King Edward Hotel. The duo sent up a scout from PIE Productions in New York, and the Churls were soon signed to Blood, Sweat & Tears’ management company Glotzer and Katz in the winter of 1967. Their first gig in New York was at the infamous Café a Go-Go on Bleeker Street in the East Village. They went on to play regularly at ‘The Scene’ on 42nd and 8th Streets. Regular gigs in Hollywood, California followed and included The Whisky a-Go-Go, The Experience and The Electric Circus. Their 1968 debut album featured future Leigh Ashford keyboardist Newton Garwood. Garwood was also featured keyboardist and writer/arranger on The Churls’ second album ‘Send Me No Flowers’. The album was recorded at A & M Records Studios in Hollywood, California. with notes from Sebastian Agnello, John Barr, John Wooding and Thomas Bennett.

Singles
1969 City Lights/Where Will You Be Tomorrow (A & M/Quality)  AMS-400

Albums
1968 The Churls (A & M/Quality) 4169
1969 Send Me No Flowers (A & M/Quality) SP-4233


CINEMA FACE
Frank La Magna
(guitar, vocals) / Armin Hart (keyboards) / Randy Infuso (drums) / Darryl Peterson (bass, vocals) / Brian Selkirk (keyboards, vocals; replaced Hart) / Chris Brockway (bass; replaced Peterson) / Rick Lamb (keyboards; replaced Selkirk)
Despite toiling on the southern Ontario club circuit for nearly 13 years, Cinema Face were unable to make any inroads with their brand of progressive art-rock on Canadian soil; their live show frequently featured holographic images, black light effects and a phenomenal light show. Germany, however, did take a liking to the band and they have a near legendary status in European AOR circles. Their well-produced eponymous debut album was released in 1983 to little fanfare on their own label and in the 1990’s the album turned up in Europe and Japan selling for $250 to collectors. Pacemaker re-issued the album in 1994 on CD and the response was so overwhelming that a full reunion occurred in 1996 with a new album ‘Face Card’.

Singles
1983 You Drive Me Out of My Mind/Dancin’ Romancin’ (Red Sun)

Albums
1983 Cinema Face (Red Sun) RS-2
1994 Cinema Face [re-issue] (Pacemaker) PACE-004
1996 Face Card (Pacemaker) PACE-024
1996 Face Card [5 song EP] (Pacemaker) PACE-024A


CIRCLE WIDENS
Susan Lent
(vocals) / John Lent / Harry Lent / Mike Lent / Greg Vetsch / Wayne Vetsch
From St. Albert, a suburb of Edmonton, Alberta. Though the psychedelic music community has gravitated to the band’s song “Weird Understanding”, it was actually the B-side to their 1969 single. They stopped performing as Circle Widens in 1970. with notes from John Lent

Singles
1969 Lent/Weird Understanding (Korland) XL-69002


CLARKE, Kim
Died: December 30, 2010
Guitarist, vocalist Kim Clarke formed Vancouver’s The Bonus Boys in 1979 aided and abetted by lead guitarist, Jack Matthews. Matthews knew drummer Jay Johnson from previous musical encounters along with bassist Eric Spanier who was a mutual connection from the Vancouver music scene. They recorded their first 45rpm single, “Wasting Our Time” and “Everytime I See a Car Like Yours Go By” in the later part of 1979 and released it on their own Tsunami label. Their manager, Adrian D. did a remarkable job promoting the band, eventually securing shows in local clubs when clubs realized that there was actually an audience for new music. After winning a battle of the bands at a local strip/rock club the band were afforded the opportunity to record their second single “I Want To Work In A Bank” and “Confusing Ourselves”. This quirky single went on to receive good air play on some of the local commercial radio stations. After the recording of their proposed third single, “So Sad” and “Head For the Hills” the band fractured into other projects and eventually disbanded. In 1984, three out of the four members, including Clarke, went on to form Moccasin Telegraph with new bass player Barry Weih. Clarke would go on to record a College hit with the LP and the title track song “It’s a Grey Day” in 1986. Though the songs were written and sang by Clarke, the driving force of this energetic synth/drum post-punk collaboration came from producer, engineer and multi-instrumentalist Al Rodger. In the ’90s Clarke played with successful touring act The Falcons. He also played with acts The Way Outs and Tokyo Joe among others. Kim also taught for many years at Bill Lewis music in Vancouver, BC. More recently he was pursuing solo and collaborative work with a number of players. Clarke died from a long private battle with cancer on December 30, 2010 in London, Ontario. with notes from Kim Clarke  and Jay Johnson. [also see THE BONUS BOYS]

Albums
1986
It’s A Grey Day (Studio A/Imperial) STA-264


CLASSELS, Les
Gilles Girard
(vocals) / Michel Caron (guitar, vocals) / Jean-Clément Drouin (guitar, vocals) / Serge Drouin (drums) / Pierre Therrien (bass, vocals)
Originally from Montréal, Québec, Les Classels were formed in 1962 when these five school chums formed a band called The Spécialtones. As a gimmick they dyed their hair white, wore matching white suits and white instruments.
They made the rounds playing Québec clubs and road houses as one of many bands in the growing ‘Ye Ye’ fad of re-inventing British Invasion pop hits as French language songs. By 1964 they recorded a single called “Avant de me dire adieu” which topped the charts in Québec especially in St. Jean where they had a large following. As starstruck teen sensations, the Montréal newspapers were dubbing them The Québec Beatles. By 1968 they had dropped the white hair and suit gimmick but still wore matching pastel blazers and released several more singles in French including a version of the Guess Who’s “These Eyes”. Les Classels were the first band in Québec to ever receive gold records for their work having sold 100,000 copies of all their singles. By 1971 the band’s popularity had waned and Gilles Girard went solo. In 1977 he formed a new band based on the same musical style called Gilles Girard et les Supers Classels. The group received little notice and it soon fell apart.

Singles
1964 Avant de me dire adieu/Qui c’est toi (Jeunesse) J-4013 
1964 Si j’etais millionaire/Lorsque l’amour s’en va (Jeunesse) J-4016
1965 L’herbe de la paix/Je te fais l’amour (Jeunesse)  J-4038
1965 Je me demandes si tu m’aimes/Tu n’avais rien compris (Jeunesse)  J-4062
1965 Ton amour a changé ma vie/Tu  le regretteras (Trans-Canada)  TC-3105
1965 Les Classels [4 song 7” EP] (Disques Vogue – FRANCE) INT-18005
1965 Qu’est devenu notre passe/Mon ler amour (Trans-Canada)  TC-3119
1965 Please Wait For Me/Before You Say Goodbye (Trans-Canada)  TC-3127      
1965 N’attendons/Pas qu’il sait trop tard/Viens au soleil (Trans-Canada)  TC-3129
1965 Les revoltes/Chante avec mon Coeur (Trans-Canada)  TC-3143
1965 Le sentier de neige/Jolies Clochettes (Trans-Canada)  OR-738
1966 Le vent de la nuit/On dit que l’on sait (Trans-Canada)  TC-3161
1966 Et maintenant/Est-ce toi que j’aime (Trans-Canada)  TC-3170       
1966 Lana/Exodus (Trans-Canada)  TC-3187
1966 Les soirs d’hiver/Chaque fois que la neige (Trans-Canada)  OR-779
1966 Lorsque j’entends/Les enfants du destin (Trans-Canada)  OR-813
1967 Everybody’s Coming To Montréal/Tout le monde s’en vient a Montréal (Trans-Canada) TC-3202
1967 Je dois partir/Je l’ai fait pour toi (Trans-Canada)  TC-3207            
1968 Un peu d’espoir, un peu de toi/Faut pas pleurer pour ça (Trans-Canada) TC-3228
1968 Les trois cloches/Perdu (Trans-Canada) TC-3237
1968 Mes jeunes annees/Je m’eveille (Trans-Canada)  TC-3254             
1968 Dalila/L’amour est bleue (Trans-Canada) OR-838   
1969 C’est toi/Cet amour  (Trans-Canada)  TC-3273
1969 En marchant sur la plage/Cette chanson là (Trans-Canada) TC-4007
1970 Si j’etais Millionaire/Lorsque l’amour s’en va (Trans-Canada)  TC-4016
1970
Goodbye My Darling/Le temps du l’amour (Trans-Canada) TC-4027
1970
L’herbe de la paix/Je te fais l’amour (Trans-Canada) TC-4038
1970 Je me demande si tu m’aimes/Tu n’avais rien compris (Trans-Canada) TC-4062

Albums

1964 Les Classels (Trans-Canada)  TF-330            
1965 Les Classels en Spectacle (Trans-Canada)  TF-336          
1965 Et maintenant…Les Classels (Trans-Canada)  TF-353   
1965 Blanc sur neige (Trans-Canada)  TF-371
1968 Le sentier de neige (Trans-Canada)  TSF-1371
1968 Les trios cloches – Dalila (Trans-Canada)  TSF-1398    
1968 En Spectacle au  théâtre des variétés (Trans-Canada)  TSF-1429
1968 Album souvenir [2LP]  (Trans-Canada) TCA-14
1968 Les Classels (Franco-Élite – France) FE-6945
1969 Les Classels (Royal/Trans-Canada) TCR-1074
1974 21 disques d’or (Archives du disque Québécois)  AQ-21011
1974 20 Plus Grande Succès (Millionaires) 503


CLASSICS, The
Tom Baird
(keys) / Claire Lawrence (sax, flute) / Brian Russell (guitar) / Howie Vickers (vocals, trombone)  / Glenn Miller (bass) / Gary Taylor (drums)
This Vancouver, BC band formed as the CFUN Classics in 1961 to help public promotions of the radio station around the Vancouver area playing a collection of jukebox cover tunes. As The Classics they soon incorporated their own songs and put out two singles on the Jaguar label – “Ace’s High” in 1963 and “Till I Met You” in 1964. Having appeared as a back-up band to local DJ Fred Latremouille on his single “Latromotion”/”Good Lovin'”), The Classics traveled to Los Angeles to cut another single, “I Don’t Know”, in 1965 for the Valiant Records label under the name The Canadian Classics (to avoid confusion with other acts with the name Classics). The single was released in Canada, again, by Jaguar. The group were featured as the house band on weekly CBC TV show ‘Let’s Go’. They lasted through early 1966 with another single on the GNP Crescendo label. Vickers, Lawrence and Miller would join Ross Turney’s house band at the new Torch Cabaret. After some member changes – including the addition of Bill Henderson – they would record two LPs as The Collectors before ultimately mutating again into the internationally successful Chilliwack. Tom Baird began writing for Motown Records (as did R. Dean Taylor before him). Baird convinced Motown to take a chance on Canada’s Bobby Taylor & The Vancouvers; Miller still perform and records; Russell would relocate to Toronto and join Doug Riley’s Dr. Music along with Brenda Gordon (who would find international fame as Brenda Russell). with notes from Glenn Miller and Greg Simpson.[also see CHILLIWACK, THE COLLECTORS]

Singles
1963 Aces High/Comin’ Home Baby (Jaguar) J-2001
1964 Til I Met You/It Didn’t Take Much (Jaguar) J-2002

as THE CANADIAN CLASSICS
1965 I Don’t Know/Gone Away (Jaguar) J-2003
1966 Why Don’t You Love Me/Goodbye My Love (G.N.P. Crescendo) 342


CLAUDE, Renée
Born: Renée Bélanger on July 3, 1939 in Montréal, Québec
Montréal’s premiere chansonnier first started her interest in music by studying piano at the École Vincent-d’Indy and vocal studies with Alphonse Ledoux. With an appearance in a contest on Verdun’s CKVL radio during the ‘Découvertes de Bill Munro’ radio show in 1955, she took first prize. Several years later she debuted on CBC radio’s ‘Chez Clémence’. Her early preference was singing French songs by George Brassens (whose songs she built an entire TV special around in 1981) and Léo Ferré. Renée Claude was signed to Select Records in 1963 and released half a dozen albums with them. The Montréal boîte à chansons ‘Le Patriote’ created the Renée-Claude Trophy in 1965. The prize was given out annually until 1972. In 1966 Renée Claude was the Canadian representative at the Poland Sopot Festival. In 1967 she was signed to Columbia Records and released the album ‘Shippagan’. She also appeared on ‘The Tonigh Show with Johnny Carson’ in May 1967 and appeared at the Expo 67 World’s Fair in Montréal that summer. With a move to the Barclay label in 1968 and the release of several radio singles, she won the Méritas Trophy as best performer at Montréal’s Gala des artistes held by ‘Radiomonde’ magazine. In 1969 she sang in Paris, France at the ‘Chansons sur mesure’ competition wth the song ‘Le Geste’. In June 1970 she won first prize in the ‘Concours de la Clé d’or’ for her rendition of Michael Conte’s song ‘Viens faire un tour’. Following a two week stand at Expo 70 in Osaka, Japan she returned to Montréal to perform with the Montréal Symphony Orchestra. Claude also performed at the Olympiades de la Chanson in Athens, Greece. She did two back-to-back visits of Russia in 1971/1972. Also in 1971 she went to Paris, France and appeared in the ‘Roger Pierre et Jean-Marc Thibault’ TV special. In 1972 she appeared at the Ondo Nueva World Festival in Caracas, Venezuela. In 1975 she was par tof the St.-Jean-Baptiste events held on Mount Royal. Barclay Records released a second ‘best of’ package while she made a move to the London Records label. In 1976 she sang at Place de nations at Camp Fortune, Ottawa and on the Québec TV special ‘Spécial Québec’ with André Gagnon, Yvon Deschamps and Gilles Vigneault. Claude was also a guest at the International Spa Song Festival in Belgium. She continued her star calibre live performances in Québec and France throughout the 1980s and began to branch out into stage theatre roles. Among her theatrical appearances was a part in the Michel Tremblay/André Gagnon opera ‘Nelligan’. In the 1990s she expanded her acting to include television and was cast on the TV show ‘Avec un grand A’ written by Jeanette Bertrand. She has earned the privilege of being given songs by the cream of French songwriters such as Luc Plamondon, André Gagnon, Jacqueline Barrette, Michael Conte, Mouffe, Germain Gauthier and members of Ville Émard Blues Band.

Singles
1964 Voix du Canada Français:Renée Claude [4 song EP] (Ducretet-Thomson – Fracne) 460-V-655
1964
Voix du Canada Français Volume 2:Renée Claude [4 song EP] (Ducretet-Thomson – France) 460-V-735
1967 Donne-moi le temps/Shippagan (Columbia) C4-6982
1968 Children/The Only One I Follow (Barclay) 30018
1969
Le tour de la terre/Reste a Dormir (Barclay) B-60087
1969 C’est toi, c’est moi, c’est lui, c’est nous-autres/C’est notre fete Aujourd’hui (Barclay) B-60103
1970 Le debut d’un temps nouveau/Lorsque nous serons vieux (Barclay) B-60104
1971 Sais-tu que je t’aime depuis longtemps/Viens faire un tour (Barclay) B-60125
1971 Tu Trouveras la Paix/Tous les nuages (Barclay) B-60140
1972 La rue de la Montagne/Nes pars pas (Barclay) B-60161
1972 Et apres ça/C’est toi, c’est moi, c’est lui, c’est nous-autres (Barclay) B-60178
1973
Ce soir je Fais l’amour avec toi/Les enfants de l’ete (Barclay) B-60247
1973
Antipodes/Une gars comme toi (Barclay)  B-60264
1973 Comme tous les matins/Je veux vivre avec toi (Barclay) B-60279
1974 J’ai besoin d’un grand amour (Barclay)  B-61530
1975 Ca commenve comme ça les Histoires d’amour/Rêver en couleur (London)
LF-1055
1975 L’amante et l’epouse/Donne-moi le temps (London) LF-1061
1976 Tous ceux qui veulent changer le monde/Je suis une femme d’aujourd’hui (London) LF-1072
1978 Are You Lonesome Tonight/Je recommence a vivre (Telson) AE-128

Albums
1963 Renée Claude, Vol.1 (Select)  S398-024
1964 Renée Claude, Vol.2 (Select)  S398-071
1965 Renée Claude: le disque d’or (Select) S398-150
1965 Renée Claude, Vol.3: Il y eut un jeur (Select) SSP-24130
1966 Renée Claude, Vol.4 (Select) SSP-24146
1967 Renée Claude: Shippagan (Columbia)  FS-673
1968 Renée Claude (Barclay)  80038
1969 Le Tour de la terre (Barclay)  80065
1970 Le Début d’un temps nouveau (Barclay) 80087
1971 Tu Trouveras la Paix (Barclay) 80116
1972 Je reprends mon souffle (Barclay)  80141
1973 Ce soir je fais l’amour avec toi (Barclay)  80177
1973 Les Grands Succès, Vol.1 (Barclay) 75008
1974 Chansons d’amour (Barclay) 85013
1975 Les Grands Succes, Vol.2 (Barclay) 75018
1975 Je suis une Femme (London)  LFS-9012
1976 L’enamour/Le Désamour (London)  LFS-9019
1979 Bonjour (Solset) SOLT-1001
1982 Moi c’est Clemence que j’aime le mieux (Pro-Culture) PC-6016
1986 Renée Claude (Group Marc Desjardins) GMD-1302-04
1988 Renée Claude chante Brassens (Group Marc Desjardins) GMD-1303-05
1994 Renée Claude chante Léo Ferré: On a marché sur l’amour (Transit) TRCD-9109/10
2006 Renée Claude chante Luc Plamondon: Entre la terre et le soleil (Transit) TRCD-9118/9119


CLAYTON-THOMAS, David
Born: David Henry Thomsett on September 13, 1941 in Kingston-Upon-Thames, Surrey, England
British born Clayton-Thomas moved to Toronto, Canada at age 6 as his parents were British-Canadian. From the age of 15 to 21 he spent a fair share of his time in and out of reformatories and learning to play guitar. By 1962 he had found something to focus his life pursuits on and with nothing but $20 in his pocket and his battered old guitar he began performing in Toronto night-clubs as Sonny Thomas. After a chance meeting at the legendary Club Bluenote, he led the Fabulous Shays on tour and to two hit singles – “Walk That Walk”, “Boom Boom” and “Out of the Sunshine” in 1965. From there the band was able to increase the pay scale at their club appearances and moved onto Le Coq d’Or which was Ronnie Hawkins’ establishment. However, The Fabulous Shays soon split up and Clayton-Thomas took keyboardist Collacott to Yorkville Village in Toronto and formed the Bossmen, one of the first rock bands to incorporate elements of jazz. Their only hit single “Brainwashed” was released in 1966 and was an instant hit. The young singer took every opportunity he could to play alongside great bluesmen such as John Lee Hooker, Lightnin’ Sam Hopkins, Son House and Muddy Waters. Hooker took Clayton-Thomas to New York’s Greenwich Village to play a gig with him and following the gig, Clayton-Thomas stayed in New York. He met Bobby Colomby in 1968 and was asked to joined Blood, Sweat & Tears but the band changed their mind following Al Kooper’s audition. Clayton-Thomas returned to Canada only to have to fly back to New York a year later following a phone-call from Colomby that Kooper had left the band due to personal reasons. The band’s first album featuring Clayton-Thomas as lead singer was the self-titled ‘Blood, Sweat & Tears’ and sold 10 million copies and spawned three top five singles (“Spinning Wheel,” “You’ve Made Me So Very Happy,” “And When I Die”). The album spent seven weeks at No. 1, as well as a total of 109 weeks on the Billboard Album Chart. B, S & T played everywhere from the Metropolitan Opera to Woodstock to behind the Iron Curtain. By 1972, with five successive gold albums, and singles such as “Hi De Ho,” “Lucretia MacEvil” and “Go Down Gamblin’,” the band was at its peak. Although most of the original members moved on, a newer version of the group continued to perform throughout the ’80s. In 1980 he reformed a new Canadian version of Blood, Sweat & Tears with fellow original member Bobby Economou. This second incarnation of Blood, Sweat & Tears signed to MCA in 1980 and their first album was called ‘Nuclear Blues’. The band continue on and off over the next 20 years. Clayton-Thomas was touring with a reconstituted version of the band as recently as 2004. For the past 30 years, Clayton-Thomas has been pursuing a solo career. He released ‘The Uptown Album’, and has been working on new musical ventures from his state-of-the-art digital home studio in the Catskill Mountains. In 1996 Clayton-Thomas was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame. In 2007 “Spinning Wheel” was inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2011 Clayton-Thomas received a star on the Canadian Walk of Fame in Toronto. He also released an autobiography in 2011 called “Blood, Sweat & Tears”. with notes from Parker Kenyon and Nicholas Jennings.

Singles
1969 No, No, No/Monopoly (Roulette) 7048
1969 Say Boss Man/Done Somebody Wrong (Decca) 73-2556
1970 Father Dear Father/Chairman of the Board (Yorkville) YV-45020
1971 Sing A Song/We’re All Meat From the Same Bone (Columbia) 4-45569
1972 Magnificent Sanctuary Band/North Beach Racetrack (Columbia) 4-45603
1972 Alone/So Long Dixie (Columbia) 4-45661 
1972 Yesterday’s Music/Failing By Degrees (Columbia) 4-45675
1973 Harmony Junction/Hernando’s Hideaway (RCA) 74-0966
1974 Professor Longhair/Workin’ On the Railroad (RCA) APBO-0078
1974 Yolanda/Workin’ On the Railroad (RCA) APBO-0216
1974 Anytime…Babe/Take the Money and Run (RCA) APBO-0296
1978 Homeward Bound/Laying Down Rock ‘n’ Roll (ABC) 1022-23
1978 Liberated Girls Don’t Cry/Friday the 13th Child (ABC) 1022-24
1983 Some Hearts Get All the Breaks/[same] (Epic/CBS) 34-03792

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & HIS QUINTET

1965 Walk That Walk/Hey Hey Hey (Red Leaf) 65-001
1965 Boom Boom/Hog For You (Atco) 6901
1965 Barby Lee/Lucy (Atco) 6905

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & THE SHAYS

1965 Take Me Back/Send Her Home (Roman)  DR-1101
1965 Out Of The Sunshine/Born With the Blues (Roman) DR-1102

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & THE FABULOUS SHAYS
1966 This Hour Has Seven Days/Want You I Don’t (Roman) DR-1104

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & THE BOSSMEN
1966 Brainwashed/Barbie-Lee (Roman) DR-1105
1966 Lucy/No, No, No (Roman) DR-1110

with BLOOD, SWEAT & TEARS
1969 You’ve Made Me So Very Happy/Blues Part II (Columbia) 4-44776
1969 Spinning Wheel/More and More (Columbia) 4-44871
1969 And When I Die/Sometimes In Winter (Columbia) 4-45008
1970 Hi-De-Ho/The Battle (Columbia) 4-45204
1970 Lucretia MacEvil/Lucretia’s Reprise (Columbia) 4-45235
1971 Lisa, Listen To Me/Cowboys and Indians (Columbia) 4-45477
1972 Go Down Gamblin’/Valentine’s Day (Columbia) 4-45737
1973 I Can’t Move No Mountains/Velvet (Columbia) 4-45755
1974 Inner Crisis/Roller Coaster (Columbia) 4-45937
1974 Save Our Ship/Song For John (Columbia) 4-45965
1974 Tell Me That I’m Wrong/Rock – Reprise (Columbia) 4-46059
1975 Got To Get You Into My Life/Naked Man (Columbia) 3-10151
1975 Yesterday’s Music/No Show (Columbia) 3-10189
1976 Heavy Blue/You’re the One (Columbia) 3-10400
1978 Blue Street/Somebody I Trusted (ABC-Paramount) 1022-12310
1978 Dreaming As One/Blue Street (ABC-Paramount) 1022-12325
1980 Nuclear Blues/Agitato (MCA) 41198 

Albums
1969 David Clayton-Thomas! (Decca)  DL-75146
1972 David Clayton-Thomas (Columbia) KC-31000
1972 Tequila Sunrise (Columbia) KC-31700
1973 David Clayton-Thomas (RCA) APL1-0173
1974 Harmony Junction (RCA)
1977 Clayton (ABC-Paramount)  AB-1104
1997 Blue Plate Special (Stony Plain) DCT-196CD
1999 Bloodlines
2003 The Christmas Album (Antoinette/Universal) DC-122003
2004 The Sound of Philadelphia
2005 Aurora (Justin Time) JUST-211
2006 In Concert: A Musical Biography (Justin Time) JUST-219
2007 The Everygreens (Antoinette/Universal) DC-318822
2010 Soul Ballads (Antoinette/Universal)

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & THE SHAYS
1965 David Clayton-thomas & The Shays A Go-go (Roman) DRL-101

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS & THE BOSSMEN
1966
Sings Like It Is! (Roman) DRL-102

with BLOOD, SWEAT & TEARS
1969 Blood, Sweat & Tears (Columbia) CS-9720
1970 Blood, Sweat & Tears 3 (Columbia) KC-30090
1971 Blood, Sweat & Tears 4 (Columbia) KC-30590
1972 Greatest Hits (Columbia) KC-31170
1975 New City (Columbia) PC-33484
1976 More Than Ever (Columbia)  PC-34233
1977 Brand New Day featuring David Clayton-Thomas (ABC-Paramount) AB-1015
1980 Nuclear Blues (MCA) MCA-3227
1991 Live & Improvised (Columbia/Legacy)  C2K-46918
1994 Definitive Collection (Sony Legacy) 480546
1995 What Goes Up!: The Best of Blood, Sweat & Tears (Sony Legacy) 481019
2001 You’ve Made Me So Very Happy (Sony Special Products) A-32106
2002 Masterpiece (Sony Special Products) A-52282
2003 The Collection (Sony Media) 4805465

with DAVID CLAYTON-THOMAS/LINDA RONSTADT & THE STONE PONEYS

1971 Back on the Street Again (Pickwick) SPC-3245


CLEAN SLATE
Jon Link (vocals, guitar, harmonica) / Robbie Breton (guitar, vocals) / Mike Zingrone (bass, vocals) / James Andrews (drums, vocals)
Formerly known as Tabula Rasa, the band qualified to appear on the 1986 Q107 Homegrown Album in Toronto. As a solid live act they were noticed by Val Azzoli of Anthem Records. A name change was suggested and the band recorded a 5-song EP which was produced and remixed by Rush’s Alex Lifeson.

