R

R.P.M.
Ian McLeish
(lead vocals, bass, rhythm guitar, keyboards) / Ian Petrie (bass, rhythm guitar, lead, backing vocals) / James H. Robinson (rhythm guitar, lead vocals) / Chuck Kerr (drums, percussion, backing vocals) / John Millest (lead & rhythm guitars, pedal steel, backing vocals) / Dave Laub (keyboards)
Ottawa area friends McLeish, Petrie and Robinson, put together a home-made demo in 1978 and pressed some vinyl copies initially in an effort to shop the songs to record labels and publishers. Soon the recordings led to publicity for the writers. The Ottawa Journal did a full page article on the trio, while both CJOH and CBC television in Ottawa did feature stories. Answering to the media attention, a band was formed using some of the musicians who played on the album and christened R.P.M. (a clever music related acronym of the band’s last names). The 1,000 copy limited edition album sold out soon after the band’s one and only concert in Ottawa in April 1978. A limited edition CD of the concert itself was eventually released in 2002; After Petrie dropped out of performing and Robinson went on to a solo career, R.P.M. continued as a band with Ian McLeish (bass/rhythm guitar/vocals), John Millest (lead guitar), Chuck Kerr (drums, vocals), and Jeff Harris (keyboards). This lineup recorded and played for two years until McLeish and Kerr moved to Toronto in 1980 where they met lead vocalist Mary Ellen Moore. The three worked together on the musical ‘Amazon Women’; The band started up again in 1987 back in Ottawa and added keyboard player Geoff Pinhey (who had played on the R.P.M. album) to the line-up of McLeish, Millest, Kerr and Moore. With two years of on-again, off-again recording the band – re-christened Random Axis – released their self-titled pop rock album in 1990 on CD. The disc received intermittent coast-to-coast airplay with the song “The Strength To Fly” charting in several small markets; Moore left in 1992, eventually joining the Choirgirlz with Debbie Fleming and Pinhey left in 1994, although both made guest appearances on later releases. In 1998 Millest, Kerr and McLeish continued as M*K*M and released two final CDs – “Orchid Island’ and “Cleaning the Cupboard’ – before disbanding in 2002; McLeish co-owns the Mousehole Music label who have become a premiere Canadian classic rock re-issues label. He is also planning a second solo album in 2013 entitled ‘Crouching At the Feet of Giants’.

Singles
as JIM ROBINSON & R.P.M.
1979
One Time Flyer/Dance With Me (Starfish) 7901

Albums
as McLEISH, PETRIE, ROBINSON & FRIENDS
1978
McLeish, Petrie, Robinson & Friends (Starfish) SFS-7801
2002 Live At Porter Hall (Mousehole)
2002 McLeish, Petrie, Robinson & Friends [re-issue] (CD)

as RANDOM AXIS
1990  Random Axis (McMusic)

as M*K*M
2000
Orchid Island  (Mousehole)
2002 Cleaning the Cupboard (Mousehole)


RABBLE, The
John Pimm (lead vocals, guitar) / Mike Harris (lead guitar) / Rick Metcalfe (guitar) / George Creswick (bass) / David Wynne (drums) / Tim Charbonneau (bass; replaced Creswick) / Brian Robillard (drums; replaced Wynne) / Walter O’Reilly (drums; replaced Robillard) / Teddy McMahon (drums; replaced O’Reilly) / Graham Chambers (drums; replaced McMahon)
Pointe-Claire, Québec’s The Rabble floated about playing minor gigs with no official name performing standards like “Stand By Me” and “Walk the Dog” initially with members Pimm, Harris, Metcalfe, Creswick and Wynne. The band officially adopted the name The Rabble in 1965 after David Wynne quit the band to join The Haunted in exchange for their drummer Brian Robillard. Soon Creswick left and was replaced by Tim Charbonneau. With a record deal secured through RCA Victor’s Canada International imprint, their first single was the Mike Harris written “I’m Alaboundy Bam” released in 1966. Alas, the label didn’t reprint the single after the initial 1000 copies sold out cutting short further promo of the record. The band moved to Trans-World records for their next single, “Golden Girl”, which was recorded in December 1966 and saw release in the summer of 1967. Robillard, who had performed on the first two singles, soon left to form his own band. Walter O’Reilly replaced Robillard prior to the band’s self-titled debut album being recorded and was released in 1967 Trans-World out of Montreal. The album was produced by CFOX (Pointe-Claire) radio personality Dean Hagopian. On May 22, 1967 The Rabble performed with The Isabella Blues Band, Leonard Cohen, and Buffy Sainte-Marie at the Queen’s Park “Love In” in Toronto which was attended by nearly 4,000 people. The Rabble also performed at Expo ’67’s Garden Of The Stars Pavilion. O’Reilly left the band in late 1967 and was replaced by Teddy McMahon. Metcalfe also left the band as he wasn’t satisfied with their new avant-garde direction and The Rabble re-formed as a quartet with Pimm taking on second guitar duties. The band’s follow-up album, ‘Give Us Back Elaine’, was recorded through the end of 1967 into early 1968 and released on Trans-World. By this time the band had played The New Penelope Coffee House and throughout Greater Montreal, Québec City, Ottawa, Toronto, Kingston, as well as touring northern Ontario. In April of 1968 The Rabble substituted for Cream, who had canceled at the last minute, at The Paul Sauve Arena in Montreal to 5,000 fans. Despite the band’s unrehearsed show, they impressed the crowd with an hour-long set of songs consisting of their singles and album material. Following the gig, promoter Donald K. Donald had to turn down engagements on their behalf because they were already booked on a tour of one-night engagements throughout Québec and Ontario. In May of 1968 the band was double-billed with the Guess Who in a ‘Wildest Pair’ tour at places such as the Loyola Arena and the Dorval Recreation Association. The group lasted through 1970 having released a final single on the Aquarius label with Graham Chambers on drums. Metcalfe formed a band called Aeon with The Haunted’s Al Birmingham and Bob Burgess in 1976 and now lives in Ottawa; Pimm moved to Toronto and worked with Lighthouse’s Bob McBride and then Deja Vu and John Moran. He also did studio session work as guitarist. With a relocation to Sooke, British Columbia, Pimm has been producing music at Canadian Concept Studios in Victoria, BC., and has played in Hawaii (5 times), Bangkok, Palm Springs, CA. He has recorded two Jazz instrumental albums and is working on a third one; David Wynne now works in Singapore; O’Reilly moved to PEI; Charbonneau lives in Montreal; Harris lives east of Toronto, Ontario. with notes from Mike Harris, Graham Wagner, David Wynne, Jacques Lefort, and John Pimm.

Singles
1966 I’m Alaboundy Bam/Porch In The Sun (RCA Victor Canada International) 57-3409
1967 Golden Girl/You Come On Too Strong (Trans-World) TW-1675
1967 I Still Can Hear Them Laughing/Please Set Me Free (Trans-World) TW-1683
1968 Rising Of The Sun/Too Bad (Trans-World) TW-1692
1968 Miss Money Green/Butter Cup Blue (Trans-World) TW-1703
1970 Time Is On My Side/People Jack (Aquarius) AQS-5012

Albums
1967 The Rabble (Trans-World) TW-6700
1968 Give Us Back Elaine (Trans-World) TWS-6707
2008 The Rabble (Disques Mrite) 22-970


RAE, Robbie
Born: Robert Henry Bevan in May 17, 1952 in Resolven, Wales;
Died: February 9, 2006 in Phuket, Thailand
Robbie Rae started his singing career as a boy soprano in a choir. Following the writing of “This Little Bird” by his brother Raymond, he and Robbie were discovered by a passerby while they were singing the song at home. This kindly stranger was a recording hobbyist and had the boys record the tune at his make-shift home studio. The gentleman sent the song to producer Ivor Raymonde at Decca Records in London and the duo was signed to a recording contract. In 1966 Decca released “This Little Bird” b/w “You Better Move On” under the name Robbie And Ray. The label wanted the boys to tour to promote it. Though Ray was already 17, Robbie was only 14 and they had to wait for Robbie to complete school following his 15th birthday in 1967. Under the name Robbie, Ray and the Jaguars, they toured Wales and Europe with various configurations from 1967 to 1971 opening for The Tremeloes, The Move, and even actor/singer Des O’Connor. The even made an appearance on the UK talent show ‘Opportunity Knocks’ hosted by Hughie Green. As their popularity grew, and people constantly misquoted the band’s name as Robbie Ray and the Jaguars, it was at this point they adopted the stage name Robbie Rae; “Rae” being a variation on Raymond’s name. They would find infamy in Wales where, having secured a new record deal with MCA in 1969 they recorded a version of “The Lord’s Prayer” in Welsh – which had been part of their stage show for many years – and which was subsequently banned by the BBC because it was deemed blasphemous. Of course, this only helped fuel sales of 100,000 copies worldwide. They drifted to NEMS Records next and in 1971 they were signed to a fourth record deal – this time with M.A.M. Records who released the single “Stay Love” that was popular in England but not in Europe or overseas. In 1972, on the cusp of a new deal with producer Mickey Most and Air Records, Ray quit the band. He would ultimately become a pastor back in Wales. Robbie, meanwhile, adopted Robbie Rae as his personal stage name and in 1973 The Jaguars became Sweet Sensation featuring four male and two female members. Decca Records took an interest in the band and had the band demo the songs “Natalie” and “Three Score and Ten”. However, their management team fell apart and the band soon followed suit. Robbie Rae would soon end up in a pop act called Roundabout. He also hosted a TV show on the BBC in Wales. One of the guests on the show was Canadian singer Cherrill Yates (ex-The Comic Opera) from Canada. Upon moving to Canada, he and Yates married and moved to her hometown of St. Thomas, Ontario. The duo signed a deal with A & M Records as an adult pop act in 1976 but failed to make any inroads with their first few singles “Don’t Shut Me Out” and “Oh Me, Oh My”. After turning a version of Doris Day’s 1956 hit “Que Sera Sera” into a disco dance track in 1977 the duo managed to chart. The label was encouraged enough to have the act record their self-titled debut album in 1978 which was produced mainly by Harry Hinde with several tracks produced by Cliff Edwards (ex-The Bells). Their second album ‘Dancing Up a Storm’, also produced by Harry Hinde, followed immediately in 1979 and a remixed 12″ single of “A Little Lovin” (Keeps The Doctor Away)” was issued. The catchy, bubbly song shot up the charts immediately. It went to No.5 on Billboard’s Club Play list but only peaked at No.61 on the Pop chart. The song failed to make hit status because of a typographical error in Billboard magazine which showed the record sliding down the charts after a promising start and A & M pulled all promotion on the record. However, they took another chance with a second 12″ single, “I Only Wanna Get Up and Dance,” but it only managed to reach No. 47 on the Club Play lists before disappearing. In Canada The Raes were nominated for two Juno Awards and they became hosts of a CTV’s variety show. They were then offered a chance at a firm 5-year TV contract of their own – which they turned down after A & M execs felt it would affect sales. But the writing was already on the wall as their third album, “Two Hearts”, wasn’t even optioned for release in the US. With no label support and declining popularity Cherrill and Robbie’s personal lives took the strain and the group split up in 1981 and the duo divorced in the early 1980s. Following the demise of the duo he tried to make a go of it solo on Quality Records in 1983 with a song called “Finger On It” which the label hailed as a new direction for Rae – the B-side, “Rachel”, was written by future Refugee exponent Myles Hunter. However, the following year he found himself on Mel Shaw’s Music World Creation touting another Hunter tune, “Hold On To the Night”, also to no effect. His final solo record was the Hot Line Records release “Take No Prisoners In the Game of Love”. In 1989 he teamed up with Saga members Jim Gilmour and Steve Negus under his real name Robert Bevan in the Gilmour-Negus Project (GNP) who released one album for Virgin Records. Following this Rae became an entertainer in the Canadian club scene doing bawdy versions of cover tunes with The Robbie Rae Band. This led to steady gigs in Dubai (United Arab Emirates) entertaining American troops stationed in Saudi Arabia. In October 1999, Rae moved to Thailand (Kamala Beach – Phuket) where he invested in his own outdoor bar as well as singing in Patong with a new band. On December 26, 2004 Rae went missing as one of many victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster when Phuket was devastated by flooding. He was located a short time later safe and sound and resumed work at the Tai Pan Club. However, on February 9, 2006 Rae succumbed to liver and kidney failure in Phuket Hospital. He was 52 years old. with notes from Ursula Lott and Dave Davies (ex-Sweet Sensation). [also see THE RAES, GNP]

Singles
1973
Natalie/Three Score And Ten (Gas) GAS-1003
1983 Finger On It (Something About You Girl I Like)/Rachel (Quality) QUS-7049
1983 Finger On It (Something About You Girl I Like)/(Instrumental) (Quality) QUS-049
1984 Hold On To The Night/Hold On To The Night (Music World Creations) MWC-8317
1986 Take No Prisoners (In The Game of Love)/Lorelei (Hot Line) 10

with ROBBIE AND RAY
1966 This Little Bird/You Better Move On (Decca) F-12452

with ROBBIE RAE (BAND)

1969 Lord’s Prayer/If You Could Only Be Me (MCA – UK) MU-1066
1970 Stay Love/A Moment’s Sorrow (MAM – UK) MAM-4


RAES, The
Cherrill Rae (vocals) / Robbie Rae (vocals)
Robert Bevan found infamy early in his singing career in his home of Wales where he and his brother Raymond recorded a version of “The Lord’s Prayer” in Welsh which was subsequently banned by the BBC because it was deemed blasphemous. As Robbie, Ray and The Jaguars the group eventually became known as just ‘Robbie Rae’ and toured all through the UK and Europe. However, after five record deals and as many false career starts, Raymond quit the music business and Robert (now adopting Robbie Rae as his own last stage name) joined The Roundabouts and eventually hosted his own BBC television show in Wales. It was this show that introduced him to singer/performer Cherrill Yates (ex-The Comic Opera) who was touring the UK but was from Canada. Upon moving to Canada, Rae and Yates married and moved to her hometown of St. Thomas, Ontari. The duo signed a deal with A & M Records as an adult pop act in 1976 but failed to make any inroads with their first few singles “Don’t Shut Me Out” and “Oh Me, Oh My”. After turning a version of Doris Day’s 1956 hit “Que Sera Sera” into a disco dance track in 1977 the duo managed to chart. The label was encouraged enough to have the act record their self-titled debut album in 1978 which was produced mainly by Harry Hinde with several tracks produced by Cliff Edwards (ex-The Bells). Their second album ‘Dancing Up A Storm’, also produced by Harry Hinde, followed immediately in 1979 and a remixed 12″ single of “A Little Lovin” (Keeps The Doctor Away)” was issued. The catchy, bubbly song shot up the charts immediately. It went to No.5 on Billboard’s Club Play list but only peaked at No.61 on the Pop chart. The song failed to make hit status because of a typographical error in Billboard magazine which showed the record sliding down the charts after a promising start and A & M pulled all promotion on the record. However, they took another chance with a second 12″ single, “I Only Wanna Get Up And Dance,” but it only managed to reach No. 47 on the Club Play lists before disappearing. Also in 1979, The Raes hosted a worldwide TV show event that featured Michael Jackson and was broadcast on the CBC, NBC and the BBC globally. In Canada The Raes were nominated for two Juno Awards and they became hosts of a self-titled CBC variety show (that would help launch the career of famed Canadian theatre dancer/singer Jeff Hyslop). They were then offered a chance at a firm 5-year TV contract of their own – which they turned down after A & M execs felt it would effect sales. But the writing was already on the wall as their third album, “Two Hearts”, wasn’t even optioned for release in the US. With no label support and declining popularity Cherrill and Robbie’s personal lives took the strain and the duo divorced in the early 1980s. Robbie tried to make a go of it as a solo artist releasing unsuccessful singles on Quality Records and Mel Shaw’s Music World Creations touting several Myles Hunter (Avalon/Refugee) tunes to little chart effect. In 1989 he teamed up with Saga members Jim Gilmour and Steve Negus under the pseudonym Robert Bevan in GNP. They released one album for Virgin Records. In recent years he fronted the Robbie Rae Band as a classic rock emprissario on the Toronto Club circuit. Following this he maintained a steady gig in Dubai (United Arab Emirates) entertaining American troops stationed in Saudi Arabia. In October 1999, Rae moved to Thailand (Kamala Beach – Phuket) where he invested in his own outdoor bar as well as singing in Patong with a new band. On December 26, 2005 Rae went missing as one of many victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami disaster when Phuket was devestated by flooding. He was located a short time later safe and sound and resumed work at the Tai Pan Club. However, on February 9, 2006 Rae succumbed to liver and kidney failure in Phuket Hospital. He was 54 years old. Cherrill Rae would remarry another musician, Nick Cucunato, and has performed in several acts since the Raes including short-lived studio hit makers Mens Room (with Caren Cole and Charity Brown), Backstreet, Rae And Rockit, and The Cherrill Rae Trio. notes from Ursula Lott. [also see ROBBIE RAE]

Singles
1976 Don’t Shut Me Out (A & M) AM-420
1976 Oh Me, Oh My (A & M) AM-423
1977 Que Sera Sera/Are You the Boy? (A & M) AM-446
1977 All Kinds Of People/To Love Somebody (A & M) AM-455
1977 Cara Mia [stereo]/Cara Mia [mono] (A & M) AM-457
1978 A Little Lovin’ (Keeps The Doctor Away) [Disco Version]/A Little Lovin’ (Keeps The Doctor Away) [Radio Version] [12″] (A & M) SP-12009
1978 A Little Lovin’ (Keeps The Doctor Away)/To Love Somebody (A & M) AM-466
1979 (I Only Wanna) Get Up And Dance/When I’m Dead And Gone (A & M) AM-472
1979 (I Only Wanna) Get Up And Dance/ [12″] (A & M) AM-17069
1979 Don’t Turn Around/School [12″] (A & M) SP-20048
1979 Don’t Turn Around/Gonna Burn My Boogie Shoes [12″] (A & M) SP-20097
1979 Don’t Turn Around/Gonna Burn My Boogie Shoes [7″] (A & M) AM-2160
1980 Two Hearts/Kiss And Tell (A & M) AM-493

Albums
1978 The Raes (A & M) SP-9030
1979 Dancin’ Up A Storm (A & M) SP-4754
1980 Two Hearts (A & M) SP-9039


RAFTSMEN, The
RAFTSMEN: Louis Leroux / Martin Overland / Marvin Burke;
RAFTSMEN III: Louis Leroux (acoustic guitar, vocals) / Guy Pilette (bass) / Donald Steven (12-string acoustic guitar)
The Raftsmen were a  trio from Québec who played traditional folk material on acoustic guitar, banjo and percussion. With the departure of Overland and Burke in 1966, Leroux carried on with a new line-up initially as The New Raftsmen and then as Raftsmen III. By the time of their final album on Rodeo Records they had reverted back to the name The Raftsmen; Overland and Burke have since passed away; Leroux is still sought out by students as a proficient teacher in Flamenco guitar techniques.

Singles
1963 Something To Sing About/Killigrew’s Soiree (Apex) 76886
1963 Yellowbird/Shame and Scandal (RCA/Victor) 47-7912
1963 Last Night I Had the Strangest Dream/Walking On the Green Grass (RCA/Victor) 47-8045
1965 Down in the Valley/Tarrytown (RCA/Victor) 47-8053

as RAFTSMEN III, The
1967 Goodbye To All My Dreams/Song For a Nation (Melbourne) 3297
1967 Hands I Love (Melbourne/20th Century Fox) 6698

Albums
1963 The Raftsmen (Canadian Talent Library) CTLS-5033
1963 This Land Is Your Land (RCA-Camden) CAL-757
1964 Here and There (RCA/Victor) LSP-2479
1965 Down In the Valley (RCA/Victor) LSP-2598
1966 A Night At Le Pavillion (RCA/Victor) LSP-2677
1968 The Raftsmen (Rodeo)  SRLP-7116

as RAFTSMEN III, The
1967 On Target – Canada (Banff) RBS-1279


RAGE, The
Mark Sadler
(vocals) / Jeff Hohener (guitar, vocals) / Rob Willox (bass) / Dean Steen (drums)
The Rage were a short lived Toronto punk act that formed in high school. They opened for The Viletones and released one single in 1981.

Singles
1981
I’ve Got Your Number/Stay (Rage) RP-027


RAGGED EDGES, The
Dan Foster (vocals), Gary Webb (rhythm guitar), Sandy Bryant (drums), Wayne McNeil (bass), Tony Ronza (lead guitar)
From St. Catharines, Ontario.

Singles
1967
Good Times/Why Don’t You


RAIN
Phyllis Brown [aka Charity Brown]
(lead vocals, piano) / Ron Hiller (lead vocals, piano) / Chris Woroch (drums) / Bill McLaughlin (guitar) / Charley Hall (organ) / Brian LeBlanc (lead vocals, piano; replaced Hiller) / Bernie LaBarge (guitar, vocals; replaced McLaughlin)
Rain was a five-piece band from Kitchener, Ontario who formed in 1968. In 1970 they became the first act signed to Greg Hambleton’s fledgling Axe label. Hambleton would produce their self-titled debut album (with future Rush producer Terry Brown as co-engineer) and its hit single “Out Of My Mind”. Along with the band’s own original compositions, Hambleton brought in additional songwriting talent via his brother Fergus (a solo artist on Capitol at the time) and David Lodge who would have success of his own on Axe Records in the ’70s with his band Major Hoople’s Boarding House. Despite becoming very popular on the Canadian club circuit they began having band member problems and the original act disbanded in 1972. Phyllis Brown left, while Hiller and McLaughlin were replaced by LeBlanc and LaBarge respectively. With the revised line-up they released another single “Make Me” (sung by Woroch) backed with “Catwalk” (sung by LaBarge). Lead vocalist Phyllis Brown (nee Boltz) would eventually sign with A & M Records, and change her professional name to Charity Brown where she would have a moderately successful solo career in the mid-70s; Ron Hiller joined Copperpenny; LaBarge continues as a very in-demand session artist and solo performer in his own right. with notes from John G. Hall and Bernie LaBarge.[also see CHARITY BROWN]

Singles
1971 Out Of My Mind/You’re The One (London) M-17410
1972 Stop Me From Believing/Caught Right In The Middle Of It (Axe/London) AXE-1
1972 Find Your Love/I Don’t Want To Leave You (Axe/London) AXE-5
1972 Make Me/Catwalk (Axe/London) AXE-9

as RAIN with CHARITY BROWN

1977 Out Of My Mind/Here With You (Axe) AXE-43

Albums
1972 Rain (Axe/London) AXS-501


RAJA [see THREE TO ONE]


RAM
George Antoniak
(guitar) / Donnie Chapman (drums) / Jack Harris (drums) / Terry Hatty (vocals, percussion) / Donnie Muir (keyboards) / Steve Naylor (keyboards) / Pat Riley (bass, vocals) / Terry Silverlight (drums) / Mike Sloski (drums)
Formed in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1980; Chapman would go on to form the Mason-Chapman Band; Hatty has gone on to sing for a number of bands including a 1990s version of The Guess Who; Sloski is an in-demand session player and was also a member of the short-lived band Big Faith with Chris Tait (Chalk Circle), Ken Greer (Red Rider) and Fergus Marsh (Bruce Cockburn).

Singles
1980
Party Downs/Blue Moon Man (Nova) NS-51
1980 Love You Girl/Tension (Nova) NS-52
1982 Get Out/I Feel Your Pain (Nova) NS-53
198- The Strap/[same] (Nova) NS-121

Albums
1980
Soundtrack For Pegasus 1 (Nova) N2689-005


RAMM, Ken
Ken Ramm is from Toronto, Ontario. The ‘Dragon’ LP featured members of FM and was produced by Daniel Lanois. The “Spark the Universe” single got Ramm nominated for a 1985 CFNY U-Know Award for ‘Best Independent Artist’. Ramm would later go on to play guitar for ensemble studio act Euphoria.

Singles
1984 Spark The Universe/Sail Away [12″]

Albums
1981 Dragon (Jackal/Trend) WOW-719


RAMPAGE, Randy
Born: Randall Archibald
Randy Rampage is from Vancouver, British Columbia and has been a member of DOA and Annihilator among other bands.

Albums

1982 Randy Rampage [5 song EP] (Friends) FR-012


RANDOM KILLING
Andrew Kiteley [aka Drool, Rodney Wastelands]  (vocals) / Jim Moore [aka Mudd] (bass) / John Hajdu [aka Rusty Talent] (guitar) / John (Rob) Neilson [aka Robber] (drums) / Mark Watts (guitar) / Mike Rosenthal [aka Billy Clubz] (drums) / Tim Monahan (drums) / Tony Mastromatteo (drums) / Victor Farkas (vocals) / Kevin Low (vocals) / Sean Dignan (drums)
Formed in a Toronto basement in 1984 as Roy’s Comrades, Random Killing found greater success outside of Canada than within for their second generation brand of Hardcore Punk. Even though they enjoyed unequivocal support from University and College campuses, generally the band remained distanced from the Canadian “scene” despite the fevered promotion by label Raw Energy Records through the last half of the 1990’s. In 1995, their song “12”, from ‘Thoughts of Aggression’, was re-recorded by the band at the CBC studios and released as a video to Sesame Street. It has now been played around the world. The band reunited in 2012 and have done selected festival dates.