Singles
1987
Survivor/Losin’ You (Anthem) ANS-079

Albums
1987
Clean Slate (Anthem) ANM-1-5002


CLEMENT, Jeanette
Born: December 3, 1958 in Kwee Kwee, Zimbabwe
Born an only child to an English father and a Canadian mother, Jeanette Clement began traveling at the age of 6 months. By the time she was 18, Clement had lived in 8 countries on 5 continents, and attended 12 schools. While taking piano lessons at the age of 10, she wrote her first “masterpiece”. Disliking the arrangements of the music in her lesson book, she rewrote them, much to the amusement of her teacher. The piano lessons ended when the family moved, but the love of music had been instilled, and two years later she began to write more tunes. She taught herself to play the guitar and began joining friends in public performances. At 15, her parents moved the family from Salmon Arm, BC back to Zimbabwe. There she appeared on national television three times, performing both covers and original material. Back in Canada in 1975, the family settled in Kelowna, British Columbia, where Clement focused her studies on music, joined the school choir and began to play the piano again. Performances at the Kelowna Regatta were followed with first prize in a March writing contest sponsored by the BC Dragoons in honor of their 70th anniversary. She also enjoyed the opportunity to play several roles in Theatre Kelowna’s well-received production of “Joseph and the Amazing Technicolour Dreamcoat”. She graduated from Kelowna Secondary in 1977. In 1979, the family returned to Salmon Arm, and Clement continued performing her original music at coffeehouses. She became a founding member of Risky Biznes in 1985 and the next year she released the single “I Will Still Be Here”. Another tune, “Friends Before Lovers”, garnered her an honorable mention in the Canadian Songwriting Contest. While playing with the group Dreamwild in 1988, she and two other members formed Street Magic as a one time opening act for Figgy Duff. The audience response convinced the trio to stay together. The band toured BC and parts of Alberta playing both original & cover tunes. Recording two self-produced cassettes that were very successfully sold off-stage, they secured a quarterfinal placement in the Labatt’s Battle of the Bands competition. Clement’s tune “Take You Back” was selected to be videotaped for the CBC/CHBC-TV produced ‘Inside Trax’ show in 1990. When the band folded, Jeanette Clement settled in Salmon Arm, played with Treading Water for a year, then took a 6 year leave of absence from the live music scene. During this time she continued to write and dabble in New Age music, some of which was featured on the CKXR radio program ‘Making Trax’. Returning to the stage in 1998, she played short stints with Backstage Pass, Storm and Parias. The following year Clement went back into the studio and re-recorded “Take You Back” for the compilation CD ‘Burning Passion’. Since the turn of the Century, Clement has played Cape Breton music with McThistle, reformed Street Magic, and been writing/recording background tracks for Fred Bird Productions and BC Digital Productions. Currently she is writing and selling her music online. with notes from Jeanette Clement.

Singles
1986 I Will Still Be Here/Thoughts of You (independent)

Albums
with STREET MAGIC
1989 The Fawg Machine [cassette] (independent)
1990 Street Magic [cassette] (independent)
2002 The Farm Demo [cassette] (independent)


CLINCH, Paul
Paul Craig was a guitarist and singer who got his first break as frontman for Toronto’s The Magic Cycle in 1966 with Stan Theriault, Pete Young, Joey Rome, Al Santa Lucia and Kevin Barry. They released their first single in 1967, “Let’s Run Away”, for Red Leaf Records. Several years passed of struggling on the circuit, releasing sporadic singles and finally deciding to augment their sound with keyboards by Peter Goodale. By this time, the musical climate was changing – bands were simplifying their names and so, in 1970, The Magic Cycle became The Cycle and signed to Tamarac Records. Clinch released a solo single as Paul Craig called “Welcome to My Daydream” while the band released their self-titled debut album. More struggling occurred over 3 years and Clinch recorded another solo single, “Don’t Take The Sun Out Of My Life” as Paul Clinch in 1972 while The Cycle followed up with a series of singles and another album, ‘Magic Music’ in 1973, but by 1974 the band had folded. Clinch then formed Choya with Joe Dinardo and Dave Paveling (bass), Gary Gies (drums), Bruce Ley (keyboards), Debbie Schall (viola) and Rickie Yorke (congas). The band got its feet wet as backing musicians for Gary & Dave. They tested the waters with their first independent singles like “Let The Children Boogie” in 1974 and “Linda Write Me A Letter” in 1975, before taking the leap with a major album release ‘Living Like A Rich Man’ on Buddah Records. In 1977 Clinch folded the act and returned to being a solo artist and occasionally playing around Toronto with Derek Pilgrim in a group called Mistee Morning. He also attempted to get Australian band Wickkety Wak some attention in North America. He was signed to Attic Records and released several singles including the old Tundra hit “Band Bandit” – in 1979. Clinch died in November 8, 1988 while undergoing dialysis treatment. with notes from Lorna Bryan, Sebastian Agnello and David Smith. [also see CHELSEA WIND, CHOYA, THE CYCLE, MAGIC CYCLE]

Singles
as PAUL CRAIG
1970 Welcome To My Daydream/Coat of Colours (Tamarac) TTM-640

as PAUL CRAIGIE

1971 My Lovely Banana/Peaches in August (Yorkville) YV-45046

as PAUL CLINCH
1972 Don’t Take The Sun Out Of My Life/One Woman Man (Tamarac/Quality) TTM-644
1979 This Must Be Magic/Last Night I Started Loving You Again (Attic) AT-204
1979 Band Bandit/Under The Spotlight (Attic) AT-210

Albums

with PAUL CLINCH AND CHOYA
1976 Living Like A Rich Man (Buddah) 5678


CLOSED CORPORATION
Performance poet Bill Zaget teamed up with Closed Corporation to create mixed poetry and music dealing with such surreal topics as “A canine alien versus a Terran humanoid in a fight for dominance.”

Albums

1986 A Lounge Act


COCHRANE, Tom
Born: Thomas W. Cochrane on May 14, 1953 in Lynn Lake, Manitoba
Tom Cochrane is one of three children born to bush pilot Tuck Cochrane and wife Violet in Lynn Lake, Manitoba. The family later relocated to Acton, Ontario when Cochrane was 4 and eventually settled in Etobicoke, Ontario. Cochrane sold a toy train set at age 11 to raise money for his first guitar. In the early ’70’s he pursued a folksinger existence by performing in coffeehouses across Canada gaining a steady reputation on the circuit through exposure in Yorkville Village. He also had a very popular band called Harvest which featured future EMI Canada president Deane Cameron on drums. By 1973 he had secured a record deal and released his first single, “You’re Driving Me Crazy”, under his surname Cochrane on Frank Davies’ Daffodil Records. With a debut album, ‘Hang On To Your Resistance’, under his belt, Cochrane was still finding it tough to make ends meet. He found his way to Los Angeles where he got a line on writing theme music for the Happy Hooker, Xavier Hollander, movie ‘My Pleasure Is My Business’. Excerpts from the record, along with songs from ‘Hang On To Your Resistance’, were issued on Daffodil’s ‘Naturally’ label sampler to help re-launch Cochrane as a premiere Canadian soloist. Still, Cochrane needed to pay bills and took up a job driving a taxi in Toronto and eventually landing a job on a Caribbean cruise liner before returning to Los Angeles in 1976. While pounding the pavement trying to peddle his songs to publishers he worked for a delivery company and also a dishwasher before returning to Toronto in 1977. One fateful night after wandering into Toronto’s infamous El Mocambo club, Cochrane stumbled across a group of locals calling itself Red Rider. After ingratiating himself on them, they agreed to an audition and eventually took Cochrane on as lead singer/songwriter. The band began demoing original material and Cochrane called on his old friend Deane Cameron, A & R at Capitol Records, who had previously drummed on Cochrane’s ‘Hang On To Your Resistance’ album in 1974. Cameron suggested Rush manager Ray Danniels to represent the group professionally, but when Danniels made overtures of signing the act to his own Anthem Records, Cameron drafted the band onto Capitol’s roster. Meanwhile, managerial guru Bruce Allen was looking for a new label for his rising stars Prism, so Cameron offered to sign Allen’s act if he took Red Rider on as manager. Red Rider’s debut album for Capitol was ‘Don’t Fight It’ which featured the hits ‘White Hot’ and the title track. The album sold an impressive 100,000 copies as a debut album which led to a string of successful albums and AOR hits across Canada – most notably “Lunatic Fringe”, from ‘As Far As Siam’, and “Power (Strength In Numbers)”, from ‘Neruda’, the critically acclaimed progressively themed album about Pablo Neruda produced by David Tickle. However, by the time of their fourth album, 1984’s ‘Breaking Curfew’, the American market still hadn’t been cracked and the pressure was beginning to destroy the band. A major US tour with Rush failed to yield any notable response in album sales or favourable press and a headline Canadian tour ended in a fist-fight between Cochrane, a road manager and bassist Jeff Jones. Red Rider officially disbanded at this point and Cochrane left the fold of manager Bruce Allen. After a sufficient break to gain some personal perspective, Cochrane and Red Rider guitarist Ken Greer began recording the next album under the deal with Capitol Records at Dave Edmund’s Rockfield Studios in Wales. New bassist Ken “Spider” Sinnaeve (Streetheart) was added and the resulting album was titled simply ‘Tom Cochrane & Red Rider’. With the radio hits “Boy Inside The Man” and “The Untouchable One” (about Cochrane’s wife) and a JUNO Award for Group Of The Year behind them, Cochrane stepped sideways briefly to produce The Grapes Of Wrath’s ‘Treehouse’ (having previously mixed two tracks for the group in 1983), while Ken Greer produced the debut EP for The Tragically Hip. The new and improved Tom Cochrane & Red Rider — featuring keyboardist John Webster and guitarist Ken Greer — followed up with 1988’s ‘Victory Day’ album produced by Don Gehman (Cutting Crew, John Cougar Mellencamp) and the group’s live tour, in turn, resulted in the album ‘The Symphony Sessions’ – a reprise of some of Red Rider’s finest moments with new orchestral arrangements. In 1989 Cochrane won a JUNO Award for Composer of the Year. By this time the Red Rider concept had worn out its welcome and Ken Greer moved on to other interests as both a producer (World Gone Mad) and collaborator (Gowan, Myles Hunter) so Cochrane decided to go solo like he had during his formative years. As research and new inspiration, Cochrane took his family to West Africa on a fact finding mission in 1990 for the famine relief organization World Vision — he would make two more trips just like it to raise awareness and money. That experience, dealing with the starving masses, helped shape his next album – ‘Mad Mad World’ – and specifically the international hit single “Life Is A Highway”. The song was nominated Song of The Year by SOCAN in 1991 and the album spawned several more singles – eventually selling 1,000,000 copies in Canada and garnering Cochrane more JUNO Awards. In recent years Cochrane continues to travel (he even spent time travelling as his own pilot in a private plane) and helping famine relief with the ‘30 Hour Famine Relief’ effort by World Vision and participating in Molly Johnson’s annual Kumbaya Festival. 1995 saw the release of ‘Ragged Ass Road’, a more production stripped album than previous albums. With the disc, Cochrane embarked on an acoustic tour in 1996 from Vancouver to Montréal. The result was the live acoustic disc and multi-media package ‘Songs of a Circling Spirit’. Currently Cochrane is promoting his latest effort ‘X-Ray Sierra’ featuring the radio hit “I Wonder”. He hit the road in early 1999 to promote the recording. “Stonecutter’s Arms” has been getting extensive airplay in the second half of the year. In June 1999 Cochrane was in a second light plane crash after the wing of the plane he was piloting came off in a grove of trees shortly after leaving Montréal. No one was injured and Cochrane resumed touring. In recently years he’s been touring exclusively under the name Tom Cochrane & Red Rider with Ken Greer and Jeff Jones. with notes from Tom Cochrane, Francis W. Davies, and Jeff Jones. [also see RED RIDER]

Singles
1975 Slowly Walk Away/[same] (Daffodil/GRT) 1216-1070
1976 Sail On/West Coast Saga (Daffodil/GRT) 1216-1072
1991 Life Is A Highway/Emotional Truth (EMI) 5778
1991 Brave and Crazy (Edit)/Brave and Crazy (LP Version) (EMI) 79893
1992 No Regrets (EMI) 880220
1992 Sinking Like A Sunset/Brave and Crazy (EMI) 56944
1992 Mad Mad World (EMI)
1992 Bigger Man (EMI)
1995 I Wish You Well/Paper Tigers (EMI) 18946
1995 Washed Away/Lunatic Fringe (Live) (EMI) 57987
1996 Wildest Dreams/Will of the Gun/Sinking Like A Sunset (Live) (EMI) CDPRO-1223
1996 Dreamer’s Dream (Edit)/Dreamer’s Dream (LP Version) (EMI) CDPRO-1268
1998 I Wonder (EMI) CDPRO-1776
1998 Just Like Ali/Beautiful Day (EMI)
2012 Voice/Psycho Cabaret (Crier)

as COCHRANE
1973 You’re Driving Me Crazy (Faith Healers)/Charly Was A Dancer (Daffodil/Capitol) DFS-1045
1974 Hang On To Your Resistance/Another Page (Daffodil/Capitol) DFS-1048
1974 I Wish I Could See You Now/What’s in You (Daffodil/A & M) DIL-1053
1974 Gabriella/Gabriella’s Walking Theme (Daffodil/A & M) DIL-1061

Albums

1975 Original Soundtrack From the Motion Picture ‘My Pleasure Is My Business’ (Daffodil) DAF-10051
1987
Hang On To Your Resistance [re-issue] (Capitol) CLT-6564
1991 Mad Mad World (Capitol) 797723
1993 Ashes To Diamonds: A Collection (EMI)
1995 Ragged Ass Road (EMI) 32951
1997 Songs Of A Circling Spirit (EMI) 59612
1998 X-Ray Sierra (EMI) 493924
2002 Trapeze: The Collection (EMI) 541754
2006 No Stranger (Universal) 70604

as COCHRANE

1974 Hang On To Your Resistance (Daffodil/A & M) DAF-10043


COCKBURN, Bruce
Born: May 27, 1945 in Ottawa, Ontario
Canadian folk legend Bruce Cockburn was introduced to popular music in 1956 with the popularity of Elvis Presley on radio and television. Although he started out playing trumpet and clarinet, he yearned to play rock and roll and soon turned to guitar and piano. He spent most of his high school years playing in Top40 bands but also worked with local folk musicians for a change of pace. In 1963-64 he was performing as a busker in Paris, France and eventually went to the Berklee School of Music in Boston, where he studied composition and arranging. After dropping out of Berklee he returned to Ottawa and played in predominantly folk-pop oriented bands includint Three’s A Crowd and The Children. In 1967 he had built up a small portfolio of self-penned songs that he felt sounded better when performed alone and decided to pursue a solo career, but it took a year to extricate himself from his band involvements; that was also the year he made his first appearance at the Mariposa Folk Festival. In 1969 he made his way to Toronto where he ran into a musician friend named Eugene Martynec, who knew a manager by the name of Bernie Finkelstein, and when it was decided that Martynec would produce some of Cockburn’s solo material, Finkelstein formed True North Records; Finkelstein also took over management of Cockburn’s career. Martynec would produce Cockburn’s first eleven albums. The first recordings in 1970 were Cockburn’s soundtrack for the film ‘Goin’ Down the Road’. Those tracks and others were compiled as Cockburn’s self-titled debut release in 1970.  Finkelstein made a deal with CBS Records to distribute the album internationally but the first album was only released in Canada. Although Epic/CBS finally distributed the album in the United States in 1971, they mistakenly called it ‘True North’ as they were unaware it was the name of the independent label and not the record itself. The ‘Bruce Cockburn’ album went on to win Cockburn his first of many JUNO Awards. His albums have consistently gone gold and platinum in Canada, earning Cockburn the reputation of being one of the country’s most prolific songwriters and strongest live performers – particularly as a folk artist. In that time he remained with True North in Canada but changed US labels several times. He has had albums chart in the US in both Cashbox and Billboard magazines, and started touring the United States regularly starting with his ‘In the Falling Dark’ album. He also did a tour of Japan in 1977 with True North label mate Murry McLauchlan. The 1979 single “Wondering Where The Lions Are” went to No.21 on the Billboard Top100 singles chart, pushing the album ‘Dancing In The Dragon’s Jaws’ to No.45 on the Billboard Top200 album chart.  Since the release of his first true political release, ‘Humans’, in 1980, has earned a fistful of JUNO Awards, had simultaneous compilation albums released in the US and Canada, won the Dutch music industry’s Edison Award, and toured in the Far East, Europe and North America. In 1983 he toured South America as an official observer for charitable organization Oxfam with his experiences informing the 1984 ‘Stealing Fire’ album which contained one of his most popular singles, “If I Had A Rocket Launcher” which made it to No.88 in the US. 1986’s ‘World of Wonders’ album set off alarm bells for the Parents Music Resource Centre in the United States with the song “Call It Democracy” and its explicit lyrics. Cockburn’s US label were ordered to put a warning sticker  on the album’s first pressing; To add to the censorship, the offending lyrics were also highlighted in yellow on the enclosed lyric sheet and after Cockburn and True North’s Bernie Finkelstein protested the highlighting was removed in subsequent pressings. The album went Top30 in Germany and Cockburn toured with a band for most of 1986 and 1987 on the strength of its sales. A two-disc set entitled ‘Waiting for a Miracles’ was released in 1987 and contained all of Cockburn’s True North singles dating back to 1970. A single off of 1989’s ‘Big Circumstance’, “If A Tree Falls”, was revived and received  US college radio exposure, went Top30 in Australia, and was another charting hit in Canada. The subsequent 15-day tour of the US was recorded and released as ‘Live’in 1990. It featured a version of Monty Python’s “The Bright Side of Life”. After the 1989 tour, Cockburn stayed off the road for two years, during which time Finkelstein managed to ink a new deal with Columbia Records. In 1991 Cockburn went to Los Angeles to record, the first time in his entire career he recorded outside of Toronto. The result was ‘Nothing But a Burning Light’, featuring some of LA’s most notable session musicians. It was produced by T Bone Burnett. 1991 also saw Intrepid Records in Canada release ‘Kick At The Darkness – The Songs Of Bruce Cockburn’, which featured cover versions of Cockburn songs by such artists as the Barenaked Ladies (their first commercial release), Five Guys Named Moe, Rebecca Jenkins, Chris Bottomley, Fat Man Waving, Jellyfishbabies, and the Skydiggers, among others. Bruce Cockburn has shared the spotlight with various luminaries in the 1990’s – Salman Rushdie at the Literary Penn benefit in Toronto and Lou Reed on the ‘Christmas With Cockburn’ radio show in 1992; Paul McCartney at the Earth Day Show at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles in 1993 and he performed at the 52nd Presidential Inauguration for Bill Clinton in Washington that same year. Also in 1993 Cockburn released his first album of Christmas music, and then returned to Los Angeles in 1994 to work with T Bone Burnett for his 24th album, ‘Dart to the Heart’. After taking a break from the recording studio, Cockburn returned in 1997 with a pair of releases: ‘Charity of Night’, his strongest work in years, and a live EP, ‘You Pay Your Money and You Take Your Chance’. His 20th album of original material, ‘Breakfast in New Orleans … Dinner in Timbuktu’, came out in September 1999. It featured a haunting duet with the Cowboy Junkies’ Margo Timmins on the Fats Domino chestnut ‘Blueberry Hill’. In 2002 Cockburn released a sequel to his ‘Waiting For a Miracle’ singles collection with ‘Anything, Anytime, Anywhere: Singles 1979-2002’.  He’s released five more solo albums in the past decade. Most recently Cockburn won two Canadian Folk Music Awards in 2011 for his album ‘Small Source of Comfort’. Cockburn is Honorary Chair of Friends of the Earth. He also received the Order of Canada in 1997 and a honourary Doctorate from York University. He was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 2001.
with notes from Rob Caldwell, Rob Heinbecker, Bernie Finkelstein, and Mike Pettinella.

Singles
1970 Going to the Country/Thoughts on a Rainy Afternoon (True North) TN4-100
1970 Musical Friends/Keep it Open (True North) TN4-103
1971 One Day I Walk/High Winds White Sky (True North) TN4-105
1972 It’s Going Down Slow/Morning Hymn (True North) TN4-109
1972 Up on the Hillside/Feet Fall on the Road (True North) TN4-112
1973 Mama Just Wants to Barrelhouse All Night Long/When the Sun Goes Supernove (True North) TN4-117
1975 Burn/Music for a Lunar Eclipse (True North) TN4-127
1976 I’m Gonna Fly Some Day/Giftbearer (True North) TN4-132
1976 Vagabondage/Giftbearer (True North) TN4-133
1977 Free to Be/Homme Brûlant (True North) TN4-140
1978 Laughter/Prenons la Mer (True North) TN4-142
1978 Wondering Where the Lions Are/Rainfall (True North) TN4-147
1979 Tokyo/Incandescent Blue (True North) TN4-149
1980 Rumours of Glory/You Get Bigger As You Go (True North) TN4-156
1980 I’m Okay (Fascist Architecture)/How Is Spent My Vacation (True North) TN-158
1981 Coldest Night of the Year/Joy Will Find A Way (True North) TN4-160
1981 I Wanna Go Walking/Radio Shoes (True North) TN4-166
1981 You Pay Your Money and You Take Your Chance/The Light Goes on Forever (True North) TN4-168
1982 The Trouble with Nornal/Cala Luna (True North) TN4-178
1983 Waiting for the Moon/Planet of the Clowns (Big Time – EU) BTS-1069
1984 Tropic Moon/The Candy Man’s Gone (True North) TN4-182
1984 Lovers In A Dangerous Time/Sahara Gold (True North) TN4-189
1984 Making Contact/Nicaragua (True North) TN4-190
1984 If I Had a Rocket Launcher/Maybe The Poet (True North) TN4-193
1984 Making Contact/Dust & Diesel (Big Time)
1986 People See Through You/Santiago Down (True North) TN4-206
1986 Call it Democracy/Dancing in Paradise (True North) TN4-208
1986 See How I Miss You/Berlin Tonight (True North) TN4-209
1987 Waiting For a Miracle/Vagabondage (True North) TN4-210
1987 Stolen Land/One Day I Walk (True North) TN4-211
1988 If a Tree Falls/The Gift (True North) TN4-212
1989 Don’t Feel Your Touch (True North) TN4-213
1989 Shipwrecked at the Stable Door/Gospel of Bondage [CD single] (True North)
1989 Shipwrecked at the Stable Door/Anything Can Happen (True North) TN4-214
1991 A Dream Like Mine (Columbia) CSK-4192
1992 Mighty Trucks of Midnight (Columbia)
1992 Somebody Touched Me (Columbia) 
1992 Great Big Love (Columbia) CSK-4413
1993 Les Anges Dans Nos Compagnes (Columbia) 
1994 Mary Had A Baby (True North)
1994 Listen For The Laugh(edit)/Burden of the Angel/Beast//Southland Of The Heart/Tie Me At The Crossroads (Columbia)  CSK-5671
1994 Southland of the Heart (Columbia)
1994 Scanning These Crowds (Columbia)
1994 Burden Of The Angel/Beast//Scanning These Crowds/If I Had a Rocket Launcher (live) (Columbia)
1995 Someone I Used To Love (Columbia)
1996 Night Train (Rykodisc) VKCD-0366
1997 The Whole Night Sky (Rykodisc) VRCD-3366
1999 Last Night of the World (True North)

Albums

1970 Bruce Cockburn (True North) TN-1
1971 High Winds White Sky (True North) TN-3
1971 Sunwheel Dance (True North) TN-7
1973 Night Vision (True North) TN-11
1974 Salt, Sun and Time (True North) TN-16
1975 Joy Will Find a Way (True North) TN-23
1976 In the Falling Dark (True North) TN-26
1977 Circles in the Stream (True North) TN-30
1978 Further Adventures of Bruce Cockburn (True North) TN-33
1979 Dancing in the Dragon’s Jaws (True North) TN-37
1980 Humans (True North) TN-42
1981 Résumé (Millenium – US) BXL1-7757
1981 Mummy Dust (True North) TN-45
1981 Inner City Front (True North) TN-47
1983 The Trouble with Normal (True North) TN-53
1984 Stealing Fire (True North) TN-57
1985 Rumours of Glory (True North)
1986 World of Wonders (True North) TN-66
1987 Waiting For A Miracle: Singles 1970-1987 [2LP] (True North) TN2K-67
1988 Big Circumstance (True North) TN-70
1990 Live (True North) TN-73
1991 Nothing But a Burning Light: The Bruce Cockburn Primer (True North) TN-77
1993 Christmas (True North) TNMD-83
1994 Dart to the Heart (True North) TNMD-82
1997 Charity of Night (True North) TNSD-150
1997 You Pay Your Money and You Take Your Chance (EP) (True North)
1999 Breakfast In New Orleans…Dinner In Timbuktu (True North) TNCD-183
2002 Anything, Anytime, Anywhere: Singles 1979-2002 (True North)
2003 You’ve Never Seen Everything (True North) TND-301
2005 Speechless: The Instrumental Bruce Cockburn (True North) TND-390
2006 Life Short Call Now (True North/Universal)
2009 Slice of Life: Live Solo (True North/Universal) TND-520
2011 Small Source of Comfort (True North/Universal) TND-536
2014 Rumours of Glory (True North) TND-601
2017 Bone On Bone (True North) TND-678


COGAN, Susan
Born: Toronto, Ontario
Susan Cogan moved from Toronto to Jerusalem, Israel in 1966 and began singing when she was 15 years old. At 16 she was singing and playing guitar, between sets of her uncle Benny Louis’ Big Band. Her career finally took off in Israel in the 1970s as part of the duo Susan & Fran (Avni). Their first album was produced in Montréal by the CBC, but it was in Israel that these Canadian women achieved fame. After returning to Canada and singing solo at festivals, universities and clubs, she went to Toronto to record and released her first solo album, 1981’s ‘O-N-E’ – a collection of many years of folk songs she’d written. It featured guest musicians from Rough Trade, The Sylvia Tyson band and Manteca. She had given birth during the making of the record but went on tour and bringing her new child with her. In 1991 Cogan created the indie label and recording studio called Nomad Music with producer Paul Brosseau. Nomad’s first release was Cogan’s 1993 CD entitled ‘Space-Age Primitives’. ‘Gypsy Hill’ followed in 1999 whereby Cogan toured across Canada and into the United States. In 2001 Cogan returned to her roots with the World music CD ‘Mayim’ which was a collection of popular and tradional Israeli songs in Hebrew dating back to the 1920s. Cogan lives on Salt Spring Island, British Columbia.

Albums
1981 O-N-E (independent)
1993 Space Age Primitives (Nomad)
1999 Gypsy Hill (Nomad)
2001 Mayim (Chutzpah)
2010 The Fields of Friendship (Nomad)
2012 Lady Slipper (Nomad)

with SUSAN & FRAN
2003
Shoshanim (Chutzpah)
2004 The Merciful Moon [B’chemlat Hal’vana] (Chutzpah)


COHEN, Leonard
Born: Leonard Norman Cohen on September 21, 1934 in Montréal, Québec
Died: November 7, 2016 in Los Angeles, California, USA
Leonard Norman Cohen was born in Montréal in 1934. In his youth he attended McGill University where he formed a country-western trio called the Buckskin Boys at age 17. He also began writing poetry and was part of the local Montréal bohemian literary scene. His first collection of poetry was assembled as an undergraduate called ‘Let Us Compare Mythologies’ in 1956. It would be his second collection entitles ‘The Spice Box of Earth’ in 1961 that would launch his career as a professional poet. He attended Columbia University in New York for a short period before skipping over to Europe to travel on a scholarship grant, eventually settling on the Greek island of Hydra with Marianne Jenson and her son Axel. Cohen called Greece home base but he lived a nomadic life style for the next seven years. His profilic writing career escalated with the collections ‘Flowers For Hitler’ in 1964 and the two novels – ‘The Favorite Game (1963) and ‘Beautiful Losers’ (1966). To date, each book has sold more than 800,000 copies worldwide. But rather than settling into a discipline routine of writing books, Cohen changed direction, settled near Nashville in the United States and in 1965 decided to pursue a musical career. This was due to a loose working releationship with Toronto, Ontario folk group The Stormy Clovers who adopted some of Cohen’s early musical poems into their live repertoire. When they visited Montreal he would often step on stage and ‘perform’ his own songs with them. By 1966 Judy Collins’ had done versions of his early songs”Suzanne” and “Dress Rehearsal Rag”which inspired Cohen that his musical aspirations were sound.  By 1967, Cohen appeared at the Newport Folk Festival where he was spotted by Columbia Records’ exec John Hammond who would release Cohen’s first album, ‘The Songs of Leonard Cohen’, by Christmas of that year. Director Robert Altman liked Cohen’s material so much the 1971 film ‘McCabe and Mrs. Miller’ featured almost the entire album as the soundtrack. ‘Songs From a Room (1969)’ and ‘Songs Of Love And Hate (1971) followed and established Cohen as not only a poet but a leading pop artist as well. Meanwhile, Cohen had been performing around the world and in 1972 Columbia released the live album entitled ‘Live Songs’. In 1973 ‘New Skin for the Old Ceremony’ was Cohen’s first major orchestrated prodiction at the hands of producer John Lissauer. Leonard Cohen then took a break to return to his writing and didn’t release another record until 1977’s ‘Death of a Ladies’ Man’ which was to be a collaborative effort with Phil Spector. But Spector was notoriously controlling and Cohen was excluded from the final mixes – including any repairs necessary on Cohen’s weaker vocal moments.  In retaliation, Cohen’s 1979 album ‘Recent Songs’ saw Spector’s Wall-Of-Sound production technique removed and co-producer Henry Lewy (Joni Mitchell) helped Cohen realize a more stripped down and intimate release. ‘Various Positions’ in 1984 saw him pick up the thematic thread of religion from ‘Recent Songs’ but  the drain of the writing and recording process convinced Cohen to take a sabbatical. 1988’s ‘I’m Your Man’ was Cohen’s “comeback” album featuring radio-friendly pop songs like “First We Take Manhattan,” Tower of Song,” and “Ain’t No Cure For Love,” which pushed the album to No.1 in many European countries. This was due in no small part to Jennifer Warnes’ interpretations of Cohen’s catalog on the award winning 1986 album ‘Famous Blue Raincoat’. There have also been two major label tribue albums featuring the cream of the musical crop performing Cohen’s classics – 1992’s ‘I’m Your Fan’ and 1996’s ‘Tower of Song’. Cohen returned with another genre defying album in 1992’s ‘The Future’ which, ironically, earned him a ‘Male Vocalist of the Year’ JUNO Award. The irony was not lost on Cohen who felt he was more of a poet and not a singer; said Cohen at the time, “Only in Canada could I get ‘Male Vocalist of the Year’. A tour to support ‘The Future’ culminated in another live release called, simply, ‘Cohen Live!’ Cohen has kept active with a new album every few years including 2012’s ‘Old Ideas’; Cohen released ‘Popular Problems’ in 2014 and his final work, ‘You Want It Darker’, came out shortly before his death on November 7, 2016 at the age of 82.

Singles
1967 Suzanne/Hey, That’s No Way To Say Goodbye (Columbia)  C4-44439
1968 So Long, Marianne/Hey, That’s No Way To Say Goodbye (Columbia) C4-2785
1969 Bird On A Wire/Seems So Long Ago, Nancy (Columbia) C4-44827
1971 Joan of Arc/Diamonds In the Mine (Columbia – EU) 7297
1971 Dress Rehearsal Rag/Avalanche (Columbia) C4-2991
1972 Passing Through/Nancy (Columbia) C4-45852
1972 The Stranger Song/Sisters of Mercy (Columbia – EU) 7762
1974 Nancy (Live)/Passing Through (Live) (Columbia – EU) CBS-1544
1974 Bird On A Wire (Live)/Tonight Will Be Fine (Live) (Columbia – EU)
1974 Lover Lover Lover/Who By Fire (Columbia – EU) CBS-2699
1975 Tonight Will Be Fine/Why Don’t You Try (Columbia – EU) CBS-3524
1976 Do I Have to Dance All Night/The Butcher (Columbia – EU) CBS-4431
1977 Iodine [w/Ronee Blakley]/True Love Leaves No Traces (Warner Bros.) WBS-8527
1977 Memories/Don’t Go Home With Your Hard-On (Columbia – EU) CBS-5885
1978 True Love Leaves No Traces/I Left a Woman Waiting (Columbia – EU) CBS-6095
1979 The Guests/The Lost Canadian (Un Canadien errant) (Columbia – EU) CBS-7938
1984 Dance Me to the End of Love/Coming Back to You (Columbia – EU)
1985 Hallejulah/The Law (Columbia – EU)
1986 Take This Waltz (Columbia) 650210
1988 First We’ll Take Manhattan/Sisters of Mercy (Columbia) 651352
1988 Everybody Knows/The Partisan (Columbia) 652881
1988 Ain’t No Cure For Love/Jazz Police (Columbia) 38-07761
1992 Democracy (Is Coming to the USA) (Columbia/Sony)  44K74778
1993 Be For Real (Columbia/Sony)
1993 The Future/Be For Real/Ain’t No Cure For Love (Columbia/Sony)
1993 Busted in the Blinding Lights of Closing Time [3 song EP] (Columbia/Sony)  659299
1994 Dance Me to the End of Love (Live)/I’m Your Man (Live) (Columbia/Sony)
1997 Never Any Good/Suzanne (Live) (Columbia/Sony)
2001 The Future (Vinyl Edit)/Suzanne (Columbia/Sony) 38-7494097
2001 In My Secret Life (Columbia/Sony) C4-3530
2007 So Long, Marianne/ Pajaro En El Alambre (Bird on the Wire) (Columbia – EU) 70107
2011 Show Me the Place

Albums
1967 The Songs Of Leonard Cohen (Columbia) CS-9533
1969 Songs From A Room (Columbia) CS-9767
1971 Songs Of Love And Hate (Columbia) C-30103
1972 McCabe & Mrs. Miller [12” EP] (CBS)
1973 Live Songs (Columbia) KC-31724
1974 New Skin For The Old Ceremony (Columbia) KC-33167
1975 The Best Of Leonard Cohen (Columbia) PC-34077
1977 Death Of A Ladies Man (CBS/Columbia) BS-32661
1979 Recent Songs (Columbia) BS-36254
1984 Various Positions (CBS/Columbia) PCC-90728
1988 I’m Your Man (CBS/Columbia) CK-44191
1992 The Future (Columbia/Sony) 472498
1994 Cohen Live (Columbia/Sony) CK-66327
2000 Field Commander Cohen (Columbia/Sony) CK-66210
2001 Ten New Songs (Columbia/Sony) CK-85953
2002 The Essential Leonard Cohen (Sony/Legacy)  CK-86884
2004 Dear Heather (Columbia/Sony) CK-92891
2009 Live In London (Columbia/Sony) 740502
2009 Live at the Isle of Wight (Columbia) 757067
2010 Songs From the Road (Columbia) 776839
2012 Old Ideas (Columbia)
2014 Popular Problems (Columbia)
2015 Can’t Forget: A Souvenir of the Grand Tour (Columbia – US)  888750
2016 You Want It Darker (Columbia) 889853


COHEN, Myles
Montréal’s Myles Cohen began writing music at age 13 and taught himself guitar which he used to his advantage in several bands around Toronto while in his teens. Cohen teamed up with violinist Lenny Solomon in a Toronto high school where they decided to make the leap to professional musicians in 1969. Their first appearance in public was at the Mariposa Songwriters Conference the same year. They struggled along as a folk act performing sporadically across Canada while Solomon finished his studies with Otto Armond at McGill University and Cohen worked in the mailroom a the CBC. When Solomon finally returned from Montréal they scored a record deal with GRT in 1972. They released the single ‘Time to Know Your Friends’ that year. They toured with The Beach Boys and Savoy Brown and performed at the Mariposa Folk Festival two years running. Success was not forthcoming but after switching to Columbia in 1974 they found their audience with the hit song “Can You Give It All to Me” featuring Solomon’s haunting violin attack. A full-length, self-titled album soon followed and featured their stage cohorts Saul Keshen (bass) and Brian Leonard (drums). A tour ensued featuring the line-up of Cohen, Solomon, Ivan Boudreau (bass), Bill MacKay (drums), and Rick Doyle (guitar). Their hard work paid off with a JUNO Award in 1975 for ‘Most Promising Group’. Following their next album, 1975’s ‘It Isn’t the Same’, and its lack of success convinced Cohen to dissolve the partnership and go solo. It was 1978 before he landed a record deal – with independent label Chance Records and distributed through Polydor. The album ‘Take A Ride With Me’ was produced by John James Stewart at Sounds Interchange in Toronto and featured some of Cohen’s old friends helping out; Bill Hughes (backing vocals), Brian Leonard (drums), Eric Robertson (keyboards, string arrangements), Rick Doyle (lead guitar), Dick Smith (percussion), Bill Meisner (acoustic guitar), Tom Szszeniak (bass), Bob Lucier (pedal steel), with backing vocals by Jeanette Brantley, Loni Clark, Debbie Hicks, and Judy Foster. 1979 saw the release of a sophomore effort, ‘Starting All Over Again’, followed in 1980 by a career ‘best of’ called ‘Myles High’. He relocated to Dallas, Texas in the early ’90’s after which he relocated to California and currently lives in Arizona where he also runs his publishing company Myles Music. with notes from Myles Cohen. [also see MYLES & LENNY]

Singles
as MYLES
1978 Hold On Lovers/Only Thinking of Yourself (Change) CH-45002
1978 It’s Too Late/Still Believe In You (Change) CH-45005
1979 Holding Out Too Long/Please Remember Me (Change) CH-45008
1979 Holiday/These Feelings Will Fade (Change) CH-45017
1979 Start All Over Again/Oh Jamaica (Change) CH-45021
1974 Hold On Lovers/Take Me Back (Columbia) C4-4091
1975 I Care Enough (Columbia) DJC4-4114

Albums
as MYLES
1977 Take A Ride With Me (Change/Polydor) CLP-8002
1978 Take A Ride With Me [alternate cover art] (Change/MCA) CLP-8002
1979 Start All Over Again (Change/MCA) CLP-8005
1980 Myles High (Change/MCA) CLP-8012


COLLECTORS, The
Howie Vickers
(vocals) / Claire Lawrence (sax, trumpet) / Ross Turney (drums) / Terry Frewer (guitar) / Brian Newcombe (bass) / Glenn Miller (bass; replaced Newcombe) / Bill Henderson (guitar; replaced Frewer)
Vickers, Lawrence and Miller were originally a radio station house band called The C-FUN Classics, who then became the Classics and released two singles in 1963 and 1964 respectively on the Jaguar label. A door opened for them stateside with Valiant Records and they became the Canadian Classics with two more singles in 1965 and 1966. When The Canadian Classics desolved, Vickers and Lawrence joined Ross Turney, who had a residency at the Torch Cabaret, along with Frewer and Newcombe. Turney then recruited Miller, and in short order added Bill Henderson following the departure of Newcombe and then Frewer. The new congregation had no official name and it wasn’t until they recorded their first single, “Looking At a Baby”, through The Canadian Classics’ old stateside label, Valiant Records in Los Angeles, that they were given the name The Collectors. After the follow-up single, “Fisherwoman”, reached No. 15 in the Canadian Hot 100, they returned to Los Angeles once more to record their debut LP. The self-titled album was released on Tom Northcott’s New Syndrome label. The song “What Love” was later commissioned for a film soundtrack by the Canadian Film Board. The Collectors were also invited to write music for the Canada Pavilion at EXPO 1970 in Osaka, Japan. Their follow-up album was the result of a collaboration with the poet/playwrite George Ryga. But, like its predecessor, the album met with little commercial or critical success. By December of 1969, Vickers was doing solo gigs and decided to release a solo album at which time Henderson took over lead vocal duties. Carrying on as a quartet, the band changed their name to Chilliwack in late summer 1970. with notes from Glenn Miller, Darryl Jones and James Shoening.[also see CHILLIWACK, THE CLASSICS]

Singles
1967 Looking At A Baby/Old Man (New Syndrome) NS-16
1967 Fisherwoman/Listen To The Words (New Syndrome) NS-19
1968 (We Can) Make It Easy/Fat Bird (Warner Bros) 7159
1968 Lydia Purple/She (Will O’ The Wind) (Warner Bros) 7194
1969 Early Morning/My Love Delights Me (Warner Bros) 7300
1970 I Must Have Been Blind/Beginning 1 (London) M-17379
1970 Sometimes We’re Up/Beginning 2 (London) M-17383

Albums

1967 The Collectors [aka New Vibrations From Canada] (New Syndrome/Warner Bros) WS-1746
1968 Grass And Wild Strawberries (New Syndrome/Warner Bros) WS-1774
1987 Seventeeth Summer (Edsel – UK) ED-214


COLLINS BROS.
Ken Collins / Pat Collins
From Calgary, Alberta

Singles
1978
You Never Get What You’re Hoping For/Space Medley: Star Wars/Close Encounters/Calling Occupants (Skysong) SKY-457801
1981 Hold Onto Me/Lovely Lady (Skysong) SKY-458101


COLOR ME PSYCHO
Tom Bagley
(vocals, all instruments)
From Calgary, Alberta. Bagley went on to create one-man band Forbidden Dimension.

Albums
1986 Kiss Me, Then…Color Me Psycho [cassette]
1988 Pretend I’m Your Father (Raging) RAGE-002


COLORED RAIN
Hank Leonhardt
(lead vocals) / Darrell Kitllitz (guitar) / Bobby Titiryn (drums) / Jerry Dale / John Hurlihy
Formed in Edmonton, Alberta in 1968. The band recorded at legendary Buddy Holly producer Norm Petty’s studio in Clovis, New Mexico in 1969 and cut four sides. The first single, “Watch Her Walk” b/w “On Their Carousel”, was released on the Apex label in 1969. The follow-up single featuring the two remaining recordings – “Gimme Some Lovin’” and “Reminiscing” were released on London in 1970. The group disbanded in 1971; Dale, Kittlitz and Titiryn would go on to be in Happy Cooker and Funshine in 1975 – even working with Norm Petty again. Their single “I’m Coming Home” was never released. Kitllitz died April 24, 2010; Hank Leonhardt joined Uncle Wiggly’s Hot Shoes Blues Band. He is now known as Big Hank Lionhart and performs in the band Fist Full of Blues. with notes from Shawn Nagy

Singles
1969
Watch Her Walk/On Their Carousel (Apex) 77102                                      
1970 Gimme Some Lovin’/Reminiscing (London) M-17384


COMPASS
Mojah
(vocals) / Terry Wilkins (bass)
Rhythmic collaboration featuring members of notable Toronto outfits such as Parachute Club, Rough Trade, Canadian Aces, Truths & Rights. They released one single in 1986 “You Took the Words Right Out of My Mouth”.

Singles
1986 You Took The Words Right Out of My Mouth/Chances (ABC) ABC-019


CONCERT
Luc Gauthier (guitar) / Christian Racine (bass, vocals) /  Denis Toupin (drums) / Michael Breen (guitar, vocals)
From Québec. Michael Breen would go on to have a successful solo career in the 1980s.

Singles
1980
Arrete-toi donc la/Besoin de toi (Epic/Columbia) C5-4260

Albums
1980
Concert (Epic/Columbia) PFC-80038


CONDITION
Julia Gilmore
(vocals, organ) / Eddy Strawiak (saxophone, guitar) / Phillip “Vinnie” Vezina (drums)
Montréal-based torch/swing/rockabilly band fronted by writers Julia Gilmore and Eddy Strawiak (who left after the album ‘Mumbo Jumbo’).  1985’s ‘Mumbo Jumbo’ went to No.1 on CBC’s ‘Brave New Waves’ radio show and sold over 2000 copies.

Albums
1983 Dirty Business [cassette] (Og) OG-2
1985 Mumbo Jumbo (Psyche Industry) PIR-04
1986 Red Hot And Blue [6 song EP] (Amok) MLP-508
1989 Swamp Rock (Amok) HLP-527


CONDO, Ray
Born: Ray Tremblay on May 16, 1950 in Hull, Québec
Died: April 15, 2004
Québec’s Ray Condo became a fixture on Montréal’s live music scene performing a mixture of Rockabilly/Country/ Backwoods/Garage Rock/Swing, etc. His earliest brush with fame came when he was 16 in the band The Peasants who released one single. After heading out west and becoming a member of punk band The Secret V’s, he returned to Québec and formed the Hard Rock Goners in 1984. The band featured stand-up bassist Clive Jackson, banjoist Chris Dean, violinist Edgar Bridwell, guitarist Eric Sandmark, and drummer Peter Sandmark. The band was together 11 years and released two albums before Condo got bored with the Montréal scene. With a move back to Vancouver in 1991 his band splintered. Bassist Clive Jackson went with him and joined Vancouver’s Five Star Hillbillies. They renamed themselves Ray Condo & His Ricochets. The band featured Condo, Jackson and guitarist Steven Nikleva (ex-Animal Slaves), steel guitar player Jimmy Roy, and drummer Steve Taylor (later replaced by John Cody of BTO/Lee Aaron fame). The band released three albums on their own Joaquin Records. Condo was found dead, of an apparent heart attack, in his apartment April 15, 2005. He had been planning a comeback tour. Musicians around Vancouver threw a fundraiser at the Railway Club to raise funds for Condo’s funeral expenses.

Singles
with RAY CONDO & THE HARD ROCK GONES
2004
Sweet Love on My Mind/Big Dog Little Dog

Albums
2005
Blast from the Past (Vampirette)

with RAY CONDO & THE HARD ROCK GONERS
1986 Crazy Date (Pipeline/Bonaparte)  PIPE-002
1988 Hot ‘n’ Cold (Crazy Rekkids) CR-001
1991 Condo Country [EP] (Fury – UK) FEP-703
1992 Condo Country (Fury – UK) DAGCD-8
1993 Hillbilly Holiday (Fury – UK) FCD-3025
1994 Come On! (Fury – UK) FCD-3031

with RAY CONDO AND HIS RICOCHETS

1996 Swing Brother Swing (East Side) 13
1997 Door To Door Maniac (Joaquin) JOA-2504
2000 High & Wild (Joaquin) JOA-2507


CONEY HATCH
Carl Dixon
(lead vocals, guitar) / Andy Curran (lead vocals, bass) / Steve Shelski (lead guitar) / Dave Ketchum (drums) / Barry Connors (drums; 1985) / Sean Kelly (replaced Shelski; lead guitar 2018)
Coney Hatch appeared on the Ontario club scene in 1980 and included founding members Andy Curran and Dave Ketchum. They played all across the country with different guitarists, finally settling on Carl Dixon and Steve Shelski by the summer of 1981. The songwriting became a team effort between Dixon, Curran and Shelski and combined with some material from before Dixon joined, by 1982 they were ready to record. At a gig at the Gasworks in Toronto, Curran noticed a guy sitting at a table, writing. It was Kim Mitchell’s songwriting partner, Pye Dubois. Dubois called Mitchell the next day and a connection was made.  Coney Hatch was signed to Mitchell’s then label, Anthem, in November 1981 and Mitchell was brought on board to co-produce their self-titled debut album with Guess Who legend Jack Richardson. It was released in the summer of 1982, and spawned the hit single “Hey Operator” which wasn’t even going to be on the album, but shortly after recording of the LP was completed, the band wrote this following a gig in Thorold and Anthem decided it should go on the record. After a year and much touring with the likes of Judas Priest later, the follow-up, ‘Outa Hand’, was released in July 1983 and was produced by Max Norman. The album produced the single and video “First Time For Everything” (featuring backing vocals by Peter Fredette) and was the most added play-listed song on US radio the week it came out. ‘Friction’ followed in 1985 with the exit of drummer Ketchum and the addition of Barry Connors. The album was once again produced by Max Norman. With the albums selling progressively less on each occasion Coney Hatch eventually split up in 1986; Andy Curran went on to record a solo album, ‘No Tattoos’, and formed a band called Soho 69 who released one album on Hypnotic Records in the mid-90’s. He also has a high profile as a hockey player with the Q107 hockey team and even recorded a hockey anthem for the radio station’s Toronto Maple Leaf broadcasts with Greg Godovitz (Goddo) and Rik Emmett (Triumph); Carl Dixon also went solo and released a self-titled debut in 1992 gaining him much success in Germany where Coney Hatch are still hot. He has most recently become the newest member of the official touring version of The Guess Who; Steve Shelski was in a near fatal traffic accident in the 1980’s and would later emerge as a sideman playing guitar for the likes of Gowan in the early ’90’s. Hatch reunited in 1992 to promote the release of their ‘best of’ compilation by Anthem ‘Best of Three’ CD. They also reunited for a concert in Sweden (without Andy Curran) in June 2004. In 1997 Steve Shelski scored the music for the movie ‘Heaven Before I Die’ starring Omar Sharif, Giancarlo Giannini, and Joanna Pacula. Carl Dixon also co-wrote several tunes. Shelski does other session work for TSN. He was the touring guitarist for Goddo from  2005 to 209; Dixon was performing in a version of The Guess Who through the 80’s and ’90s before moving over to the April Wine camp when the original Guess Who reformed to tour again from 2000 to 2004. He went back to the faux Guess Who when the reunion ended. In 2008 during a visit to see his daughter in Australia he was nearly killed in a head-on car crash. He continues to recover and released a new solo album in 2011 (his fourth solo release); Coney Hatch reunited in 2012 and released a new album, ‘Four’, in 2013 featuring the lead single “Blown Away” on Frontiers Records; Coney Hatch reunited in 2018 for a tour. with notes from Carl Dixon and Dan Brisebois. [also see ANDY CURRAN, CARL DIXON]

Singles
1982 Hey Operator/Stand Up (Anthem) ANS-045
1982 Monkey Bars/You Ain’t Got Me (Anthem) ANS-047
1982 First Time For Everything (Anthem) ANS-052
1984 Fantasy/Stateline (Anthem) ANS-062
1985 Girl From Last Night’s Dream/Burning Love (Anthem) ANS-063
1985 She’s Gone/He’s A Champion (Anthem) ANS-064
2013 Blown Away (Frontiers EUR)

Albums

1982 Coney Hatch (Anthem) ANR-1-1037
1983 Outa Hand (Anthem) ANR-1-1041
1985 Friction (Anthem) ANR-1-1046
1992 Best Of Three (Anthem) WANK-1065
2013 Four (Frontiers – EUR)


CONNORS, “Stompin’” Tom
Born: Charles Thomas Connors on February 9, 1936 in St. John, New Brunswick Died: March 6, 2013 in Erin, Ontario
Tom Connors spent most of his early childhood with his mother Isabel Connors and step-father Terrence Messer but they were being constantly evicted for not being able to pay rent. Isabel even spent time finding shelter at a women’s penitentiary with Tom in tow before the Children’s Aid Society seized him where he was later adopted out to Cora and Russell Aylward. By the age of 13 Tom Connors ran away from his adopted family to hitch-hike across Canada. To make ends meet he’d take part-time jobs including a mining job and began playing guitar and singing for extra cash. It was at a stop in Timmins at the Maple Leaf Hotel in 1964 where he was a nickel short of being able to pay for a $0.35 beer. He was about to leave and head to the Salvation Army to get some food when the Hotel’s bartender said that $0.30 was fine and that he could pay for the rest of the beer by singing a few songs. That performance turned into a 14-month residency, earned him a weekly spot on radio station CKGB and the release of eight 7″ singles on the station’s record label. Connors earned a reputation writing songs about the everyday lives of Canadians. His intense performances where he stomped on a piece of wood to keep time and over-ride the din of the noisy places he plaid earned him the name Stompin’ Tom after it was coined by MC Boyd McDonald on July 1, 1967 during a performance at the King George Tavern in Peterborough. Tom would often put his boot through the plywood and comment, teasingly, on the quality of the local lumber in the towns he played in. He often sold off his stomping boards for charity including one that fetched $15,000 in July 2011. Connors’ first two albums were paid for by him and released on the Rebel Records label. When he moved to Dominion Records he wanted to re-issue them but because of a dispute with Rebel had to re-record the material. In 1971 Tom created his own label, Boot Records (and its budget imprint Cynda), with business partners Jury Krytiuk and Mark Altman. As the 1970s progressed, he retired to his farm at Ballinafad, in Erin, Ontario, to protest the lack of support given to Canadian stories on television due to policy limits enforced by the CRTC. He also boycotted the JUNO Awards as he was strongly opposed to artists who conducted most of their business in the United States. He felt that these “turncoat Canadians” should compete as Americans for Grammy Awards and not as Canadians. He returned his six JUNO Awards to the award show’s governing body, CARAS, accompanied by a terse letter to the board of directors. He remained in seclusion until 1986 when he returned with another new label called A-C-T (Assisting Canadian Talent), where he released two new albums and re-released his back catalogue on cassette only. Also that year, Tim Vesely and Dave Bidini of Rheostatics crashed his 50th birthday party. Bidini wrote an article about it in The Toronto Star newspaper. The story caught the interest of Capitol Records and they offered to re-issue his back catalog. This also resulted in his active return to recording and appearing live. A highlight was his appearance on Conan O’Brian’s ‘Late Show’ in 2004 during a week of shows filmed in Toronto. In one segment he led the studio audience in a rousing rendition of ‘The Hockey Song’. Connors died from kidney failure March 6, 2013 at his home in Ballinifad.