Singles
1985 Take Our Flag [5 song 7” EP] (Aardvark) CCR-9181
1990
Kicked In the Nuts: A True Story [6 song 7” EP] (Resistance – SWITZ) RIP-051

Albums
1989 This Whole World (Aardvark) RK-001
1990 Then Till Now [6 song cassette] (Aardvark)
1992 Welcome… (Raw Energy/A & M)
1993 Re-issued (Raw Energy/A & M) 242100
1994 Thoughts of Aggression (Raw Energy/A & M) 242101
1996 Urine the 90s Now! (Raw Energy/Page/EMI)
1997 Stranded (Raw Energy/Page/EMI) RAW-1276CD


RANDYPETERS, The
Pieter Botman [aka Peter Botman] (vocals, harmonica; 1980-1990) / Rand Peppler (guitars, vocals; 1980-1990) / Mick Kern (bass, vocals; 1981-1985) / Derrick Campfield (bass, vocals; replaced Kern 1986-1990) / Bob Grant (drums; 1983 & 1985) / Mark Craig (drums; 1983 to 1985) / Gilles Mantha (drums; 1985 & 1986-1990) / Shane (guitar) / Gerald Weisenbach (bass) / Pat Levenson (saxophone) / Bob Hanson (drums) / John Ferguson (drums)
Ottawa 4-piece. Their 1988 Amok 12″, ‘You Thought I Was Foolin’…’ was produced by Dave Bignall (Singing Fools)

Albums
1985 Independence Day [4 song EP] (independent)  WRC2-3940           
1988 You Thought I Was Foolin’… [6 song EP] (AMOK) MLP-520


RANG TANGO
Lori Lee Yates (lead vocals) / Lee Warren (guitar) / Annette Paiement (harmony vocals) / Ed Goodine (drums) / Brad Fordham (bass)
Lori Yates would go on to have a successful solo career in Southern Ontario; Lee Warren is a Nashville producer. with notes from Lori Yates. [see LORI YATES]

10”
1986
Rang Tango [2 songs] (independent)


RANKINS, The
Jimmy Rankin
(vocals, guitar) / Cookie Rankin (vocals) / Raylene Rankin (vocals) / Heather Rankin (vocals) / John Morris Rankin (piano, fiddle) / Geraldine Rankin (vocals) / Genevieve Rankin (vocals) / David Rankin (percussion) / Molly Rankin (vocals)
The 12 members of the Rankin Family are from Mabou, Cape Breton. Their musical heritage began early as Mom (piano), Dad (violin) and the eldest Rankin children entertained the neighbours every third weekend as part of a Ceilidh. The tradition continued as the elder Rankins left home to be replaced by younger siblings. Five of the siblings began performing in 1989 following Raylene’s graduation with a law degree from Dalhousie University. With the help of her booking skills and a mail order business run by their mother, The Rankins released their own independent cassettes ‘The Rankin Family’ (1989) and ‘Fare Thee Well Love’ (1990) featuring original songs and the a combination of traditional jigs, reels and Celtic folk songs. They made their television debut on CBC’s ‘On the Road Again’ in 1989 and made an encore performance in September 1990 when footage from their summer performance at the Baddeck Festival of The Arts and the Winnipeg Folk Festival was televised nationally in a one hour documentary entitled ‘Here Come The Rankins!’. The group’s self-titled debut sold platinum (which was rare for an independent release) and put the band on the Canadian musical map. The follow-up was the quadruple-platinum selling smash ‘Fare Thee Well Love’ which was quickly scooped up for re-issue as their EMI Music Canada major label debut in 1992. It went on to sell over 500,000 copies. The title track was a Top40 hit in Canada and was subsequently licensed for a Disney movie in the U.S. That summer the singers performed on Parliament Hill in Ottawa for Queen Elizabeth II as part of the 125th Anniversary celebrations of Canada Day. Their first all new album for EMI was 1993’s ‘North Country’ which sold more than 350,000 copies. 1995’s limited edition ‘Grey Dusk Of Eve’ EP was certified gold with sales of more than 50,000 followed by the full-length ‘Endless Seasons’ which was produced by John Jennings (Mary Chapin Carpenter). In September 1999, The Rankins recorded the song “Jimmy Mo Mhile Stor” for The Chieftains’ album ‘Tears of Stone’ and soon issued a press release confirming that the group would be splitting up to pursue family interests and other careers. On January 16, 2000 John Morris Rankin was killed in a car accident in Cape Breton; Jimmy Rankin has released four solo albums; Raylene Rankin has released two solo. The three sisters run The Red Shoe pub in Mabou and still perform on their own which includes releasing a Christmas album entitled ‘Do You Hear…’. The group has won four JUNO awards (‘Group of the Year’, ‘People’s Choice Award for Canadian Entertainer of the Year’, ‘Single of the Year’ for “Fare Thee Well Love” and ‘Country Group of the Year’) and a dozen East Coast Music Awards. The Rankin Family played many high profile concert dates including headlining the Guinness Fest in Australia and New Zealand, and a U.S. tour that included an SRO concert with Mary Black at the Town Hall in New York City. They also performed at Molly Johnson’s Kumbaya Festival in 1995; The Rankins reunited in 2007 and released an album of material from their comeback tour. One of the founding members of the group prior to their rise to fame, Geraldine , died of a brain aneurysm on January 10, 2007. A new studio album was released in 2009 entitled ‘These Are the Moments’; Raylene Rankin passed away on September 29, 2012 after a lengthy battle with breast cancer. with notes from Kimberley Wotherspoon.

Singles
1992
Fare Thee Well Love (EMI)
1992 Gillis Mountain (Capitol) DPRO-721
1992 Rise Again (EMI) DPRO-773
1992 Tramp Miner (EMI) DPRO-923
1993 North Country/Ho Ro Mo Nighean Donn Bhoidheach – Ho Ro My Nut Brown Maiden (EMI) DPRO-986
1993 Lisa Brown (EMI) DPRO-994
1993 Turn That Boat Around (EMI) DPRO-995
1994 Forty Days & Nights (EMI) CDPRO-1255
1995 Grey Dusk of Eve [EP] (EMI) CDPRO-1065
1995 You Feel the Same Way Too (Album Version)/You Feel the Same Way Too (Edited Version) CDPRO-1161
1995 Roving Gypsy Boy (EMI) CDPRO-1386
1995 Borders/North Country/Roving Gypsy (Remix)/Rise Again (EMI)
1998 Moving On/Orangedale Whistle (EMI) CDPRO-1701

Albums
1989
The Rankin Family
1990 Fare Thee Well Love
1992 The Rankin Family [re-issue] (EMI) C2-99995
1992 Fare Thee Well Love [re-issue] (EMI) C2-99996
1993 North Country (EMI) E2-80683
1995 Endless Seasons (EMI) E2-832348
1996 Collection [4 song EP] (Grapevine – UK) RF-001
1998 Uprooted (EMI) E2-821203
2003 Souvenir: 1988 – 1998
2007 Reunion (EMI) 90002
2009 These Are the Moments (EMI) 746510


RAPHAELS, The
David Leroux (lead vocals,lead guitar) / Claude Gravel (rhythm guitar, vocals) / Peter Christensen (bass guitar, vocals) / Daryl Wadsworth (organ, vocals) / Greig Lund (drums, vocals)
Formed while all the members attended Rideau High School in Ottawa, The Raphaels (named after the Renaissance painter) landed shows as part of CFRA-AM’s ‘Big 12’ shows around the Ottawa Valley. They recorded their only single – “Someday” b/w “I Change My Mind” at HH Bloom Studio and pressed in a limited run of 100 copies by Quality Records. The band split up at the end of 1966; Leroux went on to form A Band Called Bug with members of The Skaliwags. With notes from Chas Kit, David Leroux and Alex Taylor.

Singles
1965
Someday/I Change My Mind (Quality) QC-272


RAPID TEARS
Brian Frank (vocals) / Michael J. Miller (guitar) / Clayton Bonin (guitar, keyboards) / Jon Wein (bass) / Rick Nemes (drums) / Adam Sherban (bass)
Rapid Tears formed in Toronto, Ontario in 1977. The band’s first single was 1980’s “Operation Airlift” b/w ” Tomorrow”on Guardian Records. They would record their debut album, ‘Honestly’, in 1982 which was released on Tom Atom’s chameleon Records.  The same year the single “Headbang” b/w “Wonderland” was released and sustained airplay for 4 out of 5 days on Q107’s ‘Rockwars’ competition and finally defeated by Van Halen’s “Pretty Woman” on the 5th day. Rapid Tears returned to the studio and released the EP ‘Cry for mercy’ on Chameleon Records in 1984. The band was in the midst of recording another full-length LP when the band broke up; Michael J. Miller went solo; Nemes would go on to form Infernäl Majësty in 1986. with notes from Michael J. Miller.

Singles
1980 Operation Airlift/Tomorrow (Guardian) GWR-111
1982 Headbang/Wonderland (Chameleon) CR-324

Albums
1982 Honestly (Chameleon) CR-575
1984 Cry For Mercy [4-song 12”] (Chameleon) CR-737


RARE AIR
Grier Coppins (bombarde, synthesizer, bagpipes) / Patrick O’Gorman (bagpipes, flute) / Trevor Ferrier (percussion) / Richard Murai (bass, guitar) / Christian Frappier (bass; replaced Murai 1990)  / Jeff Gill (guitar; joined 1990] / Rich Greenspoon (drums; replaced Ferrier 1990)
Rare Air started in Toronto in the early 1980’s (with the name Na Cabarfeidh) and by the end of the decade had released 5 albums, toured across Europe, the US and Canada numerous times. They became known for being one of the world’s premier Celtic bands. In 1990 two of the four founding members, Trevor Ferrier and Richard Murai decided to leave to pursue their own musical interests, and the band changed musical direction with the addition of Christian Frappier, Jeff Gill and Rich Greenspoon. Their music became more jazz-oriented and they were soon tagged with the “jazz fusion” label.

Albums
1982 Na Cabarfeidh (Sometimes We Do This Musical Productions) JAK-002
1984 Mad Plaid (Sometimes We Do This Musical Productions) JAK-003
1987 Hard To Beat (Green Linnet) GLCD-1073
1989 Primeval (Green Linnet) GLCD-1104
1991 Space Piper (Green Linnet) GLCD-1115

as NA CABARFEIDH
1981
Stick It In Your Ear (Sometimes We Do This Musical Productions) JAK-001


RAREFACTION
Rarefaction’s “I Dreamt” received significant college and alternative rock radio airplay especially on CFNY-FM in 1985. The band’s lone single and it’s B-side (“Abstract Minds”) were used in an episode of TV show ‘Degrassi: Next Generation’. Both songs were written by producer/engineer Aubrey Winfield and Robert Bertolucci.

Singles

1985 I Dreamt/Abstract Minds (Irresponsible)


RATIONAL YOUTH
VERSION 1 (1980-1981): Tracy Howe (synths, vocals) / Bill Vorn (synths) / Mario Spezzo (synths; 1981);
VERSION II (1982-1983) : Tracy Howe (synths, vocals) / Kevin Komoda (synths; 1982-1983)  / Denis Duran (bass; 1983)  / Angel Calvo (drums, percussion; 1983); VERSION III (1984-1986): Tracy Howe (synths, vocals) /  Rick Joudrey (bass; 1985-1986) / Owen Tennyson (drums; 1985-1986) / Kevin Breit (guitars; 1985-1986) / Peter McGee (guitars; 1984-1986);
VERSION IV (1998): Tracy Howe (synths, vocals) / Dave Rout (synthesizers) / J.C. Cutz (synthesizers)
Rational Youth is the brainchild of Tracy Howe who was a boy chorister in an Anglican church choir starting at age 8. At 13 he got an electric guitar, but joined his first band as the singer only that same year. He sang in a series of groups during his teenage years before taking up the drums with The Normals who were a three-piece punk band in Montreal around 1978 and featured members Scott Cameron on bass and Robert Labelle on guitar (Labelle would go on to join American Devices). From there came the formation of Heaven Seventeen (not to be confused with Britain’s Heaven 17 who were Montreal’s first self-proclaimed post-punk group – a sort of John Foxx-era Ultravox – who were one of the first generation punk conglomerations to use synths. The band’s lineup was quite unstable but the most solid configuration consisted of Scott Cameron (bass, vocals), Roman Martyn (guitars), Kim Duran (guitars), Lysanne Thibodeau (keyboards), and Tracy Howe (drums, vocals). Lysanne would be replaced by future Men Without Hats frontman Ivan Doroschuk at which time Howe stopped drumming and became their singer. In early 1980 Marc Durand was managing the band and had landed them a gig opening for XTC at the St. Denis Theatre in Montreal. While playing their set, some punks became rowdy and narrowly missed Doroschuk with a beer bottle or two and after the gig he quit the band. It was shortly after that he started Men Without Hats and took Marc Durand with him. By 1983 Heaven Seventeen had broken up and Doroschuk asked Howe to join his new band Men Without Hats as the guitar player. The band at that time was Ivan Dorochuk, his brother Stefan on bass, and Jeremie Arrobas on drums. They had all been to the same private schools together in Outremont and rehearsed at Arrobas’ parents’ house – a mini-mansion on Mount-Royal. His father had bought them all their musical equipment and paid for the production and manufacture of their first record, the ‘Folk Of The 80’s’ EP. Howe did not play on that record though he is credited as such. Roman Martyn actually did all guitar parts on the EP and Howe’s sole work with the band amounted to the song “Freeways”, a 7″ B-side. Ivan Dorochuk was primarily leading the band and his vision of the future and Howe’s didn’t connect, but Doroschuk did turn Howe onto the underworld of which gave Howe the idea to do electronic music, and shortly thereafter he met Bill Vorn. Rational Youth (a play-on words of the name National Youth Orchestra) was formed in Montreal in the summer of 1981 by Tracy Howe and Bill Vorn. Marc Demouy, a record importer and retailer friend of Howe’s, suggested they release a record and within months Rational Youth had their first single and 12″ “I Want To See The Light” (featuring third keyboardish Mario Spezzo), on Demouy’s newly formed YUL Records label. Live dates followed and by their second gig they had already done an opening slot for Orchestral Maneouvres In The Dark. In the spring of 1982, came the ‘Cold War Night Life’ album, which would spawn two dance 12″ singles “Saturdays In Silesia” and ‘City Of Night’. It was at this point, with the singles getting major Canadian airplay that the live shows were not quite living up to expectations, so the duo was augmented with yet another synth player, Kevin Komoda, who managed to sneak onto the final sessions for the album. ‘Cold War Night Life’ would go on to sell 20,000 copies independently in Europe and Canada (most in Alberta of all places) and the limelight began shining on the band. Vorn, who merely wanted to play music and not be a rock star, left Rational Youth at the beginning of 1983 to resume communications studies at University. Howe and Komoda were left to carry on so they grabbed Denis Duran and Angel Calvo (who had drummed on the single version of “Pile Ou Face”), and went back on the road for a cross Canada tour. In the spring of 1983, Howe was signed to Capitol Records and Rational Youth was picked up as his project – the result was the 5 song EP ‘Rational Youth’. On the eve of a national tour the entire band, realizing that this would be a full-time commitment, quit and Howe was stuck with a name but no band. Komoda went on to host the CBC’s Brave New Waves and later formed Montreal’s Pest 5000; Denis Duran is in the airline business and Angel Calvo is currently missing in action. Despite the dissolving band, Capitol Records asked Howe if he wanted to record another record and so teamed up with Klaatu guitar/production whiz and fellow labelmate Dee Long to work on the next record. They spent all of 1984 reworking mixes of tracks from the 1983 EP and writing new material. Some of Toronto’s best know musicians were brought in to augment the line-up: guitarist Steve Jensen (Zappacosta), vocalist David Roberts, Karen Hendrix and John Jones (Duran Duran), drummer David Quinton (The Mods, Strange Advance), bassist Spider Sinnaeve (Streetheart), violinist Ben Mink (FM, k.d. lang) and of course Dee Long himself as producer, engineer, keybaordist and guitar player. The sessions were released as Rational Youth’s next album ‘Heredity’ in March of 1985. It was a far cry from the synth pop of ‘Cold War Night Life’ and the lead off single/video “No More And No Less” was released to great critical acclaim. Howe put a new rock band together with album guitarist Peter McGee and former members of Blue Peter, Rick Joudrey (bass) and Owen Tennyson (drums), for a road tour of small venues throughout 1985 and into early 1986. On the odd occasion co-headlining with Strange Advance, The Spoons, Gowan and Images In Vogue. They even did a date opening for China Crisis. Several follow-up singles failed to sustain Rational Youth as a major league contender and Capitol Records passed on renewing Howe’s option. Despite a brief appearance as ‘the band’ in the Montreal filmed Keifer Sutherland movie ‘Crazy Moon’ in 1986, Howe, effectively killed off Rational Youth and set up a domestic life and became gainfully employed at Queens Park for the Ontario Government. In February of 1996, EMI Canada released a 17-track Rational Youth compilation CD entitled ‘All Our Saturdays (1981-1986)’. The disc’s release has, through the efforts of fans on the Internet, brought Howe and Vorn back together again; Vorn had continued putting music, art, and technology together with his crowning achievement being interactive robotic installations with Louis-Philippe Demers. With the year-end release of ‘Cold War Night Life’ on CD, the duo played a synth-pop festival in Sweden in December 1997 to much critical acclaim but Vorn has been cautious in not wanting to give up his day job for the role as a ‘rock star’ again. Rational Youth was officially revived by Tracy Howe in 1998 with the addition of former Digital Poodle members Dave Rout & J.C. Cutz who toured Scandanavia that year followed by the recording of a new album ‘To the Goddess Electricity’ released in 1999. Howe soon returned to his life working for the government and moved to Alberta in 2000. In 2008 he returned to Ottawa, Ontario for work and recently reunited his 1978 punk act The Normals who plan on releasing their debut album in 2012. with notes from Tracy Howe and Kevin Komoda.

Singles
1981 I Want To See the Light [3 song EP] (YUL/Downstairs) 12-YUL-2
1982
Cite Phosphore/Le Meilleur des Mondes (YUL) YUL-003
1982 City of Night [3 Song EP] (YUL/Downstairs) 12-YUL-3
1982 Saturdays In Silesia (single remix)/Pile Ou Face (YUL) YUL-004
1982 Saturdays In Silesia (Extended Remix)/Pile Ou Face (Extended) [12”] (YUL/Unidisc/Downstairs) 12-YUL-4
1983 In Your Eyes/The Man In Grey(Capitol) 72927
1983 In Your Eyes (Extended)/Hot Streets [12″] (Capitol) V-75044
1985 No More And No Less/Holiday In Bangkok [remix] (Capitol) 72963
1985 No More and No Less//Heredity/Got a Sister In the Navy [12”] SPRO-9398
1985 Call Me/Burn the Night Away (Capitol) 72971
1985 Call Me/Call Me (Extended Mix) (Capitol) SPRO-273
1985 Bang On/Sorry (Capitol) 72980
1985 Malade/Freeze (Instrumental) (Capitol)  72988
1988 Just a  Sound In the Night (Rams Horn – Holland) RHR-3408
1989 Dancing On The Berlin Wall [3 song EP] (Rams Horn – Holland) RHR-3814
1998 3 Remixes For The New Cold War [CD EP] (Coboloid) COB-001
1999 Everything Is Vapour/Money and Blood Part 2/Everything Is Vapour (Money and Blood Mix)/Everything Is Vapour (In the Moment Mix) (October – Sweden) OCT-053
2011 Dancing on the Berlin Wall (Wir tanzen auf der Berliner Mauer) (YUL) YUL12-CDEP
2011 City of Night 2011 (YUL) YUL13-CDEP
2011 Coboloid Race/I Want to See the Light (30th Anniversary Edition) (YUL) YUL2-CDEP
2014 Thunderstruck/[ split w/PSYCHE](Artoffact) AOF-188

Albums

1982 Cold War Night Life (YUL/Unidisc/Downstairs) YULP-1
1983 Rational Youth [5 song EP] (Capitol) MLP-15012
1985 Heredity (Capitol) ST-12399
1994 Total Rational! (Rams Horn – Holland) RHR-01-7137
1996 All Our Saturdays: 1981-1986 (EMI) 837358
1999 Rational Youth Box (October – Sweden) OCT-049
1999 To The Goddess Electricity (October – Sweden) OCT-054
2013 Live 1983 (Artoffact)  AOF-150
2013 Magic Box (Artoffact) AOF-151
2014 To the Goddess Electricity [re-issue] (Artoffact) AOF-159
2016 Future Past Tense [10” EP] (Artoffact) AOF-234)


RAVE REVUES, The
Wolfe Bolter (vocals) / Kris Bolter (keyboards, flute, vocals) / John Fair (drums, percussion) / Ray Walsh (bass, keyboards)  / Aaron Allan (keyboards)  / Dave Preston (vocals; replaced Wolfe Bolter)
Rave Revues were a Mississauga, Ontario, act originally formed with the Bolters, Ray Walsh and Aaron Allan. Their first LP, ‘Voices’, was nominated for a CFNY-FM U-Know Award in 1985 for ‘Best Independent Artist’. The band took a brief hiatus while Walsh joined former bandmate Allan in Figures At Dawn to record and tour their self-titled debut LP. After the disbanding of FAD, Walsh picked up the pace with Rave Revues once more and they returned to release 1987’s ‘Rave Revues’ LP — this time featuring vocalist Dave Preston (who replaced Wolfe Bolter).

Singles
1981 Blue Eyes [4 song 7″ EP] (World)
1985 Long Time Coming/Rule of Play (World)

Albums
1984 Voices (World)
1987 Rave Revues (Cheezie Muzik/Trend) ACR-12872


RAVE, Dave
Born: David Desroches in Hamilton, Ontario
Hamilton, Ontario native Dave “Rave” DesRoches grew a solid musical pedigree initially with his group The Shakers in the late ’70s/early ’80s. The band charted many independent singles on their own Warpt Records label and released three albums with producers Daniel Lanois (U2, Peter Gabriel, Bob Dylan) and Jack Richardson (Guess Who, Alice Cooper). Rave was at the same time doing double-duty as an auxiliary member of Hamilton’s Teenage Head, both live and in the studio, prior to becoming lead vocalist for the band’s final original album – ‘Electric Guitar’. After deciding to go solo in 1989 he recorded the landmark ‘Valentino’s Pirates’ album alongside producer Gary Pig Gold. The two then moved to New York City, forming The Dave Rave Conspiracy and becoming the first North American band directly signed to Russia’s state-run Melodiya record label. To appease cold war era Russian sensibilities however, their name was changed to The Dave Rave Group, and it was under this name that ‘Valentino’s Pirates’ was released in the USSR. Press surrounding the album included a CBC television documentary for which they visited Russia, filming footage for three promotional videos that received rotation on Much Music in Canada. Reverting back to the Conspiracy name, Dave and Gary alongside Billy Ficca (Television), Lauren Agnelli (ex-Washington Squares) and Coyote Shivers then recorded the ‘Three Octave Fantastic Hexagram’ album and began touring North America extensively until disbanding in 1994. Soon after, Agnelli and Rave would form a duo which released three albums over the next several years: the critically acclaimed ‘Cowboy Flowers Sessions,’ ‘Heaven and Earth,’ and the ‘Confetti!’ compilation. Gary Pig Gold and Shane Faubert (ex-Cheepskates) with their To M’Lou Music label gave ‘Valentino’s Pirates’ a lavish US and European tenth-anniversary CD release in 2001, and Gold’s relationship with Bullseye Records led the album to be re-issued in Canada as well. The success of this led to Rave being signed to Bullseye for a multiple release licensing deal that included the CD re-issue of The Shakers’ ‘In Time’ and a new studio album. Rave also put together his first jazz/pop album with guitarist Mark McCarron called ‘Another Side of Love’ on Ralph Alfonso’s Bongo Beat label. Meanwhile, with a new set of band members under The Dave Rave Group moniker, Rave released ‘Everyday Magic’ in 2003 featuring a cast of players from his former bands plus American performers Joe Mannix and Kate Schrock. The songs “Love Fades” and the title track – featuring ECMA winners and Juno nominees The Trews – received substantial airplay in multiple radio formats. A North American tour called ‘The Grand Song Caravan’ soon followed. It began in British Columbia with Rave, Paul Hyde (Payolas), Tom Wilson (Blackie & The Rodeo Kings) and Kathleen Edwards but as fate would have it, Edwards’ career exploded overnight and she had to leave the tour for performances on US television. Wilson would jump over to the Jann Arden tour as an opening act leaving Rave and Paul Hyde without a tour package to promote. Rave called up his American friends Joe Mannix and Kate Schrock who joined Hyde and Rave in Ontario where the tour continued through the summer and early fall of 2003. For the first half of 2004, the tour continued stateside (less Paul Hyde) to sold out cities and more airplay. Rave, along with some Hamilton-area friends under the name The Wretches, would also release a cover of George Harrison’s “Here Comes The Sun” on ‘It Was 40 Years Ago Today: A Tribute To The Beatles’. 2005 was spent working on songs with others – including co-writing with The Trews. A 2-CD anthology of Dave Rave’s recording career was released on Bullseye Records in 2006. In 2007, Rave also released his second jazz-pop album with musician Mark McCarron entitled ‘In The Blue of My Dreams’ on Bongo Beat Records. Rave would achieve his greatest success starting in 2010 with the BongoBeat release ‘Live With What You Know’ featuring the US Top40 hit single “Anne-Marie” and solid live international tour dates with over 80 shows a year in Canada, the U.S. and Europe. with notes from Dave Rave, Lisa Millar, and Gary Pig Gold. [also see THE SHAKERS, TEENAGE HEAD]

Singles
1990 Pure Honey/She’s On The Telephone (Mole Sound) MR-901
2009 Streets of Liverpool/Anne-Marie (Bongo Beat) BB-2006-2
2009 Rain Song/Strawberry Wine (Bongo Beat) BB-2011-2

with DAVE RAVE & THE SENSATIONS
1985 Lipstick Lies/Hit Me (Warpt)

with THE DAVE RAVE CONSPIRACY
1996 Weight Of The World/Do It All Over (Pig/King – New Zealand) PIG-2

with AGNELLI & RAVE
1994 Pray For Rain//I Work Nights, Gulls Cry (Acoustic) [EP](Poteet) POT2451-45-U

Albums
2006 Anthology – Volume 1 (Bullseye) BLR-CD-2005
2006 Anthology – Volume 2 (Bullseye) BLR-CD-2006
2010 Live With What You Know (BongoBeat) BB-2009-2

with DAVE RAVE & MARK McCARRON
2002 Another Side of Love (BongoBeat) BB-1959-2
2007 In The Blue of My Dreams (BongoBeat) BB-1990-2
2013 Memphis Midnight [DigiFile]

with DAVE RAVE & RICK ANDREW
2009 Music For Christmas (BongoBeat) BB-2012-2

with THE DAVE RAVE GROUP

1990 Valentino’s Pirates [Cassette] (Mole Sound) MRC-902
1992 Valentino’s Pirates [LP] (Melodiya – Russia) C60-32141-000
2001 Valentino’s Pirates [CD] (To M’Lou – US) PIG-6
2001 Valentino’s Pirates [CD] (Bullseye) BLR-CD-4038
2003 Everyday Magic (Bullseye) BLR-CD-4077

with THE DAVE RAVE CONSPIRACY
1992 a one act play with V-8 engines [cassette] (DRC – US)
1994 Three Octave Fantastic Hexagram (Gritty City) GRIT-003

with AGNELLI & RAVE
1995 Cowboy Flowers Sessions (Mystery Tone)
1997 Confetti! (Mystery Tone)
1999 Heaven and Earth (Mystery Tone)


RAY AND AV, Tim
Tim Ray (vocals, bass) / Bill Napier-Hemy (guitar) / Alexander Varty (drums)
Tim Ray AndAV had the distinction of putting out the first release on the Quintessence (later Zulu) label in Vancouver. Napier-Hemy went on to be in the Pointed Sticks.