Singles
1964
Movin’ On To Rouyn/Carolyne (CKGB) QC-95
1964 The Birth Of The New Dragon Mine/Luke’s Guitar (CKGB) QC-122
1964 Fire In The Mine/Streets Of Toronto (CKGB) QC-134
1965 Rubberhead/Laura (CKGB) QC-160
1965 Forever Emily/Y’ay Canada (CKGB) QC-211
1966 Pizza Pie Love/Going Back Up North (CKGB) QC-238
1966 My Brother Paul/I Saw The Teardrop (CKGB) QC-250
1966 Mr. Snowflake/Jingle Jangle (CKGB) QC-251
1966 Little Wawa/The Northern Gentleman (Twang) QC-387
1967 Don Valley Jail/Sudbury Saturday Night (Rebel) RX-104
1967 The Hepworth Country Auditorium Song/The Footsy Song (Rebel) RX-105
1970 Bud The Spud/The Old Atlantic Shore (Dominion) 103
1970 Big Joe Mufferaw/The Coal Boat Song (Dominion) 109
1970 Sudbury Saturday Night/Algoma Central #69 (Dominion) 110
1970 The Ketchup Song/Poor, Poor Farmer (Dominion) 115
1970 Luke’s Guitar (Twang, Twang)/Log Train (Dominion) 124
1971 Merry Christmas Everybody/An Orphan’s Christmas (Dominion) 128
1971 Roll On Saskatchewan/Jenny Donnelly (Dominion) 139
1971 The Bridge Came Tumblin’ Down/My Stompin’ Grounds (Boot) BT-003
1971 Tribute To Wilf Carter/Song Of The Irish Moss (Boot) BT-009
1971 Tillsonburg/”Wop” May (Boot) BT-014
1971 The Bridge Came Tumblin’ Down/Tillsonburg (Boot) BT-021
1971 Name The Capital/Pistol Packin’ Mama (Boot) BT-024
1971 The Snowmobile Song/[split w/Howard Cable And The Highway Eleven] (Summus) SR-2501
1972 Moon-Man Newfie/Roving All Over The Land (Boot) BT-027
1972 The Bug Song/Oh, Laura (Boot) BT-037
1972 Fire In The Mine/The Isles Of Magdalen (Boot) BT-051
1972 The Consumer/Your Loving Smile (Boot) BT-060
1972 The Martin Hartwell Story/The Curse Of The Marc Guylaine (Boot) BT-064
1972 The Hockey Song/True, True Love (Boot) BT-066
1972 Poor, Poor Farmer/Rubberhead (Boot) BT-073
1972 Sudbury Saturday Night/Algoma Central #69 (Boot) BT-075
1972 Prince Edward Island, Happy Birthday/Singing My Blues Away (Boot) BT-079
1973 Don Messer Story/Manitoba (Boot) BT-085
1974 To It And At It/Muk Luk Shoe (Boot) BT-093
1974 Streaker’s Dream/Unfaithful Heart (Boot) BT-107
1974 Ballad Of Muk Tuk Annie/Bonnie Belinda (Boot) BT-114
1974 New Brunswick And Mary/Zakuska Polka (Boot) BT-117
1974 Our Father/An Orphan’s Christmas (Boot) BT-120
1974 The Night That I Created Sam McGee/Paddlewheeler (Boot) BT-126
1974 North Atlantic Squadron/Take Me Down The River (Boot) BT-134
1975 When Snow Flurries Fall/Jack Of Many Trades (Boot)  BT-145
1976 A Damn Good Song For A Miner/A Damn Good Song For A Miner (Boot) BT-166
1977 Big And Friendly Waiter John/Bluenose (Boot) BT-176
1977 Canada’s Unity/Fleur De Lis (Boot) BT-182
1977 Where The Chinooks Blow/Gypsy Chant (Boot) BT-191
1977 Gumboot Cloggeroo/Roses In The Snow (Boot)  BT-194
1978 Back Yardin’/Ripped Off Winkle (Boot) BT-216
1980 The Bridge Came Tumblin’ Down/Golden Gone Bye (Boot) BTX-261
1988 I Am The Wind/Jolly Joe MacFarland (Capitol) B-73093
1988 Lady, K.d. Lang/Return Of The Sea Queen (ACT) GT-1501
1989 Canada Day, Up Canada Way/I Am The Wind (ACT) GT-1502
1992 Believe In Your Country (Capitol) DPRO-620
1993 Football Song (EMI) CDPRO-810
1993 Blue Berets (EMI) CDPRO-889
1995 Al Sass & Dee John (EMI) CDPRO-1192
1997 The Confederation Bridge (EMI) CDPRO-1538

Albums
1968
The Northlands’ Own Tom Connors (Rebel) CLPS-1067
1969 On Tragedy Trail With Tom Connors (Rebel) CLPS-1070
1969 Sings Bud the Spud and Other Favourites (Dominion) LPS-21002
1970 Meets Big Joe Mufferaw (Dominion) LPS-21007
1971 The Best of Stompin’ Tom Connors (Dominion) LPS-21025
1971 My Stompin’ Grounds (Boot) BOS-7103
1971 Love & Laughter (Boot) BOS-7107
1971 Stompin’ Tom Connors Sings 60 Old Time Favourites [5 LP Box] (Boot) STC-1
1971 Pistol Packin’ Mama And Other Old Time Favourites (Cynda) CNS-1003
1972 Bringing Them Back (Cynda) CNS-1020
1972 Stompin’ Tom Sings 60 More Old Time Favourites [5 LP Box] (Boot) STC-2
1972 Stompin’ Tom and the Hockey Song (Boot) BOS-7112
1973 Merry Christmas Everybody (Boot) BOS-7126
1973 To It and at It (Boot) BOS-7127
1973 “Live” at the Horseshoe (Boot) BOS-7128
1973 Northlands Zone [re-issue of ‘Northlands’ Own] (Boot) BOS-7135
1973 Across This Land With Stompin’ Tom Connors [2 LP] (Boot) BOS-2-7137
1974 Stompin’ Tom Meets Muk Tuk Annie (Boot) BOS-7146
1975 The North Atlantic Squadron (Boot) BOS-7153
1975 Souvenirs (TeeVee) TA9-2028
1976 The Unpopular Stompin’ Tom Connors (Boot) BOS-7171
1977 Stompin’ Tom at the Gumboot Cloggeroo (Boot) BOS-7180
1986 Stompin’ Tom Is Back to Assist Canadian Talent (ACT) ACT-1
1988 Fiddle and Song (ACT) STC-15
1990 A Proud Canadian [2 LP] (Capitol) 80007
1991 Once Upon a Stompin’ Tom (Capitol) C2-97103
1991 More of the Stompin’ Tom Phenomenon (Capitol) C1-95897
1992 Believe in Your Country (Capitol) C2-99599
1993 Dr. Stompin’ Tom Eh? (EMI) E2-27225
1993 K.I.C. Along with Stompin’ Tom (EMI) S2-89451
1995 Long Gone to the Yukon (EMI) 835298
1995 And The Moon-Man Newfie [re-titled re-issue of ‘Love & Laughter] (Capitol)
C2-92975
1996 Sound Tracks Canada (EMI) 837242
1997 The Confederation Bridge [cassette EP] (EMI) ST4T-33111
1998 25 of the Best Stompin’ Tom Souvenirs (EMI) 495505
1999 Move Along with Stompin’ Tom (EMI) 522937
2001 Sings Canadian History (EMI) 342712
2002 An Ode for the Road (EMI) 399612
2004 And the Hockey Mom Tribute (EMI) 643162
2008 The Ballad of Stompin’ Tom (EMI) 427792
2012 Stompin’ Tom And The Road’s Of Life
2014 Unreleased Songs From The Vault Collection – Vol. 1 (Universal)
2014 Live Concert Soundtrack


CONROY, Patricia
Born: January 30, 1957 in Montreal, Québec
Originally from Montreal, Vancouver-based country singer Patricia Conroy got her musical start singing in her family’s Irish band as a child, which was the brainchild of her Irish-born father. Her mother, born in New Brunswick, was a big country music fan so Patricia naturally found her interest in singing steadily veering in the country direction. When Patricia left home she headed for Lake Louise, Alberta, eventually finding her way back to Ontario where she got musical work as a backup vocalist for a bluegrass group. Moving next to Calgary, she survived a bad car accident and spent the following two years recuperating in California. Returning to Canada she settled in Vancouver where she managed a furniture store for two years before putting together the band that would eventually become known as the Patricia Conroy Band. She entered CKWX’s Battle of the Bands, in which she won the $1000 grand prize; she took her winnings and recorded all of her original material. In 1988 she met WEA’s Bob Roper at Country Music Week in Toronto and gave him her demo, and shortly thereafter received a letter from him suggesting a direction for her to take musically. Nothing more happened until a year later when she bumped into Roper again, this time at Country Music Week in Ottawa, and he took her aside and asked for more songs. She submitted three more and within weeks she had a deal with Warner Music. Her debut album, Blue Angel, was released in 1990 and was produced by Family Brown’s Randall Prescott and featured many famous Nashville session musicians, including Vince Gill on background vocals. Critically and publicly acclaimed, Conroy went on the road and played across the country to warm receptions everywhere. Over the next three years, Conroy released two more albums and earned herself numerous nominations at the Canadian Country Music Awards including ‘Female Vocalist Of The Year’ in 1994 and ‘Bad Day For Trains’ which was named ‘Album Of The Year’ for 1993. She and Warner Music parted ways after her third album. At the 1999 CCMAs, Conroy was voted best Independent Female Artist.

Singles
1987 My Heart’s On Fire/I Never Meant To Say Goodbye (Rural) RR-004
1988 Come On Back/[same] (Rana) RR-0026
1990 This Time (Warner Music)
1990 A Thousand Trails (Warner Music)
1991 Take Me With You (Warner Music)
1991 Blue Angel (Warner Music)
1991 Why I’m Walkin’ (Warner Music)
1992 Bad Day For Trains (Warner Music)
1993 What Do You Care (Warner Music)
1993 Blank Pages (Warner Music)
1993 Here We Go Again (Warner Music)
1994 Somebody’s Leaving (Warner Music)
1995 I Don’t Wanna Be The One (Warner Music)
1995 Keep Me Rockin (Warner Music)
1998 Direction Of Love (Shoreline)
1999 Ain’t Nobody Like You (KOCH)

Albums
1990 Blue Angel (Warner Music) CD-72064
1992 Bad Day For Trains (Warner Music) CD-77499
1994 You Can’t Resist (Warner Music) CD-97541
1998 Wild As The Wind (Shoreline) SHO-CD8022
2000 Greatest Hits (KOCH)
2007 Talking To Myself (Angeline)


CONSPIRACY
Alex “Big Al” Glover
(lead vocals, trumpet) / Gary “Guanto Burger” Greensword (lead vocals, lead trumpet)  / Mike Heath (bass, vocals)  / Doug “Bummy” Jackson (trombone)  / Ricky “Midnite” Voigt (lead guitar, lead vocals)  / Stevie “TV” Beach (keyboards, lead vocals) / Albi “Boone” Koteles (drums, lead vocals) / Brian McKay (trombone; replaced Jackson)  / Ron “Loops” Cameron (bass, vocals; replaced Heath)
Conspiracy was formed in 1974 after the amalgamation of two groups; the three “lead singing” horn players of Canadian Conspiracy and Orleans from Brantford. At their first engagement at the Friar’s Tavern on Yonge Street in Toronto, they were signed to New Directions Management which was owned by Kevin Hunter (Natalie Cole, The Bells). Conspiracy went on to do extensive travelling in all major Canadian cities as well as stints in Puerto Rico, Nassau, Freeport, New York, Miami and Hawaii before landing a record deal with Capitol Records. The “Night Chaser” single was released by Capital in 1976 and received enough airplay to allow them to open for Natalie Cole at Place Des’Arte in Montréal, the Ottawa Arts Centre and Hamilton Place. Unfortunately, the second release, “Whatcha Gonna Do When the Rain Starts Fallin'”, did not fare as well on the charts and they were dumped by Capitol Records. In 1978 they released a live album but disbanded shortly after. Voigt and Koteles settled in Florida; Glover is a booking agent in Atlantic City; Beach returned to Brantford; Greensword is a real estate agent with Re/Max in Mississauga, Ontario; McKay passed away; and Cameron became touring bassist with Tommy Hunter. with notes from Gary Greensword. [also see CANADIAN CONSPIRACY]

Singles
1976 Night Chaser/Leave Me Alone (Capitol)  72776
1976 Whatcha Gonna Do When the Rain Starts Fallin’/Leave Me Alone (Capitol) 4406

Albums

1978 Live at Alexander (World) WRC1-141


CONTRACTION
Christiane Robichaud
(lead vocals) / Robert Lachapelle (piano) / Yves Laferriere (bass) / Robert Stanley (electric guitar) / Rawn Bankley (acoustic guitar) /  Marcel P. Huot (drums)
Jazz-prog act from Québec was formed in 1971 after Ville Emard Blues Band vocalist Christiane Robichaud made an appearance on Franck Dervieux’s ‘Dimension M’ album. The bassist on that session was Yves Lafierre. He and Robichaud soon decided to put a new band together which they called Contraction. The early line-up featured guitarists Michael Robidoux and Rawn Bankley, keyboardist Robert Lachapelle, and drummer Christian St. Roch. They band honed their chops around Québec and were soon signed to Columbia Records. With production help from Franck Dervieux at RCA Studios and additional musical accompaniment by other members of the Ville Emard Blues Band, their debut album was completed in the fall of 1971. Columbia believed the album had potential cross-over appeal in English speaking Canada and Europe and released the self-titled record in two official languages in 1972. The first single was “Ste-Melanie Blues”. The band spent the next year playing festivals and large outdoor events in Québec and the Ottawa Valley and had several member changes. With Columbia Records not renewing their contract, they moved to Québec independent label Deram for their French-only follow-up album ‘La Bourse ou la vie’ in 1974. The first single was “L’âme à tout faire” but did not fair well on the music charts. The band would last until 1976 having recorded several tracks for an incomplete third album. Those songs would appear on Laferriere’s 1978 solo album ‘La Cuisine Rouge.’

Singles
1973
Ste-Melanie Blues/Pixieland (Columbia) C4-4017
1974
L’âme à tout faire/Sam’M Madown (Deram) DF-522
1974 Ste-Melanie Blues/Chant Patriotique (CBS – France) CBS-2601

Albums
1972
Contraction [French version] (Columbia) FS-735
1972
Contraction [English Version] (Columbia) ES-90160
1974 La Bourse ou la vie (Deram) XDEF-106
2009 Live 1974 (ProgQuébec) MPM-33


COOPER BROTHERS, The
Richard Cooper
(vocals, guitar) / Brian Cooper (vocals, bass) / Don Bregg (lead vocals)  / Terry King (vocals, steel guitar) / Darryl Alguire (guitar)/ Al Serwa (keyboards) / Glenn Bell (drums) / Charles Robertson III (vocals; replaced Bregg) / Les Emmerson (vocals, guitar)
Ottawa brothers Richard and Brian Cooper started their career on the momentum of Beatlemania and played eastern Canada in such outfits as What The Cat Dragged In. They decided to form their own band in 1971 following Richard’s suspension from the University of Ottawa for spending too much time on the road instead of working on his Masters’ Degree in English Literature. By 1974 the brothers had their own band and released 3 unsuccessful singles under the production guidance of Les Emmerson (Five Man Electrical Band). Richard Cooper felt that the material, which consisted of all cover tunes, wasn’t where they should be focusing and decided to start writing original material. The Cooper Brothers had a minor hit with the first release, “Finally (With You), on their new label Polydor. As a newly expanded seven piece, manager Alan Katz landed them a distribution deal in the US with Gary Cape’s Capricorn Records in Macon, Georgia. With Cape also acting as producer (right up through their final LP), by the summer of 1978 they finally had their first legitimate hit with “Rock And Roll Cowboys”. The follow-up, “The Dream Never Dies” became an American hit for US country singer Bill Anderson but also charted on the Billboard Hot 100 for The Cooper Brothers as did “Show Some Emotion” and “I’ll Know Her When I See Her”. With the folding of Capricorn Records in 1980 the band lost their third album which was already completed — called ‘Reach for the Stars’ — and floundered without a record deal.  They brought Les Emmerson (Staccatos/Five Man Electrical Band) in as fresh blood and produced one more album – ‘Learning to Live With It’ – on the indie label SALT, before the brothers parted ways. The group disbanded following a long cross-Canada tour in 1983. They did reunite for a one-off Children’s Wish Foundation charity fundraiser at the Ottawa Civic Centre in 1986. Brian Cooper and Terry King formed a trio of sorts featuring Les Emmerson in 1990 called Cooper, King and Emmerson until King died of lung cancer in 2000. In October 2006, ‘The Best of the Cooper Brothers’, under the supervision of Gary Cape, was released by the Pacemaker/EMI and the band performed for the first time on stage in over twenty years. This led to a number of sold-out live dates throughout Southern Ontario including a memorable Ottawa Bluesfest concert in front of 25,000 people while opening the show for James Taylor. The experience also sparked Dick Cooper’s songwriting muse and before long the Brothers had enough material for a new album. In September 2009 with old friend Colin Linden in the production chair, the Cooper Brothers went to Masterlink Studio in Nashville to begin recording with session musicians including Audley Freed (Black Crowes, Jakob Dylan, Dixie Chicks), Dan Dugmore (Linda Ronstadt, James Taylor), Kevin McKendree (Brian Seltzer, Lee Roy Parnell), Lynn Williams (John Hiatt, Delbert McClinton) and Steve Mackey (Trisha Yearwood). Special guests included Blue Rodeo’s Jim Cuddy, Delbert McClinton, and Chuck Leavell. After additional recording back in Ottawa and Toronto the CD was mixed in Los Angeles by John Whynot (Colin James, Bruce Cockburn, Lucinda Williams). The twelve song album ‘In From the Cold’ was released in October 2010. In 2012 Dick Cooper re-released his critically acclaimed book ‘Jukebox’ based on events from the Cooper Brothers’ long history. The band released a new studio album, ‘Southbound’, in May 2013 to critical acclaim. with notes from Dick Cooper, Jamie McErlean, John Rowlands, Richard Patterson, Gary Cape, Brad Stone, Chris Cobb,  Stephen MacLeod.

Singles
1974 Finally (With You)/Lovers (Polydor) 2065-220
1974 Miss Lonely Heart (Polydor) 2065-237
1975 From Day to Day/What She Can Do (Diana/Polydor) DO-1008
1978 Rock And Roll Cowboys/Portrait (Capricorn) CPS-0303
1978 The Dream Never Dies/Crazy Sundays (Capricorn) CPS-0308
1979 Away From You/Portrait (Capricorn) CPS-0315
1979 I’ll Know Her When I See Her/Heroes (Capricorn) CPS-0325
1979 Show Some Emotion/Mustard The Dog (Capricorn) CPS-0330
1981 If My Heart Only Knew [edit 3:39]/If My Heart Only Knew [no edit] (Salt) 104-DJ
2012 Our Love Deserves Better (Gunshy)

Albums
1978 Cooper Brothers (Polydor/Capricorn) CPN-0206
1979 Pitfalls Of The Ballroom (Polydor/Capricorn) CPN-0226
1981 Learning To Live With It (Salt) SALT-104
2006
Best Of The Cooper Brothers (Pacemaker/EMI)  PACE-049
2010 In From The Cold (Gunshy)
2013 Southbound (Gunshy)


COPPERPENNY
Ken Hollis
(vocals) / Verne MacDonald (lead guitar, vocals) / Rich Wamil (keyboards, clavinet, vocals) / Eugene “Gino” Wojcik (drums) / Bert Hamer (drums; replaced Wojcik 1968) / Paul Reibling (bass, vocals) / Bill Mononen (guitar; replaced MacDonald) / Ron Hiller (bass; replaced Reibling) / Blake Barrett (drums; replaced Hamer) / Wayne Evans (bass; replaced Hiller) / Bill Dalrymple (bass)
In 1965 Copperpenny was formed by Hollis and Wamil in Kitchener, Ontario as the Penny Farthings. With the addition of Gino & The Comets drummer Eugene Wojcik, Verne MacDonald and Paul Reibling they changed their name to Copperpenny which was the name of a song on the  flip-side of The Paupers 1966 single “If I Call You by Some Name”. In early 1968 they were signed to Columbia Records and began recording the first of six single sides for the label at Larry Williamson’s Chelsea Sound in Toronto.  Their debut single, “Baby Gives Me Everything”, was released in March 1968 to moderate success at radio. The follow-up single in July 1968, “Nice Girl”, soon became a minor hit that summer. However, their third single in October 1968, “Beezel Bug”, failed to get any reaction and Copperpenny soon parted ways with Columbia. They would then move to Jack Richardson’s Nimbus label in early 1969 with distribution through RCA. The first single for the label was “Just a Sweet Little Thing” in August of that year. By early 1970 the band was recording with producer Jack Richardson and engineer Ben McPeek at RCA Studios in Chicago and New York resulting in their self-titled debut on RCA and the first single “Stop (Wait A Minute)” in June 1970. The song was initially the flip-side to “I’ve Been Hurt Before”, but was released as a new single and rose to No. 67 on the charts. The band also became the hosts of the CBC-TV show ‘Drop-In’. Following the failure to get a second single launched, the RCA deal expired and Copperpenny was being courted by A & M Records producer Harry Hinde who took them to GM Studios in Detroit (where Amish and Yukon had recorded) to work on six new songs during August and September 1970. The studio’s owner, Guido Maresco, insisted the material be released on his own independent imprint stateside called LUV Records. A promo single did materialize of early versions of “Call Me” and “Marketplace” but it failed to materialize in anything positive for the band and they returned to Canada with no record deal and a crisis of faith. It would take a line-up retooling (only Hollis and Wamil remained) and their resurrection through Sweet Plum Records (a London Records subsidiary) where they would strike gold. 1973’s “You’re Still The One” was the band’s first legitimate hit and their follow-up “Sittin’ On A Poor Man’s Throne” was recorded in Detroit with producer Harry Hinde and engineer Richard Becker to create a more R & B feel to their material. This included the addition of backing vocalists Joyce Vincent Wilson and Telma Hopkins (of Tony Orlando & Dawn fame).  Copperpenny would continue to record in Detroit as they toured extensively throughout the US with the likes of Led Zeppelin, Bob Seger and Uriah Heep. They made appearances on TV shows such as ‘Keith Hampshire’s Music Machine’ and even briefly had their own variety show that launched the career of an unknown magician named Doug Henning. By the time of their final release with Capitol Records in 1975, ‘Fuse’, Rich Wamil was the only member left. The album of cover tunes was once again produced by Harry Hinde and engineered by Haywood Parrott, this time at RCA Studio in Toronto. Session players became the new Copperpenny: Eric Robertson (string arrangements, keyboards), Barry Keane (drums), Paul Zaza (bass), and guitar duties traded between Al Mix and Brian Russell. Despite some well-placed chart action for the songs “Hey Brother”, “Disco Queen” and “Good Time Sally”, they and four subsequent singles — including a Christmas themed single featuring two non-album tracks — failed to sustain Wamil’s bid to keep Copperpenny afloat. The project was officially folded in early 1976; Kenny Hollis went on to a solo career and had success with the single “Goin’ Hollywood”. He would later become PR manager at Lulu’s Roadhouse in Kitchener with occasional Copperpenny reunions in the 1980’s. Hollis died from a massive heart attack on July 19, 2002 after being hit by a truck; Hiller spent 1979-1981 in a Toronto-based contemporary gospel music group called Sonlight (featuring Stuart Russell, Chris Woroch, and Brian McFarlane) playing Hiller’s original material and covering songs by The Imperials, Andrus, Blackwood & Company, and BJ Thomas among others. They did the local Toronto church scene, Kitchener-Waterloo, and summer gigs in Muskoka. Later Hiller became a studio musician and records children’s projects under the name Ronno And Friends; Wojcik went on to join the short-lived Kitchener act Yukon; Dalrymple died September 27, 2017. with notes from Alan Dunbrook, Rick Mank, Stuart Russell, Stephen MacLeod and Chris Chivers.

Singles
1968 Baby Gives Me Everything/I’m Afraid Of The Cold (Columbia) C4-2797
1968
Nice Girl/Help Me (Columbia) C4-2817
1968 Beezel Bug/I Gotta Go (Columbia) C4-2838
1969 Just a Sweet Little Thing/That Was the Game (Nimbus/RCA) 75-0263
1969 I’ve Been Hurt Before/Stop (Wait a Minute) (RCA) 75-0371
1970 Stop (Wait a Minute)/I`ve Been Hurt Before (Nimbus/RCA) 75-1031
1970 Call Me/Marketplace (LUV – USA) 102
1973 You’re Still The One/Call Me (Sweet Plum/London) SPL-9912
1973 Sittin’ On a Poor Man’s Throne/Bad Manners (Sweet Plum/London) SPL-9914
1973 Rock And Roll, Boogie Woogie and Wine/Taking My Heart (Sweet Plum/London)
SPL-9919
1974 Where Is the Answer/Bad Manners (Sweet Plum/London) SPL-9921
1974 Summertime/Get Away (Sweet Plum/London) SPL-9925

as RICH WAMIL AND COPPERPENNY
1975 Help Your Brother/Rollin’ All Night (Capitol) 72741
1975 Disco Queen/Gonna Have a Good Time (Capitol) 72751
1975 Good Time Sally/Let It Happen (Capitol) 72757
1975 Going Down To Miami/Mind Over Matter (Capitol) 72764
1975 Run Rudolph Run/Hey Now Watcha Gonna Give Me (Capitol) 72765
1976 Suspicious Love/Feedback On Highway 101 (Capitol) 72766
1976 Needing You/I Love You (Capitol) 72774

Albums

1970 Copperpenny (RCA)LSP-4291
1973
Sitting On A Poor Man’s Throne (Sweet Plum/London/A & M)
SPLP-951

as RICH WAMIL AND COPPERPENNY
1976
Fuse (Capitol) ST-6410


COPYRIGHT (aka CIRCLE C)
Tom Anselmi
(vocals, guitar) / Christian Thorvaldson (guitar) / Pete Bourne (drums) / Eric Marxsen (bass)
Following the collapse of Vancouver act Slow, members Tom Anselmi and Christian Thorvaldson called on old friends Pete Bourne (who was moonlighting in Toronto as a session player – often sitting in for the newly formed Headstones) and Eric Marxsen to jam and work on something a little more accessible. Not long after the Seattle grunge scene was heating up and a rep from Geffen Records stateside was snooping around Vancouver in a hunt for the next Mudhoney. She found out about Slow and when word got back to Anselmi he called her up and the band auditioned. Soon Geffen gave them $5,000 to make a demo and Geffen proceeded to sign the band in 1989. Lookout Management exec Elliott Roberts signed them stateside and moved the band to Los Angeles to write material for their debut album. The problem was they still didn’t have a name. The band agreed that the copyright symbol itself should be used to represent their name. Management and the people involved at Geffen, including company President David Geffen himself, hated the idea. The band stuck to its guns nearly souring the relationship mmediately. The group’s first album was produced by the UK’s John Porter in Wales. Upon release the band allowed the label to call it ‘Circle C’ but the band won final approval on the art that featured a Canadian flag with the copyright symbol standing in for the red Maple Leaf. The record was widely hailed as a masterpiece by those who heard it but that audience was few and far between because Nirvana’s groundbreaking ‘Nevermind’ album was released the same week in September 1991. Meanwhile, Geffen fired the A & R rep that discovered the band and Copyright lost their internal support with the label. The band were at a crossroads and had to decide on blowing the remainder of their record label cash advance in self-destructive excesses or go on tour. They decided to go on a cross-Canada tour but the album was difficult to translate live and they began falling apart as the tour progressed. With the members barely on speaking terms and close to disbanding they waited out their deal and were eventually dumped by Geffen. In 1994, Anselmi went to Europe to clear his head and work on some positive musical and artistic pursuits. When he returned the band took the remainder of their Geffen money and refurbished a derelict building in Vancouver’s seedy east end where they put together an arts co-opwith musicians, film-makers and artists in a massive support system. Soon Copyright was back in business and was taken under the wing of manager Allan Moy (54.40, Tom Wilson) who shopped a new record deal for them. In 1997 Copyright was signed to BMG and their debut album for the label, ‘Love Story’, was produced by Jamey Kosh, a protege of producer and engineer Bob Rock (and the bassist for short-lived band Rockhead). Kosh had engineered demos and live shows for Copyright for several years and was a natural fit to finally translate their sound to CD. The album had been another step forward for the band and allowed them the good fortune of having one final release on BMG enitled ‘The Hidden World’.

Singles
as CIRCLE C
1996
Honey/Odette [7”] (Trackshun Industries)  TR-725

as COPYRIGHT
1997
Transfiguration (Edit)/Transfiguration (Album Version) (ViK/BMG) KCDP-51523
2001
Into the Light (ViK/BMG) KCDP-51931

Albums
as CIRCLE C
1991
© (Geffen) DGCD-24319

as COPYRIGHT
1997 Love Story (ViK/BMG) BG2-50338
2001 The Hidden World (ViK/BMG) 84471


CORNDOGS
Greg Clarke (vocals, guitar) / Brodie Lodge (drums, vocals) / Lionel Lodge (bass, vocals)
The Corndogs were formed in 1987 by songwriters Greg Clarke and Brodie Lodge. The band released the ‘Cliffhanger’ EP on its own Doggy Don’t indie label later that year. After a few more years slogging it out in Southern Ontario they became part of Cowboy Junkies member Michael Timmins’ independent label Latent Recordings roster in 1989. Timmins and producer Peter E. Moore co-produced three albums of R & B flavoured rock reminiscent of Alex Chilton. Latent would close after several years as it had become too difficult to manage for Timmins while he was touring and recording with the Cowboy Junkies leaving The Corndogs’ 1992 album ‘Plugged/Dropped’ unreleased. The Corndogs carried on and released their next album, ‘Love Is All’, on Raven Records in North America and Immune Records in the UK. In 1999 they were able return to Latent with a home-made, lo-budget double disc album called ‘Rabbit’. They toured Canada eight times and the UK three times. The band remains friends and never officially split. Though they are currently working their own solo projects they have not ruled out the possibility of recording together again.

Albums
1987 Cliffhanger (Doggy Don’t) DD-501
1990
Tell Your Friends There’s Friends Around (Latent/BMG) LATEX-6
1991 What the Hell Is Going On (Latent/BMG) LATEX-9
1996 Love Is All (Raven) 89472
1999 Rabbit [2CD] (Latent) LATEX-12


CORNISH, Gene
Born: May 14, 1944 in Ottawa, Ontario
Cornish was born in Ottawa but moved to the US when he was a child after his mother (vocalist for Woody Herman and Ozzie Nelson) married an American. They relocated to Rochester, New York where Cornish made his way through several area garage acts. Following a solo stint in the early ’60’s, he became guitarist with Joey Dee and The Starlighters who were regulars at the Peppermint Lounge in New York. Cornish left to join another act called The Unbeatables to capitalize on Beatlemania and released the single “I Wanna Be a Beatle” in 1964. Soon his former Starlighters bandmates Felix Cavaliere (keyboards) and Eddie Brigati (vocals) asked him to join a new band with drummer Dino Danelli called The Young Rascals in February 1965. By the end of theyear they had released their first single “Good Lovin’” which went to No.1 in the US and No. 3 in Canada. The band would go on to rack up hit after hit as the Young Rascals and later as The Rascals including 1967’s “Groovin'” (No.1 in the US and No.2 in Canada), “AGirl Like You (No. 1 in Canada), “How Can I Be Sure” (No. 2 in Canada), “A Beautiful Morning” (No.2 in Canada), and 1968’s “People Got To Be Free” (No. 2 in Canada).  Cornish left the band in 1971 and formed Bulldog for two albums (plus backing B.J. Thomas on his 1973 ‘Songs’ LP) followed by Fotomaker (along Danelli and The Raspberries’ Wally Bryson) and another lesser known group out of New York called G.C. Dangerous. Through his connections in New York with April Wine producer Ralph Murphy, Cornish (along with Danelli) produced two albums for April Wine – 1974’s ‘Live!’ and 1975’s ‘Stand Back’. The Rascals have reunited on several occasions for some revival dates during starting in June 1988 with Cornish, Cavaliere and Danelli only and as recently as April 2010 The Kristen Ann Carr Benefit at the Tribeca Grill in New York. The band was inducted into the Rock And Roll Hall of Fame in 1997. That same year Cornish released a CD by Gene Cornish & The Unbeatables which featured older archive material called ‘Live at Palisades Amusement Park’. Cornish and Danelli still occasionally tour as The New Rascals.

Singles
with THE UNBEATABLES
1964
I Love Paris/What I Say (Dawn) 522

with GENE CORNISH & THE UNBEATABLES
1964
Let’s Do the Capri/Lonely I Will Still Be (Dawn) 550
1964
I Want To Be A Beatle/Oh Misery (Dawn) 551
1964 I Love Paris/What I Say (Dawn) 552
1964
Peanuts (Dawn) 553

with YOUNG RASCALS

1965 I Ain’t Gonna Eat My Heart Out Anymore/Slow Down (Atlantic)45-2312
1966 Good Lovin’/Mustang Sally (Atlantic) 45-2321
1966 You Better Run/Love Is a Beautiful Thing (Atlantic) 45-2338
1966 Come On Up/What Is the Reason (Atlantic) 45-2353
1967 I’ve Been Lonely Too Long/If You Knew (Atlantic) 45-2377
1967 Groovin’/Sueño (Atlantic) 45-2401
1967 Sueño/Groovin’ (Atlantic – Spain) 750.027M
1967 A Girl Like You/It’s Love (Atlantic) 45-2424
1967 How Can I Be Sure/I’m So Happy Now (Atlantic) 45-2438
1967 It’s Wonderful/Of Course (Atlantic) 45-2463

with THE RASCALS
1968 A Beautiful Morning/Rainy Day (Atlantic) 45-2493
1968 People Gotta Be Free/My World (Atlantic) 45-2537
1968 A Ray of Hope/Any Dance Will Do (Atlantic) 45-2584
1969 Heaven/Baby I’m Blue (Atlantic)  45-2599
1969 See/Away Away (Atlantic) 45-2634
1969 Carry Me Back/Real Thing (Atlantic) 45-2664
1969 Hold On/I Believe (Atlantic) 45-2695
1970 Glory Glory/You Don’t Know (Atlantic) 45-2743

with BULLDOG
1972 No/Good Times Are aComin’ (Decca/MCA) 32996
1972 Are You Really Happy Together/I’m A Madman (Decca/MCA)  MCA-40014
1973 I Tip My Hat/I’m A Madman (Decca/MCA) MCA-40050
1973 Whei-Ling-Ty-Lou (How I Love You)/[same] (Buddah) BDS-299
1974 Brown Eyed Handsome Man/[same] (Buddah) BDS-404
1974 Bad Bad Girl/[same] (Buddah) BDA-414

with B.J. THOMAS (as BULLDOG)
1973
Songs/Goodbye’s A Long Long Time (Paramount) 94-604

with FOTOMAKER
1978
Where Have You Been All My Life/Say the Same For You (Atlantic) 45-3471
1978 The Other Side/Pain (Atlantic) 45-3485
1978 Miles Away/Snow Blind (Atlantic) 45-3531
1978 Does She Dance/If I Can’t Believe In You (Atlantic) 45-3561
1978 Two Can Make It Work/All These Years (Atlantic – UK) K-11177
1979 Love Me Forever/Fooled Again (Atlantic) 45-3621

Albums
with THE YOUNG RASCALS
1966
Young Rascals (Atlantic) 8123
1966 Collections (Atlantic) 8134
1967 Groovin’ (Atlantic) 8148

with THE RASCALS

1968 Once Upon A Dream (Atlantic) SD-8169
1968 Time Peace: The Rascals’ Greatest Hits (Atlantic) SD-8190
1969 Freedom Suite (Atlantic) SD-8901
1970 Search and Nearness (Atlantic)  SD-8246
1986 The Ultimate Rascals (Warner Special Products) 9-27605
1988 Searching For Ecstasy: The Best of the Rascals 1969-1972 (Rhino) RNLP-70242
1992 Anthology (1965-1972)  (Rhino) R2-71031
1993 The Very Best of the Rascals (Rhino) R2-71277
2002 The Essentials: The Rascals (Warner)

with BULLDOG
1972 Bulldog (Decca/MCA) MAPS-6299
1974 Smasher (Buddah) BDS-5600

with B.J. THOMAS (as BULLDOG)
1973
Songs (Paramount) PAS-6052

with FOTOMAKER

1978 Fotomaker (Atlantic)  SD-19165
1978 Vis-A-Vis (Atlantic) SD-19208
1979 Transfer Station (Atlantic) SD-19246
1996 The Fotomaker Collection (Rhino) R2-72221

with THE UNBEATABLES
1964 Live at Palisades Amusement Park (Dawn) LP-5050

with GENE CORNISH & THE UNBEATABLES
1997
Live at Palisades Amusement Park

with B.J. THOMAS (as BULLDOG)
1973
Songs (Paramount) PAS-6052

with FOTOMAKER

1978 Fotomaker (Atlantic)  SD-19165
1978 Vis-A-Vis (Atlantic) SD-19208
1979 Transfer Station (Atlantic) SD-19246
1996 The Fotomaker Collection (Rhino) R2-72221

with THE UNBEATABLES
1964 Live at Palisades Amusement Park (Dawn) LP-5050

with GENE CORNISH & THE UNBEATABLES
1997
Live at Palisades Amusement Park


COTTAGE INDUSTRY
Tom Paterson (accordion, guitar) / Jason Davis (drums) / Craig Bryson (vocals, guitar) / Billy Prouten (bass) / Neil Ross (bass, vocals)  / Ken Horne [aka Ken Paterson] (drums; replaced Davis)
Cottage Industry was a 4-piece originally from Winnipeg. Their first release was 1986’s ‘The Winter’s Tale’ and featured the 16mm filmed video for the song “Point on the Hill”. They relocated to Toronto soon after but Prouten did not go with them. Davis quit after the release of their first full-length independent album, “Spin”, in 1990. The album track “Timothy Leary Says” received extensive airplay at College radio and attracted the attention of Intrepid Records who re-released ‘Spin’ I n 1991 and their follow-up album ‘Superstar’ in 1992.  ‘Superstar’ was chosen in 1992 for the Top 10 year-end stereo music review in ‘Car & Driver Magazine’. Their last album was ‘Beautyshine’ in 1994 before splitting up. Ross formed the band Stoner. with notes from Craig Bryson, Neil Ross.

Singles
1986 Point on the Hill
1990 Timothy Leary Says
1991 Think About You
1992 Jughead Jones
1992 ESP (Guitar Edit)/ESP (Club Edit) [12”] (AV Arts – Italy) 

Albums
1986
The Winter’s Tale [6 song EP] (Politikon) IPR-1001
1990
Beastface [cassette] (independent)
1990
Spin (Politikon) IPR-1002
1991
Spin [re-issue] (Intrepid/Capitol)  N21S-0002
1992 SuperStar (Intrepid/Capitol)  N21S-0010
1992 Jughead Jones [cassette] (independent)
1994 Beautyshine (Federal Farms/Fringe Product) FFCD-0001


COURAGE OF LASSIE
Ron Nelson (guitar, lead vocals, percussion, synths) / Maddy Schenkel (lead vocals, keyboards, violin, guitar) / Rod Booth (accordion, keyboards) / Rachel Melas (bass, vocals) / Edgar Bridwell (violin) / Pierre Gauthier (drums) / Andy Graffiti (drums) / Chiyoko Szlavnics (saxophone, flute)
Montreal, Québec act Courage Of Lassie started life as Magic Dragon in 1981. Formed by Ron Nelson and Maddy Schenkel, they released a 6 song EP entitled ‘Emotional Landscape’ in 1981. By 1983 the duo had changed their name to Courage of Lassie (from the Elizabeth Taylor movie of the same name) and used songs from the EP for their independent debut cassette ‘Threshold of Hearing’ in 1984. A record deal through AMOK Records followed with the duo releasing ‘The Temptation To Exist’ in 1986 as a duo while 1989’s ‘Sing or Die’ featured additional players. By this time the group had relocated to Toronto. Courage of Lassie’s final album was 1994’s ‘This Side of Heaven’on Beggar’s Banquet Records. [also see MAGIC DRAGON]

Albums
1984 Threshold of Hearing [cassette] (independent)
1986 The Temptation To Exist (AMOK) AMOK-506
1989 Sing Or Die (AMOK) AMOK-528
1994 This Side of Heaven (Beggars Banquet/Polygram) 76974-2011


COWBOY JUNKIES
Alan Anton [aka Alan Alizojvodic]
(bass) / Michael Timmins (guitar) / Margo Timmins (vocals) / Peter Timmins (drums) / John Timmins (guitar; 1985-1986) / Jeff Bird (live) / Jaro Czerwinec (live) / Kim Deschamps (live; 1988-1991) / Karin Berquist (live) / Linford Detweiler (live)
Following a frustrating number of years in New York and London, England trying to catch a break as The Hunger Project and then Germinal, Alan Anton and Michael Timmins returned to Toronto where they would start fresh by forming The Cowboy Junkies with Michael’s sister Margo (who had just graduated with a degree in social work) and brothers Peter and John in the Summer of 1985. Their first live show was performed at the Beverly Tavern in Toronto on November 7, 1985.  John Timmins would leave the band in early 1986 to move to Montréal. In the summer of 1986, the four-piece worked with producer/engineer Peter E. Moore to capture their live-off-the-floor vibe in their garage. In October 1986, these recordings were released as ‘Whites Off Earth Now!!’ on their own indie label Latent Recordings. Following a tour of the Southern USA in 1987, the band arranged to record live at the Church of the Holy Trinity in Toronto once again utilizing Peter E. Moore and a single microphone on November 27, 1987. ‘The Trinity Sessions’ was released in early 1988 and garnered the band critical success from the media and the attention of record labels. RCA Records soon signed the Cowboy Junkies and re-released the album with bonus tracks. The first single from the album, “Misguided Angel”, would become a Top10 hit. With the addition of Jeff Bird (ex-Tamarack), Jaro Czerwinec and Kim Deschamps to augment their live performances, the Cowboy Junkies spend the rest of 1988 and early 1989 touring the world culminating in an appearance on ‘Saturday Night Live’. In April 1989 the band begin recording album number three at the Sharon Temple just north of Toronto. More touring ensued and when the band finally returned to these recordings the decision was made to re-record everything at Eastern Sound in Toronto along with several new tracks. The result was ‘The Caution Horses’ LP released in March 1990. Another hectic tour ensued with the band making an appearance on ‘The Tonight Show’. Kim Deschamps would leave the band to join Blue Rodeo in the spring of 1991. The band booked Grant Avenue Studio in Hamilton to record their next album, ‘Black Eyed Man’, which was released in February 1992. Album number five, ‘Pale Sun Crescent Moon’, was released in November 1993, as an experiment in more electric sounds, complete with a cover of Dinosaur Jr.’s “The Post” and the addition of Ken Myhr, who had toured with the band, on lead guitar. Margo Timmins was asked to sing at the Major League Baseball All-Star game on July 12, 1994. That same year the band’s cover version of Lou Reed’s “Sweet Jane” (original recorded during the ‘Whites Off Earth Now!!’ sessions) was featured in Oliver Stone’s movie ‘Natural Born Killers’ and receive a revival at radio. Their double live album, ‘200 More Miles’, was a gift to their fans on the tenth anniversary of the group’s formation and included an unlisted bonus track, a song from their first year together. It would also be their last album for RCA/BMG, save a greatest hits package, ‘Studio’, which included “Lost My Driving Wheel”, previously available only as a B-side on the single “Southern Rain”. Following recording in June and July of 1995, their first album on Geffen was ‘Lay It Down’ in February 1996 and became the band’s biggest selling record since the ‘Trinity Sessions’ on the strength of the single “A Common Disaster”. Michael and Margo Timmins, Jeff Bird and Jaro Czerwinec were then invited to perform at Neil Young’s 10th annual Bridge School Benefit Concert. In the spring of 1997 the Cowboy Junkies sequestered themselves away to write material for their next album at a place called Maiden’s Mill. With tracks recorded, they decide to re-record and mix the new sessions at Abbey Road studios in London, England in the fall of that year. ‘Miles From Our Home’ would finally be released in June of 1998, but the chaos in the merger of Universal Records with Polygram Records (effecting the Geffen label they were signed to) resulted in the record not being properly promoted or distributed. The Cowboy Junkies were dropped by Geffen in the merger fallout and so, decided to resurrect their indie label Latent Recordings. The band’s 1999 release ‘Rarities, B-Sides and Slow, Sad Waltzes’ was the first new CD under that venture and is only available online. This, in turn, was followed by a tour and live album called ‘Waltz Across America’ in October 2000. Shortly after that move, the band signed a distribution deal with Arista Nashville, the country arm of the highly successful pop/hip-hop label (Whitney Houston, Barry Manilow, TLC) and began recording its next album ‘Open’ which would be released in May 2001. The subsequent tour to promote the album was also released on DVD in 2002 and entitled ‘Open Road’. In early 2003, Cowboy Junkies began road testing their next batch of songs, eventually committing everything to tape at their rehearsal space – The Clubhouse – unaided by outside musicians or producers. In October 2003, early live recordings from London 1990-1992 saw release as ‘In the Time Before Llamas’. Their next studio album, ‘One Soul Now’ was released in the spring of 2004 with a bonus CD called ‘Neath Your Covers – Part 1’. As well, the ‘Anatomy of An Album’ CD-Rom was made available exclusively through their website. Brother John Timmins re-joined the band after a 20 year absence for the ‘Early 21st Century Blues’ album and tour in 2005. Another live DVD, ‘Long Journey Home’ followed. On November 4, 2006, singers Natalie Merchant, Ryan Adams and Vic Chestnutt joined the Cowboy Junkies at the Church of the Holy Trinity in Toronto to record the 20th anniversary performance of the ‘Trinity Sessions’ for DVD. Late the same week, the Cowboy Junkies left for a cross-Canada musical train ride from Toronto to Vancouver along with Fred Eaglesmith, The Skydiggers, Over The Rhine, and Blackie & The Rodeo Kings. In early 2007 the band’s debut album, ‘Whites Off Earth Now!!’, was re-issued on SACD with surround sound mixes provided by original producer Peter E. Moore. The band’s next studio album, ‘At the End of Paths Taken’  was released that April along with the official launch of the Latent Recordings website. While on tour they perform with The Band’s Garth Hudson in Woodstock, New York and with the Boston Pops at Symphony Hall. October of 2007 saw ‘Trinity Revisited’ as a CD and DVD combination release followed by performances of the album at a sold-out Massey Hall show in Toronto in February 2008. Also in 2008, along with members of The Skydiggers, the Cowboy Junkies moonlight as Tom Wilson’s (Blackie & The Rodeo Kings, Junkhouse) backing band on the recording of his solo project called Lee Harvey Osmond. In early 2009 Latent Recordings released Margo Timmins’ first solo album entitled ‘Ty Tyrfu Sessions, Volume 1’. with notes compiled by Bob at www.junkiesfan.com

Singles
1988 Sweet Jane/(same) [12″ promo](RCA) 8759-1-RDAA
1989 Sweet Jane/200 More Miles [CD/cassette] (RCA – US) 8879-2-RDJ
1989 Misguided Angel (Edited Version)/Postcard Blues(RCA) 8977
1989
Blue Moon Revisited/To Love Is To Bury (Live) (RCA)
1990 Rock And Bird (Re-mix)(RCA) 2701-2-RDJ
1990 Sun Comes Up, It’s Tuesday Morning (Edit)/Witches/Dead Flowers (RCA)
PK- 49302
1990 Cause Cheap Is How I Feel/Thirty Summers (RCA – UK) PB-49267
1991 State Trooper/Baby Please Don’t Go (RCA) PD-49206
1992 Murder, Tonight, In The Trailer Park/Black Eyed Man (RCA – US) RDJ-62206
1992 A Horse In The Country/Oregon Hill/Five Room Love Story (RCA – US) KCDP-7287
1992 Southern Rain/Lost My Driving Wheel/If You Gotta Go, Go Now (RCA) 06192-10616
1992 If You Were The Woman And I Was The Man/Townes’ Blues (RCA) PD-90620
1992 This Street, That Man, This Life (RCA – US) RDJ-62310
1993 Floorboard Blues (RCA – US) RDJ-62681
1993 Hard To Explain [4 song CD-EP] (RCA) KCDP-51187
1994 Anniversary Song/Crescent Moon/Leaving Normal (RCA) KCDP-51195
1994 Pale Sun [4 song CD-EP] (RCA – US) RDJ-62714
1994 The Post [4 song CD-EP] (RCA – US) RDJ-62817
1994 First Recollection/Floorboard Blues/Lungs (Townes Van Zandt) (RCA – US)
RDJ-62887
1994 The Water Is Wide (RCA – US) RDJ-62953
1995 Blue Moon Revisited (Live Edit)/Blue Moon Revisited (Live) (RCA – US)
RDJ-64427
1996 Angel Mine/Now I Know/Carmelita (Geffen/Universal) GED-22162
1996 Speaking Confidentially (Geffen/Universal) GEFDS-9648
1996 Come Calling (His Song) [4 song CD-EP] (Geffen/Universal) PRO-CD-1071
1996 A Common Disaster/Come Calling (Her Song)/The Long Run (Geffen/Universal) GFSTD-22117
1998 New Dawn Coming/Darkling Days (Geffen/Universal)
1998 Miles From Our Home (Geffen/Universal) PRO-CD-1199
1999 Ooh Las Vegas (Almo Sounds) AMS5P-8076
2001 Small Swift Birds (Latent/Zoe) PR-1239P
2001 I’m So Open/Good Friday (live)/I Saw Your Shoes (live) (Cooking Vinyl – UK) FRYCD-106P
2004 The Stars Of Our Stars/Thunder Road/Helpless (Cooking Vinyl – UK) FRYCD-193
2004 My Wild Child (Latent/Zoe) P1-1229P
2007 Brand New World (Zoe/Rounder – US) 2PS-101

Albums
1986 Whites Off Earth Now!! (Latent) LATEX-4
1988 The Trinity Session (Latent) LATEX-5
1988 The Trinity Session [re-issue] (RCA) 8568
1989 Blue Moon Revisited [4-song 10″] (Cooking Vinyl – UK) FRYX 011
1989 Two Lone Figures On the American Landscape [5 song CD-EP] (RCA – Japan) B15D-41041
1990 The Caution Horses (RCA) 2058
1991 Whites Off Earth Now!! [re-issue] (RCA) 2380
1992 Black Eyed Man (RCA) 61049
1992 Live! [4 song CD-EP] (RCA – US) 62329
1993 Pale Sun Crescent Moon (RCA)
1994 Essential Junk (RCA) KCDP-51199
1995 200 More Miles (RCA)  29643
1996 Studio: Greatest Hits (RCA/BMG) 67412
1996 Lay It Down (Geffen/Universal)
1998 Miles From Our Home (Geffen/Universal)
1998 Songs From Maiden’s Mill [3-song CD-EP] (Geffen/Universal) GEFDS-98205
1999 Rarities, B-Sides and Slow, Sad Waltzes (Latent)
2000 Waltz Across America (Latent) LATEX-CD-13
2001 Open (Latent/Arista)
2001 The Best of The Cowboy Junkies (RCA/BMG) 68052
2002 BBC Radio One Sessions (Latent/Arista) LATEX-CD-14
2003 In The Time Before Llamas (Latent) LATEX-CD-16
2003 Platinum & Gold (RCA/BMG Heritage) 55163
2004 One Soul Now (Latent/Zoe) 1036
2004 ‘Neath Your Covers – Part 1 (Latent/Zoe) 2005
2005 Early 21st Century Blues (Latent) LATEX-CD-18
2007 Whites Off Earth Now!! [SACD re-issue] (Latent) SACD-4010
2007 At The End Of Paths Taken (Latent/Zoe) 1097
2007 Anatomy of An Album – At The End Of Paths Taken [DigiFile] (Latent)
2007 Sharon Temple Sessions [DigiFile] (Latent)
2008 ‘Neath Your Covers – Part 2’ [DigiFile] (Latent)
2008 Written, Recorded & Unreleased [DigiFile] (Latent)
2009 Acoustic Junk (Latent) LATEX-CD-25
2010 Renmin Park: The Nomad Series, Volume 1 (Latent) LATEX-CD-28
2011 Demon: The Nomad Series, Volume 2 (Latent) LATEX-CD-29
2011 Sing In My Meadow: The Nomad Series, Volume 3 (Latent) LATEX-CD-30


COX, Deborah
Born: July 13, 1974 in Toronto, Ontario
Deborah Cox was raised in the east Toronto suburb of Scarborough, Ontario and was singing for commercials by the age of 12 and began playing in nightclubs with local bands in her late teens. In 1992 she performed as a backup vocalist for Celine Dion for six months which included a performance at U.S. President Bill Clinton’s Inaugural Ball in Washington, DC.  After being rejected by every Canadian record label, Cox moved to Los Angeles in 1994 with producer and songwriting partner Lascelles Stephens and started shopping for a record deal. Arista Records President Clive Davis – who had discovered Whitney Houston – heard Cox’s material and signed her to a lucrative recording contract. Work began on her self-titled debut album in 1995. She teamed with recognized hit songwriters such as Babyface and Diane Warren, as well as contributing four songs that Cox co-wrote herself. The album was finally released in 1995 and yielded a JUNO Nomination in 1996 for several hit singles like “Where Do We Go From Here”. The album didn’t fair as well in the US, but a non-album track, “Things Just Ain’t the Same”, from the ‘Money Talks’ movie soundtrack landed her on the dance charts in 1997. The single was included on her sophomore album, ‘One Wish’ in 1998, which yielded a bigger hit single, “Nobody’s Supposed to Be Here”. The original version of that song became a huge pop hit as a ballad; a radical dancefloor remix also propelled it to hit status in the clubs. It soon became the longest running No.1 single on Billboard Magazine’s Hot R & B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart at 14 weeks. In 1999, Cox cemented her reputation by taking part in the final edition of Sarah McLachlan’s Lilith Fair tour. In 2001 Cox then recorded the song “Absolutely Not” for the soundtrack to ‘Dr. Dolittle 2’. The song’s remixes repeated her previous success on the dance charts and would then be included on her third album ‘The Morning After’ in 2002. Acting was also a new interest for Cox having appeared in ‘Love Come Down’ in 2000 and two films in 2005 – ‘Blood of a Champion’ and voice work in the Don Cheadle vehicle ‘Hotel Rwanda’. In February 2004 she made her Broadway debut in the Elton John-Tim Rice musical ‘Aida’, and returned the studio to recorda dance remix of the “Easy as Life” single. She married her high school sweatheart Lasselle Stephens and started a family while still making club and concert appearances. She was also returning to the studio as much as possible to lay down her next album through 2005 and 2006.  In January 2006 she released her first new single on a new label – Nervous Records – called ‘House Is Not a Home’. Later that year her song “Definition of Love” appeared in the movie ‘Akeelah and the Bee’. In 2007 she found a new home at Decca Records in the US and ‘Destination Moon’ was the first CD release in June of that year. 2008 was a busy year for Cox with her appearance singing the American national anthem at the NBA All-Star game and appearing on Cyndi Laupers’ ‘True Colours’ Tour; Her song “This Gift” was included in the soundtrack to ‘Meet the Browns’ and she appeared in the film ‘A Good Man Is Hard to Find’. Meanwhile, her and her husband formred their own independent label Deco Records and released her next album ‘The Promise’ that year.  The debut single, “Did You Ever Love Me”, was released to radio in August and reached No.69 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs Chart. “Beautiful U R” was released digitally in September 2008 and it reached No.3 on the Canadian Radio Chart and the Canadian Hot A/C Chart while reaching No.1 on the US Dance chart. The song was certified gold for digital downloads in January 2009. The third single, “Saying Goodbye”, was sent to Urban/AC radio stations in February 2009 while the album’s title track was released as a single to coincide with the Kenny Lattimore/Deborah Cox ‘Timeless Promise Tour’ in July 2009. ‘The Promise’ album itself peaked at No.106 on the US Billboard Hot200 and No.14 on the US R & B Album Chart. In 2010 Deborah Cox teamed up with Kelly Price and Tamia to form the super group The Queen Project. An has never been released. Cox’s next solo album in 2011, ‘S.O.U.L.’, produced the single “If It Wasn’t For Love”.