Singles
1977
Time Waves/Space Race (Label)

Albums
1977 Dying In Brooklyn [4 song EP] (Quintessence) QEP-1201


RAZOR
Dave Carlo (guitar; 1983-present) / Stace “Sheepdog” McLaren (lead vocals; 1984-1989) / Mike “M-Bro” Embro (drums; 1984-1987) / Mike Campagnolo (bass; 1984-1987, 2005-2008, 2011-present) / Bob Reid (lead vocals; 1989-present) / Adam Carlo (bass; 1987-1990, 2003-2005, 2008-2011) / Rob Mills (drums; 1988-1992, 1998-present) / Rich Oosterbosch (drums; 1993-1997) / Jon Armstrong (bass; 1991-2002)
Formed near the end of 1982 in their hometown of Guelph, Ontario, Razor started out as a three-piece minus a singer. Dave Carlo, M-Bro and Mike Campagnolo realized very quickly that the original material they were writing was something they all considered very special, so they auditioned extensively until finding Stace “Sheepdog” McLaren. In May of 1984 they went into the studio and recorded an independent EP which eventually went on to sell 1200 copies across Canada. This caught the attention of Attic Records and they signed the thrash band to a Canadian deal. Razor released three albums on Attic but after the third was released, the band felt it was essentially going nowhere. Attic had managed to get European distribution for their product but the promised release of their music in the US and Japan never materialized. Razor approached Attic and asked to be released from their deal; Attic complied. Band founder and leader Dave Carlo quickly formed his own label, Fist Fight, to handle Razor’s music, and worked out a deal with Fringe Records to license the product worldwide. They released two albums and then started having line-up problems which ended in Carlo being the only original member left. He recruited the musicians from existing metal band Samhain – Bob Reid replaced McLaren, Carlo’s brother Adam replaced Campagnolo and Rob Mills replaced M-Bro. Razor released two more albums on Fist Fight before conflicts within  the new band  meant pulling the plug on Razor in October 1992. Reid, Armstrong, and Mills re-formed Samhain under the new name S.F.H. and released two albums between 1992 and 1994. Carlo mended fences with his former band mates in 1996 and the existing line-up of S.F.H. – which included new drummer Rich Oosterbach at that time but minus their guitarist Danny Mayhem – effectively became the re-born Razor. They were then signed to Tom Treumuth’s Hypnotic Records and released the comeback album ‘Decibels’. At the turn of the millennium Mills returned to Razor and in 2005, Campagnolo returned to replace Armstrong. The band is still performing and recording to this day. [also see S.F.H.]

Albums
1984 Demo 84 [cassette]
1984 Armed & Dangerous [7 song EP] (Voice)  M-260957
1984 Escape the Fire [EP]
1985 Executioners Song (Viper/Attic) VPR-103
1985 Evil Invaders (Viper/Attic) VPR-112
1986 Malicious Intent (Vipor/Viper) VPR-116
1987 Custom Killing (Fist Fight/Fringe) FPL-3042
1988 Violent Restitution (Fist Fight/Fringe) FPL-3062
1990 Shotgun Justice (Fist Fight/Fringe) FPD-3094
1992 Open Hostility (Fist Fight/Fringe) FPD-3114
1994 Exhumed [2 CD] (Steamhammer)
1997 Decibels (Hypnotic) HYP-1058


RAZOR’S EDGE
Studio project of producers Neil Sheppard and Irwin Levine. Their only single, “Let’s Call It A Day Girl”, was released on Arc Records in July 1966.

Singles
1966
Let’s Call It A Day Girl/Avril (April) (Arc) A-1141


RAZORBACKS
Tony Kenny (vocals, guitars) / Don Dekouchay (drums) / Joe Myke (bass) / Donny Cartwright (vocals, guitars; 1988-1990, 1992-1994) / Mean Steve (piano, 1990-1992) / Mike Dankirt (guitars, 1990-1992) / Danny Bartely (guitars, 1994-1996)
The Razorbacks were a Toronto, Ontario Rockabilly act formed in 1986. After playing anywhere and everywhere around Toronto with their energetic performances, the group recorded a 7” four song EP and released it on Tradition Records. They would return to the studio to record a Christmas single and their full-length debut, ‘Go To Town’, which found a home on Other People’s Music. The label parlayed that into a distribution deal with WEA Canada and the album received major distribution in 1988 and spawned a radio hit with the song “It’s Saturday Night”. The follow-up album, ‘Live a Little’, followed immediately after in 1989. The record was well received but didn’t sell as well as the debut and The Razorbacks would soon lose their record deal with WEA. They remained together through several line-up changes but Dekouchy and Myke kept the band going right into 1996.

Singles
1987
Calling My Name/Born Too Late//I’m In the Doghouse/So Much Fun (Tradition) TJD-101.
1987 All the Girls Look Prettier At Christmas/A Gift (Tradition) TJD-103
1988 It’s Saturday/Just This Short of Cryin’ (OPM/WEA) 25-79297
1988 So Much Fun/Razorbacks Boogie (OPM/WEA) 25-77567
1989 Times Like These/Am I High (OPM/WEA) 25-75257

Albums
1988
Go To Town (OPM/WEA) 25-56961
1989 Live a Little (OPM/WEA) 25-63731


REA, David
Born: David Ernest Rea on October 26, 1946 in Akron, Ohio;
Died: October 27, 2011
Born in Ohio, near Akron, in 1946, David Rea began playing Bach on the piano at age 5. By the age of 12, he was playing banjo and guitar. Smitten by the music of Merle Travis and Robert Johnson in his early teens, he also learned from the blues and bluegrass recordings that came north with the rubber workers in Akron’s factories. Late at night, under the covers, he’d listen to rock n’ roll records played by legendary DJs, who later became friends: Alan Freed, Mad Daddy, Big Wilson and Murray the K. In 1964, when he was 17, Rea moved to Toronto, Ontario where he had his first commercial success at the center of what was one of the world’s hottest acoustic music scenes. Rea would play some live shows with Gordon Lightfoot in the early years (1964/1965) before Lightfoot could afford full-time sidemen. He would perform his popular filigree guitar picking style on Lightfoot’s John Court produced self-titled album in 1966 and was soon asked by folk duo Ian & Sylvia to join their backing band. Rea would go on to add his guitar style to the Ian & Sylvia albums ‘Nashville’, ‘Lovin’ Sound’, ‘So Much For Dreaming’, and ‘Full Circle’. During this period both Neil Young and Joni Mitchell urged him to write his own material. Ian & Sylvia liked many of his songs and would record Rea’s “Pilgrimage to Paradise”, “The Minstrel”, and “Ninety Degrees by Ninety Degrees”. Having established himself as a top notch sideman, David Rea appeared with some of the finest artists of the 1960s including Ramblin’ Jack Elliot, Joni Mitchell, Richie Havens, Judy Collins and Tom Rush plus many veteran bluesmen such as Reverend Gary Davis, Mississippi John Hurt, Roosevelt Sykes, Lonnie Johnson, Skip James and Son House. In the late 1960s, Rea wrote and recorded songs with producer Felix Pappalardi (Young Rascals, Cream, Mountain). Their partnership resulted in two solo albums – ‘Maverick Child’ (1969) and ‘By the Grace of God’ (1971) – which featured assists from members of Mountain and the Young Rascals. Rea would also co-write several songs for Mountain including their massive hit “Mississippi Queen”, which sold Gold. In 1970, Rea played guitar on Jesse Winchester’s self-titled album produced by Robbie Robertson (The Band, The Hawks) and played on The Clancy Brothers’ ‘Show Me The Way’ and Judy Collins”Whales and Nightingales’. Following the departure of Richard Thompson as lead guitarist for Fairport Convention, Rea joined the group for ‘The Manor Sessions’ in 1972 which have never been officially released. His solo career resumed in 1973 with the Columbia Records album ‘Slewfoot’ featuring members of the Grateful Dead and New Riders of the Purple Sage. In 1975 ‘The Second Annual Farewell Reunion’ saw Rea hook up with Mike Seeger on an album that also included Ewan MacColl, Pete and Peggy Seeger, Kilby Snow, Roscoe Holcomb, Elizabeth Cotton, Ry Cooder, Maria Muldaur, The New Lost City Ramblers, The Highwoods String Band, Penny Cohen, Hazel Dickens, Tex Logan, Lesley Riddle, Don Stover, Eric Thompson and The Strange Creek Singers. In 1976, the CBC produced an opera written and composed by Rea inspired by the story of San Francisco’s eccentric, self-proclaimed Emperor named Joshua Norton. Its success was followed by several other CBC projects. In 1988, he created ‘David Rea’s Robert Johnson’ – a three-part series about the famous bluesman. Rea followed that with ‘Music Don’t Mind’ – a dissertation on the convergence of African and European music as the foundation for American music. Rea would be awarded the 23rd ‘International Gabriel Award for Excellence in Broadcasting’ for the Robert Johnson series. During most of the 1980s Rea took time to raise his three children, playing only short tours, selected festivals and recording projects such as a David Maloney album. Rea, however, remained active in writing new material which would eventually appear on the albums ‘Feelin’ Good’ (1986) and ‘The Brass Ring’ (1993). While on tour with Ramblin’ Jack Elliot in 1995, Rea fell in love with the Pacific Northwest and moved from California to Bainbridge Island just west of Seattle. In 1997 he released his 6th album, ‘Shorty’s Ghost’ on his own imprint, Gistu Recording. The album was co-produced with Michael Knapp and recorded live, in two sessions, in Placerville, California. His seventh album was released in August, 2000 entitled ‘David Rea – Times Seven’ featuring cover art by his long-time friend Joni Mitchell. In 2007 Rea would re-record the song “The Gift” in Edmonton which was included on the various artists compilation CD ‘The Gift: A Tribute To Ian Tyson’. Rea died the day after his 65th birthday October 27, 2011.

Singles
with IAN & SYLVIA
1967
Lovin’ Sound/Pilgrimage to Paradise (MGM) K-13686
1968 Give It to the World (MGM) K-14082

Albums
1970
Maverick (Capitol) SKAO-548
1971 By the Grace of God (True North) TN-8
1973 Sewfoot (Columbia) KC-32485
1986 Feelin’ Good
1993 The Brass Ring (Copperplate)
1997 Shorty’s Ghost (Gistu)
2000 David Rea – Times Seven

with IAN & SYLVIA
1966
So Much For Dreaming (Vanguard) VSD-79241
1967 Nashville (Vanguard) VSD-79248
1967 Full Circle (MGM) SE-4558
1968 The Lovin’ Sound (MGM) SE-4388


RECKLESS
Douglas Lang Adams
(guitar, vocals) / Steve Madden (guitar, backing vocals) / Todd Pilon (bass) / Steve Wayne Lederman (drums)Reckless was formed in Ottawa, Ontario in 1978 but they relocated to Toronto to try and land a record deal. Capitol was first to bite and the label released their self-titled debut in 1980 which included the single “Passion and Pain”. After a shake up at Capitol’s head office, the band found themselves without a deal. Adams and Pilon moved back to Ottawa and formed heavy metal at Witchkiller. Reckless struggled with a new line-up for three more years before a placement on Q107-FM’s fifth annual Homegrown album  put them on Quality Records in 1983. In 1984 they released ‘Heart of Steel’ and the single “Hot ‘N’ Ready’.

Singles
1980
Passion and Pain/Could This Be Love? (Capitol-EMI) 72850
1980 Victim of Time/All Night Woman (Capitol-EMI – UK) B-5113
1984 Hot ‘N’ Ready (Quality) 704

Albums
1980
Reckless (Capitol-EMI) ST-6478
1984 Heart of Steel (Quality) SV-2136


RED HERRING
Enrico Renz (vocals)/ Stephen Nikleva (guitar)
From Vancouver, British Columbia. Nikleva went on to be in Animal Slaves and, later, Ray Condo And His Ricochets.

Albums
1985 Taste Tests (Neon) NR-001


RED RIDER
Tom Cochrane (lead vocals, guitars) / Peter Boynton (keys, vocals) / Ken Greer (guitars, vocals) / Jeff Jones (bass, vocals) /  Rob Baker (drums)
While pounding the pavement trying to peddle his songs to publishers he worked for a delivery company and also a dishwasher before returning to Toronto in 1977. One fateful night after wandering into Toronto’s infamous El Mocambo club, Cochrane stumbled across a group of locals calling itself Red Rider. After ingratiating himself on them, they agreed to an audition and eventually took Cochrane on as lead singer/songwriter. The band began demoing original material and Cochrane called on his old friend Deane Cameron, A & R at Capitol Records, who had previously drummed on Cochrane’s ‘Hang On To Your Resistance’ album in 1974. Cameron suggested Rush manager Ray Danniels to represent the group professionally, but when Danniels made overtures of signing the act to his own Anthem Records, Cameron drafted the band onto Capitol’s roster. Meanwhile, managerial guru Bruce Allen was looking for a new label for his rising stars Prism, so Cameron offered to sign Allen’s act if he took Red Rider on as manager. Red Rider’s debut album for Capitol was ‘Don’t Fight It’ which featured the hits ‘White Hot’ and the title track. The album sold an impressive 100,000 copies as a debut album which led to a string of successful albums and AOR hits across Canada — most notably “Lunatic Fringe”, from ‘As Far As Siam’, and “Power (Strength In Numbers)”, from ‘Neruda’, the critically acclaimed progressively themed album about Pablo Neruda produced by David Tickle. However, by the time of their fourth album, 1984’s ‘Breaking Curfew’, the American market still hadn’t been cracked and the pressure was beginning to destroy the band. A major US tour with Rush failed to yield any notable response in album sales or favourable press and a headline Canadian tour ended in a fist-fight between Cochrane, a road manager and bassist Jeff Jones. Red Rider officially disbanded at this point and Cochrane left the fold of manager Bruce Allen; Tom Cochrane continued to work with Ken Greer under the name Tom Cochrane & Red Rider through the remainder of the ‘80s before embarking on a solo career for the next decade. A new version of Tom Cochrane & Red Rider – which included Jeff Jones and Ken Greer – picked up where they had left off in the 2000s and continue touring to this day. with notes from Tom Cochrane, Ken Greer and Jeff Jones. [also see TOM COCHRANE, JEFF JONES]

Singles
1980 White Hot/Avenue “A” (Capitol) 72821
1980 Don’t Fight It/Look Out Again (Capitol) B-4868
1981 What Have You Got To Do (To Get Off Tonight)/Thru the Curtain (Capitol) 72861
1981 Only Game In Town/Cowboys In Hong Kong (As Far As Siam) (Capitol) 72872
1981
Lunatic Fringe/Cowboys In Hong Kong (As Far As Siam) (Capitol)  A-5062
1983 Napolean Sheds His Skin/Winner Take All (Capitol) 72923
1983 Light In The Tunnel//Human Race (Spec. Video Version)/Human Race (Extended Mix)  (Capitol) SPRO-9066
1983 Human Race/Sights on You (Capitol) B-5211
1983 Can’t Turn Back/Work Out (Capitol) B-5229
1984 Shake Monster/Whipping Boy (Capitol) 72958
1984 Young Thing, Wild Dreams (Rock Me)/Among the Ruins (I’ll Be There) (Capitol)
B-5335
1984 Breaking Curfew/Neruda (Capitol) B-5383

as TOM COCHRANE & RED RIDER
1986 Boy Inside The Man [single edit]/Lasting Song (Capitol) B73000
1986 The Untouchable One/The Loading (Capitol) B-5641
1986 One More Time (Some Old Habits)/Ashes To Diamonds (Capitol) B-73017
1986 Ocean Blues (Emotion Blue)/[same] (Capitol) B-73023
1988 Big League/Vacation (In My Mind) (Capitol) B-73068
1988 Good Times/Saved By the Dawn (Capitol) B-73071
1989 Victory Day/Not So Far Away (Capitol) B-73076
1989 Different Drummer/Sons Beats Down (Capitol) B-73094
1989 White Hot (live)/Big League (live) (Capitol) B-73102

Albums
1980 Don’t Fight It (Capitol) ST-12028
1981 As Far As Siam (Capitol) ST-12145
1983 Neruda (Capitol) ST-12226
1984 Breaking Curfew (Capitol) ST-12317
1987 Over 60 Minutes With…(Capitol) 546886

as TOM COCHRANE & RED RIDER
1986 Tom Cochrane & Red Rider (Capitol) ST-12484
1988 Victory Day (Capitol) C1-26570
1989 The Symphony Sessions (Capitol) C1-26574


RED SQUARES
David Bignell
(guitar, vocals; 1977-1984) / Fred Guignion (guitar; 1980-1981) /
Proto-punk act from Ottawa, Ontario who released one independent single in 1977 and were quickly named as a ‘Pick To Click’ by BBC DJ John Peel. They would share stages with the likes of Ultravox, John Cale, and XTC. The band split up in 1984; Bignell would go on to form The Human Tripods and currently performs in the band Hammerheads and in the duo The Lake Effect with UK expat Phil Hogarth (Bugs Harvey Oswald). with notes from P. Otis Gould.

Singles
1978 Ottawa Today/Transmitter (Double Helix) CCL45-520


REDMOND, John David
After stints as keyboard player in the bands Young, Seadog and Justin Paige, John Redmond headed to Nashville in 1971 to try and land a publishing deal with Acuff-Rose Music Publishing. Executives were impressed with his writng and offered him an advance (plus cost of damages when his car was robbed while he was in that first meeting). He was signed to London Records in 1976. Redmond’s self-titled debut album was recorded in the Acuff-Rose Sound Studios in Nashville, Tennessee. Redmond would find airplay in the summer of 1976 with his first single “You Can’t Stop Me Dancing” which received moderate airplay on CHUM-AM. The follow-up single, “Let The Music Move Me”, did not fair as well in the Fall of 1976, but the third single, “You Satisfy”, did manage modest airplay on CHUM in early 1977. Redmond would go on to a well-respected career in the music publishing business including Vice President of Universal Music Publishing Canada, Vice President/General Manager of PolyGram Music Publishing Canada and Managing Director of his own Rondor Music of Canada. Redmond has also been director of Canada’s CMRRA (the Canadian equivalent to U.S. mechanical licensing organization The Harry Fox Agency).

Singles
1976
You Can’t Stop Me Dancin’/Life of a Friend (London) L-2600
1976 Let The Music Move Me/Gimme Strength (London) L-2611
1977 You Satisfy/Will I Ever Find Piece of Mind (London) L-2622

Albums
1976
John David Redmond (London) DL-3020


REEFERS, The
Jerry Doucette
(guitar) / George Steedman  / Ted Cross / Terry Ferris / Randy Williams / Joe Ruffo
The Reefers were from Hamilton, Ontario. Jerry Doucette co-founded the band when he was 11 years old. TheY recorded one single in 1966 called ‘Treat Me Alright’ which found its way onto some Canadian radio stations. The band lasted five years before Doucette moved to Toronto to begin a long musical career that would include Tribe, Brutus, Abernathy Shagnaster, Alexis, Homestead and his own successful solo career. with notes from Wayne Fram. [also see JERRY DOUCETTE]

Singles
1966
Treat Me Alright/Sinner Man (Mark III) QC-301


REFUGEE
Myles Hunter (lead vocals, guitars) / Rob Kennedy (guitars, backup vocals)  / Martyn Jones (bass, backing vocals)  / Brian Doerner (drums) / Howard Helm (keyboards, backing vocals)
When they were signed to Chrysalis in 1985, Refugee were still known as Michael Fury. Distributors MCA were concerned that their name sounded too much like another of their bands (Stone Fury), so they asked them to change theirs, and Refugee was born. The band was actually pleased with the Michael Fury album, which was written predominantly by principal songwriter Hunter, and had been recorded for a different label. After having bought back the Canadian rights, they reworked some of the songs, added new material, and released it as ‘Affairs In Babylon’. This album was once again produced by Hunter and featured new drummer Brian Doerner (having replaced Michael Fury’s Terry Martell). In 1986 a government official from Zimbabwe was in England and saw the band’s video for the first single, “Exiles In the Dark”, and was apparently impressed with the song’s lyrics. The government of Zimbabwe had wanted to bring a western rock band to the country as an indication of its effort to open up a cultural exchange with the west and this official felt that Refugee would be the right band because their songs did not contain the traditional rock n’ roll subjects of sex and drugs. They planned a 6-concert, 11-day tour of the country, but things quickly fell apart when forces in the new racially charged government conspired against the band to make the tour impossible and therefore make the government look inept. Only two gigs were played – one in a predominantly Caucasian disco in Harare and one on a flat-bed truck in the parking lot of a hotel in the all-black region of Queens Gardens – but the band was “detained” in Harare for almost a month. When they finally made it to the airport, the Canadian ambassador had to do some fancy talking and dealing to convince security (who had been bribed by government officials) to let the band leave. Such was the haste of their departure that the members of the band got separated from each other and their equipment on different flights to different parts of the world, but they all eventually made it back to Canada – as did the equipment. Once back in North America, the band experienced troubles with their label, Chrysalis Records: the label wanted them to be a little more mainstream, but the band felt it wasn’t representative of what they were about, so they went looking for another deal and found it with Polydor in Los Angeles. ‘Burning From the Inside Out’ was the result and was produced by Pat Glasser (Night Ranger) and recorded in LA, which included references to their African experience on the liner notes and in the album track “Lion In The Cage”. The band spent the next two years playing regularly, pretty much anywhere they could get a gig, including 29 dates in the US opening for Jeff Paris. Once again they established themselves as a premier live act, but the constant touring did nothing to boost sales or make their name known to more people. In 1988 keyboardist Howard Helm was offered a job as touring keyboardist for Mick Ronson and Ian Hunter. He took the job and spent 4 years on the road touring the world. By 1989 Refugee itself ceased to be, but by 1990 Hunter had landed a solo deal with Island Records and recruited his old Refugee friends Jones and Kennedy, along with Helix drummer Brian Doerner, to record and tour as Myles Hunter & Northern Union. While touring as a cover band to make ends meet, Hunter left and Northern Union eventually mutated into an Eagles tribute act called New Kids In Town and then Desperado. The line-up also featured Rob Louden (vocals), Cam Butler (keyboards), and Gord Waszek (guitar). Over the course of the 1990’s this band would also mutate to include drummers Rod Blacker (Hellfield) and most recently Mike Shotton (Von Groove). Desperado reunited for; Rob Kennedy went on to work with The Partland Brothers and released several solo songs on Bullseye Records’ ‘Unsigned, Sealed & Delivered’ compilation series in the early 1990’s; Myles Hunter returned to his bible studies but did manage to release a collaborative CD with Red Rider’s Ken Greer. He gave up music full time to become and ordained minister and led parishes in Toronto and Niagara On the Lake. He died of liver failure December 20, 2017; Howard Helm eventually settled in Tampa, Florida (whilst touring with Hunter/Ronson) and has a music production company based in Tampa and has been writing music for film, commercials and television for several years including writing for TBS television in Atlanta and Universal Studios in Orlando. He continues to play keyboards in-studio for the likes of bands like Seven Mary Three on their ‘Orange Ave.’ CD. Helm and his former Zon band mates have discussed contemplating a new studio album since the re-issue of that band’s back catalogue on CD several years ago; Brian Doerner has played with the likes of Ray Lyell, Saga and Helix. with notes from Howard Helm, Martyn Jones, Rob Kennedy and Sharon Vernon.[also see MYLES HUNTER, MICHAEL FURY]

Singles
1985 Exiles In the Dark/We All Go Down to the River (Chrysalis) 42873
1986 Sunrise In Zimbabwe [rare Zimbabwe charity single]
1987 Survival In the Western World/Power (Polydor) PDS-2309

Albums
1985 Affairs In Babylon [remixed] (Chrysalis) CHP-41493
1987 Burning From the Inside Out (Polydor/PolyGram) 833-084-1


REGATTA
Chris Smith (vocals, guitar) / Greg Critchley (drums, backing vocals) / Glyn Crook-Stevens (bass) / Peter Mueller (guitar) / Matthew Gerrard (bass, backing vocals; replaced Mueller & Crook-Stevens)
Matthew Gerrard would go on to write hit songs for the likes of Hilary Duff, Jess McCartney, the multiple soundtracks to ‘High School Musical’ and its franchise sequels as well as several other Disney related artists and projects.

Singles
1985 I Did It For You/Love Only Lies (MCA) 52719
1989 Wherever You Run/Confidential Information (RCA/BMG) PB-51048

Albums

1989 Regatta (RCA/BMG) KK-0603


REGENTS, The
Bob Andrews (trumpet) / Judi Jansen (vocals) / Duncan White (vocals) / Russ Strathdee (saxophone) / Brian White (organ) / Jack Arsenault (guitar) / Wayne Harmon (drums) / Bruce Staubitz (bass)
A band whose origins have been noted as both Winnipeg and Toronto (Staubitz had been in Hamilton band Kelly Jay and the Jamies) were signed to Quality Records in 1964 and had one charting hit called “Me and You” which peaked at No.3 on the RPM Top100 Singles chart in May 1965; Arsenault would go on to join Ottawa’s The Five D; Duncan White would join Just Us, then founded The Greaseball Boogie Band (later Shooter).

Singles
1964
Dance of the Ookpins/Night Train From Tunesia (Quality) 1674X
1965 Me and You/Playmates (Quality) 1709X
1965 Close To Me/I’m Moving Out Babe (Quality) 1734X
1965 Space Walk/Blast Off (Quality) 1747X

Albums
1965
Going Places With the Regents (Quality) V-1757


REIGN GHOST
Bob Bryden (guitar) / Lynda Squires (vocals) / Joe Gallant (bass) / Jerry Dufek (bass; replaced Gallant 1968)  / Dave Hair (keyboards; 1968) / Jim Stright (guitar; 1968) / Bob Stright (drums; 1968) / Helge ‘Rich’ Richter (drums; replaced Bob Stright 1969) / Russ Erman (bass; replaced Dufek)
Drummer Bob Bryden and singer Lynda Squires were members of The Christopher Columbus Discovery of New Lands Band in Oshawa, Ontario during 1967. As is the fate with most bands, the unit split up in 1968. Columbus’ direct competition in town was an act called Reign Ghost and with an eye to find something new to do, Bryden and Squires infiltrated the rival band as guitarist and singer respectively. Soon the bassist left and Bryden snuck in former Columbus bassist Joe Gallant. Following the usual ‘creative differences’ excuse, Gallant quit and then came Columbus’ Jerry Dufek. This line-up hooked up with Jack Boswell’s Allied Records who threw them into a recording studio for the self-titled ‘Reign Ghost’ album in late 1968. The album was released in January 1969. However, the band fraught with internal conflicts once more and destroyed the band. Bryden and Squires moved on once again and hooked up with drummer Rich Richter and bassist Russ Erman who reclaimed the name Reign Ghost with the new comrades more than willing to become the New Reign Ghost. Allied was happy to have their name band back and offered to release the follow-up album ‘Reign Ghost Featuring Lynda Squires’, but before the album could be released, the band split up again. Bryden went on to join Christmas (aka Spirit of Christmas) and their first album, coincidentally was released by Paragon in July 1970 on the exact same day as they decided to release the 2nd Reign Ghost album. Lynda Squires went on to join the Canadian cast of  ‘Hair’ and married Francis W. Davies (president of Daffodil Records and The Music Publisher). In early 1991, Ken Golden of Laser’s Edge in New Jersey decided to re-issue the two albums on one CD to rescue these two obscure, and collectible, albums from oblivion; Jim Stright passed away in September 2018. with notes from Bob Bryden and Frank Davies.

Singles
1970 Long Day Journey/Pudsy’s Parable (Paragon) 1020

Albums
1969 Reign Ghost (Allied) No.12
1970 Reign Ghost Featuring Lynda Squires (Paragon) No.19
1991 Reign Ghost [2-fer-1 CD re-issue] (Laser’s Edge – US)


REMEDIALS, The
Gordie Banks (guitar, vocals) / Ted Miller (vocals) / Guy Lavoie (guitar, vocals) / Jerry Gavdreau (drums) / Joan Dow (bass, vocals)

Singles
1981 That Look/Teaser//Lifetime/You Make It [EP] (Basic) 4679


RENO, Ginette
Born: Ginette Raynault  on April 28, 1946 in Montreal, Québec
Ginette Reno grew up in Montreal’s East End where she would regularly perform in front of her father’s butcher shop in St. Lawrence Market which attracted large crowds. She found herself singing on CKVL’s ‘Amateur Hour’ and other profile shows and live appearances. Reno would also take vocal lessons from Professor Roger Larivière which she paid for by delivering newspapers. She stopped singing when here voice cracked during puberty but returned to it 6 months later after hearing Connie Francis singing “Where The Boys Are” in 1961. By the end of that year, Reno had released her first single, “Non papa” b/w “J’aime Guy” for Apex Records. With the ability to split her singing between two official languages she was able to bring American-styled showbiz glamour to Québec. She proclaimed a ‘discovery’ in the 1964 ‘Gala des artistes’ and exceeded expectations by topping the charts with the song “Tu vivras toujours dans mon cœur” that year. Reno appeared at the Place des Arts (1965) and took part in a number of revues entitled ‘Vive le Québec’ at the Olympia in Paris, France (1967).  She was a featured performer at the Garden of Stars during Expo 67 in Montreal and won three trophies at the Montreal Festival du disque – ‘Most Popular Singer’, ‘Strongest Commercial Value’, and ‘Best Album’ (for ‘Quelqu’un à aimer’). 1968 was a banner year as the Québec public voted her ‘Miss Radio-Television’ and appeared in ‘Musicorama’, the Comédie-Canadienne in 1968. She returned to the Comédie-Canadienne in 1969 as well as the first of many appearances at the National Arts Centre and a series of performances at the Place de Arts with the Montreal Symphony Orchestra. Also in 1969 she signed a major label record deal with Decca Records plus two showcase performances in the UK on BBC television. The UK profile allowed her to return to London, England in early 1970 for a performance at the Savoy Theatre. In the spring of 1970 she won a JUNO Award for ‘Best Canadian Singer’ and appeared on ‘Bonjour Canada’. In the fall of that year she managed to put her English-language song “Beautiful Second Hand Man” into the Top10 on the CHUM chart which eventually peaked at No.6 on November 28, 1970 after ten weeks on the chart. A third visit to England in 1971 saw Reno perform several shows and TV programs with American folk singer Roger Whittaker. She would then go on to win first prize at the ‘Tokyo International Song Festival’ in 1972 with Les Reed’s ‘I Can’t Let You Walk Out of My Life.’ She would win another JUNO Award in 1972 for ‘Best Female Vocalist’ and appear in her own TV show ‘Spécial Ginette Reno’. In 1974 she split her time between living in Los Angeles,studying at Lee Strasberg’s Studio of Dramatic Art continuing to pursue music in Québec. She would have a hit in 1974 as a duet with Jean-Pierre Ferland with the single “T’es mon amour, t’es ma maîtresse”.  Bu 1976 she returned to Québec full-time to tour and appeared in the CBC TV special “Gershwin ‘76”. In 1977 she formed her own record company – Melon-Miel – and made an appearance on the CBC show ‘Vingt-cinq ans ensemble’. In 1978 she found herself on the show ‘Superstar’ (and would return in1979). She also went to the US to tour and made network television appearances on such highly rated shows as Johnny Carson’s ‘Tonight Show’, ‘The Merv Griffin Show’, and ‘The Dinah Shore Show’. In 1979, her album ‘Je ne suis qu’une chanson’ became her most popular album of all time going on to sell 387,000 copies in Québec. In 1980, Reno won Félix (ADISQ) Awards for ‘Pop Album’, ‘Most Sales’, and ‘Female Performer of 1980’ on the success of ‘Je ne suis qu’une chanson’. In 1981 she would co-host the JUNO Awards telecast with fellow recording artist Frank Mills. Reno was named an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1982. She hosted the French TV program ‘Champs-Élysées’ with Michel Drucker in 1986 and sang with the Québec Symphony Orchestra in1987. She toured Québec again on the back of her new album ‘Ne m’en veut pas’ in 1988. Reno redefined her talents when she made her film debut in Jean-Claude Lauzon’s movie ‘Léolo’ in 1991. This appearance was followed by a turn in the CBC mini-series ‘Million Dollar Babies/Les jumelles Dionne’ and the Franco-Canadian television series ‘Une voix en or’ in 1997.  She has appeared in several more movie roles over the years and has never stopped recording. Reno was the recipient of the Governor General’s Performing Arts Award in 1999,  was given a star on Canada’s Walk of Fame in 2000, and was named a Knight of the Order of Québec in 2004. Despite the changing musical landscape over the past 40 years, Reno was recognized and nominated for the 2010 JUNO Fan Choice Award along with modern acts such as Nickelback, Johnny Reid, Maxime Landry and Michael Bublé (who won). In 2012 the award was expanded to 10 nominees and was nominated again against even newer pop music acts such as Arcade Fire and Justin Beiber (who won). with notes from Gerald JC Prince.

Singles
1961
Non papa/J’aime Guy (Apex)
1964 Tu vivras toujours dans mon cœur (Apex)
1969 La leçon d’amour/T’en vas pas comme ça (Grand Prix) GP-5305
1969 Everything That I Am/Don’t Let Me Be Misunderstood (Parrot) 40043
1970 Reste près de moi/Pourquoi pleurer (Grand Prix) GP-5333
1970 Crowded By Emptiness (Parrot) 40050
1970 Beautiful Second Hand Man (Parrot) 40053
1971 So Let Our Love Begin (Parrot) 40061
1971 I’ve Got To Have You (Parrot) 40063
1971 L’amour est un carrousel/Il pleut des roses (Grand Prix) GP-5344
1972 Fallin’ In Love Again (Parrot) 40068
1973 Can’t Get Hurt Anymore/(I’ve Given You) The Best Years of My Life (Parrot)
PAR-363
1973
Everyday Working Man (Parrot)
1974 Light Of Love (Parrot)
1974 I’ll Bring You Apples (Parrot)
1974 I Just Want To Love (Parrot)
1974 Des croissants de soleil (pour déjeuner)/La roue du destin (Trans-World) TF9-119
1976 À ma manière/Mère d’une fille (Trans-World) TI9-917
1978 Un jour mon prince viendra/Rien ne pourra te remplacer (Melon-Miel) MM-3
1983 J’ai besoin de parler/Un homme ça tient chaud (Disques Trema) 410-246
1984 J’attends quelqu’un/Tu es là (Disques Trema) 410-280
1985 C’est beaucoup mieux comme ça (Melon-Miel)
1986 De plus en plus fragile (Melon-Miel) MM-18
1986 Être seule/Paris-Québec (Disques Trema) 410-333
1988 Ne m’en veux pas/Je me suis trompée (Zone) 174-326
1991 Remixer ma vie/Jusqu’au matin (Zone) 990617
1995 Indépendante ou Dépendante (Melon-Miel)

with JEAN-PIERRE FERLAND AND GINETTE RENO
1974
T’es mon amour, t’es ma maitresse/Qu’est-ce que ça peut ben t’faire (Parrot) 40166

Albums
1963
Ginette Reno (Apex) ALF-1555
1964 Formidable! (Apex) ALF-1568
1965 Ginette en amour (Apex) ALF-1580
1966 Le monde de Ginette Reno (Apex) ALF-1589
1966 Ginette Reno en spectacle au Casa Loma (Apex) ALF-1595
1967 Quelqu’un à aimer (Apex) ALF-1597
1968 Les Grands succès d’une grande vedette, Ginette Reno (Apex) ALF-71802
1969 Ginette Reno (Grand Prix) GPS-3301
1969 Ginette Reno à la Comédie-Canadienne 69 (Grand Prix) GPS-3304
1969 Ginette Reno (Grand Prix) GPS-3307
1970 Joyeux Noël (Grand Prix) GPS-3312
1970 Ginette Reno (Parrot) PAS-71032
1970 Beautiful Second Hand Man (Parrot) PAS-71045
1971 Touching Me, Touching You (Parrot) PAS-71058
1971 Ginette Reno à la Comédie-Canadienne (Grand Prix) GPS-1399
1971 Aimez-le si fort (Grand Prix) GPS-3310
1973 Ombre et soleil (Grand Prix) GPS-3314
1974 Aimons-nous (Trans-World) TWK-6507
1974 En direct de la Place des arts (Trans-World International) TWI-8000
1975 The Best of Ginette Reno (Parrot) PAS-71074
1977 Ce que j’ai de plus beau (Melon-Miel) MM-501
1979 Trying to Find a Way (Honey-Dew) HD-1000
1979 Je ne suis qu’une chanson (Melon-Miel) MM-502
1984 J’ai besoin de parler (Disques Trema) 410-246
1984 Souvenirs tendres (Melon-Miel) MM-506
1985 Paris-Québec – Être seule (Disques Trema) 310-112
1985 Ginette Reno (Melon-Miel) MM-507
1986 Si ça vous chante/De plus en plus fragile (Melon-Miel) MM-508
1988 Ne m’en veut pas (Melon-Miel) MM-509
1990 Ma vie en chanson (Melon-Miel) MM-510
1991 L’essentiel (Melon-Miel) MM-511
1995 Versions Reno (Melon-Miel) MM-513
1997 La Chanteuse  (Melon-Miel) MMCD-514
1998 Love Is All (Honey Dew) ACD-1513
1999 Un peu plus haut – le nouveau spectacle (Melon-Miel) MMCD-515
2000 Un grand noël d’amour (Melon-Miel) MMCD-516
2000 The First Noël (Melon-Miel) MMCD-517
2004 Mademoiselle Reno [2CD] (Melon-Miel) MM-518
2004 Moi c’est Ginette [2CD] (Melon-Miel) MM-519
2004 Les grands soirs [2CD] (Melon-Miel) MM-520
2004 Vocally Yours [2CD] (Melon-Miel) MM-521
2009 Fais-moi la tendresse (Melon-Miel) MMCD-524
2011 La musique en moi

with GINETTE RENO / MICHEL LEGRAND
1987
Accompagnés par le Denny Christianson Big Band au Festival International de Jazz de Montréal (Audiogram) FJ-10


RENT BOYS INC., The
Simon Nine (vocals) / Howard Zephyr (sax, clarinet) / Brat X (bass) / Nick Smash (drums) / Mikal C. (drums) / George Good (drums) / Cam (drums) 
Showing up in 1981 on the second wave of Toronto Punk. They moved from Toronto to the UK in 1981 where they were not well received before returning to Toronto. In June 1982 they recorded the single “Pictish”. In 1983 they returned with the critically acclaimed ‘Squeal For Joy’ EP. The band split up in 1984; Brat X is deceased; Nick Smash joined The Dave Howard Singers.

Singles
1982 Pictish/No Grat (RBI) WRC3-2234

Albums
1983 Squeal For Joy [4 song EP] (RBI)  RBI-2


RENTON, John
Vancouver native John Renton initially found minor success as a member of the band Three To One featuring future famed session guitarist Brian Russell. The band relocated to Toronto in 1967 and recorded one single for Arc and appeared on TV shows like CTV’s ‘After Four’. A second single followed in 1968 after they changed their name to Raja before the band folded. Renton would emerge in 1975 on Reprise Records with a debut solo album called ‘Half In, Half Out’. The single “When I Talk” managed to hit No.67 on the national charts in Canada. [also see THREE TO ONE]

Singles
1975 When I Talk/ (Reprise/Warner) REP-3668

with RAJA
1968 Drifting in the Wind/Realize (Goodgroove) G-5004

Albums
1975 Half In, Half Out (Reprise/Warner) R-2222


REPUBLIC, The
Tim Dupont (bass, vocals) / Paul Campbell (keys, sax) / Mark Craig (drums) / Jeff Dupont (drums) / Slider (guitar, vocals) / Beverly McKee (keys; 1985)
Ottawa’s The Republic was formed in 1984 and soon released their debut EP ‘Volume 1’ that year. After entering the song “I’m Calling” to the Sharechez ’85 radio contest held by CHEZ-FM and subsequently winning, they replaced Campbell with keyboardist Beverly McKee; Craig was also a member of The Randypeters; Dupont would team up with members of Ottawa’s One To One under the name Artificial Joy Club and, later, Sal’s Birdland.

Albums
1984
Volume 1 (Backburner) BB-3001


REVOLUTION FRANCAISE [see THE FRENCH REVOLUTION]


REX CHAINBELT
John Androvics
(guitar) / Rex Chainbelt (drums) / Stevie B. Goode (bass)
Toronto, Ontario punk act Rex Chainbelt featured former Poles bassist Stevie B. Goode. with notes from Marc Hohmann.

Singles
1981 Run Away/Talk It Over  (Quantum)  QRS-81001
1981
Cherry Beach/Rock a Rolla (Quantum) QRS-81005

Albums
1983 Foreign Movie (Quantum) QR-80001


RHEOSTATICS
Martin Tielli (guitar, vocals) / Dave Bidini (guitar) / Tim Vesely (bass) / Dave Clark (drums) / Don Kerr (drums; replaced Clark 1997)  / Micheal-Philip Wojewoda (drums; replaced Kerr 2001) / Ford Pier (keyboards; added 2006_
Rheostatics formed during the members’ high school years (circa 1980) in Etobicoke, Ontario. Originally they were known as Rheostatics And The Trans Canada Soul Patrol and carried a full horn compliment of horn players. Soon they realized the horn section was too unwieldy and brought in guitarist Tielli to take the place of the horn section. After several independent singles and the 3 song demo ‘Canadian Dream’, they released the seminal hit “The Ballad of Wendel Clark Parts 1 & 2″ – originally a 12” single and a favoured track on the “For No Apparent Reason” (X Records) compilation. Inspired by favourable reaction to the song, they embarked on their debut Canadian tour in the summer of 1987 and returned in the fall for the Fall release of the Tom Atom produced ‘Greatest Hits’ album. The initial run of 1,000 sold-out over the course of a year (and would be re-mastered and re-issued a decade later on CD). A four-year hiatus soon followed but was the band was revived with a deal through Stuart Raven-Hill’s Intrepid Records and the release of ‘Melville’ in 1991. The album gained them some notoriety particularly from the inclusion of a U2-ish bonus track on the CD — “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald”. In 1992, the band released ‘Whale Music’, a mythical soundtrack to Canadian Paul Quarrington’s book of the same name. In 1993 Quarrington (also a musician previously of Joe Hall And The Continental Drift) took the album and his book to film producer Richard A. Lewis who sequestered the band in the studio to create the soundtrack for the film adaptation of ‘Whale Music’. A deal with Sire Records soon followed which led to the 1994 major label debut album ‘Introducing Happiness’. A tour of Great Britain followed on the back of their Top40 hit “Claire” (which also won a Genie Award), but the quirkiness and general inaccessibility of the group’s music led to their release from the Sire Records recording contract. Dave Clark soon left the band to form The Dinner Is Ruined and was replaced by Don Kerr in the Spring of 1995. Meanwhile, Bidini, a regular columnist for the Toronto Star and sports radio personality on CBC radio, began working on a book about the NHL’s Original Six hockey teams in 1995. While Rheostatics were working on the National Gallery Of Canada commissioned 1996 album, ‘Music Inspired By the Group of Seven’, they were asked to open shows for The Tragically Hip on their headlining tour. The album ‘Blue Hysteria’ was quickly recorded in time for the band to hit the road. After the abrupt reality check of playing stadiums with The Tragically Hip to fans that could care less about Rheostatics, the band decided to excise their perceived image of quirky jangly guitar hipsters Bidini wrote the book ‘On a Cold Road’ and the band began recording a children’s album. With the help of Micheal-Philip Wojewoda (Barenaked Ladies, Shuffle Demons) producing, and the musical assistance of Kevin Hearn on keyboards and Dave Allen on violin, Rheostatics released ‘The Story of Harmelodia’  in 1999 along with a full-length animated feature film plus an illustrated storybook. In 2001 the band released ‘Night of the Shooting Stars’ after which Kerr left the band to focus on his Gas Station Recording studio and to play with Ron Sexsmith. He was replaced by Wojewoda. Later in the year the band returned to doing their ‘Green Sprouts Music Week’ residency at The Horseshoe Tavern in Toronto. The event was renamed The Fall Nationals and became an annual event through 2004. Their 2003 performances were released on the DVD ‘Maple Serum: Rheostatics Live at the Horseshoe Tavern’ while the 2004 performances ended up on their 2005 CD ‘Calling Out the Chords Vol. 1’. Their final studio album was 2004’s ‘2067’. The band released a second live album in 2005 with the archive performance ‘The Whale Music Concert, 1992’. Tim Vesely announced he wanted to leave the band in September 2006 to focus on his own project called The Violet Archers. Rheostatics’ final show was at Massey Hall March 30th, 2007; Bidini launched a solo tour in 2007 and wrote another book entitled ‘Around the World In 57 ½ Gigs’. Bidini and Tielli collaborated on the stage musical ‘Five Hole: Tales of Hockey Erotica’ and the soundtrack album inspired by the musical. In October 2009, Bidini, Clark, Hearn, Kerr, Tielli and Vesely reunited to perform two songs at the Toronto’s International Festival of Authors and Humber College event honouring Paul Quarrington (who would announce he was diagnosed with inoperable lung cancer shortly after). Exactly five years to the day that they played their final show, the band released another archival live release entitled ‘Green Sprouts Music Week 1993’. The production was a collection of performances recorded at their Ultrasound Showbar residency in April 1993. Three singles have been released so far from the album; Bidini currently fronts Bidiniband and completed his 10th book – ‘Writing Gordon Lightfoot: The Man, the Music, and the World in 1972’ – in 2011; The Rheostatics reunited in late 2012 to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the Horseshoe Tavern in Toronto.