Singles
1995 Sentimental (Arista) 12892
1995 Who Do U Love (Arista) 12943
1996 It Could Have Been You (Arista)
1996 Just Be Good to Me (Arista) ASCD-3240
1996 Where Do We Go From Here (Arista) 13235
1996 The Sound of My Tears (Arista) 13278
1997 Things Just Ain’t The Same (Arista) 13381
1998 Nobody’s Supposed To Be Here (Arista) 13551
1998 September (Arista) ASCD-3517
1999 It’s Over Now (Arista) 13656
1999 We Can’t Be Friends (Arista) 13724
2000 I Never Knew (Arista)
2000 Same Script, Different Cast
2001 Absolutely Not (J/Arista)
2002 Mr. Lonely (J/Arista) 50129
2002 Up & Down (In & Out) [w/Jadakiss] (J/Arista)
2003 Play Your Part
2003 Something Happened On the Way to Heaven
2003 The Morning After
2004 Easy As Life
2006 House Is Not a Home (Nervous)
2007 Everybody Dance (Clap Your Hands) (Decca – US)
2008 Did You Ever Love Me (Deco/Image – US)
2008 Beautiful U R (Deco/Image – US)
2009 Saying Goodbye (Deco/Image – US)
2009 The Promise (Deco/Image – US)
2011 If It Wasn’t For Love (Sony)

Albums
1995 Deborah Cox (Arista) 18781
1998 One Wish (Arista) 19022
1998 First Wish [EP] (Arista) ASCD-3565
2002 The Morning After (Arista) 20052
2003 Remixed (J/Arista) 53717
2004 Ultimate Deborah Cox (Arista) 59271
2007 Destination Moon (Decca/Universal) 8332
2008 The Promise (Deco/Image – US)
2011 S.O.U.L (Sony) 978464


COYOTE
Al Manning
(guitar) / Paul Lockyer (keyboards) / Gary Comeau (guitar, steel guitar) / Glen LeCompte (drums) / Chuck Bergeron (bass) / Terry Christenson (bass; 1981)Coyote was formed in 1974 out of the ashes of RCA–Dunhill band Noah who had risen from the ashes of Yorkville recording act Tyme And A Half before that. The band played the Canadian circuit, recorded demos, and were signed to Capitol Records in the US with the help of producer John Capek and Capitol Canada executive Deane Cameron. They worked in Los Angeles with producer Spencer Proffer (Kick Axe) and recorded more than an album’s worth of original material. Capitol guaranteed their salaries which allowed them paid rehearsals and recording sessions. They had the freedom to play the bar and summer festival circuit as well. Known as a powerful live act with four lead singers – Al Manning, Glen Lacompte, Paul Lockyer and Chuck Bergeron (Gary Comeau didn’t sing) – their diversity worked against them as Capitol Canada and Capitol US argued over which songs to release and how to market the band. Their only single – “Never Want To Leave You” – was released in late 1976. Tired of the politics, Comeau quit in 1977. The band called it quits in 1978. The full album remains unreleased. In the early 1980s Al Manning and Glen LeCompte revived the band with a new line-up for a self-titled album and several singles in 1981on the Freedom Records label. with notes from Gary Comeau, Ian McLeish, and Shawn Nagy.

Singles
1976
Never Want To Leave You/Just Want Your Love (Capitol) 72778
1977 Marley Purt Drive/Coastline (Capitol) P-4483
1981 Where the Water Meets the Sky/Somebody Weeps (Freedom) FR-45-005
1981 Say You Will/Outlaws Come Home (Freedom) FR-45-026

Albums
1981
Coyote (Freedom) FR-002


CRACK OF DAWN
Jackie Gabriel
(vocals) / Rupert Harvey (rhythm guitar) / Trevor Daley (trombone) / Mark Smith (bass) / Alvin Jones (sax) / Dwight Gabriel (trumpet) / Glenn Ricketts (vocals) / Carl Harvey (guitar) / Jacek Sobotta (keys) / Carl Otway (drums) / Andre King (bass; replaced Smith)
Crack Of Dawn, featuring several transplanted natives of Kingston, Jamaica, was formed in Toronto, Ontario by Trevor Daley, Rupert Harvey, Mark Smith and Alvin Jones in the mid-‘70s. Singer Jackie Gabriel’s brother, Grant, would become their manager and the band rehearsed in his basement. Glenn Ricketts and Carl Harvey came soon after as they began to make their way in the Toronto club scene. In 1975 the band attracted interest from Columbia Records and were the first Canadian black band to ever sign with a major label. Smith was replaced by Andre King a year into their recording contract with Columbia. Columbia released one LP and four singles including the Chuck Jackson written “It’s Alright” which went to No.42 nationally in the spring of 1976. Another version of Crack of Dawn emerged in 1981 under the leadership of Dwight Gabriels who recorded a new album called ‘Horizons’ at Kensington Sound. They were only able to get the album released in Europe on the WEA label. Ricketts moved back to Jamaica and began a successful solo career; Carl Harvey and drummer Otway became independent producers. Harvey would go on to be a solo artist and produce most of Messenjah’s albums, the hit single “Hands Up” by Sway and has been the lead guitarist for Toots And The Maytals for more than two decades. In 2004 Toots And The Maytals received a Grammy for “Best Reggae Album” with ‘True Love’; Rupert Harvey went on to a solo career under the name OJIJI and would be a founding member of  successful Toronto reggae act Messenjah; King would graduate from York University; Dwight Gabriel got into session work; Daley set up a management company to handle the careers of Messenjah, Syren and 20th Century Rebels. In 1986 the band reunited to record on Daley and Jones’ Version Records and would also release material by Glenn Ricketts and Messenjah. with notes from Carl Harvey, Alvin Jones and Michael Williams.

Singles

1975 The Key/Mind Wrecker (Columbia/CBS) C4-4089
1976 It’s Alright (This Feeling I’m Feeling)/I Can’t Move No Mountains (Columbia/CBS) C4-4129
1976 Keep The Faith (Columbia/CBS)
1976 Boobie Ruby/Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is (Columbia/CBS) C4-4142
1981 If You Want To Groove/Just Time For Lovin’ (WEA – Netherlands) WEA-28.270

Albums
1976 Crack of Dawn (Columbia/CBS) ES-90336
1981 Horizons (WEA – Netherlands) WEAN-58343
1995 Lebby’s Night Watch (independent) CD-0001


CRACKERS
Monte “The Hose” Hawze
(vocals) / Patricia “Delicia” Warden (bass) / George “The Hole” Holyoke (drums) / Reg “Crazy Man” Denis (guitar)
Low-brow truck-driving mullet rock from Hamilton who played the Southern Ontario bar circuit and released two albums. Their debut album was recorded at Grant Avenue studio and produced by Daniel Lanois.

Singles
1987
Rok Attack/Your Turn To Cry (Roto Noto) RN-1035

Albums
1978 Choice Cuts (Pizzazz) PIAZZ-002
1980 Hard On You (Lunatic) WRC1-1264


CRASH KILLS FIVE
Brian Connelly (guitar) / Reid Diamond (bass) / Don Pyle (vocals) / Alex Koch (drums) / “Eddy” Nagdee (guitar)
Calgary band Buick McKane featured Connelly, Diamond and Koch who would soon relocate to Toronto. With the addition of Don Pyle and The Dents’ Eddy Nagdee, they took a new name from the headline of a Toronto newspaper. Diamond, Pyle, and Connelly later became the Shadowy Men On A Shadowy Planet; Mohammed “Eddy” Nagdee went on to play with the Young Lions; Alex Koch joined brother Steve Koch and former Forgotten Rebels member Chris Houston to form The One-Eyed Jacks and later Coolmine and The Sticklebacks; Diamond died of cancer on February 17, 2001.

Albums
1980 What Do You Do At Night? [3 song EP] (CK5) WRC3-1250


CRASH TEST DUMMIES
Brad Roberts
(lead vocals, bass) / Ellen Reid (vocals, piano)  / Dan Roberts (guitar) / Ben Darvill (harmonica, mandolin)  / Michel Dorge (drums)
Led by former bartender and University scholar Brad Roberts, Winnipeg’s the Crash Test Dummies first appeared on the Canadian music scene in 1989 and began to achieve commercial success with the release of their debut album, ‘The Ghosts That Haunt Me’, in 1991. With the distinct baritone growl of Roberts, the Dummies were able to break onto charts with the title track, a cover of The Replacements’ “Androgynous” and the smash hit “Superman’s Song”. The video received heavy MuchMusic rotation and was well received south of the border. The album eventually reached quadruple platinum sales (400,000) in Canada, largely due to “Superman’s Song”, and earned the Dummies a 1991 JUNO Award for ‘Group of the Year’. The album would go on to sell one million copies worldwide. However, their international status wasn’t declared until the follow-up album, ‘God Shuffled His Feet’, in 1993. The Dummies were fortunate in landing their new material on the untried U.S. market adult album-oriented alternative rock (AAA) format. Radio stations put the single “Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm” into heavy rotation and the video increased the band’s exposure in the US. Three additional singles – “Afternoons & Coffeespoons”, “Swimming In Your Ocean” and “In The Days Of The Caveman” – caused the album to reach platinum sales status south of the border (one million copies) by mid-1994. It also earned the Dummies three Grammy nominations and three more JUNO nominations. ‘God Shuffled His Feet’ went on to sell more than five and a half million copies worldwide. A tour helped as well with their debuts on TV shows like ‘Late Night With David Letterman’ (3 appearances), ‘Conan O’Brien’, ‘Saturday Night Live’, ‘The Tonight Show with Jay Leno’, and several European appearances. During this period BMG compiled all the band’s video clips and strung them together with new footage of the band acting out a scripted story. “Symptomology of a Rock Band” was directed by Canadian filmmaker Kris Lefcoe. With the release of 1996’s “A Worm’s Life”, the band ran into a bit of controversy over the contents of their video for the single “He Liked To Feel It” which depicted graphic dental shots of a teenager trying to remove his own teeth. In Canada YTV refused to play the clip and in the U.S. RCA removed 8 shots before MTV would air it. The band toured Europe throughout 1997 and returned to the studio to record their latest opus ‘Give Yourself a Hand’ featuring the 1999 single “Keep A Lid On Things” and its follow-up “Get You In The Morning” (featuring Ellen Reid on lead vocals). The band toured with keyboards Ray Coburn (Honeymoon Suite, Dayna Manning). Following their release from BMG Music, the Crash Test Dummies formed their own label called Cha-Ching Records and released ‘I Don’t Care That You Don’t Mind’ (2001), an album of Christmas standards recorded at the Magic Shop in New York City entitled ‘Jingle All the Way’ (2002), ‘Puss ‘n’ Boots’ (2003) and ‘Songs of  the Unforgiven’ (2004).

Singles
1991 The Ghosts That Haunt Me (BMG) ARCD-8677
1991 Superman’s Song (BMG)
1991 Androgynous (BMG)
1992 The First Noel/Winter Song (BMG)
1993 God Shuffled His Feet/Two Knights and Maidens (BMG) 6443
1993 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm/Superman’s Song/How Does a Duck Know? (BMG -US) 12654
1993 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm/Superman’s Song (Live)/Here I Stand Before Me (BMG) 20151
1993 Afternoons & Coffeespoons (BMG) 21688
1994 Swimming In Your Ocean/Here I Stand Before Me (BMG)
1994 In the Days of the Caveman/Afternoons & Coffespoons (live)  (BMG)  21962
1995 Balland of Peter Pumpkinhead/Hurdy Gurdy Man (BMG)
1996 No Need To Argue (BMG)
1996 He Liked To Feel It (BMG) ARCD-3231
1996 My Enemies (BMG)
1997 My Own Sunrise/Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm (BMG) ASCD-3302
1999 Keep a Lid On Things/Filter Queen/Handy Candyman (ViK/BMG)
1999 Get You In The Morning/Party’s Over (ViK/BMG) ASCD-3677
1999 Give Yourself A Hand (Vik/BMG)
2001 Every Morning (Cha-Ching)
2001 On and On (Cha-Ching)
2001
The Day We Never Met (Cha-Ching)
2002 White Christmas (Cha-Ching)
2003 I’m the Man (Cha-Ching)
2003 Flying Feeling (Cha-Ching)
2004 The Unforgiven One (Cha-Ching)
2004 And So Will Always Be (Cha-Ching)
2010 And It’s Beautiful (Deep Fried)
2010 Now You Know Her (Deep Fried)

Albums
1988 Original Recipe [5 song cassette] (independent)
1989 Demo Tape 2 [2 song cassette] (independent)
1991 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dummy [EP] (BMG) ASCD-2131
1991 The Ghosts That Haunt Me (BMG) 261521
1993 God Shuffled His Feet (BMG) 165312
1996 The Early Bird [6 song EP] (BMG) ASCD-3233
1996 A Worm’s Life (BMG) 39779
1999 Give Yourself A Hand (ViK/BMG) 216382
2001 I Don’t Care That You Don’t Mind (Cha-Ching) 16801
2002 Jingle All the Way (Cha-Ching/Koch) KOC-CD-8439
2003 Puss ‘n’ Boots (Cha-Ching) 10004
2004 Songs of the Unforgiven (Cha-Ching) 10005
2007 The Cape Breton Lobster Bash Series [EP] (Cha-Ching/Deep Fried)
2008
The Best of Crash Test Dummies (Sony/BMG) 715184
2008 Playlist: The Very Best of the Crash Test Dummies (RCA/BMG – US) 27455
2010 Oooh La La (Deep Fried)
2011 Demo-litions: Cast Off Recordings (Cha-Ching/Deep Fried)


CRASH VEGAS
Michelle McAdorey
(vocals) / Greg Keelor (guitar; left early 1991) / Colin Cripps (guitar) / Jocelyne Lanois (bass)  / Ambrose Pottie (drums) / Darren Watson (bass; replaced Lanois) / John Borra (bass; replaced Watson 1995 – studio only) / Mike Sloski (drums; replaced Pottie 1995 – studio only) / Gavin Brown (drums; replaced Sloski 1995) / Eric Chenaux (bass; replaced Borra 1995)
McAdorey (niece of the late radio/TV personality Bob McAdorey) had spent her formative musical years in England fronting New Wave band Corect Spelling who released a 1982 dance single “Love Me Today” produced by Midge Ure. After five frustrating years she returned to Toronto where she got a day job and pushed music to the back burner. Blue Rodeo’s Greg Keelor talked her into returning to music and helped write some songs with her as a loose project called Crash Vegas. Keelor’s commitments with Blue Rodeo prevented his being a full-time member, but he convinced McAdorey to put together a permanent band to back her new musical direction. Jocelyne Lanois (Martha & The Muffins) hooked up with Keelor and McAdorey while running a workshop studio called The Lab (1988-91) in Hamilton, Ontario, with her significant other, Malcolm Burn. Shortly after, drummer Pottie (Thin Men, Whitenoise) completed the core lineup. Guitarist Colin Cripps (Spoons, Heavenly Brotehrs) also joined the band in 1988, roughly six months after Crash Vegas started. The band began recording their debut album at The Lab with Burn producing. Cripps played most of the guitar with Keelor guesting on a couple of songs. The sessions were completed at Kingsway Studio in New Orleans. After the recording sessions were completed, Crash Vegas returned to the Toronto area and performed for about six months. They were signed to Blue Rodeo’s own label, Risque Disque, for the released of the album entitled‘Red Earth’. It soon went gold and earned them some media recognition, but Risque Disque went bankrupt and left the album and the band in limbo. The band and Lanois parted ways at the end of 1990 and she was replaced by bassist Darren Watson, whom Cripps knew from the Hamilton, Ontario music scene. In 1992 Crash Vegas signed a new U.S. deal with London/Polygram, which put out their second album, ‘Stone’, in 1993. It featured Watson on bass and continued with songs co-written by Keelor and another by David Pirner (Soul Asylum). The record featured an all-star line-up in that several tracks were produced by John Porter (The Smiths, Bryan Ferry) and one was remixed by Bruce Vig (Garbage). The album was expensive to make because of all the extra talent and it sold poorly due to record-label red tape. While they tried to get out of their deal they recorded the Neil Young song “Pocahontas” for the Sony Records Canada tribute ‘Borrowed Tunes: A Tribute to Neil Young’ in 1994. The song put them in touch with Sony executives who were impressed with their songwriting and signed the band. By 1995 Crash Vegas had become a duo of McAdorey and Cripps. A new record deal with Sony resulted in the release of ‘Aurora’. The recording unit featured emergency fill-ins by Change Of Heart’s John Borra and Mike Sloski as the rhythm section. Their touring band featured Phleg Camp’s rhythm section of Brown and Chenaux. The album ground to a halt on radio within 12 weeks but the band went to Europe and achieved a modicum of success there where the moody third album was better appreciated. Crash Vegas returned to Canada and split up in 1996. In 1997, Cripps joined Junkhouse; Lanois and her brother, Daniel, co-wrote the music for Jessica Tandy’s final film, the 1995 feature ‘Camilla’. Jocelyne then moved to New York for two years (1995-97), during which she was the bassist for Chris Whitley. She also hit the road for a short stint with Ani DiFranco in January 1997 before giving way to Sara Lee, and played a few gigs with indie singer-songwriter Jeremy Robinson. She has also composed and performed the scores for a pair of 1998 documentaries, ‘Exposure’ and ‘My Feminism’. She co-wrote music with Michael D’Amico for ‘Life And Times’ a documentary for CBC-TV on artists Christopher and Mary Pratt. The latter won a Gemini Award in 1997. She now runs a small studio in downtown Toronto; McAdorey went on to a solo career releasing ‘Whirl’, on Queen of Cups Records; the band reunited for several shows in the spring of 2017. [also see MICHELLE McADOREY]

Singles
1989 Inside Out (Risque Disque/WEA) PRCD-3505
1989 Sky (LP Version)/I Gave You My Heart (LP Version)/Moving Too Fast (LP Version) [12”] (Risque Disque/WEA) PR-3472
1990 Smoke (Risque Disque/WEA)
1993 You And Me (London/Polygram) PCD-294
1993 1800 Days (London/Polygram)
1993 My City Has A Place (London/Polygram)
1993 Keep It To Myself (London/Polygram)  PCD-312
1995 On And On (Loudstar)/Their Lights/Lake (Sony) CKND-1049
1995 Old Enough (Sony)

Albums
1990 Red Earth (Risque Disque/WEA) 17-07701
1993 Stone (London/Polygram)  828-409
1995 Aurora (Epic/Sony) EK-80217


CRAWFORD, Terry
Terri (Terry) Crawford met her future husband Rick Johnson, while attending high school in Winnipeg. They formed The Terry Crawford band together in 1971. They were married in 1975 and moved to Ontario in 1976. In 1979, the band consisted of lead vocalist Terri, Rick on guitar, John Hannah on drums, Al Corbeil on bass guitar and Dale Saunders on keyboards. This unit hired manager, Allan Katz who in turn, signed the band to RCA Records and they set about recording their first, self-titled album. The album was recorded in Montréal at Listen Audio Studios and was released in the summer of 1980. It was produced by Richard Blakin and Dixon Van Winkle (Paul McCartney, Men Without Hats). The first single “(Maybe You Think I’m a) Dreamer” was pick of the week in Billboard magazine in February 1981. Crawford received her first JUNO Award nomination for ‘Most Promising Female Vocalist’. The band toured Canada extensively through 1980 to 82 establishing itself as one of the must see Canadian rock/pop acts. 1982 saw the band return to the studio to record their sophomore album, ‘Good Girl Gone Bad’, which was produced by manager Allan Katz and Memphis producer, Carl Marsh. The singles, “Running’, “Get Away”, “Chocolate Candy” and “The Gunfighter” received extensive airplay and allowed them to tour and perform with Toronto, Chilliwack, The Romantics and The Beach Boys among others. Crawford was again nominated for a JUNO award in 1983. They released album number three for RCA, ‘Virgin Heart’, in late 1983 and was once again produced by Katz and Marsh. The album contained their biggest hit single in the Gary O’Connor (Aerial) written “One Time for Old Times”. The song would have a second life in the hands of .38 Special as a hit for them stateside. Endless touring took its toll on the band and, by the end of 1984, Crawford and Johnson were looking for another new band and a new recording company. It was at this point that Edmonton’s Bryan Feland moved to Ontario to join the band. With a new record deal through Attic Records, the trio worked together on the fourth Terry Crawford album entitled ‘Total Loss of Control’. The album was produced by Tim Thorney and Joel Feeney with additional help from Attic’s Brian Allen (ex-Toronto member) for a 1986 release. The singles “I’ll Be Back” and “First Step” received extensive airplay. The band also produced its first video for the song “First Step” which was rotated on MuchMusic and other national video programs. They toured across Canada again with The Beach Boys in the summer of 1987 at stadiums in major city centres. Since taking the band off the road in 1988 to start a family, Crawford and Johnson have recorded four children’s CD’s as Terri & Rick. Crawford also does professional singing and voice-over work in the jingle industry for clients in Canada and overseas. 1996 saw Crawford, Johnson and Feland re-united for a benefit concert in Oshawa, Ontario and they decided after the successful gig to form a cover band called The Retro Rockets. Then, in July 2000, Crawford and Johnson returned to Winnipeg for a high school reunion and got to perform with the other original members of the Terry Crawford band – Scott Gair, Birch Nero and Tony Ward. Johnson took up politics and ran against John Tory in the 2009 by-election for Haliburton-Kawartha Lakes-Brock district and won. In 2011 The Terry Crawford Band released a new pop/rock CD entitled ‘Life Lines’. The band is made up of original members, Rick Johnson (guitar), Dale Saunders (keyboards), Bryan Feland (Guitar), along with Bill King (drums) and Steve Steele (bass). with notes from Bob Reid

Singles
1982 Running/ Three Little Words (RCA) PB-50671
1982 Getaway/Leave A Light On (RCA) PB-50690
1982 Chocolate Candy (mono)/Chocolate (stereo) (RCA) PB-50704
1983 Only One/Sorry (RCA) PB-50725
1983 One Time For Old Times/Strike (RCA) PB-50742
1986 I’ll Be Back/Christmas (Baby Please Come Home) (Attic) AT-346
1986 First Step/We’re Just Friends (Attic) AT-353

with THE TERRY CRAWFORD BAND
1980
(Maybe You Think I’m A) Dreamer/Clean Out The Closet (RCA) PB-50610

Albums
1982
Good Girl Gone Bad (RCA) KKL1-0441
1983 Virgin Heart (RCA) KKL1-0483
1986 Total Loss of Control (Attic) LAT-1228

with THE TERRY CRAWFORD BAND
1980
Terrry Crawford Band (RCA) KKL1-0373

with THE TERRI CRAWFORD BAND
2011
Life Lines (digital release)


CRAZY PEOPLE
Very little is known about Crazy People other than the fact that they had an album released on the Burnaby, British Columbia Condor label. Urban legend posits that it was a project concocted by the eccentric UK bandleader and instrumentalist Johnny Kitchen who was involved in dozens of experimental and psychedelic releases stateside in the late ‘60s including Wild Man Fischer’s debut album. In fact, snippets of Fischer’s ‘An Evening with Wild Man Fischer’ play sporadically in sound collages on the Crazy People’s one and only album ‘Bedlam’. Others speculate it was the work of Vancouver television weatherman Jack Millman who is also credited as a songwriter and co-produced the album with Jean Daniel. Kitchen was known to have been living in British Columbia by 1968 and the release might be nothing but a group of local Vancouver session men orchestrated by him in conjunction with Millman and Daniel.

Albums
1968 Bedlam (Condor) 2457


CREAMCHEEZE GOOD-TIME BAND
Billy Kell
(guitar; vocals) / Dave Harwood (bass) / Barb Payne (fiddle, maracas, washboard, recorder,vocals)  / Pat Kell (mandolin, tambourine, kazoo, whizzer, washboard, vocals)  / Jimi Kell (drums, spoons)
This quintet from Perth County, Ontario was a showcase for three siblings and the vocals of Barb Payne. Their first hit was 1971’s “Uncle Jed” from their Terry Regan produced ‘Perth County Green’ LP. Their second hit was 1973’s “Living Without You” from the album ‘Home Cookin’ produced by Gary Buck and contained a number of cover tunes including The Rolling Stones’ “Ruby Tuesday”, Cat Stevens’ “Wild World”, Gordon Lightfoot’s “Redwood Hill”, and “Fleetwood Plain” written by Greg Quill, long-time columnist for The Toronto Star. The latter song was the second song off the album.  The group disbanded in the mid-70s. The Kells and Ross Whitney released an album together in 1981 called Kell High Energy featuring studio sessions done at Waxworks in St. Jacobs, Ontario plus live material from The Blue Moon in Petersburg, Ontario (featuring Gary Halliwell on bass). In the early ’90’s Billy Kell released an independent cassette called “Too Old to Quit Now”. Billy Kell succumbed to cancer in 1992. with notes from Ross Whitney and John Sakamoto.

Singles
1971 Uncle Jed (Dominion) 146
1972 Louisiana Man (Dominion) 155
1973 Living Without You/Redwood Hill (Dominion/MCA) MCA-40089
1973 Fleetwood Plain/T.O. Lady (MCA) MCA-40163

Albums

1971 Perth County Green (Dominion) LPS-21022
1973 Home Cookin’ (Dominion/MCA) MCA-398


CRESCENT STREET STOMPERS
Jack Geisinger
[aka Jack August] (bass) / Hovaness “John” Hagopian (guitar, vocals) / Derek Kendrick (drums, percussion, vocals)
Rumoured to be Moonquake under a pseudonym so as to not conflict with that band’s recording contract with Gamma Records.