Singles
1982 My Generation/Satellite Dancing (Rheostatics) WRC3-1439
1987 The Ballad Of Wendel Clark Parts 1 & 2 (Rheostatics)
1992 Torque Torque (DROG)
1995 Claire (Sire/Warner) PRCD-9164
1996 All The Same Eyes (Raise A Little Elf/Cargo)
1997 Bad Time To Be Poor (Raise A Little Elf/Cargo) 6575
1998 Fan Letter To Michael Jackson (DROG)
2004 Pornography [DigiFile] (True North)
2012 Record Body Count [Live] [DigiFile]
2012 Woodstuck [DigiFile]

Albums
1984 The Rheostatics [cassette] (Rheostatics)
1986 Canadian Dream [3 song cassette] (Rheostatics) RHEO-001
1987 Greatest Hits (X)  87002
1991 Melville (Intrepid/Capitol)  GSR-011
1992 Whale Music (Sire/Warner Music) N21Y-004
1994 Music From The Motion Picture ‘Whale Music’ (Sire/Warner Music)  CDW-45836
1994 Introducing Happiness (Sire/Warner Music) N-217
1995 Greatest Hits [re-issue] (Green Sprouts Music Club) GSMC-001
1995 Music Inspired by The Group of Seven (Green Sprouts Music Club)  GSMC-006
1997 The Blue Hysteria (Raise A Little Elf/Cargo)  CARD-1039
1998 Double Live (DROG/Cargo) DROG-041
1998 The Nightlines Session (DROG) DROG-055
1999 The Story of Harmelodia (Perimeter/Universal) 30003
2001 Night of the Shooting Stars (Perimeter/Universal)
2004 2067 (True North/UMG) TND-327
2005 Calling Out the Chords Vol. 1 [DigiFile]
2012 Green Sprouts Music Week 1993
2017 Brave New Waves Session [LP] (Artoffact) AOF-300


RHINOCEROS
John Finley (vocals) / Alan Gerber (piano, vocals) / Michael Fonfara (organ, piano) / Danny Weis (lead guitar, piano) / Doug Hastings (lead guitar) / Jerry ‘The Bear’ Penrod (bass) / Billy Mundi (drums) / Steve Weis (bass; replaced Penrod; 1969) / Peter Hodgson (bass; replaced Weis; 1969) / Larry Leishman (lead guitar; replaced Hastings; 1969) / Eddie ‘Duke’ Edwards (drums; replaced Mundi; 1969) / Richard Crooks (drums; replaced Edwards; 1970) / Malcolm Tomlinson (drums; replaced Crooks; 1970)
Rhinoceros was conceived in August 1967 by Elektra Records producers Frazier Mohawk (Barry Friedman) and Paul Rothchild as a means to create a ‘Supergroup’ similar to Mohawk’s earlier co-creation, Buffalo Springfield, with Stephen Stills. The duo had a short list of potential enlistees including guitarist Doug Hastings (ex-Buffalo Springfield/Daily Flash). In September 1967 the first formal meeting of 12 potential players took place at Mohawk’s Laurel Canyon home. Hastings was present as was his former Daily Flash associate and drummer John Keliehor, bassist Kerry Magness (ex-Kingsmen), pianist/singer/songwriter Alan Gerber, and guitarist Danny Kortchmar. However, neither Rothchild nor Mohawk were content with this line-up and continued their search. In November 1967 Mohawk and Rothchild held a second meeting with nearly 20 players in attendance at a Los Angeles motel and from this meeting decide to run with Gerber and Hastings plus guitarist Danny Weis (ex-Iron Butterfly) and singer John Finley (ex-Jon And Lee And The Checkmates). As the fall progresses Weis recommends his former Iron Butterfly bandmate Jerry ‘The Bear’ Penrod as bassist, while Finley calls on his old keyboardist from Jon & Lee Michael Fonfara to round out the line-up. By January 1968, the newly formed Supergroup (without Finley and Gerber) are asked to be backing musicians on the debut album by newly signed solo artist David Ackles. Still without a drummer, ex-Daily Flash member John Keliehor is brought in for the recordings. Not long into 1968 drummer Billy Mundi (ex-Mothers Of Invention) is the final piece to the puzzle completes group who soon gather in Los Angeles to begin rehearsals at a Hollywood theatre. In May 1968 the newly re-christened ‘Rhinoceros’ records its debut album at Elektra’s newly opened La Cienaga studio with Paul Rothchild. Rhinoceros made their live debut at the Whisky-A-Go Go in West Hollywood in June 1968. Soon the group is touring with the likes of Love and Taj Mahal while headlining their own shows from Los Angeles to New York and every stop in between. In late September 1968 Rhinoceros would make their New York City debut at the Cafe Au Go Go. A highlight of their New York visit was an afternoon show in front of an estimated 12,000 people at a free concert in the Central Park Mall with Spooky Tooth, Traffic, Wind In The Willows and others. Other shows follow including a headlining show at The Scene with Muddy Waters opening and a Filmore East opening slot with The Moody Blues and John Mayall’s Blues Breakers. They stay throughout November in New York. By the end of November 1968 the band’s eponymous debut is released in the US on Elektra while UK disc jockey John Peel plays the debut UK single “I Don’t Want To Discuss It (You’re My Girl)” on his Radio 1 show called ‘Top Gear’. Back in the US, the group’s domestic single is Finley’s “I Will Serenade You” which gets a favourable review from Billboard magazine. A second single, the Weis/Fonfara instrumental “Apricot Brandy” is issued in the UK in early 1969. The ‘Rhinoceros’ album will eventually hit the No.115 spot on Billboard and the artwork is nominated for a Grammy award (but doesn’t win). Rhinoceros returns to New York to play The Scene, but have to cancel a second show after the sudden, unexpected departure of Penrod. He is replaced initially by Danny Weis’ brother Steve Weis who was the band’s equipment manager and after Rhinoceros ventures northward to Toronto to tour and drops back into Baltimore and then New York Finley’s cousin, Peter Hodgson, from Jon & Lee & The Checkmates is asked to join as a permanent replacement. In March 1969 “Apricot Brandy” becomes UK Radio 1’s ‘What’s New’ show theme song. Meanwhile, Rhinoceros return to Los Angeles briefly to record their second album with producer David Anderle. By April “I Will Serenade You” is released in the UK and fails to chart, while “Apricot Brandy” reaches #46 in the US. In May Billy Fields and Sid Bernstein become the band’s management team. The group’s profile continues to grow as they tour with Ten Years After, Blood Sweat & Tears, The Grateful Dead, Johnny Winter, Sweetwater, Tommy James & The Shondells, The Foundations, and others. In July Doug Hastings leaves to return to L.A. where he joins ex-Gentle Giant singer Pam Polland’s backing band. Rhinoceros replace him with another ex-Jon & Lee & The Checkmates member Larry Leishman. In a questionable career move, manager Billy Fields turned down an offer to play Woodstock and instead booked the band at the Boston Tea Party while offering the Woodstock slot to Rhinoceros’ support band Sha Na Na. The group was devastated by the decision and after the Boston shows Alan Gerber quit. As a means to quell the discontent between the band and management, Rhinoceros performed in September at the ‘Freak Out’ Festival held at Rock Hill Park, Orangeville, Ontario, Canada in front of a large crowd of 30,000-50,000 alongside Lighthouse, Motherlode and many others . Rhinoceros’ second album, ‘Satin Chickens’, is released in September 1969 and eventually hits US No.105 despite the failure of the single “Back Door”. By the Fall of 1969, Mundi left the band to pursue session work with the likes of Bob Dylan and Maria Muldaur. He is replaced by Eddie ‘Duke’ Edwards (ex-Young Ones/Duke Edwards’ Cycle). The band continues on their tour of the eastern seaboard throughout December 1969 and into early 1970. In March 1970, the new line-up records what will become its final album with Philadelphia producer Guy Draper at New York’s A & R Recording Studios. Finley’s contributions are minor with Draper and the Leishman/Edwards songwriting team taking the lion’s share of the songs. The band, always in demand in New York, return to that city for months of headlining performances plus a show at the Fillmore East with Procol Harum and Seals & Crofts. Edwards leaves soon after and is replaced by Richard Crooks (ex-Dr. John). In July 1970, Rhinoceros’ final album, ‘Better Times Are Coming’ is released but fails to move past #178 on the US charts. The final single, “Better Times Are Coming”, peaks at No.109 in the US during August while the final UK single, “Old Age”, fails to chart. In December 1970, Crooks leaves and is replaced by drummer Malcolm Tomlinson. Rhinoceros continues with steady work in Toronto throughout the first few months of 1971, but the band finally broke up; Hodgson joined Genya Ravan & Baby, while Fonfara and Weis appeared on The Everly Brothers’ album ‘Stories We Could Tell’; Former member Alan Gerber signed a solo deal with Leon Russell’s Shelter Records, travelled to Memphis, recorded an album, and toured with Russell before moving to Montreal. He would later release the single “Tied On” which was quite successful in Québec; By February 1972 there was a Rhinoceros reunion of sorts with members Finley, Fonfara, Weis, Leishman and Hodgson launching a new band, Blackstone Rangers (later just Blackstone),  who released an unsuccessful album GRT Records called ‘On The Line’. The band had a complete member change but broke up in 1973; Fonfara and Weis would go on to become top session players in L.A. [also see BLACKSTONE].

Singles
1968 I Don’t Want To Discuss It (You’re My Girl)/I Will Serenade You (Elektra) EK-45640
1969 Apricot Brandy/When You Say You’re Sorry (Elektra) EK-45647
1969 I Need Love/Belbeukus (Elektra) EK-45659
1969 Back Door/In A Little Room (Elektra) EK-45659
1970 Old Age/Let’s Party (Elektra) EKM- 45691
1970 Better Times Are Coming/It’s A Groovy World (Elektra) EKM-45694

Albums
1968 Rhinoceros (Elektra) EKS-74030
1969 Satin Chickens (Elektra) EKS-74056
1970 Better Times Are Coming (Elektra) EKS-74075


RHYTHM MISSION
Warren Ash
(drums) / Scott Harding (guitar) / Warren Hunter (bass) / Dennis Mills (vocals, saxophone) / Lee Kelsey (keyboards) / Andy Graffiti (percussion) / Ross Hales (drums; replaced Ash) / Nick Tatroff
Ash, Hunter and Mills had been in Vancouver, British Columbia band AKA. In 1981 they teamed up with Harding and Tatroff to form Rhythm Mission. In 1984 Mills, Kelsey and Hunter ran a simultaneous side project called the Jazzmanian Devils. Rhythm Mission broke up in 1989 and the Jazzmanian Devils continued on.

Albums
1986 Wild Mood Swings (Mo=Da=Mu) MDM-16


RICKETTS, Glenn
Glen Ricketts moved from Jamaica to Toronto, Ontario and joined Crack Of Dawn alongside Rupert and Carl Harvey, Mark Smith, Alvin Jones and an ever expanding line-up. Managed by Grant Gabriel, they would become quite popular on the Toronto club scene. In 1975 the band attracted interest from Columbia Records and were the first Canadian black band to ever sign with a major label. Crack of Dawn would release one LP and four singles including the Chuck Jackson written “It’s Alright” which went to No.42 nationally in the spring of 1976. Ricketts would assemble his own band that year and record for Columbia as well. He would eventually move back to Jamaica and commute to Toronto as needed for his solo career. In 1986 the band reunited to record on Version Records which would also be the home of material by Glenn Ricketts. Ricketts’ son is Canadian R & B singer Glenn Lewis.

Singles
1984
Heart of My World/Teach the Children (Seraf)
1988 Stop This Fighting/Big City (Choice) GR-10
1990 The Time Has Come/The Time Has Come (Suzi Q) RL-01
20–   Does It Really Matter/One Man Band (Sugar Cane – Jamaica) 1202
2010
I Wanna Thank You (Deadly Headly Medley Riddim) (Zanna Doom – Jamaica)
2011 Sweetie Come Brush Mi (Mafia & Fluxy Riddim)/Sweetie Come Brush Mi (Version) (Jammy$/Sweetiecom – Jamaica)

with THE GLENN RICKETTS BAND
1976 Something For My Baby/Oh, What A Big World (Columbia/CBS) C4-4157

Albums
1986 I Found Love (Scorpio) DK77-73
198-
More Love (JC) JCLP-003
2008
Rise Up (Thunder Dome)


RIPCHORDS, The
Adele Leger (vocals) / Rodney “Max” Brisson (guitar) / Kevin Lapchuk (keyboards) / Richard McDowell (bass) / Peter Moller (drums) / Peter Clarke / Fred Holliss / Paul Lukeman / Kim Solar
From Calgary, Alberta. Not to be confused with the British band of the same name from the late ’70s or the Montreal act later in the ’80s/early ’90s. The Calgary band was formed in 1979 and went through many incarnations before settling on the line-up of Leger, Brisson, Lapchuk, McDowell and Moller. When McDowell opened Calgary’s 10 Foot Henry’s bar, it became the Ripchords’ rehearsal space and ambient room for recording. with notes from Peter Moller.

Albums
1984 Second Coming/The Need To Laugh In Uncertain Times [w/BIG DOG] [6 song EP]
1985
View From Above [EP] (Concrete) 001


RIPCORDZ
Paul
(vocals, guitar) / François (drums) / Alex (bass) / Chris Moroz (bass; 1995-2000) / Ian Campeau (drums; 2002-2003) / Danny Laflamme (bass; 1992-1995) / Simon Cloutier (drums; 1999-2001) / John Isharwood (bass; 1991-1992) / François Demers (drums; 1991-1999) / Ian Swinson (bass; 1988-1991) / Phil O’Neill (drums; 1988-1990)
Formed in Montreal, Québec in 1980. The band has released thirteen albums and toured Canada at least a dozen times.

Albums
1988 Ripcordz Are Go(d)! (OG) OG-28
1992 Kidnoise (En Garde) ENG-006
1999 It’s Never Too Late To Annoy Your Parents (Sudden Death) SDCD-29
200? I Went To the Summit of the Americas… (Teenage Rampage) TRR-008
2006 100,000 Watts Of Pure Power (???) 773004
2006 Double Your Punk, Double Your Fun (???) 773005
2007 Canadian As Fuck


RIPPER, Eugene
Former guitarist for Stark Naked And The Fleshtones. Ripper went solo in 1985 and briefly toured and recorded under the name Eugene Ripper & The North. [see STARK NAKED & THE FLESHTONES]

Singles
1986
The Peking Hop/[same] (Rip) RIP-86
1987 A New Beginning/Party Band (Ravin’) RRI-1001

with EUGENE RIPPER & THE NORTH
1987
Wreck of the 97/[same] (Rip) RIP-87

Albums
1994
Fast Folk Underground (Rip) RIP-94
1997 Faster Than You Think (Rip)
2000 El Musico
2003 Hi Lonesome [EP]
2004 The Ballad of Black (Soul Surfer)
2006 Crackle (Soul Surfer)

with EUGENE RIPPER & THE NORTH
1987
Eugene Ripper & The North [5 song EP] (Amok) EP-522


RISING SONS (1)
From Newfoundland. Not to be confused with the earlier Rising Sons from Burlington, Ontario who recorded for Columbia Records.

Albums
1969 Live (Colly) CRO-9413
1971 Rising Sons (Audat)


RISING SONS (2)
Dave Best (bass) / Ron Canning (lead guitar) / Pete Davidson (organ) / Mike Kotur (guitar) / Bruce Lee (organ, bass) / Robin McMillan (drums)
Burlington, Ontario’s Rising Sons were picked up by Columbia for several single releases including “Annie Doesn’t Live Here Anymore” (also covered by Eartha Kitt) which scraped the bottom of the Canadian charts in December of 1966 under their new name – The 5 Rising Sons which was in an effort to avoid confusion with an American act on Columbia also using the name The Rising Sons. Their popularity made them perfect for music show festivals including CHUM’S ‘Toronto Sound Show’ at Maple Leaf Gardens the same year. When ARC Records chief Bill Gilliland brought Terry Black back to Canada in 1967 for his newly launched Yorkville label, he teamed Black with The Rising Sons on a double bill tour. The band would change its name to Willapuss Wallapuss when they recorded for Yorkville.with notes from Burt Thombs and Jim McMillan.

Singles
1965 Land Of 1,000 Dances/Don’t Look Away (Columbia) C4-2669

as THE 5 RISING SONS
1966 Annie Doesn’t Live Here Anymore/She’s Just Like Me (Columbia) C4-2709

as WILLAPUSS WALLAPUSS
1967 Sacrificial Virgin/To Jone (Yorkville) YV-45018


RIVERSON
Franki Hart (vocals) / Rayburn Blake (guitar) / Brian Edwards (bass) / Graham Lear (drums)
Montreal’s Riverson consisted Blake and Edwards who were both formerly of Mashmakhan and Franki Hart of Freedom North. The band released several singles in 1973 including a remake of The Beatles’ “Eleanor Rigby” and the moderately successful “Clear Night”. The subsequent self-titled album was co-produced by the band and  Lee DeCarlo; Blake went on to join the Lisa Hartt Band. with notes from Rayburn Blake and Serge Bellerose.

Singles
1973 Clear Night/Winter Garden (Columbia) C4-3077
1973 Eleanor Rigby/Can’t Live Without You (Columbia) C4-3093
1973 Sittin’ Waitin’ (Columbia) C4-4003

Albums
1973 Riverson (Columbia) CS-30136


ROADHOUSE
Ralph Murphy (vocals) / Tony Levin (bass) / Jimmy Young (drums) / Elliott Randall (guitar)
Ralph Murphy, who had gone to England to produce and write for other artists in the late ’60s was finally offered the chance to run a publishing company in New York City so he relocated in 1969. He would also end up creating two musically diverse record labels – Double M (for pop material) and Hard Core (for dance music). While running these operations he recorded several solo singles for Double M and recorded a full album under the studio name Roadhouse. The band consisted of Murphy on vocals (and writer of all the songs) and some of the finest session players in New York including Elliott Randall immediately off the sessions for Steely Dan where he’d just recorded the iconic lead guitar lick in “Reeling In The Years”. The project managed minor Canadian chart action with the song “Good Times (and Loving You)” which reached No.60 in November/December 1972. It also got as high as #15 on the CHUM chart. Manager and fellow Canadian, Brian Chater put together a touring band to promote the record. Murphy was not part of the live act. He would go on to produce two gold albums for April Wine and records for Brutus, Sea Dog, Shooter and artists on the Smile Records label among others. He is currently a successful songwriter in Nashville. with notes from Ralph Murphy, Dave Sampson and Breen LeBoeuf. [also see RALPH MURPHY, WHINDING]

Singles
1972 Good Times (And Loving You)/Heaven Bound (Double M/London) M-506
1973 Get It On (All Over)/Somebody Changed The Words To Our Song (Double M/London) M-509

Albums
1973 Roadhouse (Double M/London) DMR-1002


ROBERT E. LEE BRIGADE
Frank Lee [aka Frank Querci]
(vocals) / Jim Ledgerwood (bass, backing vocals) / Spyros Lagoudontis (lead guitar, backing vocals) / Gary W. Mertz (keyboards, backing vocals) / Edward Shaw (drums, percussion) / Michael Kamino (bass)
Following a stint with The Mid-Knights, Frank Lee formed The Robert E. Lee Brigade in 1970 who were signed to Columbia Records in 1970 and released one album, ‘Far Enough’, which was produced by John Williams. Cleverly, Williams convinced Columbia to release singles from the album under both the band’s name and under Frank Lee as a solo artist. Alas, the record did not fair very well nor the non-LP follow-up singles in 1971. The band split up in 1975; Lagoudontis is now a real estate agent in Toronto, Ontario; Lee went on to be a Rod Stewart impersonator for many years. He died in 1999 from prostate cancer; Michael Kamino died March 27, 2018. with notes from Barbie Querci. [also see FRANK LEE]

Singles
1970
You Can’t Always Get What You Want/Her Misfortune (Columbia) C4-2928
1970 Merry-Go-Round/Certain Tears (Columbia) C4-2947
1971 Walking Papers/Lord Pity Us All (Columbia) C4-2995

Albums
1970
Far Enough (Columbia) ELS-370


ROBERTS, PAT STEEL, KEN FISHER, Jim
Jim Roberts
(vocals) / Pat Steel (vocals) / Ken Fisher (vocals, piano, organ, guitar)
This Saskatchewan trio came together in 1968 after Roberts and Steel had appeared at Expo ’67 in the Saskatchewan Show when they met Ken Fisher (ex-Checker Lads). Their debut album, ‘We Hear It The Way We Hear It’ was released by the Canadian Talent Library in 1969. with notes from Howard Hoover.

Albums
1969
We Hear It The Way We Hear It (CTL) 477-5136


ROBERTS, David
Session singer/songwriter David Roberts wasn’t always behind the scenes making the vocals on other people’s records sound good. Roberts had a solo career of his own with 1982’s ‘All Dressed Up’ on WEA Records. The album was prestigious in that it was produced by jazz pianist Greg Mathieson (Melissa Manchester, Barbra Streisand, Olivia Newton-John) and featured the stellar musical contributions of members of Toto – Jeff and Mike Porcaro, Steve Lukather. The album produced a lukewarm hit in ‘Boys of Autumn’. In recent years his session work and co-writing has kept his career hopping. Roberts co-wrote “Powerline” for Lee Aaron, and sang back-ups for Rational Youth (‘Heredity’) and Strange Advance (‘2W0’). with notes from Darin d’Entremont.

Singles
1982 All In the Name of Love/Never Gonna Let You Go (Elektra/WEA) KE-72023
1982
Boys of Autumn/Wrong Side of the Tracks (Elektra/WEA) 96-99897
1982 Another World/Anywhere You Run (Elektra/WEA) 25-99687

Albums

1982 All Dressed Up (Elektra/WEA) XE1-60127


ROBERTSON, Robbie
Born: Jaime Royal Robertson on July 5, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario
Toronto born Robbie Robertson was the son of a Jewish father and Mohawk mother. Robertson’s first brush with live music came at the Six Nations Reservation outside Brantford, Ontario, — his mother’s girlhood home. By age six he began taking guitar lessons from a cousin, and soon started writing songs. As his musical tastes evolved he dropped out of school and shortly before his sixteenth birthday, in 1958, he hooked up with rockabilly star Ronnie Hawkins with fellow sidemen Levon Helm, Rick Danko, Garth Hudson and Richard Manuel collectively known as The Hawks. Robertson also became an in-demand session player and his first known commercial recording was playing guitar on the “The Orbiteer”, a novelty single produced and conducted by Billy O’Connor and featuring Dianne Brooks on vocals. Meanwhile, Hawins & The Hawks were becoming one of the most successful acts on the Yonge Street strip in Toronto. Legend asserts that The Hawks quit as Ronnie Hawkins’ band due to money conflicts in 1963. They tread water as The Canadian Esquires and then as Levon & The Hawks releasing several singles before coming to the attention of manager Albert Grossman and his biggest act Bob Dylan. Robertson joined Dylan on his headline making ‘electric-folk’ world tour in 1965-1966. One by one the members of The Hawks joined Dylan until The Band reconvened as a unit as Dylan’s touring band. They left Dylan, struck out on their own and went on to record album after album of American heartland country-styled rock with R & B, Cajun and Soul influences. Their status became legendary as did their recordings including ‘Music From Big Pink’ (1968), ‘The Band’ (1969) through to their swan song — ‘The Last Waltz’ in 1978 – featuring an all star musical line-up (Neil Young, Joni Mitchell, Ronnie Hawkins, et al) and a Martin Scorsese produced feature length documentary by the same name. Robertson’s would soon begin an extended association with Scorsese scoring his soundtracks and acting in general; in 1980, Robertson produced and starred in ‘Carny’ with Jodie Foster and Gary Busey. It was a busy year as he also composed the score to Scorsese’s ‘Raging Bull’, which would be the extent of his musical output for several years. His next Scorsese collaboration was the 1983 satire ‘King Of Comedy’ followed by 1986’s ‘The Color of Money’. 11 years after ‘The Last Waltz’ Robertson decided it was time to release a solo album. He signed a six-figure deal with Geffen Records and hooked up with Canadian production wunderkind Daniel Lanois who was career hot having produced the most recent hit albums by Peter Gabriel (‘So’) and U2 (‘Joshua Tree’). Robertson was whisked off to Dublin to work with U2 — and had no songs. U2 and Robertson tossed around ideas at the band’s recording studio and Lanois recorded long jam session until he got enough momentum out of all parties to edit two songs “Testimony” and “Sweet Fire of Love”. Upon returning to the US and holed up in Lanois’ New Orleans studio, Robertson worked with a new studio band featuring the core of drummer Manu Katche (Peter Gabriel), bassist Tony Levin (Peter Gabriel, King Crimson), and ambient session guitarist Bill Dillon (The Shakers). The line-up would be augmented in recording by Maria McKee (Lone Justice), Peter Gabriel, The BoDeans, and former Band-mates Garth Hudson and Rick Danko. The full cost of the album Robertson’s 1987 self-titled debut was reportedly $1,000,000 according to ‘Rolling Stone’ magazine (a figure which Lanois denied) and produced the hits “Showdown At Big Sky”, “Broken Arrow” (later to be a hit for Rod Stewart) and “Somewhere Down The Crazy River”. In 1991 Robertson released his not-as-long awaited sophomore album ‘Storyville’ which had a definite Zydeco and cajun flavour due mostly to its creation in New Orleans with the assistance of the Neville Brothers and Daniel Lanois once again at the helm. The album produced two singles: “Go Back To Your Woods” and “What About Now”. That same year a Japanese cable television production company asked Robertson to host and narrate ‘The Full Moon Show’ which was a retrospective look at the origins and continued popularity of various American musical genres. Robertson interviewed Willie Dixon, Sonic Youth, Dion and others. In 1994, Robertson returned to his roots, teaming with the Native American group the Red Road Ensemble on ‘Music For the Native Americans’, a collection of songs composed for a television documentary series. His label released no singles from it because the album defied conventional radio sounds. However the album was well received by the Native American community. He again resumed working in film – first in a cameo in ‘The Crossing Guard’ with Jack Nicholson and then as music producer for ‘Jimmy Hollywood, ‘Casino’ (Robert DeNiro), ‘Phenomenon’ (John Travolta). The theme song “Change The World” won a 1997 Grammy Award for ‘Song of the Year’ while the soundtrack itself won ‘Record of the Year’. Robertson then released ‘Live In Italy’ which was recorded during the ‘Music For Native Americans’. it featured a mostly acoustic set of that album, with a few unreleased tracks mixed in. ‘Contact From The Underworld Of Redboy’ followed in 1998 and marked a radical departure for Robertson. Enlisting the production aid of Howie B. and Marius de Vries, on a recommendation from his old pals U2, Robertson began experimenting with drum loops and hip-hop rhythms to classic effect and leaving fans scratching their heads. A PBS Special ‘Making A Noise: A Native American Musical Journey With Robbie Robertson’ aired in November of that year on American TV. With the exception of a ‘best of’ album called ‘Classic Masters’ in 2002, Robertson retreated back to film work – contributing “Shine Your Light” to the ‘Ladder 49’ soundtrack and music supervisor work on the Leonardo DiCaprio film ‘Shutter Island’ – until April 2011 when he released ‘How To Become Clairvoyant’ with appearances by Eric Clapton, Trent Reznor (Nine Inch Nails), and Steve Winwood. In June 2011 Robertson was honoured by Canada Post by getting his photo on a $0.57 stamp. notes from Jan Høiberg and Rob Bowman. [also see THE BAND]

Singles
1987 Somewhere Down The Crazy River/Hell’s Half Acre (Geffen) 92-81117
1987 Fallen Angel/Hell’s Half Acre (Geffen) 92-81609
1987 Showdown At Big Sky/Hell’s Half Acre (Geffen) 92-81757
1988 American Roulette/Somewhere Down The Crazy River (Geffen) 92-79557
1988 Broken Arrow/Go Back To Your Woods [7”] (Geffen) GES-19066
1988 Broken Arrow (Edit)/Broken Arrow (LP Version) [CD] (Geffen) PRO-CD-3158
1988 Do You Know (What It Takes) (Geffen)
1988 Christmas Must Be Tonight (Geffen)
1990 What About Now/The Far Lonely Cry of Trains (Geffen) GED-21674
1990
Go Back To Your Woods [3 song EP] (Geffen) GED-21700
1990 What About Now [3 song EP] (Geffen) PRO-CD-4343
1991 Shake This Town (Edit)/Shake This Town (LP Version) (Geffen) PRO-CD-4362
1991 Breakin’ the Rules (Edit)/Breakin’ the Rules (LP Version) (Geffen) PRO-CD-4415
1994 Bad Intentions (Atlas) CDP-1217
1998 In the Blood [4 song EP] (EMI) CDCLP-DJ801
1998 Making Noise (EMI)
1998 Rikki Don’t Lose That Number (EMI)
1998 Unbound (EMI) DPRO-7087
2004 Shine Your Light (Single Edit) (Touchstone) LADDER-49
2011 He Don’t Live Here No More (Fontana/UMG) FTN-17821
2011 Fear of Falling [DigiFile]

with ROBBIE ROBERTSON AND THE RED ROAD ENSEMBLE
1994
Mahh Ichi (Heartbeat Drum Song) (EMI) DPRO-1022
1995
Ghost Dance (EMI)
1995 The Vanishing Breed (EMI)

with DIANNE BROOKS WITH THE BILLY O’CONNOR ORCHESTRA

1960 The Orbiteer Twist/My Orbiteer Will Come (RCA/Victor) 57-3292

Albums
1987 Robbie Robertson (Geffen) GEF-24160
1991 Storyville (Geffen) GEF-24303
1997 Live In Italy
1998 Contact From the Underworld of Red Boy (EMI) 854243
2002 Classic Masters (EMI) 539858
2005 Robbie Robertson/Storyville [expanded edition] (Hip-O Select) B0005696-02
2006 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection – The Best of Robbie Robertson (UMG)
2011 How To Become Clairvoyant (429) FTN-17821

with ROBBIE ROBERTSON AND THE RED ROAD ENSEMBLE
1994 Music for the Native Americans (EMI) 828295


ROCK AND HYDE
Paul Hyde
(guitar, vocals) / Robert “Bob” Rock (guitars, vocals)
After 7 years, five albums and two name changes, Paul Hyde and Bob Rock mutated from their previous identities as The Payola$ into Rock And Hyde releasing one album on Capitol-EMI in 1987 called ‘Under The Volcano’. Utilizing previous members of The Payola$, they toured the record on the back of three successful hit singles (“Dirty Water”, “Talk To Me” and “I Will”). They called it quits in 1988 to pursue solo careers. [also see PAUL HYDE, PAYOLA$]

Singles
1987 Dirty Water/There’s Always Someone Tougher (Capitol-EMI) B-73019
1987 I Will/What Children Say (Capitol-EMI) B-73027
1987 I Will (Album Version)//I Will (Radio Edit)//What Children Say [12”] (Capitol-EMI)
S-75195
1987 Talk To Me (Edit)/How Far Will You Go (Capitol-EMI) B-73042
1987 Middle Of The Night/[same] (Capitol-EMI) PB-44070

Albums

1987 Under The Volcano (Capitol-EMI) V-15284


ROCK AND ROLL BITCHES
Bob Drysdale / George Wall / Ken MacKay / Rich Young
Punk band from Edmonton, Alberta

Singles
1980
Wild West [4 song 7” EP] (Rich Young) FO-3907
2012 Wild West [4 song 7” EP re-issue] (Ugly Pop) UP-029


ROCK ANGELS, The [see THE BOPCATS]


ROCK SHOW OF THE YEOMEN [see DEE & THE YEOMEN]


ROCKADROME
Ron J. Dove (vocals, lead guitar) / Mike Clancy (rhythm guitar, keyboards, vocals) / Paul LaChapelle (bass, organ) / Rick Vallieres (drums, vocals)
Short-lived Toronto, Ontario act formed in 1968 and led by form Jack Bailey And The Naturals guitarist Mike Clancy. In 1969 the recorded their debut album for Art Snider’s Sound Canada label. Snider would also enlist the players again later that year to back folk artist Hyde. They would later do various sessions for the Allen Sisters; Ron Dove would release one solo single, “Ruben”, on the AME Records label. He passed away in 1990; Paul LaChapelle would go on to built Quest Studio in Oshawa, Ontario and became an acclaimed producer/engineer on albums by Goddo, Coney Hatch, Kim Mitchell, The Carpet Frogs, Bongo Fury and others; Pacemaker Records re-issued the ‘Royal American 20th Century Blues’ album on CD in 2011.

Albums
1969
Royal American 20th Century Blues (Sound Canada) SC-7701

with HYDE
1969
Hyde (Quality) SV-1832


ROCKATONES, The
John Semeniuk

Not to be confused with The Rock-A-Tones from Salem, North Carolina from the same time period, this Montreal, Québec act took four labels and a half dozen singles to crack the Top100 in May 19, 1966 with their final single on London Records called “For Your Own”.

Singles
1963 Shandia/Young In Years (Fontaine) F-1575X
1963 Submerge/Sheik and His Harem (Fontaine) 1593X
1964 Great Balls of Fire/Crying, Waiting, Hoping (Melbourne) WG-3184
1964 Shake Hands/Why Don’t We Get Along (Melbourne) WG-3189
1965 Bad Girl/I’m A Man (Melbourne) WG-3201
1966 For My Own/Everything’s Gone Wrong (London) M-17347


ROGERS, Garnet Born:
May 1955 in Hamilton, Ontario
Born in Hamilton, Ontario to Nova Scotian parents, Garnet Rogers and older brother Stan spent their youth lying in bed and harmonizing to radio broadcasts from the Grand Ol’ Opry. By the age of 8, Garnet was playing the ukulele and would later teach himself how to play flute, violin and guitar. By 18, Rogers was out of high school and playing professionally with Stan as a folk duo. Garnet soon became producer and arranger for Stan from 1973 to 1983. With Stan’s death in a plane crash, Garnet decided to pursue his own solo career. In 1984 he released his self-titled debut on his own label, Snow Goose Songs, including songs written by Archie Fisher, Willie P. Bennett, Connie Kaldor and Doug McArthur, as well as some traditional and original fiddle tunes. ‘The Outside Track’, 1985, was a logical continuation of Rogers’ work as a catalyst for great folk songs with the discoveries this time around of original songs by James Keelaghan and Bill Caddick, as well as more traditional material. Having toured with Scottish singer Archie Fisher, the two recorded Rogers’ 1986 ‘Off The Map’ album together which Rogers produced. 1988’s ‘Speaking Softly In The Dark’ featured works by Phil Ochs, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Lui Collins, Bob Franke and Steve Hayes. Rogers’ own compositions included two Henry Lawson poems set to music and an original violin instrumental. In 1989 Rogers teamed up with Doug McArthur for a self-titled tag-team effort. By 1990’s ‘Small Victories’ Rogers had become sufficiently confident to release an album of mostly original songs with the token cover tune thrown in for good measure (David Sudbury’s “King Of Rome”). ‘At A High Window’, 1992, was Rogers’ second studio album recorded direct to digital at DB studio in London, Ontario. He incorporated the use of several musical guests including fiddler Doug Long, guitarist Colin Linden, and bassist David Woodhead. In 1994, Rogers released the live album ‘Summer Lightning’ recorded in December 1993 at the Grindstaff Farmhouse in London, and the Commercial Tavern, Maryhill, Ontario. It featured the efforts of fiddler extraordinaire Doug Long, who helped Rogers recreate the best off his previous albums and enhanced five new songs. Rogers has also produced several albums for Archie Fisher, Bobby Watt, and Modabo. Rogers’ latest album for Snow Goose Songs is ‘Night Drive’ which features musicalhelp from David Sereda, Dan Achen (Junkhouse), and Duke Levine (Mary Chapin Carpenter).

Albums
1984 Garnet Rogers (Snow Goose)
1985 The Outside Track (Snow Goose)
1988 Speaking Softly In The Dark (Snow Goose)
1990 Small Victories (Snow Goose)
1992 At A High Window (Snow Goose)
1994 Summer Lightning (Snow Goose)
1996 Night Drive (Snow Goose)
1999 Sparrow’s Wing (Snow Goose)

with DOUG McARTHUR

1989 Doug McArthur With Garnet Rogers (Snow Goose)


ROGERS, Stan
Born: Stanley Allison Rogers on November 29, 1949 in Hamilton, Ontario;
Died: June 2, 1983 in Cincinnati, Ohio]
Hamilton born Stan Rogers began in music honestly as he was always surrounded by many styles of music performed by uncles who sang and played guitar. Rogers got his first guitar at 5, built by an uncle out of birch plywood, welding rods and a toothbrush. Intellectually ahead of his peers by high school, Rogers began playing music in earnest. His first step into the limelight was at club-gigs as bassist for Hamilton pick-up rock bands. In 1970 Rogers signed to RCA Records out of Toronto and recorded two singles for them – “Here’s To You Santa Claus” (1970) and “The Fat Girl Rag” (1971) – which was followed by a self-titled LP in 1971. During his contract with RCA he also wrote songs recorded by Québecois group Le Maitre. By 1973 he had moved over to Vanguard Records in New York (home of Joan Baez) but nothing came from that alliance. He did manage three more singles for Polygram in 1973 and 1974 but met with no success. By the mid-’70s, he was commissioned to work on Canadian Broadcast Corporation documentaries on aspects of Canadian life. Though raised in rural Hannon, Ontario, Rogers spent summers with family in Nova Scotia, and became influenced by the lives of fishermen and the sea. As his interests grew towards folk music, his Aunt June in Canso, Nova Scotia, persuaded him to write songs about his familial home. But it was the fruit of those early songs that found their way onto Rogers’ first independent album ‘Fogarty’s Cove’ (1976) which was released on his friend Mitch Podolak’s Barn Swallow Records. Critics went so far as calling this small indie release the ‘Folk Album of the Year’. Inspired, Rogers quickly set about recording the next album and informed Podolak that he would be spending a modest some of Barn Swallow’s money. Podolak was too busy organizing the Winnipeg Folk Festival and agreed to sell the record label and the masters to Rogers. Needing money to do this, Rogers’ mother, Valerie, stepped in and offered her son her life savings to launch not only the album, ‘Turnaround’, but a a new label and mail order business to promote it. He simultaneously re-issued ‘Fogarty’s Cove’ and gave his imprint the album’s name. With two albums under his belt Rogers began playing better establishments with his band featuring his brother Garnet, Dave Alan Eadie, Grit Laskin, and Paul Mills. The performances were inspiring and so Rogers decided to capture the moments on vinyl with ‘Between The Breaks…Live!’ (1979). The live album was quite a success as it opened the doors for performances in Western Canada which would have a profound influence on Rogers’ writing. He began to discover that he could write about parts of the country other than the Maritimes, and following the tour of Western Canada, went home to write songs for his ‘concept’ record ‘Northwest Passage’ (1981). Rogers stepped out of his independent niche temporarily with a traditional acoustic folk album, ‘For The Family’, on Folk Tradition Records in 1983, but went back to his own order of business with his final studio album ‘From Fresh Water’ in 1984. With his brother, Garnet, on fiddle and Jim Morrison on bass, he travelled North America establishing a national identity for Canadian songwriting which was highly successful as attested to by his popularity before and after his death. On June 2, 1983, Rogers was headed home from the Kerrville Folk Festival in Texas. A fire started in the restroom on Air Canada flight 797. It was forced to land in the Greater Cincinatti Airport. Rogers was one of 23 people who died of smoke inhalation. He was 33. Memorials and honours were numerous in the months that followed and in May, 1984 he was posthumously awarded the Diplome d’Honneur by the Canadian Conference of the Arts. In the mid’90’s many of Canada’s leading Celtic and Folk artists banded together and inspired by Rogers’ brother Garnet to record a fitting tribute to the late artist. with notes from Garnet Rogers and Mitch Podolak.

Singles
1970 Here’s To You Santa Claus/Coventry Carol (RCA Victor)  57-1056
1971 The Fat Girl Rag/Seven Years Along (RCA Victor) 57-1064
1974 Three Pennies/Past Fifty//Guys Borough Train (CBC Radio Canada) LM-211
1984 Flying/Half a Heart (Coal Harbour) CHM-S101

Albums

1971 Stan Rogers (RCA Victor)
1976 Fogarty’s Cove (Barn Swallow)  BS-1001
1978 Turnaround (Fogarty’s Cove)  FCM-001
1979 Between The Breaks…Live! (Fogarty’s Cove)  FCM-002
1980 Fogarty’s Cove [re-issue] (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-1001
1981 Northwest Passage (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-004
1983 For The Family (Folk Tradition) FTR-R002
1984 From Fresh Water (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-007D
1991 In Concert (VRCD-1011)
1992 Home In Halifax (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-010D
1996 Poetic Justice (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-011D
1999 From Coffee House to Concert Hall (Fogarty’s Cove) FCM-012D


ROMAN GREY
Ross Roman [aka Ross Rheaume]
(bass, keyboards) / David Grey (vocals, keyboards) / Don Zablotny (guitar) / Jean Baptiste [aka John Lechasseur] (drums) / Randy Lippai (acoustic guitar) / Duncan Lindsay
The duo of Roman and Grey formed in 1982 and through a small indie label out of New York City called Relativity Records hit No.1 on the Italian charts with the 12” single “Look Me In the Eyes”. It wound up going Top10 in nearly every country in Europe (with 7” singles released in Germany and Italy) and ended up seeing chart action back in Montreal, Québec as an import. With the indie label being extremely disorganized the band never got paid and accusations followed leaving the duo without their gear or master tapes. A follow-up was never released as the duo tried to sort out their legal mess between New York, Toronto and Bermuda. The band did manage another 12” single in the UK with a song called “Shakedown” on Food For Thought Records in 1984. But it would take until 1987 and belief in their own material for the band to catch the attention of another record label. They were signed to a worldwide deal with Attic Records (distributed through A & M) in early 1988. Their debut album that year was ‘Edge of the Shadow’ produced by Canadian legend Terry Brown at Manta Sound. They managed a healthy dose of radio airplay with the single “IBU” plus rotation on MuchMusic with the song’s video. The duo formed a proper band who toured on the back of three more singles – opening for the likes of America and Joe Cocker – but without the initial excitement from radio they split up in 1989; in recent years Zablotny has been performing in corporate tribute band Arden & The Tourists. with notes from Mark Rheaume.

Singles
1982 Look Me In the Eyes//She Waits/Look Me In the Eyes (Dance Dub) [12″ EP] (Relativity) EMC2-1
1982 Look Me In the Eyes/She Waits (ZYX – Germany) 1032
1984 Shakedown (Dance Mix)//Bodyshock/Shakedown [12” EP] (Food For Thought – UK) YUMT-106
1988
IBU/Café Noir (Attic) AT-376
1988 Shangri-La/Justine (Attic) AT-383
1988 Give Me Your Love/Goodbye (Attic) AT-384
1989 Ain’t It A Shame/Minute To Midnight (Attic) AT-389

Albums
1988 Edge of  the Shadow (Attic) LAT-1249


ROMAN, Tony
Born: Antonio D’Ambrosio on August 1, 1942 in Montréal, Québec;
Died: June 8, 2007 in Montréal, Québec
Multi-instrumental/producer Tony Roman started his career in Montreal with the Yé Yé band Tony Roman et ses Dauphins doing French versions of British Invasion songs. They were signed to Jupiter Records where they released several singles including a regional hit with their version of Manfred Mann’s “Do Wah Diddy Diddy”. His next act was The Tony Roman Five on Canusa Records before releasing a string of French Canadian hit singles for the same label as both a solo artist and on duets with Nanette Workman. In the summer of 1968 he jammed with Michel Pagliaro, Denis LePage and Andy Shorter (brother of Weather Report’s Wayne Shorter) where they recorded several superjams – one was released under the band name Ouba and two other albums worth were released on Roman’s Révolution label as ‘Reel Psychadelique’ Volumes 1 & 2. Roman also produced other artists and scored music for several French Canadian films including ‘La piastre’ and ‘Je suis loin de toi mignonne’ both in 1976. Noting that the music business was changing, Roman even formed a New Wave band called Roman and Ze Bon Bon Band which he used as a vehicle to finally tour English Canada in 1980. In 2004 he was the screenwriter and producer of the movie ‘Camping sauvage’. Roman died in June 2007. [also see OUBA, NANETTE WORKMAN]

Singles
1963
Lance la Pierre/Deux corps sur la plage (Franco-Elite) F-9313
1963 Une bonne année pour les filles/Vive les congés (Franco-Elite) F-9329
1964 Elle t’aime/Non (Franco-Elite) F-9334
1966 Crier Crier Crier/Quand je t’embrasse (Jupiter) JP.1053
1966 Hanky Panky/Grande fille (Canusa) C-307
1967 Tu peux t’en aller/L’ombre dans le brouillard (Canusa) C-323
1967 Mustang Sally/Niki Hoeky (Canusa) C-328
1967 Maggie/Shadow On a Foggy Day (Canusa) C-501
1967 Shadow On a Foggy Day/Hey Joe//Maggie/Hello Girl (Festival – EUR)
CEP-19.101-M
1968 C’est ce que Tony dit/Mame (Canusa) C-350
1968 Les bicyclettes de Belsize/Passé, présent et futur (Canusa) C-373
1969 Ce n’est pas mon monde/Dans la vie (Canusa) C-388
1969 Je serai toujours là/Je marche seul (Canusa) C-396
1970 Mes blouses/Au Canada (R & B) R.B.602
1970 Vers l’Atlantide/Comment (R & B) R.B.612
1971 La grosse Mado/Lady (Action) AN.7208
1971 La ballade de Riel et Chénier/Ah comme on s’ennuie (Visa) V-7701
1972 Come and See the Snow/Rain Train Crescent Street (Kot’ai) KO- 152
1973 Bébé viens que je t’aime/Darling, I Love You (Extra) 7718
1975 À cheval sur un billot/La grosse Mado (London) LF.1062
1976 Joe le caméléon/Laura Rose (London) LF.1073
1982 Scandale/Scandale (Instrumentale) (Kébec Disc) KD-9133)

with TONY ROMAN ET SES DAUPHINS
1964
Doo Wah Diddy Diddy/Ne triche pas (Jupiter) JP.1006
1965 Sha la la/Rappelle-toi (Jupiter) JP.1014
1965 Na Na Na/Le béton et le ciment (Jupiter) JP.1026

with TONY ROMAN CINQ

1966 Personne sauf toi/Hey Hey Hey (Canusa) C-301
1966 Prends-moi/Mickey’s Monkey (Canusa) C-303

with TONY ROMAN & NANETTE WORKMAN
1967
Petit homme/T’es ma vie (Canusa) C-311
1967 Hey Joe/Où t’en vas-tu (Canusa) C-320
1967 Mercy Mercy Mercy/Ann Koran (Canusa) C-333
1967 C’est l’amour qui nous a conduit à l’autel/Tu peux t’en aller (Canusa) C-334
1967 Le bonhomme hiver/Joyeux Noël (Canusa) C-338
1968 Les petites choses/Rien d’autre (Canusa) C-355
1969 Reviens/Une raison pour te croire (Canusa) C-392
1969 Attends-moi je reviens (Canusa) CT-35048

with ROMAN AND ZE BON BON BAND
1980
If You Do It To Me/Soho Rider (Plastic Poison) MRCX-5010

Albums
1964
Monsieur yé-yé (Métro) M-9041
1965 Hommage à Gilbert Bécaud (Trans-Canada) TCA-78
1965 Doo Wah Diddy Diddy (Jupiter) JDY-7000
1967 Hanky panky (Jupiter) JPL-11007
1967 Tony Roman (Canusa) CLJ-33-102
1968 Un réveillon chez la famille Canusa (Canusa) CLJ-33-111
1968 Fleur d’amour, fleur d’amitié (Canusa) CLJ-33-602
1969 Tony Roman en spectacle (Canusa) CLJ-33-604
1970 Tony Roman (Budget Musique) BM.9022
1970 Le palmarès de Tony Roman (Trans-Canada/TC Maximum) TCM-912
2000 Do Wah Diddy Diddy (Mérite) 22-1114
2009 C’est fou mais c’est tout (Musicor) MUPSCD-6374

Compilation Tracks
with TONY ROMAN & NANETTE WORKMAN
1987
“Medley Tony et Nanette” on ‘Escale à Memphis’ (Les Disques #1) NO-1851


ROQ
Rob Watkins (vocals, bass) / Tom Harpell (guitar) / Duncan Holt (drums)
From Amherstview, Ontario, Roq were signed to Access Record Productions in 1985. Through some contacts at CHUM Ltd. in Toronto, the band managed to get major airplay for their debut, and only, single “Empty Hall”.