Singles
1975 Judy Played the Jukebox/Wasting Time (Aquarius) AQS-5034                
1975 Having A Party/Louie Louie (Aquarius) AQS-5041


CREW CUTS, The
Rudi Maugeri
(baritone) / John Perkins (lead) / Ray Perkins (bass) / Pat Barrett (tenor)
Toronto’s The Crew Cuts were a doo-wop group with a clean-cut white harmony glee-club approach who got together while members of the St. Michael’s Boys Choir in Toronto who lived and rehearsed on Pickering Street. Maugeri and John Perkins first started singing in a quartet called the Jordonaires (not to be confused with the Elvis Presley group) with two others who would later join The Four Lads. Maugeri and Perkins both quit the group to finish high school and later joined Barrett and Ray Perkins in a group called the Four Tones in March 1952. Toronto deejay Barry Nesbitt heard them sing and invited them to sing on his weekly teen show whose audience members dubbed them The Canadaires. As steady work began trickling in, Maugeri and Barrett quit their Ontario government jobs as did the two Perkins. While working the lowly Niagara Falls club circuit they saved some money, drove to New York City and entered a talent contest on the ‘Arthur Godfrey Talent Hunt’ where they came in second place. The contest led to nowhere but more rundown clubs. In March 1953 they returned to Toronto to appear with star Gisele Mackenzie who was so impressed with the quartet she raved about them to her record label but unfortunately couldn’t remember the group’s name. While playing in the sub-zero winter of a Sudbury nightclub, the group received word from their agent that they had a guest spot on a Cleveland TV show. With no heat in their car they travelled 600 miles at forty degrees below zero to appear on the ‘Gene Carroll Show. They were later introduced to WERE-AM deejay Bill Randle who coined their name after seeing their similar haircuts. Randle soon booked them an audition with Mercury Records who quickly signed the quartet. Though they had self-penned their first charted hit, “Crazy ‘Bout You Baby”, they would find a new niche with a focus on cover tunes originally recorded by R&B/doo wop vocal groups. Their version of The Chords’ “Sh-Boom”, with its highly original big-band orchestration, began their string of hits when it went to No.1 in 1954. In 1954, when the band was booked at a Toronto club the city fathers welcomed the group home with a full-blown ticker-tape parade. The Crew Cuts would frequently find their names on the Top20 throughout the 1950’s by repeating the “Sh-Boom” formula with songs like The Penguins’ “Earth Angel”, which went to number three, “Gumdrop”, “Angels In the Sky”, “Mostly Martha” and “Young Love”. As the Crew Cuts mined the R & B back catalogue and brought the ghettoized R & B into the white rock and roll mainstream (albeit with watered down versions), The Crew Cuts would never outsell the sources of their new found inspiration. Ironically, it was their lesser known tunes that charted in Canada while their more popular cover tunes did great chart success in the US. “Young Love” (a country classic by Sonny James) was the group’s last Top20 hit in early 1957. Their pop vocal hits on Mercury Records ended by 1958 when they moved onto RCA and other labels; they broke up in 1964. All the members would eventually move to the United States and in 1977 the members reunited in Nashville on the site of where they recorded some of their biggest hits. In the 1990’s the Crew Cuts were inducted into the JUNO Hall Of Fame and the original members once again reunited for the ceremony. John Perkins is the Choir Director at St. Margaret Mary Church in Slidell, Louisiana; Rudi Maugeri worked as a radio station DJ host and programmer in New York and Los Angeles following the Crew Cuts split in 1964. After his 1979 retirement, he and his wife Marilyn opened a wellness centre in L.A. They moved to Las Vegas, where they opened a second branch, in 1990. Maugeri suffered from pancreatic cancer and died at his home on May 7, 2004 in Las Vegas. with notes from Richard Patterson, Bart Shevory, John B. Young, Joe Matthews.

Singles
1954 Crazy ‘Bout You Baby/Angela Mia (Mercury) 70341
1954 Sh-Boom/I Spoke Too Soon (Mercury) 70404
1954 All I Wanna Do/The Barking Dog Song (Mercury) 70490
1954 Oop-Shoop/Do Me Good Baby (Mercury) 70443
1954 Dance Mr. Snowman Dance/Twinkle Toes (Mercury) 70491
1955 The Whippenpoof Song (Mercury)
1955 Earth Angel/Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So) (Mercury) 70529
1955 Chop Chop Boom/Don’t Be Angry (Mercury) 70597
1955 Unchained Melody/Two Heart Kisses (Mercury) 70598
1955 Carmen’s Boogie/A Story Untold (Mercury) 70634
1955 Gumdrop/Song of the Fool (Mercury) 70668
1955 Slam! Bam!/Are You Havin’ Any Fun (Mercury) 70710
1955 Angels In The Sky/Mostly Martha (Mercury) 70741
1955 Seven Days/That’s Your Mistake (Mercury) 70782
1956 Honey Hair, Sugar Lips, Eyes of Blue/Out of the Picture (Mercury) 70840
1956 Tell Me Why/Rebel Serenade (Mercury) 70890
1956 Bei Mir Bist Du Schon/Thirteen Going on Fourteen (Mercury) 70922
1956 Love In A Home/Keeper of the Flame (Mercury) 70977
1956 Halls of Ivy/Varsity Drag (Mercury) 70988
1956 Young Love/Litle By Little (Mercury) 71022
1957 Whatever, Whenever, Whoever/The Angelus (Mercury) 71076
1957 Suzie Q/Such a Shame (Mercury) 71125
1957 I Sit In The Window/Hey You Face (Mercury) 71168
1957 I Like It Like That/Be My Only Love (Mercury) 71223
1958 Hey! Stella/Forever, My Darling (RCA/Victor)  47-7320
1958 Baby Be Mine/That’s My Desire (RCA/Victor) 47-7359
1958 Fraternity Pin/Can You Hear Me (RCA/Victor) 47-7446
1959 Gone Gone Gone/Someone in Heaven (RCA/Victor) 47-7509
1959 Kin Ni Kin Nic/Bermuda (RCA) 47-7577
1960 It Is No Secret/No No Nevermore (RCA) 47-7667
1960 American Beauty Rose/The Shrine on the Top of the Hill (RCA) 47-7734
1960 Aura Lee/Going to Church On Sunday (RCA) 47-7759
1962 Over The Mountain/Searchin’ (Warwick) M-558
1962 Malagueña/Why Not (Warwick) M-595
1962 The Legend Of Gunga Din/Number One With Me (Warwick) M-623
1963 Ain’t That Nice/Yea, Yea She Wants Me (Chess) 1892
1963 Hip-Huggers/[same] (ABC-Paramount) 45-10450
1964 Three Bells/Spanish is aLoving Tongue (VeeJay) VJ-569
1970 My Heart Belongs to Only You/You’ve Been In (Firebird) FR-805

Albums
1955 The Crew Cuts Go Long Hair (Mercury) MG-20067
1956 The Crew Cuts on the Campus (Mercury) MG-20140
1956 Crew Cut Capers (Mercury) MG-20143
1956 Rock and Roll Bash (Mercury) MG-20144
1957 Music ala Carte (Mercury) MG-20199
1958 Surprise Package (RCA Victor) LSP-1933
1959 The Crew Cuts Sing (RCA Victor) LSP-2307
1960 The Crew Cuts Have A Ball (RCA Victor) CR-129
1960 You Must Have Been A Beautiful Baby (RCA Victor)  LPM-2067
1961 The Crew Cuts Sing Out! (RCA Victor) PR-102
1962 High School Favorites (Mercury Wing) MGW-12170
1962 Swing the Masters (Mercury Wing) MGW-12195
1963 The Crew Cuts Sing Fok (New World) NW-5002
1964 The Fab New Sound from the Crew Cuts (Camay)  CA-3002
1980 The Wonderful Happy Crazy Innocent World of the Crew Cuts (Picc-A-Dilly) PIC-3560
1996 The Best Of The Crew Cuts: The Mercury Years (Polygram – UK)
2006 Sh-Boom – Where Swing Met Doo-Wop and Rock ‘n’ Roll (Jasmine – UK) 832430


CROSSTOWN BUS
Jeff Boyne
(lead vocals, congas, guitar) / Rob Sommerville (organ, congas, vocals)  / Frank Ludwig (keyboards, guitar, vocals)  / Roger Henthorne (bass) / Brian Anderson (bass, vocals; replaced Henthorne)  / Mike Killeen (drums, vocals) / Blair Thornton (guitar) / Bobby Blow (keyboards)  / Nick Doktor (drums) / Jim Grant (lead guitar) / Dave Jonsson (drums, vocals)
Formed in Nelson, BC, in the late ’60s, Crosstown Bus played high school dances, made a trip to California, and then settled in Vancouver. They were eventually signed to MCA Records and their debut album was produced by Tom Northcott and Greg Hambleton. They tasted a small bite of success in 1971 with the single “I’m Lost Without You” which made the Canadian Top100 at radio. After many line-up changes the band split up in 1974. Ludwig would go on to an acclaimed career as keyboardist with Trooper, Union, Ironhorse, and Body Electric; Thornton would go on to replace Tim Bachman in B.T.O.; Boyne went on to join Hammersmith; Henthorne became a commercial airline pilot most recently with BC Air. with notes from Bryan Malcolm.

Singles
1971 Rochester River/Caravan (MCA) MCA-2003
1971 I’m Lost Without You/In Ten Years Time (MCA) MCA-2013
1971 High Grass/Renie (MCA) MCA-2018

Albums

1971 High Grass (MCA) MCA-7015


CROWBAR
King Biscuit Boy
[aka Richard Newell] (harmonica) / Larry Atamniuk (drums) / Roly Greenway (bass) / Kelly Jay [aka Blake Fordham] (vocals, piano) / Rheal Lanthier (guitar) / Richard Bell (keyboards) / John Gibbard (slide guitar) / Sonnie Bernardi (drums; replaced Atamniuk 1970)  / Jozef Chirowski (keyboards; replaced Bell 1970) / Ray Harrison (keyboards; replaced Chirowski 1977) / Rick Birkett (bass; replaced Greenway 1977)
Crowbar’s roots can be traced back almost as far back as Roly Greenway’s career. Greenway first played guitar in The Centurys (1958) who were based in Guelph and featured Ed Dameron (bass), Rick Cassolato (drums), Glenn Higgins (sax) and an unidentified drummer. Greenway would then go on to perform in Joe Pino & The Starlites (1962), and The Ascots (1963). It was in the Ascots that he met guitarist Rheal Lanthier and the two played the Vegas lounge circuit for two years with the likes of Liberace and Zsa Zsa Gabor. The band broke up from sheer boredom and returned to Canada where Greenway joined Bobby Curtola’s touring band. In 1967, Greenway reformed the band with Lanthier as the New Ascot Revue where they recruited Kelly Jay, piano player/vocalist, and world renowned harmonica player Richard Newell aka King Biscuit Boy. Newell had gotten his nickname during his tenure playing on and off with Ronnie Hawkins. Hawkins had asked Newell to assemble a new band so he grabbed the New Ascots plus Richard Bell (keyboards), John “Ghetto” Gibbard (guitar) and Larry Atamaniuk (drums) to create the latest version of Hawkins’ band called …And Many Others. Hawkins took the band to some of the most prestigious venues in rock including the Filmore East playing on a bill with the likes of Joe Cocker, Johnny Winter, and Mountain. However, as was Hawkins’ unpredictability, in 1970 while at the Grange Tavern in Hamilton, Hawkins came into the bar and fired the whole band exclaiming: “You guys are so crazy you could f*ck up a crowbar in three seconds!”. And thus a band, and a band name, was born. The act resumed with a slight personnel change – Sonnie Bernardi replaced Atamaniuk on drums and Jozef Chirowski replaced Bell on keyboards. Along with King Biscuit Boy, Crowbar cut the ‘Official Music’ album on credit from Terry Brown and Doug Riley’s Toronto Sound production facility. It was the first Daffodil Records release July 13, 1970. Critics were unanimous in their appraisal of the band. The ensemble toured with their most memorable performance at the Strawberry Fields Rock Festival near Toronto in the summer of 1970. In late 1970, King Biscuit Boy and Crowbar parted ways – he to write material for the ‘Gooduns’ album; they to prepare for the debut album ‘Bad Manors’. Within three months, the international release of the album again garnered critical acclaim from magazines such as Creem and Rolling Stone. Crowbar was the first act to launch a record in the legislation era (a law designating the implementation of 30% mandatory Canadian content by all radio stations) with the single “Oh, What a Feeling”. The song was also featured on the live album recorded at Massey Hall, ‘Larger Than Life’, which was certified gold within 3 weeks of its release. Unfortunately, due to the drug connotation to lyrics in “Oh, What A Feeling”, the tune failed to gain airplay in the United States. It did do well in England, however. As part of Pierre Trudeau’s bid to gain the youth vote, his wife Margaret Trudeau (who was a Crowbar fan) asked the band to become the opening act of Trudeau’s re-election campaign in 1972. With rallies in such venues as Maple Leaf Gardens, Trudeau won the campaign and Crowbar became a household name. However, their popularity also spawned the need to incorporate and hire industry people to handle their affairs under the management of Martin Onrot. While Daffodil Records was negotiating a new distribution with A & M Records, Crowbar was lured away by Clive Davis to join Columbia Records in New York and signed to their affiliate Epic Records. Their debut album for the label, ‘Million Dollar Weekend’, was produced by Jack Richardson (Guess Who) fledgling production apprentices Jack Douglas and Bob Ezrin. A second album for Epic was released in 1974, but the failure to have any sizable commercial success led the band to officially split up later that year. After several years in other personal projects, the members re-united (with the exception of Chirowski who had joined the Alice Cooper Band) with two new members – Ray Harrison (keyboards) and Rick Birkett (bass) – for a winter tour in 1977-78 following which the band split up once more. Kelly Jay would go on to have an intermittent solo career; Roly Greenway was in the band Next briefly in 1976; Ray Harrison co-founded Shooter who released one album on GRT. Fast forward to 1996 and the original Crowbar reunited without Kelly Jay for some good time revival shows; Kelly Jay died June 21, 2019 after suffering a stroke. with notes from Francis W. Davies, Brad Cassolato, and Roly Greenway.

Singles
as KING BISCUIT BOY AND CROWBAR
1970 Corrina, Corrina/Cookin’ Little Baby (Daffodil) DFS-1001

with BLAKE FORDHAM (aka KELLY JAY)
1970 Uncle Pen/Roberta (London) M-17385

as RIP VAN WINKLE
1971 Prince of Peace/Prince of Peace (Instrumental) (Daffodil) DFS-1004

as CROWBAR
1971 Oh What A Feeling/Murder In The First Degree (Daffodil) DFS-1004
1971 Happy People/Mountain Fire (Daffodil) DFS-1009
1971 Too True Mama/In The Dancing Hold/Train Keep Rolling [3-sided 7″] (Daffodil) DFS-1012
1971 Fly Away/Newspaper Song (Daffodil) DFS-1014
1971 Ask Me No Questions/In The Dancing Hold (Daffodil) DFS-1019
1972 Hey Baby/The Beaver And The Eagle (Daffodil) DFS-1021
1972 Dreams/Cluckie’s Escape (Daffodil) DFS-1029
1972 House Of Blues Lights/Let The Four Winds Blow (Daffodil)  DFS-1038
1973 Higher & Higher/Nothing Lasts Forever (Epic) 5-11008
1973 Million Dollar Weekend/Something Happened Yesterday (Epic)  5-11050
1974 All The Living Things/[same] (Epic) 5-11104
1986 Call Me A Cab/Blue Light Boogie (World) WRC3-4993
1986 House Of Blue Light (independent) CX-0410

as KELLY JAY & BAD MANORS
1975 If You Play Your Cards Right (Ya Gets Me)/Hopelessly Hopeless (Columbia/CBS) C4-4077

Albums

as KING BISCUIT BOY AND CROWBAR
1970 Official Music (Daffodil)  DS-1000001

as CROWBAR
1971 Bad Manors – Crowbar’s Golden Hits Vol. 1 (Daffodil) SBA-16004
1971 Larger Than Life (Daffodil) SBBX-16007
1972 Heavy Duty (Daffodil) SBA-16013
1972 Crowbar Classics – Memories Are Made of This (Daffodil) SBA-16030
1973 Million Dollar Weekend (Epic) EPC-80046
1974 KE32746 (Epic) KE-32746
1982 The Best Of Crowbar [re-issue] (Daffodil) DFN-668
2002 Live At The Whiskey-A-GoGo (Unidisc) AGEK-2172


CROWCUSS
Hermann Fruhm
(keyboards, vocals) / Marc LaFrance (drums, lead vocals) / Larry Pink (keyboards) / Bill Wallace (bass, lead vocals) / Greg Leskiw (guitar) / Bob Deutscher (guitar, vocals; replaced Leskiw)
In 1976, former Guess Who members Bill Wallace and Greg Leskiw picked themselves up from the ashes of their own group, Mood Jga Jga, along with keyboardist Hermann Fruhm and assemble Crowcuss with Marc LaFrance and Larry Pink of Musical Odyssey. Stony Plain signed the band to a record deal in short time and in 1977 released their self-titled debut. But, by 1978 Leskiw had moved on and the band was getting tired of playing without a guitarist, so Fruhm asked Bob Deutscher (Witness) to join. In early 1979 the band had a Number 1 hit in, of all places, Guatamala with the Larry Pink song “Running Start”. This led to an appearance on Canadian television’s ‘The Alan Hamel Show’ (CTV) and others shows on the CBC. Crowcuss also achieved front-cover status on the September 1979 issue of Music Express. They toured extensively with the likes of Burton Cummings (CNE Grandstand, Toronto), Prism (PNE Stadium, Vancouver), The Charlie Daniels Band, Goddo, Doucette, Long John Baldry, One Horse Blue and Streetheart. In the summer of 1979, the band started recording the follow-up to their debut called ‘Starting To Show’. The record was produced by Greg Riker from Indianapolis in 8 days of recording and three mixing at Century 21 Studios in Winnipeg. The album was critically panned despite Stony Plain president Holger Peterson’s attemot to have the album released in Japan on Trio Records as well as in the USA as a compilation of songs from both albums distributed by First American Records. Still, the album never caught on at radio and management problems led to a break-up. The group put on a good face, relocating to Vancouver, minus Wallace, but soon rumours of the band’s demise couldn’t be denied any longer and the members went their separate ways. Marc LaFrance became a session singer in the Vancouver studio secne and even recorded a solo album, ‘Out of Nowhere’, which was produced by Paul Dean. He also created the children’s TV show ‘Babblebrook’ in Western Canada. LaFrance was also instrumental in getting Canadian legislation changed for session musicians who had not been properly compensated for radio play of works they appeared on. These neighbouring rights royalties are now monitored, collected and paid out by a Neighbouring Rights collective; Larry Pink has gone on to fame with country-rock act One Horse Blue; Fruhm invented a better screwdriver with partner Geoff Gibbons (ex-Silverlode) and recently recorded a second Mood Jga Jga album with Greg Leskiw; Bob Deutscher went on to a dozen or so other music acts and plays in CheckOne2. He is currently battling a life-threatening bout with a disease called Amyloidosis. Super Oldies released a 2CD anthology collection in 2008 that included an enhanced video. with notes from Bob Deutscher.

Singles
1978 Running Start/Raining In My Heart  (Stony Plain)
1978 Lucifer’s Angel/Ruth (Stony Plain) SPS-1015
1979 Starting To Show (Stony Plain) SPS-1016

Albums

1977 Crowcuss (Stony Plain) SP-1017
1979 Starting To Show (Stony Plain) SPL-1029
2008 Crowcuss (Super Oldies) SOCD7


CRUISER
Don Beauchamp
(lead vocals, keyboards, percussion) / Richie Henman (drums) / Tom Rathie (bass, vocals) /  Walter Rathie (vocals, keyboards) / Ed Stevens (guitars, vocals)
Formed in Montreal, Québec, in 1979 Cruiser was a supergroup of Canadian club veterans including ex-April Wine drummer Richie Henman. Afer an independent 7” called “On the Firing Line” in 1979, the band managed to gain some critical mass after releasing their debut album on Guy Rheaume’s Network Records called ‘Rollin’ With the Times’ and even received major label interest. Shortly after starting work on their follow-up album the band fell apart and split up, officially, in 1983. The second album, ‘Strange News’, eventually saw the light of day through Disques Reso in 2014; Cruiser also doubled under the pseudonym Ian Cognito, also on Network Records; Stevens would go on to play in Leyden Zar; Henman would later join See Spot Run; the Rathie Brothers formed The Sporting Life and released one album in the 1980s.

Singles
1979
On the Firing Line/Turnaround (Plastic Poison) MRCX-5012
1980 Things Gotta Change/Rollin’ With The Times (Network) SNK-108

as IAN COGNITO
1982 Don’t Break Away/Boogie On a Jet (Network) NWK-500
1982 Small Talk/High Adventure (Network) NWK-504

Albums
1980
Rollin’ With the Times (Network) NWK-1080
2014 Strange News (Disques Reso)


CRY, The
Kimbal Fox [aka Kim Berly]
(lead vocals; drums 1982)  / Billy Wade (drums; 1980) / Charlie Mitchell (drums; replaced Wade 1981)  / Gary Scrutton (guitar, vocals)  / Brian Whitty (bass) / Robo MacPherson (keyboards)
After leaving the Stampeders in 1979, Kim Berly started his own new-wave band, The Cry, in which he performed under the name, Kimball Fox. Two album releases for Orient Records led to good sales while intensive touring sustained the band for a couple of years. With the departure of Charlie Mitchell their distributor, RCA, picked them up for a third album, which featured Kim Berly on drums as well as lead vocals, but mounting personal problems forced Kim to leave the music scene and marked the end of The Cry. From 1983 to 1989, Kim went briefly into acting, gaining recognition in the Toronto theatre community; Scrutton does road manager work for the likes of Tom Cochrane & Red Rider, among others.

Singles
1980 Crackdown!/Little Sister (RCA/Victor) PB-50574
1980 I’m Not Like Everybody Else/Last Laugh (RCA/Victor) PB-50586
1980 Can’t Get Close/Something Like That (RCA/Victor) PB-50608
1981 Enough (Orient/RCA)
1981 Congratulations/I Want You (Orient/RCA) 045-007
1982 What Becomes of the Broken Hearted/The Last Lonely One RCA PB-50687
1982 Looking For Love/This Time (RCA/Victor) PB-50698

Albums

1980 The Cry (Orient/RCA) KKL1-0368
1980 I’m Not Like Everybody Else/Can’t Get Close//Last Laugh/You [12″] (Orient/RCA)
1981 Leave Your Bones In The Hall (Orient/RCA) OLP-002
1982 Guilty Fingers (RCA/Victor) NKL1-0453
1982 Looking For Love//Chains/Walking In Your Sleep [12”] (RCA/Victor) KJN1-7076


CUB
Lisa Marr
(vocals, bass) / Robynn Iwata (vocals, guitar) / Valeria Fellini (drums; 1992-1993) / Lisa G (vocals, drums; 1994-1996) 
Cub were formed in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1992. Marr and Iwata had been volunteers at University of British Columbia’s CITR Radio where Iwata’s brother, Randy and Bill Baker, also volunteered. The latter two created Mint Records and when Cub was formed, used them as the label’s first signing. The ladies admittedly had no talent and could barely play their instruments. This became a promotional tool by Mint to endear the underground music scene to them as DIY post-punks and immediately the music was labelled ‘cuddlecore’. Cub co-produced 7” single “Pep” EP with Mecca Normal’s Jean Smith which was released on Mint in 1992. This was followed by another 7” Ep in 1993 called “Hot Dog Day”. 1993 also saw  a split single with fellow Mint Records act Coal entitled ‘The Mint Is Still A Terrible Thing To Taste’. Also in 1993 they released their first independent lo-fi album ‘Betti-Cola’ on Mint as well. The record was recorded direct to two-track using two microphones and barely a short-time after the ladies had learned to play. The album cost $75 record and the artwork, by ‘Archies Comics’ artist Don DeCarlo, cost $500. The album also featured the as yet unknown Neko Case playing drums on four songs. A relentless tour schedule made the trio road pros which helped them secure a large fan-base including thumbs up from people like Jello Biafra and Kurt Cobain. They frequently made the top spots in year-end independent and alternative music polls and landed the top of indie charts with their subsequent singles (“Pep”, “Hot Dog Day”, “Volcano”) and album releases (‘Come Out, Come Out’ and ‘Box Of Hair’). The band split up in 1996. Iwata joined I Spoonbender in 1997 after moving to San Francisco. Marr and Lisa G. formed Buck in Los Angeles in 1998.