Singles
1985 Empty Hall (Access)


ROSE
Brian Allen (lead vocal, guitar) / Ron Glatley (organ, guitar, vocals) / Gary Lalonde (bass, vocals) / Ian Kenzie (bass, substituted for Lalonde briefly) / Kenny King (drums, percussion, vocals) / James Fox (drums; replaced King)
Teenage friends Brian Allen and Ron Glatley played in various bands in the Barrie, Ontario region throughout the mid-70s. As a core line-up solidified with Lalonde, they became Rose. In a fateful meeting with Ronnie Hawkins during a Toronto show, Hawkins’ manager Milt Brodie took them under his wing. While paying the bills as a cover band on the Southern, Ontario circuit they began demoing original songs at Toronto’s Eastern Sound. Lalonde, who was on hiatus, returned with drummer Ken King and the demos landed them a deal with GAS Records in 1973. Producer John Stewart (Deep Purple, Jon Lord) worked on the band’s debut album, ‘Hooked On A Rose’, which was released later in 1973 featuring the single “All I Really Need”. Despite getting the band distribution in the US with Kama Sutra Records, GAS Records ultimately folded but not before the band managed to wrangle the rights to the album back allowing them to sell the LPs themselves. They continued honing their original songs at Eastern Sound, breaking in Rochester, New York native James Fox (drums) and winning over audiences on the club circuit. After shopping their demos extensively they finally signed a deal with Polydor in the fall of 1976. Their sophomore album, ‘A Taste Of Neptune’, was produced by Fraser Kaufman and Rose at Phase One Studio in Scarborough, Ontario. The album was released in early 1977. Moderate sales and the release of the single “Aquarian”, allowed the band to tour across Canada for most of 1977.  Immediately after coming off the road in the Fall of 1977, the band returned to the studio with Fraser Kaufman to polish up song ideas lingering from the previous records. Pressure from Polydor to produce a hit led to a duet between Brian Allen and Annie Woods (Sass/Gambler) to sweeten the first single called “Johnny Law”. The album was well received but a lack-lustre showing at radio for “Johnny Law” and Polydor’s failure to get them distribution stateside led to the band being dropped following another national tour in early 1978. Allen and Fox called up Annie Woods (who had changed her name to Holly), and Fox’s former Rochester musician friends Nick Costello and Scott Kreyer, plus Allen’s girfriend guitarist Sheron Alton and formed Toronto who would sweep the Canadian charts from 1980-1984; Lalonde made a brief appearance as a member of Toronto before joining Honeymoon Suite; Allen became A & R director for Attic Records and would also produce such acts as Lee Aaron, Haywire, The Nylons & Zappacosta. He now runs AMPLUS Productions. with notes from Brian Allen, Jim Fox, and Gary Lalonde.[also see TORONTO]

Singles
1973 All I Really Need (GAS/Avenue of America)
1977 Aquarian/Yet It Follows Me Still (Polydor) 2065-356
1977 Johnny Law/ (Polydor)

Albums
1973 Hooked On a Rose (GAS/Avenue of America) GLP-2002
1977 A Taste Of Neptune (Polydor) 2424-136
1977 Judgement Day (Polydor) 2424-168


ROSSI, Walter
Walter Rossi was born in Mignano, Italy. After leaving his previous band, Wilson Pickett’s The SoulMates, Rossi joined Montreal based band Influence in 1967. They played around Montréal starting in the Spring of 1967, then went to Yorkville in Toronto and played a house gig at one of the more popular venues there until September that year. They recorded their self-titled album in New York in the Fall of 1967 with an eventual release in early 1968. Despite their popularity touring in Toronto, Montréal and New York the album failed to catch fire and the band split up. Rossi would go on to join Buddy Miles Express briefly before going to Luke And The Apostles (1970-71), Charlee (1972) and The Bombers (1978) and finally branching off into studio work (Nanette Workman) and a successful solo career. with notes from Ray Methos and Nick Warburton. [also see INFLUENCE, CHARLEE]

Singles
1976 Woman Sweet Woman (Aquarius) AQS-5062
1976 Chasing Rainbows (Radio Edit)/[same] (Aquarius) AQS-5064
1976 Chasing Rainbows/Dance With Me (Aquarius) AQS-5065
1977 Mediterranean Romance/Strata del Sol (Aquarius) AQS-5077
1978 Slowdown Slowdown/Proudest In the Land (Aquarius) AQS-5080
1979 Ride the Wind/Soldiers In the Night (Aquarius) AQS-5085
1980 Sniffin’ The Breeze, Feelin’ The Freeze/13 Steps to Heaven (Aquarius) AQS-5090
1980 Down By The Waterfront (Edit)/Down By the Waterfront (LP Version) (Aquarius) AQS-5093
1980 High Stakes (For Your Love)/Sil-O-What (Aquarius) AQS-5095
1984 Liar/Too Bad So Sad (Les Discs Image) 7-MAG-700

with THE BOMBERS
1978
The Mexican/Dance Dance Dance (Telson) AFT-1001
1979 (EVerybody) Get Dancin’ (Telson) AFT-1003
1979 Let’s Dance/Shake (West End) WES-22119
1979 Pistolo/Disco Galaxy (RCA/Victor) PB-8412

Albums
1976 Walter Rossi (Aquarius) AQR-514
1978 Six Strings Nine Lives (Aquarius) AQR-519
1979 Wizzard [aka ‘Charlee’] (Heavy Sound – SWEDEN) HSLP-1
1980 Diamonds For the Kid (Aquarius)  AQR-526
1981 Picks (Aquarius) AQR-531
1984 One Foot In Heaven, One Foot In Hell (Les Discs Image) AGE-2000
1990 Over 60 Minutes With… (Aquarius/Capitol)
2001 All The Best (Aquarius) AQR-556
2004 Intimate Session Volume 1: Secret Sins

with THE BOMBERS
1978 The Bombers (Telson) AF.2506
1979 The Bombers 2 (Telson) AF.2509


ROUGH TRADE
Carole Pope (lead vocals) / Kevan Staples (guitar) / Joanne Brooks (backup vocals) / Rick Graton (drums) / Happy Roderman (bass) / John Lang (keyboards) / Marv Kanarek (percussion) / Sharon Smith (piano; replaced Lang)  / John Cessine (percussion; replaced) / Bucky Burger (drums; replaced Graton) / Terry Watkins (bass; replaced Roderman) / Tony Springer (guitar)
From their meeting at Cedarbrae High School in Scarborough, Ontario, singer Carole Pope and guitarist Kevan Staples began working together as a musical team. In 1968 they worked as a duo in the coffeehouses of Yorkville creating an aggressive brand of bawdy music that would be the precursor to their next career makeover in 1970 as ‘O’ (named after the book ‘The Story Of O’) and as the sexually charged Bullwhip Brothers in 1971. As the duo gained notoriety with their combination of pop and sexual politics they began to investigate a full band scenario and by 1975 had formed Rough Trade as a rock and roll version of S & M. With regular gigs at Grossman’s on Spadina in Toronto (the only bar that would have them), they began attracting a following from a bizarre cast of social groups ranging from gays, lesbians, performance artists and ‘left wing’ radicals. However, landing a record deal would not be easy but in 1976, the group caught the attention of Guess Who producer Jack Richardson who experimenting with a new direct-to-disc recording technique and recorded the band ‘live’ without the benefit of a master tape for Umbrella Records (a similar album was later recorded for Toronto band FM). By 1980 they had finalized the band’s line-up with Terry Watkins (bass) and Bucky Burger (drums) which culminated in a record deal with Bernie Finkelstein’s True North Records. That same year they released the controversial LP ‘Avoid Freud’ which featured the single “Fashion Victim” and too naughty for radio “High School Confidential” which ended up having segments cut out or bleeped by radio programmers. The album went platinum and between touring and recording their follow-up album they were able to record the song “Shakedown” for the movie ‘Cruising’. Their return, ‘For Those Who Think Young’ (1981), was met with critical success and the record sold considerably on a handful of radio accessible singles this time out. ‘Shaking The Foundations’ (1982) followed and Rough Trade was beginning to taste the sweet fruits of success. Carole Pope won a JUNO Award for ‘Best Female Vocalist’. They did an opening slot for David Bowie’s Canadian leg of the ‘Serious Moonlight’ tour in 1983 and managed to land a Pepsi Cola commercial spot, a la Michael Jackson, for the Canadian TV market (subsequently the advertisement would be pulled after fellow Canadian musician Nash The Slash sued Pepsi for stealing his image for the ad). 1984’s Terry Brown produced ‘O Tempora! O Mores!’ (Latin for Oh, The Times! Oh, The Manners!) featured the single “Sexual Outlaw” and a helping hand from sidemen Jorn Anderson (drums), Howard Ayee and David Piltch. The album was nominated in CFNY-FM’S U-KNOW Awards for ‘Best Album Art’, ‘Group of The Year’, and ‘Female Vocalist Of The Year’ (Carole Pope). But the times were changing and what had once been cutting edge and risque on the New Wave front had been replaced by the video age and Carole Pope’s ‘bitch goddess’ image was beginning to wear thin on the less tolerant politically correct urban music scene. Rough Trade split up in 1986 following a ‘Best of’ which paved the way for Carole Pope’s coming out as a solo performer. with notes from CAROLE POPE. [also see CAROLE POPE]

Singles
1979 Shakedown/[same] (Columbia/CBS) C4-4245
1980
Fashion Victim/What’s The Furor About The Fuhrer? (True North) TN4-157
1981 High School Confidential/Grade B Movie (True North) TN4-159
1981 High School Confidential/High School Confidential (Edited Version)//Weapons/Paisley Generation [12”] (True North) 12-TN4-159
1981 It’s a Jungle/Lie Back Let Me Do Everything (True North) TN4-162
1981 I Want To Live/Numero Fatale/The Sacred & The Profane [12”] (True North) TN-51
1981 All Touch/The Sacred & The Profane (Boardwalk – US) NB-111677
1981 All Touch/Baptism of Fire (True North) TN4-165
1981 Bodies In Collision/Blood Lust (True North) TN4-170
1981 For Those Who Think Young/Attitude (True North) TN4-171
1982 Crimes Of Passion/Endless Night (True North) TN4-175
1982 Shaking The Fundations/Vertigo (True North) TN4-179
1982 America Bad and Beautiful/Kiss Me Deadly (True North) TN4-181
1983 Weapons/Paisley Generation (True North) TN4-183
1983 Deca-dance/Lifeline (True North) TN4-185
1983 Deca-dance/All Touch [12”] (True North) TN-56
1983 Territorial/If You Want It (True North) TN4-187
1984 Sexual Outlaw/Tied-Up (True North) TN4-192
1984 On The Line/Evolution (True North) TN4-194
1984 Rescue Me/Aphrodisiac (True North) TN4-198
1984 Rescue Me (Extended Mix) [12”] (True North) TN-61
1985 Birds of a Feather/Race Music (True North) TN4-202
1985 Birds of a Feather [12” EP] (True North) 12CDN-215

Albums
1976 Rough Trade Live! Direct To Disc (Umbrella) UMB-DD1
1980 Avoid Freud (True North) TN-43
1981 For Those Who Think Young (True North) TN-48
1982 Shaking The Foundations (True North) TN-50
1983 Weapons (True North) TN-55
1984 O Tempora!, O Mores! (True North) TN-58
1985 Birds Of A Feather – The Best Of Rough Trade (True North) TN-64
1985 Roughest Trade (Columbia – UK)


ROX BAND
Dobson
/ Westlake / Jim Rice / Scott Rogers / Dan Rydlweski (replaced Rice) / Michael Leggat (keyboards; replaced Rydlewski)
Dobson, Westlake and Rice had been in Liverpool, Nova Scotia bad Sandy Road. With the addition of Scott Rogers from Halifax, they became Rox Band in September 1978. The band spent the next 6 months performing all over the Maritimes before Rice left in April 1979 to join Titan. The group carried on as a three-piece before adding Dan Rydlweski. This version of the band recorded the album ‘A Matter of Time’ in 1984. The band played its final show on New Year’s Eve 1987; in 1992 Dobson, Westlake and Rogers reunited for several shows. with notes from Jim Rice.

Albums
1984
A Matter of Time (Great Big Rox) RB-1001


ROX, Robbie
Born: Rob Theodore in Timmins, Ontario
Timmins born Robbie Rox moved to Toronto to finish is post-secondary education at York University. He always wanted to perform and ended up setting up shop in Rimouski, Québec where in 1970 – armed only with pajamas and an acoustic guitar he fashioned himself two 30 minute sets of music to perform. This led to an opening spots for Gentle Giant and Mitch Ryder & The Detroit Wheels. In 1973 he returned to Toronto and continued the same show with his John Hobbs. A few rehearsals later with Rox singing and playing acoustic guitar accompanied by Hobbs on acoustic guitar, they formed The Robbie Rox Band. They rented a house in Toronto’s west end and began rehearsing songs in anticipation of recording their first demo. With the assistance of Brian Guy they were introduced to the management company H.P. and Bell (Hoffert, Prokop and Bell). The demo was recorded at Toronto’s Thunder Sound Studios in 1974. With tape in hand H.P. and Bell were able to get The Robbie Rox band booked professionally beginning with shows at Yonge Station in Toronto. They were then sent west that Fall starting in Thunder Bay and ending in Edmonton, Alberta. The band continued touring and went east in 1975 from New Brunswick to P.E.I. But, following the East Coast tour the band was dissolved. After some careful consideration, and collaboration, Rox started his first Horn Band in the summer of 1975. They played constantly for three years performing at legendary clubs around Toronto such as The El Mocambo, The Colonial, The Midwich Cuckoo and Larry’s Hideaway. In 1978 Rox, now calling himself “Glabrous Headed Rox”, was accompanied by the Horn Band to record the first LP entitle ‘Construction Site’. Also in 1978, Rox started the Catso, Porco, Rozzo Band who performed many times at The Edge. A second solo album followed in 1979 entitled ‘Raw’.  In 1980, Robbie Rox was signed by Quality Records and released the ‘Do What I Do’ album. Rox continued to reformat his backing bands and released the EP ‘Man Need Woman’.  After another reconfiguration the act the next year Rox released ‘Ghost Culture’ in 1982. By 1984 he was fronting Robbie Rox and The Monster Horn Band which managed to stay busy for three years playing in and around Toronto at such venues as The El Mocambo, The Horseshoe, Larry’s Hideaway, and the Diamond Club. Rox also contributed thematic songs and compositions with arranger Jeff Goodspeed and put together the musical  ‘Ever Been to Sea, Billy?’ The show was well received and played at The Phoenix Theatre in Toronto. Rox then reconstituted his band and called it Cazzotto who performed around Toronto for a number of years. Then, in the early 1990’s, Robbie Rox reconnected with musicians from his very first 1970’s band and created Robbie Rox & The Rude Band. The band remained intact for 10 years and has recorded two CDs – ‘Once the Head’s Blown Off’ (1995) and ‘The Big Screw’ (1997). In 2000 Rox organized a Monster Horn Band reunion at the Silver Dollar Tavern in Toronto. The reunion was so successful they remained together to record ‘Earl Owns the World’ in 2003.

Singles
1976 Doomed To a Catchy Tune/World Thank You Please

Albums
1978
Construction Site (Bent) WRC1-1423
1979 Raw (Bent) WRC1-1662
1980 Do What I Do (Quality) SV-2069
1981 Man Need Woman (Rosehill) EP-2000
1982 Ghost Culture (Rosehill) RHLP-2001
2001 Radio Hits (Rox)
2012 Greatest Hits

with ROBBIE ROX AND THE RUDE BAND
1995
Once the Head’s Blown Off (Slip Disc) SDCD-001
1997 The Big Screw (Iridescent) EM-001

with ROBBIE ROX & THE MONSTER HORN BAND
2003 Earl Owns the World (Iridescent) 2003-001


ROXSLYDE
Dave Cox
(vocals, guitar) / Brian Weafer (guitars, vocals) / Rob Rohac (vocals, keyboards, bass) / Kirk Roby (drums)
From Edmonton, Alberta

Singles
1976
Do It Again/Badalac (Mustard) M-1000
1980 Morning Light/Sugar Ray (Maple Haze) MH-7772

Albums
1981
Take One (Airborne) M-QU73


ROXY LANE
Rick Menary
(vocals) / Chris Calderbank (guitars) / Steve Grimes (guitars) / Dean Oelkers (bass) / Paul Corscadden (drums)
From Calgary, Alberta. Corscadden was a transplanted musician from Toronto. The album was re-issued on CD by US label Restrospect Records in 2005

Albums
1991
Roxy Lane (independent)


ROYAL CROWNS, The
Teddy Fury (vocals, drums) / Danny Bentley (guitar) / Jason Adams (bass; 2010)
In 1986 Teddy Fury was playing with recording/touring act The Bopcats upstairs at The Hotel Isabella in Toronto when, between sets, he popped downstairs to check out a band he’d never heard of called The Thrashers. Fury was impressed with guitarist Danny Bentley’s guitar licks and following the collapse of The Bopcats and Bentley’s next band, The Razorbacks,  in the summer of 1990, The Royal Crowns (originally as a four-piece) was born. That year the band’s critically acclaimed first album ‘32 Miles from Memphis’ made the National Post’s ‘Top Canadian Albums of All Time’ and landed them an on-screen appearance as the featured band in the Disney channel movie ‘Mom’s Got a Date with a Vampire’ where they performed three songs. The Royal Crowns quickly grew their reputation for a great live show. Over the years they’ve been joined on stage by the likes of Angus and Malcolm Young of AC/DC, Robert Gordon, Ron Sexsmith, Steve Cropper, Russell DeCarle & Keith Glass of Prairie Oyster, Greg Keelor and James Gray of Blue Rodeo, and New York saxophone great “Blue” Lou Marini to name but a few. After years of continuous gigging, the band returned to the studio and released their second album ‘After Dark’ in 2005. Another five years of rocking the bar scene, and it was time for a change. For their 20th anniversary they became a trio – enlisting American stand-up bass player Jason Adams – and got down to work writing 15 new songs. In the summer of 2011 The Royal Crowns recorded ‘Volume Three’ with producer John Critchley (Dan Mangan/Elliott BROOD) at Green Door Studios in Toronto.

Albums
1990 32 Miles From Memphis
2005 After Dark
2012 Volume III (Maple Music)


ROYAL FAMILY, The [see TROYKA]


RUHNKE, Craig
Born: Craig W. Ruhnke in Toronto, Ontario;
Died: April 14, 2015
After taking piano lessons for 12 years and teaching himself to play guitar, Toronto singer/songwriter Craig Ruhnke joined band Groovin’ Company. During this time he was supplementing his income teaching guitar and trying to make ends meet in the late ’60’s. As an aspiring songwriter Ruhnke was signed by WEA A & R Director John Pozer to a publishing deal with their subsidiary Don Valley Music. He was soon able to get his material recorded by others such as “I’ll Always Love You” recorded by Pinky (led by Lighthouse’s Pinky Dauvin). In 1974 Reprise Records helped him realize his dream of releasing his own material and issued the single “My World”. He was able to secure a more permanent record deal with United Artists later that year who released the hit “Summer Girl” which feature backing instrumentation by country artist Mike Graham. The song charted in Europe, North America and Japan and ended up selling 35,000 copies. Ruhnke released dozens of singles throughout the ’70’s and ’80’s before switching to A & M Records where he had his biggest hit “You’re A Heartbreaker”. Eventually he launched his own Pinnacle Records which made it possible for Ruhnke to continue releasing material through his distributor A & M. His other credits include writing the song “Two Hearts” for The Raes. He has produced a half dozen albums for Canadian Zephyr and has done radio jingles for the likes of Burger King, Grand & Toy and the Bank Of Nova Scotia; Craig Ruhnke died of cancer on April 14, 2015. with notes from Jack Durieux, Al Clarke and Richard Brule.

Singles
1974 My World/I’ll Always Love You (Reprise/Warner Bros.) CR-4022
1974
Summer Girl/Turn the Lights Down Low (United Artists) UAXW-453W
1974 Sweet Feelin’/Baby, We Can Make It (United Artists) UAXW-567X
1974 Baby, We Can Make It/Sweet Feelin’ (United Artists) UAXW-581X
1975 I Need My Woman/Most Peculiar Way (United Artists) UAXW-621X
1975 Surfin’, All Summer Long/You’re the One (United Artists) UAXW-663X
1975 It’s Good To Know/Lonely Man (United Artists) UAXW-749Y
1975 Summer Love/A Single Word (United Artists) UAXW-814Y
1976 Why Don’t You Come Up and See Me Sometime/Make Me Feel the Music (United Artists) UAXW-857Y
1976 Music Man/Block Parents (RCA)
1979 I Need You To Be There/Tomorrow (A & M) AM-486
1980 You’re a Heartbreaker/You and I (A & M) AM-498
1980 Heartache/It Will Take Time (A & M) AM-509
1981 I Can’t Live Without Your Love/Baby Come Back (A & M) AM-527
1982 Baby Blue/My Heart Belongs To You (Seffel) 45-010
1982 Just Like Falling In Love Again/Love’s a Celebration (Seffel) 45-016
1983 You’re All That I Need/You Are My Inspiration (Avalon) AVN-103
1983 Ooh Baby (You’re Drivin’ Me Crazy) (Avalon) AVN-107
1983 Keep the Flame/A Long Time (Avalon) AVN-109
1983 Keep the Flame/True Love (Overseas/Teichiku – JAPAN) YE-24-V
1984 You’re So Beautiful/Somebody To Love (A & M) AM-642
1984 Give Me the Nightime/[same] (A & M) AM-666
1985 Lovin’ Eyes/My Heart Belongs To You (Pinnacle) WRC3-3880
1985 You Got To Believe/I Need You To Be There (Pinnacle) WRC3-4444
1985 Nancy Jane/You Are My Inspiration (Overseas/Teichiku – JAPAN) YE-32-V
1987 A Love Song/A Love Song (Instrumental) (Pinnacle) PR-1008
1988 Dancin’ At Midnight/[same] (Pinnacle) PR-1017
198- Stringtime Part 1 [4 song EP] (Capitol – US) EAP1-890

with THE CRAIG RUHNKE BAND
1978 Wear My Love/Nobody But You (Polydor) 2065-389
1979 It’s Time To Fall In Love/You Make Me Want To Live (Polydor) 2065-400
1979 The First Time/Follow Your Heart (A & M) AM-477
1987 Summer In the Sun/[same] (Pinnacle) PR-1009
1988 Good, Good Times/[same] (Pinnacle) PR-1021

as CRAIG RUNKEY
1981 Reach Out/Only Fools Fall In Love (A & M) AM-536

as CRAIG RUHNKE & CATHY KINSMAN
1982
In the Movies/[CATHY KINSMAN] (Songmaster)  SM-4

Albums
1975 Sweet Feelings (United Artists) UALA-415G
1976 Hot Spell (United Artists) UALA-641G
1981 Reach Out (Irving – Almo) IA-3
1982 Just Like the Old Times (Seffel) SEF-1006
1983 True Love (Teichiku – JAPAN)
1984 Keep the Flame (A & M) SP-9102
1984 Urban Breeze Love (Teichiku – JAPAN)
1992 The Best of Craig Ruhnke (Pinnacle)

with THE CRAIG RUHNKE BAND
1979 Craig Ruhnke Band (Irving – Almo) IA-2


RUSH
Geddy Lee [aka Gary Lee Weinrib] (lead vocals, keyboards, bass) / Alex Lifeson [aka Alexandar Živojinović] (guitars) / Neil Peart (drums; replaced Rutsey 1975) ; Former Members:Jeff Jones (bass, lead vocals; 1968) / John Rutsey (drums; 1968-1974) / Lindy Young (keyboards, rhythm guitar, backing vocals; 1968-1969) / Joey Perna (bass,  lead vocals; 1969) / Mitch Bossi (rhythm guitar, backing vocals; 1971) / Jerry Fielding (drums; April 1974)
In true 1968 fashion Alex Lifeson and Jeff Jones named their band “The” Rush with original drummer John Rutsey playing mostly cover tunes by Led Zeppelin, Iron Butterfly and Cream. Soon they would make their way to the lights of Toronto and set up residence at such bars as The Gasworks, The Running Pump and the old Abbey Road Pub. Jones would leave not long after to join Ocean and was replaced by Geddy Lee in September 1968 to become the band’s permanent bass player (with the exception of three months in 1969 when Joey Perna filled in). The band even tried a keyboard player and a rhythm guitarist briefly until the line up stabilized in 1972 as Lifeson, Lee and Rutsey. Finally Rush (without the definitive article “THE”), signed to Ray Danniels’ fledgling SRO Productions led to their first, self-titled release in 1973 on Moon Records along with a cover version of Buddy Holly’s “Not Fade Away” as the first single. Rutsey would soon leave the band due to poor health and was replaced for a weeks by drummer Jerry Fielding to finish some gig commitments. Enter St. Catharines native Neil Peart who had been drumming in at least half-a-dozen bands in Southern Ontario throughout the ’60s including Mumblin’ Stumblin’ and The Younger Generation (1967), The Majority (1967-1969), David and J.R. Flood (1970), and Hush in 1973. He was brought in not only as Rush’s drummer, but as a songwriter as well. Danniels’ created a new label called Anthem which was named after an Ayn Rand novel and a song Peart wrote for the band’s next album ‘Fly By Night’. Danniels would also re-issue the self-titled first album in 1974. Rush’s direction began to change from a straight ahead 4 chord bar band to cerebral progressive rock entity. Their second album, ‘Fly By Night’, still featured short, commercially accessible songs and they were able to land a deal with Phonogram in the US due to consistent airplay on Cleveland, Ohio radio stations. 1975 saw the more progressive ‘Caress of Steel’ drawing curious reviews from critics, but it was 1976’s Terry Brown produced ‘2112’ that changed not only their outlook on Rush, but at progressive rock in general. The album is generally considered a Canadian progressive milestone (next to Klaatu’s ‘Hope’ and FM’s ‘Black Noise’) and was based on Ayn Rand’s futuristic concepts. It wasn’t until 1977’s ‘A Farewell To Kings’ that Rush began to see the fruits of commercial success with their first charting single, “Closer To The Heart”, which was the beginning of a long string of radio hits with including “Spirit of Radio,” “Limelight,” “Tom Sawyer,” “New World Man,” and “Subdivisions” which defied the critics who believed progressive rock was dead in the 1980’s. Rush’s 25 year commitment to recording and touring has spawned several live albums, including 1998’s ‘Different Stages’ 3-CD set, and their constant input into charitable causes (in the past they would hold annual food drives at Toronto’s Maple Leaf Gardens) has kept the band focused. Rush was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1994; Each of the members has enjoyed outside pursuits: Geddy Lee produced other artists including Boys Brigade and the SCTV inspired ‘Great White North’ album featuring Bob & Doug McKenzie (Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas); Neil Peart has toured the world several times on motorcycle and written several books; and Alex Lifeson has leant his guitar playing to many other acts recordings including the annual Kumbaya Festival and as a solo artist with a project called Victor featuring lead vocals by Dalbello and former I, Mother Earth front man Edwin; Rush has notched up 24 gold and 14 platinum records, the third longest string behind The Beatles and The Rolling Stones. Anthem Records re-issued Rush’s first 15 albums as audiophile re-mastered CDs in 1996 and 1997. In February 1997 all three members of Rush were awarded the Order of Canada. Rush then took a 5 year hiatus following the tragic deaths of Neil Peart’s daughter in a car accident in August 1997 and, a year later, his wife Jacqueline from cancer. The band returned in May 2002 with ‘Vapor Trails’ which began a period of renewal for the group with more original albums, world tours and live CD/DVD packages. Rush was inducted into the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame on March 28, 2010 and received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame the same year. On March 5, 2012, the band was awarded the Governor General’s ‘Performing Arts Awards for Lifetime Artistic Achievement’ in a ceremony in Ottawa, Ontario. In April 2013 Rush was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland.  Neil Peart announced that he was retiring from the music business 2015. On August 1, 2015 Rush played its final show at the Forum in Inglewood, California to end its R40 anniversary tour; John Rutsey died May 11, 2008; On January 7, 2020 Neil Peart succumbed to brain cancer after a three year battle with the disease. [NOTE: The author recommends reading more about Rush in the most complete, and only official, biography on the band entitled ‘Contents Under Pressure: 30 Years of Rush At Home and Away’ by Martin Popoff] . with notes from Gavin Dalton, James Wright, and Dave Weller’s Rush Collectors Resources.

Singles
1973 Not Fade Away/You Can’t Fight It (Moon) MN-001
1974 Finding My Way/Need Some Love (Mercury) M-73623
1974 In the Mood/What You’re Doing (Mercury) M-73647
1975 Fly By Night/Anthem (Mercury) M-13681
1975 Return of the Prince/I Think I’m Going Bald (Mercury) M-73728
1975 Lakeside Park/Bastille Day (Mercury) M-73737
1976 Lessons/The Twilight Zone (Mercury) M-73803
1977 Fly By Night – In the Mood/Something For Nothing (Mercury) M-73873
1977 Making Memories/Temples of Syrinx (Anthem) ANS-001
1977 Closer to the Heart/Bastille Day//Temples of Syrinx/Anthem [12″] (Anthem) RUSH-12
1978 Closer To The Heart/A Farewell To Kings (Anthem) ANS-004
1978 Cinderella Man/A Farewell To Kings (Anthem) ANS-007
1979 Circumstances/The Trees (Anthem) ANS-009
1980 Spirit Of Radio/Circumstances (Anthem) ANS-017
1980 Entre Nous/Different Strings (Anthem) ANS-021
1981 Limelight/YYZ (Anthem) ANS-031
1981 Tom Sawyer/Witch Hunt (Anthem) ANS-034
1981 Tom Sawyer/Red Barchetta//A Passage to Bangkok [12″] (Anthem) EXIT-12
1981 Vital Signs/A Passage to Bangkok//Circumstances/In the Mood [12″] (Anthem)
1981 Closer To The Heart (Live)/Freewill (Live) ANS-039
1982 New World Man/Vital Signs (Live) (Anthem) ANS-046
1982 Subdivisions/Countdown (Anthem) ANS-048
1984 Distant Early Warning/Between The Wheels (Anthem) ANS-057
1984 The Body Electric/Between The Wheels With (Anthem) ANS-059
1984 Red Sector A/Red Lenses (Anthem) ANS-060
1984 Distant Early Warning/Between the Wheels (Anthem) SPE-019
1984 The Body Electric [edit]/The Body Electric [LP version] (Anthem) SPE-022
1985 The Big MoneyRed Sector A (Live) (Anthem) ANS-067
1985 Mystic Rhythms/Emotion Detector (Anthem) ANS-069
1986 Mystic Rhythms/[same] (Anthem) SPE-031
1987 Time Stand Still/High Water (Anthem) ANS-075
1987 Time Stand Still [edited version]/[same] (Anthem) SPE-038
1987 Lock and Key (Anthem) SPE-039
1988 Closer To The Heart (Live )/Witch Hunt (Live) (Anthem) ANS-083
1989 Marathon [Live] (Anthem)
1989 Mission (Anthem) SPE-050
1989 Show Don’t Tell (Anthem) ANCS-001
1990 The Pass (Anthem) PRCD-3165
1990 Superconductor (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-3331
1991 Where’s My Thing? (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-4126
1992 Bravado (Anthem/Atlantic)
1992 Ghost of a Chance/Dreamline (Atlantic – US) A-7491
1992 Roll the Bones/Show Don’t Tell (Atlantic – US) A-7524
1993 Stick It Out (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-5314
1993 Cold Fire (Anthem/Atlantic)
1993 Nobody’s Hero (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-5430
1993 Double Agent (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-5431
1996 Driven (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-8009
1996 Half the World (Anthem/Atlantic)
1996 Test for Echo (Anthem/Atlantic)
1997 Virtuality (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-8139
2002 One Little Victory/Earthshine (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-300857
2002 Secret Touch (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-300863
2002 Sweet Miracle (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-300930
2003 Resist (Live Acoustic Version) (Zoë/Anthem/Atlantic) P1ZOE-1279P
2004 Summertime Blues (Anthem/Atlantic)  PRCD-0301512
2007 Workin’ Them Angels (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-454780
2007 Far Cry (Radio Edit)/Far Cray (Album Version) (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-133692
2007 Spindrift (Radio Edit)/Spindrift (Album Version)  (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-260476
2007 The Larger Bowl (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-294844
2010 Caravan/BU2B (Anthem/Atlantic) PRCD-19
2012 The Anarchist (Road runner – UK) [No. cat. #]
2012 Headlong Flight (Radio Edit)/Headlong Flight (Album Version) (Roadrunner – GER) PRO-16967
2012 The Wreckers (Radio Edit)/The Wreckers (Album Version) (Roadrunner – GER) PRO-16978
2013 The Garden (Studio Version)/The Garden (Live Version) (Anthem/Roadrunner – US) 1686-135427

Albums

1973 Rush (Moon) MN-100
1974 Rush [re-issue] (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1001
1975 Fly By Night (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1002
1975 Caress of Steel (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1003
1976 2112 (Anthem/Mercury)  ANR-1-1004
1976 All the World’s A Stage [2LP] (Anthem/Mercury)  ANR-2-1005
1977 Rush Through Time (Mercury – US) 6337-171
1977 A Farewell To Kings (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1010
1977 Archives (Anthem/Mercury)  ANR-1-1013
1978 Hemispheres (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1014
1980 Permanent Waves (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1021
1981 Moving Pictures (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1030
1981 Exit…Stage Left (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-4-1035
1982 Signals (Anthem/Mercury)  ANR-1-1038
1984 Grace Under Pressure (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1035
1985 Power Windows (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1049
1987 Hold Your Fire (Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1051
1989 A Show of Hands [Live](Anthem/Mercury) ANR-1-1055
1989 Presto (Anthem/Atlantic) ANR-1-1059
1990 Chronicles [2 CD] (Anthem/Mercury) AN2K-1060
1991 Roll the Bones (Anthem/Atlantic) ANMD-1064
1993 Counterparts (Anthem/Atlantic) ANMD-1067
1996 Test For Echo (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSD-1073
1997 Retrospective 1: 1974-1980 (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSSD-1087
1997 Retrospective 2: 1981-1987 (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSSD-1088
1998 Different Stages [3 CD – Live] (Anthem/Atlantic) AND3-1092
2002 Vapor Trails (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSD-1096
2003 The Spirit of Radio: Greatest Hits 1974-1987 (Anthem) ANSD-1097
2003 Rush In Rio (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSD-2000
2004 Feedback [EP] (Anthem/Atlantic) ANSD-2001
2006 Gold (Anthem) 66825-20082
2007 Snakes & Arrows (Anthem/Atlantic)
ANSD-2012
2008 Snakes & Arrows – Live (Anthem/Atlantic) 66825-20492
2009 Retrospective 3 (Anthem/Atlantic) 66825-20772
2009 Working Men (Anthem/Atlantic) 66825-21242
2009 Grace Under Pressure 1984 Tour (Anthem/Mercury) B00-13252
2010 Time Stands Still: Collection (Spectrum – UK) SPEC-2035
2010 Icon (Mercury) B00-14654
2011 Moving Pictures: Live 2011 (Anthem/Road Runner) 1686-176601
2011 Time Machine: Live in Cleveland 2011 (Anthem) 66825-21612
2011 Sector 1 (Anthem) ST-01
2011 Sector 2 (Anthem) ST-02
2011 Sector 3 (Anthem) ST-03
2011 Icon 2 (Mercury) B00-15674
2012 Clockwork Angels (Anthem/Atlantic)  66825-21722
2013 Clockwork Angels Tour (Roadrunner – US)  RR-7598
2013 The Studio Albums: 1989-2007 (Anthem)
2015 R40 Live (Anthem) 66825-22942


RUSK, Harry
Born: Harry Etsuka on July 5, 1937 in Khantah River, British Columbia
Rusk, a Slavy native Canadian, contracted tuberculosis in 1949 and was hospitalized in Edmonton. In 1952 country singer Hank Snow came to visit and inspired Rusk to pursue country music. Rusk recovered from his illness and was released from the hospital in 1953. After Hank’s visit, Harry’s mother sent him an old guitar she had bought by selling her hand sewn moosehide slippers and moccasins. Harry would play Hank Snow records on the family gramophone, learning to sing and play every song. Despite a lack of support from everyone but his mother, Harry was determined to make music his career.  Sadly, his mother would succumb to TB later that year. In Fort Nelson, Harry hosted a country music radio show on CHFN called “Country Time With Harry Rusk”, and his Harry Rusk Dance Band played locally from 1955 to 1963. He also joined the Royal Ordinance Corps of the Canadian Army, at the Maskwa Garrison near Fort Nelson, and later in Vancouver. He played with several major bands in Vancouver until 1964 but in 1965, he decided to move to Edmonton where he started working immediately as lead guitarist for Jimmy Arthur Ordge until he could get his own career off the ground. In 1966, while watching ‘The Noon Show’ on CFRN TV, he called the show’s producer, Gaby Haas, to see about performing on the show. After joining the Musicians’ Union, Haas let him appear and he became a regular guest on ‘The Noon Show’ as well as appearing on ‘Lil’ Ole Opry’ in Edmonton. These appearances led to steady work across the country with appearances for him and his band Harry Rusk and the Trade Winds on ‘The Chuck Wagon Show’, CTV’s ‘Country Music Hall of Fame’ in Toronto, CBC Halifax’s ‘Don Messer Show’ and ‘Country Time’.  Rusk also performed on everal Christmas Specials for ITV In Edmonton. His recording career began in 1967 at Joe Kozak’s Studio in Edmonton. Rusk recorded more than 50 albums and sold in excess of two million records in his career. Harry would meet Hank Snow again in 1969 while Han was in Calgary for a show. They exchanged phone numbers and Rusk sent his recordings to Snow each time he released a new record. In June of 1972 Snow called him to invite him down to Nashville to perform with Ernest Tubbs at the Grand Ole Opry. It was an auspicious occasion as Harry Rusk became the first First Nations native to perform at the Opry. Rusk would then record two songs with Hank Snow and The Rainbow Ranch Boys backing him up at Snow’s recording studio.  Harry Rusk continued to play the Grand Ole Opry from 1972 to 1994 and he appeared on Nashville’s ‘Fan Fare Show’ which was sponsored by the Grand Ole Opry and its radio Station WSM. A documentary based on Rusk’s life called “Beyond the Bend of the River” was released in 1986. Rusk wrote a book about his life in 1999 called “Beyond the Bend of the River: Complete Life Story of Harry Rusk from the Trapline to Nashville.” In 2014, Harry played guitar on an album with the surviving members of Hank Snow’s Rainbow Ranch Boys called “Harry Rusk Plays Guitar,” which was nominated in 2015 for “CD Of The Year” by the Traditional Country Music Association of America. Rusk became an ordained minister in the 1990s and still performs live.

Singles
1967
My Northern Memories/Old Log Cabin For Sale (Apex) 77062
1968 Rose of Mexico/Don’t Sing Aloha (Apex) 77088
1969 Fallin’ Leaf/Pineville County Jail (Apex) 77099
1970 Diggin’ For Gold/Little Rosa (Dominion) 107
1972 A Big Man/Let Me Hold Your Hands Before We Say Goodbye (Dominion) 122
1973 Cinderella Girl/But You Love Me Daddy (Dominion) 163
1973 The Redman and the Train/Walk In My Moccasins (London) M-17429
1976 Pretty Mary/Why Me Lord (Maple Haze) MH-7601
1978 Remember I’ll Always Love You/He Touched Me (Mytown) MS-3614

Albums
1966 The Country Favourites of Harry Rusk (Point) P-288
1967 My Northern Memories (Point) P-317
1968 Rose of Mexico (Point) P-341
1969 The Friendly Giant (CBC) LM-65
1970 Canadian Country Hits with Harry Rusk (Dominion) LPS-48503
1971 The Friendly Giant [re-issue] (Dominion) LPS-48505
1978 From the Trapline To Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry (Mytown) MS-78569


RUSK, John [see PATRICK ZABÉ]


RUSSELL, Benjamin
Born in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Benjamin Russell found success after moving to Montreal, Québec. Russell initially released ‘Steppin’ Out’ in 1976 and moved through many genres including a punk record, ‘Madman’, in 1979, a children’s album in 1982, and a pop oriented self-titled album from 1984 that produced by Tony Green for his TGO label. Russell’s 2004 release, ‘Half Ton Truck’, was a country release.

Singles
1981
Who Shot John Lennon/Broken Hearted Lovers (Bar None) BN-001
1982
Silent Cheer/Gotta Try Again (Attic) AT-900
1984 Miracle/Big Rap Attack (TGO) TGS-1009
1984 Power of Love/Rock It (TGO) TGS-1014
1984 One Love/Orphans (TGO) TGS-1019

Albums
1976
Steppin’ Out
1979
Madman
1981
Notes from the Underground
1982
Cool Kids (Attic) KAT-3001
1983 Rock Steady
1984 Benjamin Russell (TGO) TGLP-001
1989 Life In the Ice Age (TCBE)
1990 Blue Café (TCBE)
1993 Gentle Man (TCBE)
1996 Comin’ Thru (TCBE)
1998 Seeing Trails (TCBE)
1999 Wheels of Change (TCBE)
2000 History (TCBE)
2004 Half Ton Truck (TCBE)
2010 Rockhill (TCBE)


RUTTER, John
Hamilton’s John Rutter performed around Toronto in the mid-60s under the name Johnny Rhythm with his band The Audios featuring bass player Pete Traynor and guitarist Robbie Robertson moonlighting from his gig with Ronnie Hawkins. In fact, the Audios occasionally backed Hawkins. Rutter released one rockabilly single on the REO label entitled “Wouldn’t It Be Nice”. Rutter’s relationship with Hawkins led to his eventual inclusion as percussionist in Ronnie Hawkins And Many Others as well as King Biscuit Boy and Crowbar. His own pop song writing allowed Crowbar to record his tune “The Prince of Peace” under the pseudonym Rip Van Winkle. He left Crowbar around the time of the recording of their ‘Bad Manors’ LP to return to his solo career. Rutter was signed to the Modern Tape Cartridge Corporation record label in 1970 through Frank Davies’ LOVE Productions. His first single, “Jesus She Is Leaving” caused a bit of a stir at radio as some music programmers objected to the words ‘Jesus’ and ‘Christ’ in the lyrics. The label quickly re-cut the vocal track to exclude the decidedly ‘blasphemous’ references and re-issued the song to radio in the very first, ever, full colour 7″ picture sleeve by a label in Canada. That year Rutter also co-wrote the song “Band Bandit” with Al Manning for his own band Tundra. The song barely charted but was re-recorded in 1979 by Paul Clinch for a single on Attic Records. Rutter now lives in Richmond Hill and has appeared in at least one Harvey’s Hamburgers commercials. with notes from Roly Greenway and Frank Davies. [also see CROWBAR]

Singles
as JOHNNY RHYTHM (AND THE AUDIOS)
1961 Wouldn’t It Be Nice/This Is It (REO) 8570

as JOHN RUTTER with CROWBAR
1970 Jesus She Is Leaving/Mother (Modern Tape) MTCC-1005

with KING BISCUIT BOY AND CROWBAR
1970 Corrina, Corrina/Cookin’ Little Baby (Daffodil) DFS-1001

with BLAKE FORDHAM (aka KELLY JAY)
1970 Uncle Pen/Roberta (London) M-17385

with RIP VAN WINKLE

1971 Prince of Peace/Prince of Peace (Instrumental) (Daffodil) DFS-1004


RUZICKA, Bob
Born: Thorsby, Alberta
Bob Ruzicka was a singer, songwriter, and children’s dentist from northern Alberta, who was familiar in the early 1970’s not only for his records but for his appearances on Peter Gzowski’s CBC radio show ‘This Country In The Morning’. He also appeared on a summer television series, ‘Homemade Jam’, before he graduated to his own show, ‘Ruzicka’, which was produced in Edmonton. The show lasted from January to April 1972.

Singles
1972 Storm Warning/My Old Daddy Was a Country Mother (Signpost) SPS-70003
1972 Down And Losing/She Makes It Happen (Signpost) SPS-70007
1973 Lately Love/Moondog Marty and Rosie Insane (MCA) MCA-40049
1973 Cardboard Cowboys/Thank God He’s a Stranger (MCA) MCA-40122
1974 Sunshine Lady/Time’s Run Out On You (RCA/Victor) PB-50016
1975 Midnight Blue/Rodeo Red (RCA/Victor) PB-50090
1977 Everybody’d Love To Know/No Place To Hide (RCA/Victor) PB-50336
1980 Golden Oldie/[same] (Mustard) M-126
1981 Can’t Remember Can’t Forget/Guilty Times (Mustard) M-128
1982 Skin and Bones/Loose Talk (Mustard) M-142

Albums
1972 What the World’s All About (Signpost) SP-8403
1973 Cold Hands, Warm Heart (MCA) MCA-319
1973 Soft Rocker (MCA) MCA-375
1975 Dude (RCA) KPL1-0073
1976 Fresh Tracks (RCA) KFL1-0199
1979 Landfall (Mustard) M-1002
1982 Loose Talk (Damon/Mustard) M-1006


RYAN, Allan J.
Growing up playing music most of his life. Ryan’s first taste of stardom was when he released a novelty single on Capitol Records in 1968 called “PM Pierre” about then Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Later he would sign to Columbia Records in Canada as a solo artists. His debut album in 1970 was ‘For You To Know Me’ which featured the single “True FineVirginia” b/w “Be My Friend”. Ryn gave up performing in 1973and enrolled at Brandon University to study Aboriginal culture. He graduated in 1975. Ryan wrote the book on native humour entitled ‘The Trixter Fix’.

Singles
1968
PM Pierre/Judy Lamarshmallow Doll (Capitol) 72545
1970 For You To Know Me/I’m Going to University When I Die (Columbia) C4-2945
1970
True FineVirginia/Be My Friend (Columbia) C4-2961
1982 Thoughts of You [w/Elaine Overholt]/My Canadian Maid (Haida Moon)  HM-4506

Album
1970
For You To Know Me (Columbia) ELS-368
1982 But What Does He Do? (Haida Moon) HM-2804


RYAN, Nancy
Nancy Ryan is a country singer from Waterloo, Ontario who initially got signed in 1965 to Borda Records (distributed in Canada by Sparton). She would finally achieve radio play with her third single, on Arpeggio Records, “I Can’t Stand To See a Good Man Cry” which peaked at #73 on the RPM Magazine Country Singles chart on June 30, 1973. She would return to the charts in 1978 with a cross-over hit “I’d Be Lying” which peaked on the RPM Magazine Adult Contemporary Top 50 chart at #37 December 23, 1978 and on the RPM Magazine Country Top 75 chart at #35 on January 13, 1979. She would carry on in 1979 with “Every Now and Then” on the RPM Magazine Country Top 75 chart which peaked at #47 on July 14, 1979. Her last charting single was “Cherokee Bend” which entered the RPM Magazine Country Top 75 at #54 on December 22, 1979 and peaked on January 14, 1980 at #41.

Singles
1965 I Told Her/The Trouble (Sparton) 1375R
1972 I Woke Up Crying In My Sleep/If There’s A Better Way To Tell Me (Arpeggio/RCA)
ARPS-1005
1973 I Can’t Stand To See a Good Man Cry/Polar Bear Special (Arpeggio/RCA)
ARPS-1020
1975 I Love You More/Share Him With Me (Shannon/RCA) S-827
1976 Make Me Your Woman/Glad I Waited Just For You (Shannon/RCA) S-837
1976 Glad I Waited Just For You/I’ll Love  You More (London – UK) HLD-10522
1978
Cherokee Bend/Summer Fun (Waterloo)
1978 You’re Sorry/Every Now & Then (Waterloo)
1978 I’d Be Lying/I’ll Always Be Around (Waterloo) WR45-014
1979 Every Now and Then/You’re Sorry (Waterloo) WR45-017
1979 Cherokee Bend (Waterloo) WR45-021
1980 I Won’t Ask/You Know I Know (Waterloo) WR45-022

with NANCY RYAN’S TAKE ONE SINGERS
1980
Run, Terry, Run [English]/Va, Terry, Va [French] (Waterloo) WR45-045

Albums
1978 Rouge (Waterloo) WR-16


RYAN’S FANCY
Denis Ryan (vocals, fiddle, tin whistle) / Fergus O’Byrne (vocals, piano, banjo, guitar, mandolin, bodhran) / Dermot O’Reilly (vocals, guitar, mandolin, bodhran) / James Keane (accordion) / Allister MacGillivray (guitar, vocals)
Originally known as Sullivan’s Gypsies (Fergus O’Byrne, Dermot O’Reilly, Don Sullivan, Garrett Kavanagh) back in their homeland of Ireland, the core of the group relocated to St. John’s, Newfoundland in 1971 and changed their name to Ryan’s Fancy (a song taken from their self-titled ‘Sullivan’s Gypsies’ LP). The band began recording in the early 1970’s and became popular as folk heroes in the Maritimes and became stars of television with two separate TV series: Their own syndicated series called ‘Ryan’s Fancy’ (January 1972 to April 1972) and the pub-styled ‘Tommy Makem And Ryan’s Fancy’ (July to September 1974). Plus, in 1980, they starred and performed in the CBC-TV movie ‘Pirate’s Gold’. Other TV appearances of note include the CBC TV specials ‘Christmas At King’s Landing’, ‘All On A Summer’s Day’ and guest appearances on Denny Doherty’s 1978 program ‘Denny’s Sho*’ and a number of separate appearances on the variety show ‘Canadian Express’ (from September 1977 to September 1980). In 1980, American James Keane relocated to Halifax, Nova Scotia and was added to the instrumental side Ryan’s Fancy until the band broke up in 1982/83 after 14 years and as many albums.  Ryan became a stockbroker and founder of Cape Breton’s Highland Brewery and vice-president for marketing of Altamira Management Ltd. In May of 1997 Denis Ryan participated in the ‘Magic Music Expo Limerick ’97’ as part of the 800th Anniversary of the Irish town of Limerick. His effort was known as “An Irish Canadian Kitchen Party Featuring Denis Ryan” and was a showcase of Irish Canadian folk acts. Ryan has recorded 13 solo albums and has been the host of CBC TV music show ‘Up On the Roof’. O’Byrne graduated from Memorial University of Newfoundland with a degree in Education in 1987. Since then he has developed and produced a program of songs, stories and slides exploring the connection between Ireland and Newfoundland. For many years the program has toured schools throughout the Atlantic Provinces. He has also contributed to the Newfoundland School Curriculum for Music at the intermediate level. In 1992, O’Byrne performed a Canada Day concert at the Canadian Consulate in Hong Kong as a member of the trio Russell, Joyce & O’Byrne. He was invited by the Cultural Institute of Michoacan to perform in Morelia, Mexico in November, 1994, and he has toured in the US with his highly acclaimed band Tickle Harbour. He plays banjo, guitar, concertina, bodhran, mandolin and tin whistle. From 1994 to 1997, O’Byrne served on the Board of Directors of the St. John’s Folk Arts Council, where he played an active role in producing special events featuring the song, stories, music and dance traditions of Newfoundland. He also served on the programming committee of the Newfoundland and Labrador Folk Festival in St. John’s, the province’s longest running and largest folk festival. In April 1995 he was featured in The Stan Rogers Tribute in Halifax, Nova Scotia, which became part of a national CBC television broadcast and compilation CD, released in the summer of 1996. He continues to perform with Jim Payne and is a member of the legendary band, Tickle Harbour, whose most recent release, ‘Battery Included’, won several awards. O’Byrne also gives private lessons in bodhran and banjo. Dermot O’Reilly has also continued on as a solo folksinger of considerable note and has done production for other acts including a solo release by Derek Harrington in 1991; James Keane returned to the US for a very successful solo career. with notes from Grainne O’Reilly, and Colin Cox.

Singles
1977 I Followed Her Into the West/Reels (RCA) PB-50321
1979 Mist Upon A Morning (Boot) BTX-245
1980 Candlelight and Wine/Children’s Winter (Boot) BTX-297

as SULLIVAN’S GYPSIES
1970
Set Ulster Free/The West’s Awake (Columbia) C4-2943
1970 Ryan’s Fancy Sung By Sullivan’s Gypsies (Columbia) ELS-377

Albums
1970 15 Drink-a-Long Songs (Marathon) DS-115
1971
An Irish Night At the Black Knight Lounge (Marathon) MS-2105
1971 Curagh’s Minstrels, Rocks & Whiskey (Gunn – UK) GBY-1003
1971
Dark Island (Audat) 477-9001
1972 Looking Back (Audat)  477-9015
1973 Newfoundland Drinking Songs (Audat) 477-9024
1973 Times To Remember (Audat) 477-9047
1975 Ryan’s Fancy Live (Audat) 477-8085
1977 Brand New Songs (RCA) KXL1-0202
1979 A Time With Ryan’s Fancy (Boot) BOS-7197
1980 The Sea People (Boot) BOS-7214
1981 Dance Around This One (Boot)  BOS-7217
1982 Live (Boot) BOS-7240
2001 Songs from the Shows (Avalon) 2-2025

as SULLIVAN’S GYPSIES

1969 The Leprechaun (Emerald Gem – UK) GES-1032


© 1998 – 2019 Jaimie Vernon. 
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