Singles
1992 Pep [6 song 7” EP] (Mint) MRS-003
1993 Hot Dog Day [6 song 7” EP]  (Mint) MRS-004
1993 Betti-Cola [Double 7” EPs]  (Mint) MRS-005
1993 The Mint Is Still A Terrible Thing To Taste [split w/COAL] [7” EP] (Mint)
1994 Volcano [“Your Bed”/”Cast A Shadow”]  (Mint) MRS-011
1995 Come Out, Come Out [13 song  Triple 7” EPs] (Mint) MRS-012
1995 The Day I Said Goodbye [split w/POTATOMEN] [7” EP] (Lookout!/Mint)
1995 FPAP [split w/RAGGEDY ANN/ TULLYCRAFT/ WEAKLING] [7” EP] (Papercut) PCT-001
1996 TJ/She’s Like a Rainbow (SpinART)

Albums
1996 Box of Hair (Lookout!/Mint)
1996 Mauler! A Collection of Audities (Au-go-go – AUS)
2007 Betti-Cola [CD compilation of 7” EPs/bonus tracks] (Mint)
2017 Brave  New Waves Session [LP] (Artoffact) AOF-313


CUMMINGS, Burton
Born: December 31, 1947 in Winnipeg, Manitoba
Burton Cummings started his rock and roll career in Winnipeg as a teenager with his school mates from St. John’s High, The Deverons, from 1962 to 1965. He recorded one single with the band – “She’s Your Lover”.  When Bob Ashley left the The Guess Who in 1966 Cummings was asked to join as keyboardist and vocalist. Chad Allan soon left and Cummings inherited the lead vocal roll. In September 1966 the band’s manager Bob Burns took Cummings, Randy Bachman, Jim Kale and Garry Peterson to Kay Bank Studio in Minneapolis to record four brand new songs with the new line-up: “It’s My Pride”, “If You Don’t Want Me”, a remake of an earlier Chad Allan led song called “Believe Me” — this time sung in Cummings’ pigeon french as “Croyez-Moi”, and a cover of a Johnny Cowell ballad called “His Girl”. The latter song was released as their next single in December 1966 and managed a respectable showing on the Canadian charts, peaking at No.19. Meanwhile, Quality had already entered into a licensing deal to release the song in England through a deal with King Records. The tune was remixed and hit No.47 on the British charts. With an assumed future in the UK in sight, the band immediately cancelled 6 months worth of Canadian gigs and went to England for a tour. However, when they arrived, they found that no contract had been signed, no advance was forthcoming, and no tour had been booked. King Records did attempt to take advantage of the situation and offered the band a long-commitment/small remuneration ‘take it or leave it’ deal. The band left the deal on the table and, instead, decided to take their chances for the 12 days they’d alotted in the country. Having spent all the money they had getting across the ocean, they moved into a single hotel room to save money and Bob Burns had a chat with Tony Hiller of Mill Music about doing some recording. Mill had made a lot of money off “Shakin’ All Over” and was happy to try and help the band out. Hiller sent two hot songwriters to their hotel room with new songs “This Time Long Ago” and “Miss Felicity Grey”. The band went into The Regent Sound studios on March 3, 1967 for two three hour sessions to lay down the songs plus a cover of Neil Young’s “Flying On The Ground Is Wrong” and a tune Bachman wrote while they were in session called “There’s No Getting Away From You”. All four tracks were issued on two singles on the Fontana label later that year. All but “Miss Felicity Grey” was released in Canada as well. Still, they returned to Winnipeg $25,000 poorer, hadn’t played a single gig and were humiliated from the entire ordeal. They were on the verge of splitting up but decided that they needed to clear up their debt by playing as much as they could at fairs, sock hops, clubs, schools, fashion shows and anywhere else they could set up their equipment and get paid. As fate would have it, the CBC was running several national music countdown shows nationally and wanted to hire the Guess Who for the Winnipeg edition called “Let’s Go”. They were hired for $1100 a week and ended up performing the weekly hit parade virtually every Thursday for 78 weeks. Their debts were soon paid off and their experience as performers was similar to that of the Beatles’ early days in Hamburg. They were tight and slick. This hard work did not go unnoticed. At the end of the first season of “Let’s Go” in early 1968, the band was approached about having their songs on a split LP with Ottawa’s The Staccatos as a promotional giveaway by the Coca Cola Company. Jack Richardson was the music director for the project. The success of the album – ‘A Wild Pair’ – encouraged Richardson to gamble on the band by mortgaging his house and opening Nimbus 9 recording studio in Toronto to record The Guess Who exclusively. There was still a matter of bowing out of their deal with Quality Records. The band assumed it would be easy given the four poor selling albums they had made for the label and the recent cooling of Canadian radio to their most recent singles. To ensure they were released from the deal, the band deliberately made a ‘deal breaking’ version of Steve Lawrence’s “Pretty Blue Eyes” in a lazy, sleepy balladeer style. The plan backfired. Quality loved the song and released it as the next single! Desperate to end their relationship and work with Richardson, the band paid Quality $1000 to end the deal. By the beginning of the second season of ‘Let’s Go’, show producer Larry Brown had enough faith in the band to allow them to try out some original songs on the telecasts. Two of those tunes – “Of a Dropping Pin” and “When Friends Fall Out” became early singles for Nimbus. They later showcased and road tested what would become the entire ‘Wheatfield Soul’ album. The songs were recorded properly with Jack Richardson and his Nimbus imprint signed a deal with RCA records for $3,000; a deal that was heralded by RCA, at the time, as the beginning of the Canadian Invasion. The album and the first single, “These Eyes”, were released in 1969, but radio stations were already indicating that they would not support any inferior Canadian music, especially the new Guess Who record, so Richardson hired promotional people in four key American cities to launch the single. This tenacity by both Nimbus and RCA paid off as the song broke new ground in the USA eventually reaching No.3 on the charts and selling 1,000,000 copies. Embarrassed Canadian broadcasters, who had followed American music trends to the letter, were soon forced to playlist the song. The band would later perform on Dick Clark’s ‘American Bandstand’ where he presented the band with a gold record for “These Eyes”. The doors were now open for a string of hits including the double-A sided “Laughing/Undun”, a remixed version of “No Time” in the US and their biggest selling record of all time – “American Woman”. At the time of “American Woman’s” U.S. success at No.1 in 1970, Bachman quit to form Brave Belt (with former Guess Who member Chad Allan), then B.T.O. and finally Ironhorse/Union before continuing on with a solo career. The existing tour dates were completed using guitarist Bobby Sabellico. Bachman’s permanent replacement came courtesy of Kurt Winter (ex-Brother) and Greg Leskiw (ex-Wild Rice). With the new line-up secure, the continued with a string of successful singles and albums over the next 5 years. More member changes followed including Bill Wallace replacing Kale on bass, and Domenic Troiano replacing Winter concluding with their final album ‘Power In The Music’. Donnie MacDougall would replace Leskiw part way through the album tour. Following the tour Cummings quit the band to launch a solo career in 1976 after signing to Portrait Records in the US. While working on his first album he also contribute backing vocals to former Raspberries member Eric Carmen’s solo album ‘Boats Against the Current’ and can be heard on the hit single “She Did It”. His first album was produced by Richard Perry (Ringo Starr, Nilsson) and featured two hits – “Stand Tall” which peaked at No. 2 and “I’m Scared” which peaked at No.11 on the CHUM Chart. He also took a good fun poke at Randy Bachman by doing a lounge version of Bachman’s “You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet” which became a hit in Germany. He released three more solo albums and ‘Best of Collection’ from 1977 through 1980 and charted in the Top20 with the hits “My Own Way to Rock”, “Your Back Yard”, “Break It to Them Gently”, and “Fine State of Affairs”. His first four solo albums and the hits collection sold platinum or better. His 1980s albums ‘Sweet Sweet’ went Gold but his 1984 record, ‘Heart’, received short-shrift at the hands of CBS Records who were cleaning house. It is believed the album never made it to retail and existing promo copies are extremely hard to find. He also tried his hand at acting during this period with a co-starring role in the Canadian made film ‘Melanie’ also starring Glynis O’Connor, Paul Sorvino, Don Johnson, and fellow Canadians Trudy Young and Lisa Dalbello. The soundtrack – produced by Toronto’s Paul Zaza – also featured Murray McLauchlan’s “Never Far Apart” performed by Yvonne Murray and Cummings’ “You Saved My Soul”. Cummings moved to Capitol Records for 1990’s “Plus Signs” and returned to radio with the moderate hit “Take One Away” (which peaked at No.6 on Canadian charts) and “Free” (which peaked at No. 9). Cummings gave up on recording and kept busy touring a live, solo hits revue featuring Gowan as his opening act on many Canadian dates. The culmination of the double bill provided audiences with a rare duet of The Monkees’ hit “Daydream Believer”. The tour resulted in a live album for MCA called ‘Up Close and Alone’. Several Guess Who reunions were attempted in the 1980’s as Cummings had more spare time between solo records. Finally, in 1999, the Guess Who line-up of Cummings, Randy Bachman, Gary Petersson and Jim Kale reunited for the 1999 Pan-Am Games. It went well enough that Cummings, Bachman and Peterson carried on as the Guess Who (after licensing the name from Jim Kale) and toured for nearly four years releasing a live album and DVD. With the Guess Who name back in the hands of Jim Kale, Cummings and Bachman had to decide on their next move. Bachman did a number of solo dates and projects (including a live record and ajazz album). Cummings decided to test the waters to see if there was interest in a new album. He released a cover of Bob Dylan’s “With God on Our Side” which peaked at No.21 on the internet radio charts. Soon Bachman was free once more and the duo, calling itself Bachman-Cummings grabbed The Carpet Frogs as their backing band and headed back out on the road for two years and released three CDs – ‘Songbook’, ‘Jukebox’ and a disc of rare outtakes from 1987 called ‘The Thunderbird Trax’. Bachman then left to write his second book and reunite with C.F. Turner for the Bachman & Turner project and tour. Cummings carried on with his first new solo album in a decade called ‘Above the Ground’ in 2008. He has been touring non-stop with The Carpet Frogs to promote it ever since. The album spawned two radio singles. On December 30, 2009 he was awarded the Order of Canada. Cummings was inducted into the Canadian Walk of Fame in Toronto in 2011. with notes from Burton Cummings,  John Einarson. [also see BACHMAN-CUMMINGS, THE DEVERONS, THE GUESS WHO]

Singles
1976
You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet/Niki Hokey (Portrait – GER) 5149
1976
Stand Tall/Burch Magic (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70001
1977 I’m Scared/Sugartime Flashback Joys (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70002
1977 Timeless Love/Never Had a Lady Before (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70003
1977 My Own Way To Rock/A Song For Him (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70007
1978 Your Back Yard (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70011
1978 Break It To Them Gently/Roll With the Punches (Portrait/Epic/CBS)
6-70016
1978 I Will Play A Rhapsody/When A Man Loves a Woman (Portrait/Epic/CBS) 6-70024
1979 Meanin’ So Much/Takes a Fool to Love a Fool (Portrait/Epic/CBS)
E4-4207
1979 Draggin’ Them Down The Line/Charlemagne (Portrait/Epic/CBS)
E4-8338
1980 Fine State Of Affairs/Had to Be You (Epic/CBS) E4-4248
1980 Mile a Second/Where Are You (Epic/CBS) E4-4257
1980 One and Only/Wakin’ Up Today (Epic/CBS) E4-4262
1981 You Saved My Soul/Nothin’ Wrong With the Road  (Epic/CBS) E4-4284
1981 Heavenly Blue (Epic/CBS)
1982 Mother Keep Your Daughters In/Bad News (Epic/CBS)  E4-4294
1982 Something Old, Something New (Epic/CBS)
1984 Love Dream/I Do My Vocals On the Boat (Epic/CBS) E4-7051
1984 Whatever Happened to Your Eyes/Creepin’ Peepin’ Baby Blues (Epic/CBS
E4-7067
1989 Take One Away (Capitol)
1990 One Day Soon (Capitol)
1990 The Rock’s Steady (Capitol)
1990 Free (Capitol)
2004 With God On Our Side (New Door)
2008 We Just Came from the USA (New Door)
2008 Dream (New Door)

Albums

1976 Burton Cummings (Portrait/Epic/CBS) PR-34261
1977 My Own Way To Rock (Portrait/Epic/CBS) PR-34695
1978 Dream Of A Child (Portrait/Epic/CBS) PR-35481
1980 The Very Best Of Burton Cummings (Epic/CBS Direct) CDM-2-016
1980 Woman Love (Epic/CBS) PEC-80040
1981 Sweet Sweet (Epic/CBS) PEC-80054
1984 Heart (Epic/CBS) PEC-80100
1990 Plus Signs (Capitol) C-293938
1996 Up Close And Alone (MCA) MCAMD-81010
2008 Above the Ground (New Door) 834213


CURRAN, Andy
Following a hard rock stint in the 1980’s with Toronto fixtures Coney Hatch, bassist Andy Curran put together a new act called Soho 69 featuring Simon Brierley (guitars, vocals),  Michael Borkosky (guitars, leading and backing vocals), and Glenn Milchem (drums). With several well-produced songs under their belt they shopped their demo as a band but were picked up by Alert Records (home of Kim Mitchell) as an Andy Curran solo project. Alert president Tom Berry, a former Anthem Records employee (home of Rush and Max Webster) was well connected and managed to land Andy Curran & Soho 69 opening slots on tours with Rush and Kim Mitchell. Alert signed Curran as a solo entity and his eponymous debut album featured two moderately successful singles – “License to Love” and “No Tattoos”. In 1991 Curran won a JUNO Award for ‘Most Promising Vocalist’, and was also nominated for ‘Best Hard Rock Album’. The album didn’t fair well sales-wise and the band parted amicably with Alert due to contractual disagreements. Being label-less wouldn’t last long as another deal was signed with Hypnotic in 1993, this time under the full band name Soho 69 with Eddie Zeeman replacing the Milchem who had joined Blue Rodeo. Their debut CD, ‘Scatterbrain’, was produced by ex-Blue Peter member Chris Wardman (Chalk Circle, Sons Of Freedom, Art Bergmann). They had medium rotation on MuchMusic with their single/video “Kiss My Boots” (co-written with Goddo’s Greg Godovitz) but extensive touring didn’t help sales of the album which was generally too heavy sounding for Canadian radio. The band once again parted ways with their label and all activity was suspended while the members decided what to do next. Borkosky went on to join Alannah Myles on tour while Curran flirted with the on-again/off-again Coney Hatch reunions and had some fleeting success with the Q107-FM commissioned hockey song “Drop The Puck” featuring Rik Emmett (ex-Triumph) and Greg Godovitz (ex-Fludd, Goddo) on guitars and vocals. The song was used as an anthem during Toronto Maple Leaf game broadcasts and would eventually be released on an Attic Records sports anthems compilation. 1998 saw the reformation of the band under their new name, Caramel, with the addition of guitarist Virginia Storey (who replaced Borkosky). The 1998 ‘Caramel’ CD was recorded at Sony Records in Toronto was swiftly signed to Geffen Records, USA. However the 1999 acquisition of Geffen by the Universal Music Group left Caramel in search of a new identity and a new deal. Zeeman was replaced by Randy Cooke and they changed their name to Drug Plan. The group recorded a new CD in 1999 at Backroom Sound which was produced by Andy (Concussion Bros.) and Vic Florencia. There was interim interest in the Drug Plan album by labels such as Interscope and Maverick, however after an extended period of time they went unsigned and subsequently disbanded. However, the Drug Plan album was re-released in 2003 under a new band name Leisureworld. The CD ‘Double Wide Double High’ consisted of Drug Plan tracks with several new tracks. Curran is now involved in producing and co-produced Goddo’s ‘Kings of the Stoned Age’ in 2004 and The First Time’s ‘TakingBreakingDown’ in 2007 – both with Vic Florencia. Curran now works for SRO Management in Toronto. with notes from Andy Curran,Virginia Storey. [also see CONEY HATCH]

Singles
1990 License To Love (Alert)
1990 No Tattoos (Alert)

with SOHO 69
1993 Kiss My Boots (Hypnotic)

with CARAMEL
1997
Triangle (Geffen)

Albums
1990 Andy Curran (Alert) Z2-81015

with SOHO 69
1993 Scatterbrain (Hypnotic)  561012

with CARAMEL
1998 Caramel (Geffen)  GEFD-25228

with DRUG PLAN
1999
Drug Plan (41) 100422

with LEISUREWORLD
2003
Double Wide Double High (41)  191077


CURSE, The
Mickey Skin
(lead vocals) / Trixie Danger (guitar) / Julia Bourque (bass) / Patsy Poison (bass; then drums)
Controversial 4-woman punk band from the heyday of Toronto’s Queen Street circuit. Three weeks after forming they played their first gig opening for the Viletones at The Crash ‘n’ Burn Club. Only a month after that, they were playing CBGB’s in New York City followed by a headlining gig at Max’s Kansas City club in New York. They were banned in Toronto due to a controversial punk opus about the homosexual murder of 11 year-old shoeshine boy Emmanual Jacques. The single was recorded at Marigold Studio with engineer Rich Dodson (Stampeders) and produced by B.B. Gabor. Members would go on to be in True Confessions.

Singles
1977 War/[split w/THE DIODES] (Crash ‘N’ Burn)
1978 Shoeshine Boy/Killer Bees (Hi-Fi) HF-001
1979 Killer Bees/Shoeshine Boy [re-issue] (Hi-Fi) HF-002

Albums
1996 Teenage Meat (Other Peoples Music) OPM-2110
1997 Live: London ONT, 11/25/77 (Other People’s Music)


CURTOLA, Bobby
Born: Robert Allen Curtola on April, 17, 1944, in Port Arthur, Ontario

Died: June 4, 2016 in Edmonton, Alberta
In the fall of 1959, sixteen-year-old high school student Bobby Curtola was pumping gas at his father’s garage in Thunder Bay, Ontario, and going from rehearsing with his basement band Bobby and the Bobcats to singing at dances.  to much enthusiasm which attracted the attention of songwriting brothers Basil & Dyer Hurdon. Seeing huge potential in Curtola’s natural vocal abilities and good looking boyish charm, they wrote “Hand In Hand with You” which they recorded with him in 1960. With its moderate success on Tartan Records the team were encouraged to continue with a carefully calculated campaign of record releases and live performances. One of these was an appearance on the ‘Bob Hope Show’ in the US. He also set out on one of the first market-specific coast-to-coast Canadian tours ever. By 1961 he was in Nashville recording with Bill Porter at RCA Studios who brought in the best performers to back his first album ‘Hitch Hiker’. The title track featured Chet Atkins, Floyd Kramer and Grady Martin. The song reached No.4 on the CHUM Chart. Two other singles from the album in 1961 – “Don’t You Sweetheart Me” and “I’ll Never Be Alone Again” charted at No. 5 and   No.6 respectively. Curtola’s sophomore album was ‘Mr. Personality’ and the first single was the double A-sided “Fortune Teller” and “Johnny Take Your Time” in 1962. The single peaked at No.5 on the CHUM Chart and went Gold in Canada. Canadian legendary Vancouver DJ Red Robinson sent the record to Seattle’s KJR and Hawaii’s KPOI radio. A major US record deal with Del-Fi Records was signed and “Fortune Teller” went on to become a 2.5 million selling release internationally. Curtola was invited to tour with Dick Clark and his Cavalcade of Stars. While on tour in England that same year, Curtola met The Beatles and appeared on BBC-TV’s variety show ‘Thank Your Lucky Stars.’ Meanwhile, his popularity at home had exploded and a Bobby Curtola Fan Club was set up soon after. This erupted into a successive string of hits during the fiercely competitive British Invasion era. In June of 1964, Bobby Curtola became the first pop singer to record a jingle that sounded like a Top40 hit called “Things Go Better with Coke.” He signed an exclusive contract with Coca-Cola to be their spokesman.  Curtola also co-wrote “The Real Thing” which was used for the Coke campaign of the same name. Curtola’s success continued on television, starting with ‘American Bandstand’ and included appearances on the world famous ‘Wolf Man Jack Show’ and hosting duties for the ‘Miss Canada’ and ‘Miss Teen Canada Pageants’.  He also hosted CTV’s ‘After Four Show’ on CFTO starting in 1965. Curtola also won a ‘Male Vocalist of the Year’ Gold Leaf Award (pre-JUNO Awards) in 1966. By 1972 he had to re-assess his value as a performer as a teen idol. His hits included 25 Canadian Gold singles and 12 Canadian Gold albums. Despite all his success in Canada, Curtola never cracked the Billboard Top40 singles chart in the United States. It was time for a change to cater to his aging audience. Adult contemporary seemed more suited to his new direction and, so Walter Kane from the Hughes Hotel chain, signed Bobby Curtola to a five year multi-million dollar contract – the first Canadian entertainer to do so.  In 1973 released the ‘Songman’ album for the Canadian Talent Librar and hosted the ‘Shake, Rock and Roll Show’ on CTV which also became the title of his next album in 1974. In the early ’90s Curtola enjoyed an ‘oldies’ revival which included a greatest hits package on BMG, a Christmas album and 1993’s country record ‘Gotta Get Used to Being Country’. Bobby Curtola was inducted into the RPM Canadian Music Industry Hall of Fame in 1996. Curtola was awarded the Order of Canada on May 8, 1998; Curtola  purchased the SeaCzar Tomato Clam cocktail beverage mix business in 1998 and became the President of  the company. In 2011, Curtola received a star on the Italian Walk of Fame in Toronto; On December 15, 2015 Curtola’s partner, Karyn Rochford, died in a car accident in Nova Scotia. On June 4, 2016, Curtola died at his home in Edmonton. with notes from Linda Thomas, Alex Wotherspoon and Don Wayne Patterson.

Singles
1960 Hand In Hand With You/Hohnny Take Your Time [w/The Dons]  (Tartan)
TA-60-1001
1960 Ever Near You/My Love [w/The Dons]  (Tartan) TA-60-1002
1961 You Must Belong to Me/Deeper and Deeper [w/The Dons] (Tartan) TA-60-1003
1961 Don’t You Sweetheart Me/My Heart’s Tongue-Tied [w/Anita Kerr Singers] (Tartan)  TA-60-1005
1961 I’ll Never Be Alone Again/High-Tone [w/Anita Kerr Singers]  (Tartan) TA-60-1006
1961 Hitchhiker/My Love (Tartan) TA-60-1007
1962 Fortune Teller/Johnny Take Your Time (Tartan) TA-60-1008
1962 You Must Belong To Me/Nothing’s the Same as Before (Tartan) TA-60-1009
1962 I Cry and Cry/Big Time Spender (Tartan) TA-60-1010
1962 Aladdin/I Don’t Want to Go on Without You (Tartan) TA-60-1011
1962 My Christmas Tree/Gotta Give Love (Tartan) TA-60-1012
1963 Destination Love/Don’t Stop Dreaming of Me (Tartan) TA-60-1013
1963 Gypsy Heart/I’m Sorry [w/The Martells] (Tartan) TA-60-1014
1963 Indian Giver/Hand in Hand With You [w/The Martells]  (Tartan)  TA-60-1015
1963 Three Rows Over/Dream Wishes (Tartan) TA-60-1016
1964 Move Over/They Say (Tartan) TA-60-1018
1964 Little Girl Blue/How’m I Gonna Tell You (Tartan) TA-60-1019
1964 You’re Not A Goody Goody/Far Away Heart (Tartan) TA-60-1021
1964 As Long As I’m Sure of You/I’d Do Anything For You (Tartan) TA-60-1022
1964 Come Home Little Girl/Many Moons Ago (Tartan) TA-60-1024
1965 Alone and Lonely/You’ll Be Falling In Love Someday (Tartan) TA-60-1025
1965 It’s About Time/Paper Heart (Tartan) TA-60-1026
1965 Mean Woman Blues/Devil May Care Angel (Tartan) TA-60-1027
1965 Walkin’ With My Angel/Midnight (Tartan) TA-60-1028
1965 Makin’ Love/Donna (Tartan) TA-60-1029
1965 Forget Her/If All Goes Wall (Tartan) TA-60-1030
1966 While I’m Away/Not Till Now (Tartan) TA-60-1031
1966 The Real Thing/Suddenly (Tartan) TA-60-1032
1966 Wildwood Days/Without Your Love (Tartan) TA-60-1033
1967 It’s Not Funny Honey/Tattle Tale Heart (Tartan) TA-60-1034
1967 Give Me A Reason To Stay/Kisses of Fire (Tartan) TA-60-1035
1967 Quando Quando/If All Goes Well (Tartan) TA-60-1036
1967 Footsteps/What Can I Do (Tartan)  TA-60-1040
1968 Sandy/Indian Love Call  (Tartan)  TA-60-1041
1968 Unless You Care/Taking A Picture (Tartan)  TA-60-1042
1968 Pretty Blue Eyes/Taking A Picture (Tartan)  TA-60-1043
1968 Step By Step/Can’t Help Falling In Love (Tartan) TA-60-1044
1969 Mammy Blues/Free To Carry On (Kingston Harbor)  [w/The Syndicate] (Tartan) TA-60-1045
1969 My Christmas Tree/Gotta Give Love (Tartan) TA-60-1046
1970 Jean/I Wouldn’t Have Missed It For the World (Capitol) 72615
1971 Way Down Deep/Rose Garden (Capitol) 72639
1973 Songman/Blue Moon (Canadian Talent Library) 477-821
1976 Oh, My Marie/Hap, Hap, Happy Song (RCA/Victor) PB-50234
1977 May the Force Be With You/The Northern Lites Are Out Tonite [w/Force] (BAMB) A-2001
1984 Have You Ever Really Been There
1990 Playin’ In The Shadows of Glory (RBI)
1990 Drivin’ Down A Phantom Road (RBI)

Albums
1961 Hitch Hiker (Tartan)  LP-TA-101
1962 Mr. Personality (Tartan) LP-TA-102
1963 Truly Yours (Tartan) LP-TA-103
1964 12 Tickets To Cloud 9 (Tartan) LP-TA-104
1965 Love Story In Stereo (Tartan)  LP-TA-105
1966 Magic Moments (Tartan) LP-TA-106
1967 Twelve Golden Hits (Tartan) LP-TA-107
1968 Greatest Hits Volume 1 (Tartan) LP-TA-108
1969 Greatest Hits Volume 2 (Tartan) LP-TA-109
1969 Greatest Hits Volume 3 (Tartan) LP-TA-110
1970 Greatest Hits Volume 4 (Tartan) LP-TA-111
1970 Changes (Capitol) ST-6354
1971 Curtola (Capitol) ST-6361
1973 Songman (Canadian Talent Library) CTL-1166
1974 Shake, Rock And Roll (Tartan) LP-TA-113
1976 Stickin’ With Beautiful Things (RCA/Victor) KCL1-0165
1977 His Greatest (TeeVee International) TA-1071
1990 Christmas Flashback Album (Tartan) TAR-001
1991 15 Greatest Hits (Tartan/BMG) TAR-002
1993 Gotta Get Used To Being Country (US)
1996 Meet Bobby Curtola (Marginal – EU)
1997 Turn The Radio Up
2005 Hitch Hiker and Other Hits (Stardust) SD-1034
2010 25 Gold Records (Tartan)


CUSTOMERS, The
The Customers were from Toronto, Ontario. Their 1980 self-titled 5-song EP was recorded at the Music Gallery and co-produced by John Oswald. The follow-up single, “Rockin’ Experience”, was produced by Blair Packham.

Singles

1980 The Customers [5 song 7” EP] (Customers) CU-001
1980
Rockin’ Experience (Customers)


CUTTY SARK, The
Cutty Sark were signed to Quality Records in late 1969. Their version of Peter, Paul & Mary’s “Puff the Magic Dragon” was produced by Jack Richardson (Guess Who) and was released in May 1970.

Singles
1970
Puff the Magic Dragon/Whiskey In the Jar (Quality) 1973X
1971 Rosie’s Dream/Slievenamon (Quality) 2004X


CYCLE, The
Paul Craig
[aka Paul Clinch] (guitar, vocals) / Kevin Barry (drums, vocals) / Peter Goodale (organ, vocals) / Joey Rome [aka Joey Dinardo] (bass, vocals) / Stan Theriault (lead guitar, vocals) / Don Paveling (bass; replaced Rome) / Sebastian Agnello (guitar; replaced Theriault)
The Cycle evolved out of mid-60s act The Magic Cycle who had run their course following the failure of the single “Groovy Things” on the indie Fingerprints label to chart after its release in October of 1969.  The Magic Cycle became The Cycle and signed with Tamarac Records which was being run by former Red Leaf owner Stan Klees (co-editor of RPM Magazine). Klees produced their self-titled debut album. When Dinardo left to join Abraham’s Children, Don Paveling was brought in. The band would continue with many line-up changes including the addition of Agnello during live dates as a utility player. Clinch, Paveling, Dinardo and Agnello were also the line-up on all the Gary & Dave sessions as well. The band released a second album in 1973 called ‘Magic Music’. The title track charted nationally reaching No.89. The group split up in 1974, but many of the members would re-convene in 1976 under the name Choya. with notes from Sebastian Agnello. [also see PAUL CLINCH, CHOYA, MAGIC CYCLE]

Singles

1970 Walking Along/Open Your Eyes (Tamarac) TTM-641
1970 Wait For The Miracle/God (Tamarac) TTM-642
1970 Gimme Some Time/Sittin’ Where The Flowers Grow (Tamarac) TTM-643
1970 Gimme Some Time Part 1/Gimme Some Time Part 2 (Buddah) 282
1971 Coming Back Again/Hey There, Look At Me (Tamarac) TTM-645
1971 All I Really Need Is You/Looking At Each Other (Tamarac) TTM-646
1972 If You Call Out My Name/Its What I Want You To See (Tamarac) TTM-647
1973 Magic Music/Don’t Want You (Tamarac) TTM-648

Albums
1970 The Cycle (Tamarac) SKP-1003
1973 Magic Music (Tamarac) SKP-1004


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